A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for use at a single location due to its size and power requirements, usually by one person. The most common configuration has a case that houses the power supply, motherboard, disk storage (usually one or more hard disk drives and optical disc drives); a keyboard and mouse for input; and computer monitor and printer for output. The case may be oriented horizontally and placed atop a desk or vertically and placed underneath or beside a desk.

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Hello Experts,

I have purchased a Dell Optiplex Computer Desktop,  Pentium(R) Dual-Core CPU E5400 @ 2.70GHz to run my ESXi 5.1 host. The PC currently has 4GB of memory. However, I need to increase this to maximum permitted.

Can someone let me know what the maximum about of RAM I can add to the PC, and if possible let me know what type of RAM to purchase?


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I'm looking for a bigger SSD for my current desktop setup and I'm finding the pricing all over the place.  It appears to be tied to the read, write and IOPS speeds.

My question is will I be able to notice and IOPS difference of 10-20k or a read/write difference of 50MB?

I'm trying to decide if spending and extra $100-$200 is worth it.  I know my hard drives are biggest bottleneck on the machine, so looking for suggestions.

Current Drive I'm looking at:

Any better suggestions welcome as well.
Hello -

I am trying to deploy Cisco's AMP client to a group of test users. I wasn't sure if I should use a new packaged setup or new Application. I want the client AV to be installed /s (silent) and put a shortcut on desktop GEI_IT_Protect_FireAMPSetup.exe /s /desktopicon 1.

What is the best way to deploy this out?



Is there a faster way to open mulitple programs using powershell in an infra desktop.

Like I want to open the list of prgrams below with their shortcuts:

"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\130\Tools\Binn\ManagementStudio\Ssms.exe"
"C:\Program Files\SentryOne\11.0\SentryOne Client.exe"

Then the other like how can I open failover cluster manager since it needs to open Run then type in cluadmin.msc

And also for outlook I can't find the  shortcut
Is it possible to backup and restore just the registry? Acronis can backup and restore an entire system into an image but is there a program out there that can create (backup) an image of just the registry and (restore) just the registry?
Have a customer that wants me to build him a PC and he will be taking it to Europe.  Will a standard voltage converter work or should we be looking for a special power supply?  He mentioned that his place over there will run it at a different frequency than here, such that 50 Hz AC won't be compatible with 60 Hz AC.

after upgrade to Windows 10 redstone 2 using upgrade assistant without having AV turn off and no error message during the whole upgrade.  I found out some problem,  the desktop icon sometimes, after turn off, all auto arrange and this change my desktop icon change position from time to time.

sometime the file explorer hangs just because of the drag and drop, when I do that, doesn't work, then I can't close some windows until it is restarted.

in this thread:

I don't see the creator media ISO allow me to keep all personal file and app open shows up even I create one more user profile for it.

I am now thinking there are file corruption, so any command to fix + Check all files intergrity and corruption for my Windows 10 with redstone 2 and all update to day patches like the bunch of patches release yesterday?

Hello Everyone, Im looking to create an MSI file for citrix so i can deploy to multiple computers at once. i have downloaded a .exe to MSI converter and that did not work. ive also tried following the instructions on Citrix's website at the cmd prompt yet i get an error that citrixrecevier.exe is not a recognized as an internal or external command....  
is there anyway to convert or deploy to multiple computers without creating a GPO on the servers?
If possible i would like to use Desktop Authority from Dell or PDQ deploy.
We have Microsoft SharePoint (on premise) & have Forms based authentication for users to login (i.e. email & password). After users are logged in and when they try to open stored documents, they are being asked to re-authenticate (documents are opened by user's native desktop application). This gets really annoying, frustrating & inefficient every single time they open documents. I understand that Single Sign On (SSO) would take care of this IF we had Windows based (A.D) authentication, unfortunately, that is not the case.

Is there any way to simulate SSO, or trick the system or some creative way where the users' credentials are temporarily stored for the duration of the session, and they are automatically passed on (authenticated) behind the scene, where it is seamless to the user? Any script we can write or any custom work?
I had a customer give me a system that he said would not boot into Windows.  The system is an ASUS M32CD-B09 - with Windows 10 - when you first turn it on, it automatically goes into Preparing Automatic Repair and then gives a blue screen with a WHEA Uncorrectable error on it and reboots.  I have went into BIOS and was able to get it to boot to Windows 10 USB drive but get a Window logo - few dots circling and then locks up.  I have tried to boot to a Linux CD as well - gets into Linux but cannot do anything.  I looked up that WHEA error and said it could be a hardware error?
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I am using putty with the attached configuration (visual) and I want to connect on the sqldeveloper on my Windows desktop using putty

I use this command below from  MAC or Linux, but ssh does not work on native windows. I connect back to sql developer on ip (local host) via port 1580

ssh -C -f myUserId@LinuxProdServer -L 1580:OracleDBServer:1521 -N

Block diagram of desired SSH tunnel using putty
If someone has a small computer repair business they do on the side, how does Microsoft Licensing work? If someone has to reinstall Windows on many different clients' computers. Does that person need to buy a special license?

We have recently purchased an DELL XPS 8910 Tower.  It came with Windows 10 Professional and it has an i7 Processor and 16 GB RAM.  It is our intention to put Windows 2012 R2 Standard on this box.  I know tht int eh past it was easy when you had a DVD; but, not we have to boot from a USB.

I do have a boot-able USB that I have used in the past to install Windows 2012 R2 Server Operating System on other DELL hardware ( ); but, I am having a problem installing Windows 2012 on this partition.

After I boot into the Windows 2012 R2 Installation wizard I get the error message:  "Windows cannot be installed to this disk.  The selected disk is of the GPT partition style."  Please see the picture below.

Will I need to blow away that partition?  Just we did in the old days with RDisk?  How can I install Windows 2012 R2 on this newly purchased DELL PC?  

Dell support states that this is out of the scope of their support.
My HP laptop is wonky. I turned it on and all I see is the wallpaper and in the middle of the screen is my name and an icon for a person (I never uploaded my pic).  I tried clicking ctl/alt/delete but nothing happens.  I tried restarting and it just spins and spins.

I rarely use this laptop but need it today because an online form that I need to fill out does not work with macs.  Any idea how to fix?
I'm in the process of moving my file server from a 2008 r2 machine to a 2012 virtual machine.  My question is about impact to my users.  Currently all users are mapped to a personal folder via AD profiles \\machinename\users\username and then I have a shortcut on the desktop which is mapped to the same server but its a share for everyone with various access to folders same thing \\machinename\sharename.  I am planning on renaming the Virtual server to the name of the current file server and giving it the same IP.  What will my impact be to the users?  Will the current mappings still work?
I'm having a hard time finding either fans that have a molex connector or the adapter for 3/4 pin to molex.  My criteria is:

quiet (within reason)
very good airflow

Saw some great fans online, but the molex connector is the issue as the one connector on the mobo is taken by the one and only rear fan.  I want to install two 140mm fans at the two slots on top of my case.  The case is a NZXT Source 210 S210-001.
I have setup Windows Home Server with an X510 Data Vault for a desktop PC and a laptop.
There is a separate user account for each computer and the back up function works overnight as configured.

1. The Homeserver computer shows up in Network under Computers on the laptop but not on the desktop.
2. When I attempt to Restore or View files from a backup from the desktop, the Opening backup: stalls at 79%.

1. to be able to view Homeserver in Network under computers.
2. To be able to Restore or View files from a backup on the desktop.

I just had this start happening today. My keyboard is typing some letters with numbers with them. for example a1 or e3 and so on. I tried uninstalling and reinstalling the driver and made sure i had no virus or any updates needing to be done. This is a desktop not laptop. It is cyborg gaming keyboard. I tried a different keyboard and this one works fine. So i assume it is either something with the driver on old one or physical issue. I just think the keyboard is shot but i wanted more opinions before i trash it and spend money on a new one. Thanks for the help.

We have Exchange Online tenant and would like to know if we can stop users from connecting their own personal desktops and laptops to the corporate email using various versions of outlook (thick client)?
We can restrict users by EAS using rules.  We can block OWA fine.

i spoke to MS and they suggested intune.  But i cant find what im after to confirm wither way.

Also we use a 3rd party MDM tool for managing ios/android devices.  

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I have a strange problem on both a desktop and laptop. when using them at home outlook keeps prompting me for my office 365 email password. When i take either machine elsewhere, outlook connets and never prompts me.

I am using Office 365 (Outlook 2016) with my office 365 account. Any ideas on what the issue might be. I have already tried the following.

-recreated outlook profile
-tried in safe mode
-changed DNS on both machines to use
I have a Windows 10 machine that loses focus during remote desktop session. Every few seconds, the window i'm working with becomes inactive.
I've got a relative's desktop machine with Windows 7 Enterprise on it.

I have got it going again (possibly dead graphics card and heatsink choked with dust) and am looking at upgrading this machine to Windows 10.

I don't have the media for this machine.  It has the Windows certificate attached to the side of the machine.

Is this possible?  And if so, how?
I cannot find a W7 32 bit driver for a Belkin Desktop adapter model FSD7001.  Can someone point me to a URL to download one or should I just purchase a new one?
In Outlook 2010, you need to include your Exchange email address in the path:
outlook.exe /select "outlook:\\Public Folders -\All Public Folders\folder\subfolder"

This works as typed above. But, I want to create a shortcut for anyones desktop with the /%logged on user% variable. I have tried but cant get it to work.
Good Afternoon,

I've one RDS 2012 R2 server sitting in my network, as this is getting used more I am concerned about only have one server and it being a single point of failure etc. There are about 30 users connecting to the server but not all at the same time, some user connect using Remote apps and some connect to a share desktop

The server has the RD Gateway installed, one collection which consists of 6 applications.

My main objective is to virtualise the above RDS server, or add a second virtual RDS server to for DR.

So far I've converted the above RDS server a virtual machine, remove it from the domain, renamed it and joined it back to the domain.

I've a message on the newly created virtual server under Remote Desktop Service Overview that displays

"The following servers in this deployment are not part of the server pool:
The servers must be added to the server pool

Thanks in advance






A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for use at a single location due to its size and power requirements, usually by one person. The most common configuration has a case that houses the power supply, motherboard, disk storage (usually one or more hard disk drives and optical disc drives); a keyboard and mouse for input; and computer monitor and printer for output. The case may be oriented horizontally and placed atop a desk or vertically and placed underneath or beside a desk.