Internet Protocols

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries, organized in abstraction layers, traditionally called "Link," "Internet," "Transport" and "Application”. Its routing function enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet. IP defines packet structures that encapsulate the data to be delivered. It also defines addressing methods that are used to label the datagram with source and destination information.

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Hi, My SEO team is having me create directories for certain keywords, like /affordable-meal-delivery/, so that the URL is mywebpage.com/affordable-meal-delivery/

The only way I know to do this is to create the directory and then have an index.html inside the directory. But I don't like having so many pages called index.html, for one thing I am afraid of overwriting one to another.

This site is able to do it without an index.html: www.freshnlean.com/gluten-free-meal-delivery/  - if I add index.html to that, it goes to a page not found.

We are on an Apache server. So it looks to me like this:



But I have ten or so of those directories with an index.html in each. How can I do this without the index.html. Ideally, I would want the page inside the directory to be affordable-meal-delivery.html. Can I use an htaccess file to do this?

Thanks.
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Free Tool: Site Down Detector
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Free Tool: Site Down Detector

Helpful to verify reports of your own downtime, or to double check a downed website you are trying to access.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

I did a speed test from several speed test sites for my 1 gig Internet circuit and my download and upload are so different. The upload seems fine but the download is so off. It never passes 250Mbps. I have another 300 Mbps with another ISP and when I tested it with the speedtest sites, the download and upload are almost the same, around 250Mbps.
The tech was onsite and tested with his test set and he said that he gets around 900Mbps upload and download.
How do I explain this? Can I trust the 1G circuit provider? What is the explanation for the speedtest sites reported big differences between download and upload.

Any thoughts? Thanks
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Internet through Cable line or Satellite

I have read online that there are fiber cables ran through the Oceans to reach other continents in order to provide internet connection.
I have also read that internet connection is provided through Satellites somewhere in the Orbit, and there is no need to run cables from one end of the globe to another.

I am not sure which approach is used to have people in the world connect to Internet.

Any Expert to shade some lights on this ?

Thanks
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When you type in experts-exchange.com in a web browser, theres all the work of resolving the name into an ip address and then your packets are sent from your computer to the EE web server and vice versa, going through routers around the web, right?

Contrast that with an email?  I was explaining to someone that large attachments in an email might cause the email to not be delivered as it routes its way through the web. Then I wondered... is the email actually going through  mail servers on the web and being reforwarded? Or just routers (on the backbone?). If it's just routers, do they actually care how big the total email is? It's just a lot of packets being sent in the same direction.

ie - is there really a limit to an attachment size limit in email OTHER THAN at the sender or receiver email server?  Yes, the sender server or receiving server can set limits to the size of the attachment.  But after resolving the MX record and sending to the receiving server.... what could get in the way?

THANKS!
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When click on an email link in Internet Explorer, it does not open the default email program, but a new page opens up asking to add an email account instead.   Can this be fixed so that the default email program is opened?
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can somebody tell me the steps when one browse the internet, how we browse the internet

like how computer talks so we yahoo or any other website

do we contact root hints server or how isp DNS server works?
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Dumb question.  Do the companies have to register their domains based on their country code?  For example, if my business in Canada, do I have to register as company.ca ?  What prevents me to register as .com?
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I have been doing some research into setting up redundant ISPs on the PANs (Palo Alto firewalls), and it seems that if we don't want to run BGP for that site, the best alternative seems to be PBF.  Am I on the right track with that?  Are there other alternatives?
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Hi,

We have a Windows 10 PC connected via a wired ethernet connection to our router.

To test the stability of this ethernet connection, we have run a continuous ping test via command line.

One of the results back have displayed that 1 out of 4 packets were lost (25% loss).

This test was initially ran to test for disconnects or problems with the wired internet connection.

What is the significance of the ping test and how does the 25% loss reflect on wired internet connection for this PC?

Thanks,
Robbie
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Hi all

I have1Cisco ASA 5525x, 1 3900 Router and 2 Internet connections. what is the best deployment method to supported what I have.



1. Should both Internet connections connect to Firewall Interfaces ?

2. Should  Both Internet connections connect to the Internet router ?

Any advice will be much appreciated.
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Cloud Class® Course: Certified Penetration Testing
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Cloud Class® Course: Certified Penetration Testing

This CPTE Certified Penetration Testing Engineer course covers everything you need to know about becoming a Certified Penetration Testing Engineer. Career Path: Professional roles include Ethical Hackers, Security Consultants, System Administrators, and Chief Security Officers.

Issue #1: I currently have 1 gig Internet speed (service) from my local cable provider BlueStream.  For months I have had an annoying intermittent problem with their service.  There are times when the service will completely go down multiple times in one day, but each time it goes down, it may be for only 1 or 2 minutes and then it right back up as if nothing had happened.  The modem did NOT reboot, perhaps the indicator light may go out and back on, but that's it.  This happens about 5 or 6 days per month, sometimes more.  

Issue #2: The second issue is when I go to ANY random site, the web page will NOT load properly or not load at all.  However, as soon as I hit F5 to reload it pops right on in a millisecond.  I get this on 3 different browsers, Edge, Firefox and Chrome.  I have tested my connection MANY times using http://www.dslreports.com/speedtest and usually the tests results are very good to excellent. BlueStream has been out to my home 5 different times for these issues.  I am on my 4th modem and two different models.  They have also rewired the outside lines and checked most everything outside of my house.  Nothing has fixed this issue.  

In contrast, I disconnected my ethernet connection and reconnected to my internet hot spot on my iphone and at only 8MB/s I was loading pages faster with no problems as I outlined in issue #2.

By pure luck, the last time they were out they actually SAW this problem "live" for the first time (Issue #2) and saw it happen.  …
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Hi everyone, i was connected to a VPN for a few days and everything works fine. But yesterday, from overnight, the client Junos Pulse Secure starts giving me the error 1329 while i was trying to reach a connection to the server.

Untitled.png
I work with this VPN in different computers but it just throw me that error in this one ( which, by the way, is the last one i start using).

I'll be grateful if anyone can bring me some light over this.

Thanks
Untitled.png
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Not getting internet on laptop

Error is dns probe finished no internet

Windows diagnostics not helping

How to fix this
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Ping: 34 ms
Download: 16.46 Mbps
Upload: 16.63

Thanks.
0
Hello Experts!
very happy new year !!

One of our customers uninstalled a program they had for several months its called "FACEBOOK BLOCKER."
Now they need to access facebook for some of their activities so they uninstalled that software

Problem is still they cant access...

although it's not our responsibility they do rely on us for these little things...

I have reset internet options but still, Facebook is blocked...
What else can I do here?
Regards,



I a
0
Hello,

For about a week now, Google defaults to Germany and our ISP (G3) investigated their settings and said they’re all correct.
 
We’re a little stumped as to the cause and need some help troubleshooting.
 
Thanks

William Lumu
0
Hello EE,

Our VPN firewall prevents ipV6 (blocks) so our Visual Studio debugger is failing to connect.
I wonder if anyone knows of a way in Visual Studio to turn off ipV6 and only use IPv4.
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I upgraded my manager's computer to Windows 10. The manager has at least 50-60 desktop web links. Now in windows 10, each web link take 20 - 30 seconds t load the page. I have reset IE to defaults, changed the default browser to edge (the links still open in IE). uninstalled / reinstalled .net4. Set the file explorer to defaults. no add-ins. Can't figure out the issue.
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I get error below...

I was working earlier today.

Can not  access from any chrome and firefox as well.

TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, and TLS 1.2 is already turned on in IE. Tried removing it and adding back in but no luck.
Server is : Windows Server 2012 R2

Error below

This page can’t be displayed


Turn on TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, and TLS 1.2 in Advanced settings and try connecting to https://www.virginaustralia.com  again. If this error persists, it is possible that this site uses an unsupported protocol or cipher suite such as RC4 (link for the details), which is not considered secure. Please contact your site administrator.
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Cloud Class® Course: CompTIA Healthcare IT Tech
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Cloud Class® Course: CompTIA Healthcare IT Tech

This course will help prep you to earn the CompTIA Healthcare IT Technician certification showing that you have the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in installing, managing, and troubleshooting IT systems in medical and clinical settings.

The proxy server would always get reset to (127.1.1.1) port 8003 in IE and if you manually set it back to no proxy and delete the line item out on a restart it will automatically re-enable itself. We do not use a proxy server and this address is not a valid one. I did read online about it: (http://deletemalware.blogspot.com/2014/12/remove-proxy-settings-127001-hijack.html)

followed the steps but after a reboot it will always come back.

Thoughts>?
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Visited a client site and ran various ‘my ip address’ site to determine what is the External IP address the provider assigned.  Noticed that each device resulted a different value.  For example their phone and their tablet gave different values where that last segment changed (xxx.xxx.xxx.19 and xxx.xxx.xxx.20), yet when we ran myipaddress in our device gave a whole different value in all segments.

We understand that the internet provider assign the cable modem or location a single dynamic external ip.  The location router managed a total different internal ip sequence values and assigns it to each device connecting to the wifi or router within the location.  Thus the cable modem has 1 IP address and the devices within the location has different ip address.

Why would the “my IP address” website display different IP address in all devices connected to the same wifi?
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When I do a Google search in my own language (Swedish), using www.google.se and advanced settings where I have selected to only display search results in my own language, it doesn't say that the search results are in the Swedish language. Earlier this was always displayed (something like "Only display search results in Swedish").

What has happened, and how should I solve this so I get search results in Swedish in Google again?

I use Google Chrome on a Windows 7 Home Premium.

It is the same thing in Internet Explorer also.
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On a new Windows 10 install, I notice on my switch the lights are constantly flashing. What is Windows 10 downloading? Anyway to see what's downloading in the background?
0
Hi,
We need to check the download and upload speed of the application,we need to display two icon wherein user can check its download speed & upload speed of the internet.
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Around the time some of our traffic dipped to our site - I saw a number of changes of BGP path with lots of prepended AS's indicating less preferred routes. If those changes were beyond our directly connected ISP, what is the best way to find out why the path changed at that time? Is there a way to find out? There were perhaps 10 path changes in 10 minutes before things got back to normal.
1

Internet Protocols

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries, organized in abstraction layers, traditionally called "Link," "Internet," "Transport" and "Application”. Its routing function enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet. IP defines packet structures that encapsulate the data to be delivered. It also defines addressing methods that are used to label the datagram with source and destination information.

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