Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing platform and infrastructure for building, deploying and managing applications and services through datacenters. It provides both platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) services and supports many different programming languages, tools and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party software and systems. Cloud Services is a PaaS environment and can be used to create scalable applications and services; there are specific software development kits (SDKs) provided by Microsoft for Python, Java, Node.js and .NET. Azure also has file and storage services, data management, analytics and DNS services.

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Anyone knows how to import txt zone file from BIND DNS into Windows DNS?
Free Tool: Port Scanner
LVL 12
Free Tool: Port Scanner

Check which ports are open to the outside world. Helps make sure that your firewall rules are working as intended.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Just looking for advice on whether or not to migrate our current, physical AD server to a virtual VM on VMWare - leave it as physical.  We need to upgrade because we are on an out-dated HP server, running Server 2008.  We want to upgrade to either a new physical 2016 Server - or a virtual 2016 Server.  What are the pros and cons - if any - of going virtual with active directory?  

Thanks for your input

I know this is a very new topic, but does anyone know if it will be supported to migrate from SBS 2011 Standard, which runs on Server 2008 R2, to Server 2019?  Server 2019 will debut by the second half of this year, and my organization is planning to upgrade our infrastructure around the same time, so I am now questioning on whether to wait for 2019 or just move to 2016.  I can't find any information on whether there will be a supported upgrade/migration path from SBS 2011/Server 2008 R2 to Server 2019.  

Any information is appreciated.  

Recover Cluster Event Entries in Failover Cluster Manager:

Is there a way to recover the Cluster Events after the Reset Recent Events option is triggered?

  • Server 1 in Cluster A
  • Server 1 is evicted and updated
  • Server 1 Re-Configured joined to domain and reintroduced to cluster

In this Scenario, there should be several events.

  • Evict Event
  • Join cluster Event

Are these logs stored anywhere other than on Server 1 and the failover-cluster Manager?
Just installed a new RDP-Server with Windows Server 2016. Gateway, Connectionsbroker, Sessionhost, Licensing and WebAccess are on the same machine.
Everythings works fine, until the RD Web Feed (....RDWeb/FeedLogin/WebFeedLogin.aspx) which I would use for remoteapp and desktop connections on Windows 10 1709 64bit

Just after I insert the URL, the Login pops up and then... nothing: It hangs there for hours without error.

I didn't find any errors in every Log-File I know and in the IIS-Log it creates hundret listings like this per minute:

::1, DOMAIN\user, 3/21/2018, 13:23:00, W3SVC1, servername, ::1, 1, 1388, 1380, 200, 0, GET, /RDWeb/FeedLogin/WebFeedLogin.aspx, -,
::1, DOMAIN\user, 3/21/2018, 13:23:01, W3SVC1, servername, ::1, 1, 1388, 1380, 200, 0, GET, /RDWeb/FeedLogin/WebFeedLogin.aspx, -,

RDWeb works without problems
We have a brand new Windows 2016 Hyper-V host hosting just a few VM's. Two of those machines are older - one is Windows 2008 R2 the other is SBS 2008. These machines were recently virtualized (P2V) using Microsoft's Virtual Machine Converter 3.1. Both went perfectly and are both in operation.

At this point, my concern is the backups. We presently use Veeam and they depend on Hyper-V to be able to do "production" snapshots of the VM's as opposed to "standard" snapshots. Both VM's are able to be backed up, but without VSS or any application awareness. To be honest, I'm more familiar with VMware-world when it comes to this, but the only information I've found says to reinstall the Hyper-V integration services but that option was removed for Windows 2016.

I'm looking for guidance on getting my Hyper-V host to take production snapshots of my VM's or any troubleshooting steps to take to resolve.

These are the steps I've done to date:
  • Verified host and guests are both up to date via Windows Update
  • Verified that all services are being offered to the guests from the host via Hyper-V manager
  • Verified all Hyper-V services are started and running without issue on the guests
  • VSS writers are all in good order on both VM's
  • This is in the event viewer (Applications |Hyper-V-Worker | Admin, though I cannot find how to remedy it (Event ID 4000):

An error on the host's event log
  • Lastly, a screenshot of the running Hyper-V services on one of VM's:

An example of the Hyper-V running services on the VM
I am setting up a Windows 2016 server for use with the Maria database server.  At this time this is the only purpose for the server. It will have more uses down the road. The database will be accessed via IP address. My question is do I need cal's for everyone that is going to access the database bearing in mind this is the only servicebeing used.


Nick Steele
Hi, We are looking to upgrade our network currently running 2008 R2 Domain Controllers to 2016 DC's

When attempting to promote a 2016 server to Domain Controller status during the prerequisites check we receive the following warning.

"The File Replication Service (FRS) is deprecated. To continue replicating the SYSVOL folder, you should migrate to DFS Replication by using the DFSRMIG command. If you continue to use FRS for SYSVOL replication in this domain, you might not be able to add domain controllers running a future version of Windows Server."

I know we can go through the sysvol migration process to DFRS but what would happen if we don't. Will the contents of sysvol continue to replicate as before whilst using 2016 as our DC's? Can we expect any issues when the last of the 2008 DC's are decommissioned?
Question: Is about Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Essentials, to save money can I run this with my main Firewall (software)?  I know there is a limit of 25 users and 50 devices, but I would only have 2 actual logins to maintain the box, the rest of the users would just be passing through the firewall.  Would this work? Is it licence complaint?

I’m currently testing Azure MFA server, I have applied MFA to my user using a security group when I test I get this error,
I'm not sure why any suggestions?

For security reasons, we require additional information to verify your account
An error occurred
An error occurred. Contact your administrator for more information.
Relying party: Microsoft Office 365 Identity Platform
Error time: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 20:59:50 GMT
Cookie: enabled
User agent string: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:59.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/59.0

And this in the event log

Encountered error during federation passive request.
Additional Data
Protocol Name:
Relying Party:
Exception details:
Microsoft.IdentityServer.RequestFailedException: No strong authentication method found for the request from urn:federation:MicrosoftOnline.
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.PassiveProtocolListener.CheckAuthenticationOptionsForMethods(ProtocolContext context, List`1 authMethods)
at Microsoft.IdentityServer.Web.PassiveProtocolListener.OnGetContext(WrappedHttpListenerContext context)

Current Server Setup
2x WAP in DMZ (Server 2016)
2X ADFS (Server 2016)
2x MFA (Server 2016)
Free Tool: Subnet Calculator
LVL 12
Free Tool: Subnet Calculator

The subnet calculator helps you design networks by taking an IP address and network mask and returning information such as network, broadcast address, and host range.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

HELP!!!  I am trying to setup ADFS 4.0 in my environment and have run into a roadblock/hurdle that I am unsure how to proceed...well, sort of have an idea, but need confirmation.

Steps already taken
1)  Extended my AD Schema to Server 2016 via media disc and ADPREP commands on my current Server 2008 R2 PDC.
(NOTE:  Currently my FFL = Server 2003 & DFL = 2008)

2) Built the new Server 2016 - Standard Edition VM's on my redundant Hyper-V managers (Server 2012 R2).
(NOTE:  4 total for this setup (2 for ADFS primary & secondary servers (joined to domain) / 2 for ADFS Web App Proxy Primary and Secondary servers (joined to a workgroup))

3) Purchased a third-party CA SSL cert.

However, this is where I am stuck/stumped...with older ADFS version deployments (i.e. ADFS 2.0), required IIS installation which I could use to run a CSR on the primary ADFS server to create the SSL certificate then install it and export it and import it on the other servers in the ADFS setup, but I believe ADFS 4.0 did away with the IIS installation requirements which would make things more secure...

So, how do you create the CSR to complete the third-party CA SSL certificate for the ADFS 4.0 setup?

I thought about building a separate Windows Server 2016 - Standard Edition VM and install IIS on it for this sole purpose, but seems like a lot of time/effort to do this.  I mean if it is my only option then it is what it is and I will go that route, but wanted to confirm with others if there …
What version of ESXI do you recommend for new HP ML350 Gen 9 servers?
We plan to create a DC with server 2016 and another instance with server 2016 for teh SQL instance.
We need to create 2x virtual instances VM, one for the domain controller and another for SQL services.
We had ESX5 running before but we having issues with drivers when trying to load.
Is this software still free? It looks like version 6 is chargeable.
Thanks in advance.
Hi All,

Used disk2vhd to convert an 2003 server. The conversion went well, i choose vhd as an option. Now I'm trying to attache the hard drive to a Hyper-v Server 2016 and getting the error below. I moved the vhd file to suggested location, checked permission but nothing. Have a feeling it has to do with a compatability issue with server 2016 and vhd files. Any help appreciated.

Error Attaching VHD file
Using Azure AD connect with Office 365-How can I remove\disable old on premise mailboxes without removing email addresses from users in AD which are synced with Azure AD connect to Office 365.
Would like to uninstall Exchange 2013 on premise server.

I licensed my below setup so I could run 4 HyperVs on each physical server

If one of my PHYSICAL servers dies can I restore 2 Windows Server 2016 HyperVs backups onto the remaining PHYSICAL server without having licensing issues since I have enough LOCAL storage to support all 4 HyperVs on one PHYSICAL server ?

 ** 2 PHYSICAL "16 core licensed" Windows Server 2016 servers via OEM licensing, not OpenBusiness/etc
      ** each hosting 2 Windows Server 2016 HyperVs
      ** each using LOCAL storage
We are running the Microsoft Office 365 Support Assistant before setting up the Azure AD Connect tool for directory sync, but the domain verification (step 2) reports that our .com is non-routable and this type of domain is not supported.

The domain is already verified in Office 365 and has no problems. Our internal domain is the same as our external domain ( and we only have a single UPN ( We are using our own DNS and have not added the Office 365 DNS entries (reported DNS errors are ignored in the portal). We are not using a sub-domain.

Does anyone know why the domain verification step is reporting that our .com is non-routable?

Any considerations on Dell Servers vs HP for internal infrastructure for remote office?
Particular looking into PowerEdge R740XD Server to be a VM host for multiple internal stuff.  AD,DNS,Print,Radius,mgmt,File,etc,etc.
How would you compare to HP DL or similar servers?
Any commentary on components below?

PowerEdge R740 Server 1 64,000.00 64,000.00
CS SW-VMware VS6-STD-C VMware vSphere 6 Standard for 1
2 5,643.53 11,287.06
CS SW-VMware VS6-STD-G-SSS-C Basic Support/Subscription
VMware vSphere 6 Standard for 1 processor for 1 year

PowerEdge R740/R740XD Motherboard
1 Intel Xeon Silver 4114 2.2G, 10C/20T, 9.6GT/s , 14M Cache, Turbo, HT (85W) DDR4-2400
1 Chassis with up to 16 x 2.5" SAS/SATA Hard Drives for 2CPU Configuration
1 PowerEdge 2U Standard Bezel
1 Riser Config 2, 3 x8, 1 x16 slots
1 PowerEdge R740 Shipping Material
1 No Quick Sync
1 2666MT/s RDIMMs
1 Performance Optimized
8 16GB RDIMM, 2666MT/s, Dual Rank
1 Intel Xeon Silver 4114 2.2G, 10C/20T, 9.6GT/s , 14M Cache, Turbo, HT (85W) DDR4-2400
1 iDRAC9,Enterprise
8 480GB SSD SATA Mix Use 6Gbps 512e 2.5in Hot-plug Drive, S4600, 3 DWPD,2628 TBW
1 PERC H730P+ RAID Controller, 2GB NV Cache, Adapter, Low Profile
2 Standard 1U Heatsink
1 No Internal Optical Drive
1 Dual, Hot-plug, Redundant Power Supply (1+1), 750W
1 No Trusted Platform Module
2 Medium Jumper Cord (2M), C13-C14, 10A (China/Korea)
1 Broadcom 5719 QP 1Gb Network Interface Card
1 QLogic 57800 2x10Gb BT + …
Hey Guys,

I am new to Windows Server 2016 Essentials.  I am familiar and regularly deploy Server 2016 Standard.  Can I still join the PC's to Server 2016 Essentials domain through System Properties?  Would I be able to make changes to client PC's using GPO?  Would I be able to add second server or second domain controller to Server 2016 Essentials?  Thanks.
Best Practice for Veeam Backup:


we have a Cluster running with 14 nodes.

Each node contains different VM's.

we use Veeam for backup.

Would you use 1 backup job to backup the Cluster of would you create a backup job for each customer on the Cluster. A customer has about 4 to 10 servers in our cluster.

Of how to do this best?
Free Tool: ZipGrep
LVL 12
Free Tool: ZipGrep

ZipGrep is a utility that can list and search zip (.war, .ear, .jar, etc) archives for text patterns, without the need to extract the archive's contents.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way to say thank you for being a part of the community.

I am in the process of setting up our Windows Server 2012R2 VM in Azure for PCI compliant ciphers and protocols. When I disable TLS 1.0 I get an error in my system log:

A fatal error occurred while creating an SSL client credential. The internal error state is 10013.
with an Event ID of 36871

Most of the answers I have seen are for server 2008 and in regards to SMTP. There is nothing that runs SMTP on this server, it's just an IIS box hosting a few web services. RDP works just fine, everything else seems fine, kind of confused as to why disabling TLS 1.0 would do this. When I re-enable it, the errors go away.  

Any Suggestions?

Error image
we run server 2016 essentials on a computer named WseServer.

One of my coworkers, Jane, works from her home in Oregon. She uses RDP to access a  windows 7 client computer here in Ohio.

Naturally, she wants to print things on her Oregon Brother MFC-7630n printer which is connected to her home computer.

To do this, I was required to install a virtual  MFC-7630n on the Ohio client.  

That worked fine, but it leads me to a question.  What happens if she travels to 4 hotels which have different printers ?  I don't want to have to install 4 different drivers  especially if she checks into the hotel at midnight.

Isn't there some way to configure the client and server to use TS Easy Print, so that she can use an XPS driver that will work at every hotel?

Please note, Earlier attempts to install the MFC on WseServer did not work because the "print server" function is on the client, not the Windows Server 2016 machine.
Windows Server 2016 NPS (Radius) with clients on dynamic IPs.  Most of what I'm reading seems to indicate that this isn't possible unless it is a small range of IPs.  I have a LOT of wifi access points and want to use Radius for authentication, however some of those access points have dynamic IPs.  Is there a way to setup a Radius client in NPS that allows for any IP?  ( for example)
I have a Windows Server 2016 domain on a /24 network.  I have the DC setup as DNS and DHCP servers.  The gateway is a Xycel router.  The client computers use both DHCP and static IP from the DNS server. The problem I am having is two-fold. When I state the DC DNS IP as the primary DNS server (DHCP also list this IP as well).   1. Having problems getting out to the outside world.  I am seeing either No Internet or Slow Internet (problems resolving and more than 30 hops on tracert), and some pages are loading incorrectly.
When, I add the Google Public DNS as the secondary DNS server, the Internet seems to work fine.  Pages resolve and hops and ms are normal.
So, I know I have a DNS issue going on.  
Question: Would DNS forwarding correct this problem?  If so what IP address do I forward to?  
Google Public?   The external IP address for the ISP?   The internal IP address for the Xycel router?
Looking for answers?
One other note:  This is a clean install (not a migration or upgrade)
Thanks in advance
HELP!!! Can I have multiple ADFS (versions) on one domain/forest?

Currently, I have setup an ADFS 2.0 (Two ADFS servers (primary & secondary) & Two ADFS proxy servers) that is specifically setup for my student body Office365 access.

Recently, I have been tasked to create/add another cloud service access to our SSO (ADFS) setup.

After some research, I am leaning towards just creating new ADFS 4.0 VM's (Two ADFS servers (primary & secondary) & Two ADFS web app proxy servers) for this new cloud service then later migrate my student body Office365 access to it.

My question/concern is, will this create an issue within my AD environment?  Having multiple ADFS setups in the same domain/forest?  Or will it be treated like two separate services at this time?

Lastly, if this is possible, would I setup ADFS 4.0 similar to how I setup my ADFS 2.0, which was setup several years ago utilizing NLB features of the Hyper-V hosts to make a poor man's version of a cluster or something like that.  it works and works well, but just wondering if there is a better way to setup a new ADFS 4.0 services.

Let me know if you need further details / explanations to assist with my questions.

Thanks in advance.
I am  the administrator of a Windows Server 2016 essentials domain.

I go to to connect my home windows 10 pro laptop to my windows 7 pro desktop at work.
I get to the desktop and everything works except for remote printing to my home Brother hl-l2380dw printer.

The desktop printers and devices shows several printers
brother hl-l2380dw series
hp laser jet 5 north (redirected 1)
hp laserjet 5 south(redirected 1)

Why isn't the brother printer being redirected?  I am pretty sure I have the right drivers set up.

Naturally, the laserjets cannot be used to print because I don't have a lserjet at home.  In fact, I would prefer they not be redirected, because I sometimes like to print things at the office for a coworker to see.

Tomorrow I a going to haul the Brother to the office just to make sure I have a working driver.  

This is the one big advantage gotomypc.logmein have over RDP: the gotomypc printers work without a bunch of monkey business.


Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing platform and infrastructure for building, deploying and managing applications and services through datacenters. It provides both platform-as-a-service (PaaS) and infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) services and supports many different programming languages, tools and frameworks, including both Microsoft-specific and third-party software and systems. Cloud Services is a PaaS environment and can be used to create scalable applications and services; there are specific software development kits (SDKs) provided by Microsoft for Python, Java, Node.js and .NET. Azure also has file and storage services, data management, analytics and DNS services.