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Linux Networking

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The variety of Linux distributions creates myriad issues relating to configuration and operations when computers are networked, not the least of which is the use of various network management applications, some of which are included with specific distributions, while others are standalone applications.

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Hi,
how to do vi mode copy paste
what is mt what it means by tick which key i have to press for tick
mt
y tick t

what is keeping in buffer

mt
d tick t

what is d tick t

seems cygwyn not suporting vi.

how to practice vi on any free downloaded software or online.

what is p for paste and u undo commands?

what is map [ j 0.
 map [ j $.
please advise
0
Restore individual SQL databases with ease
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Restore individual SQL databases with ease

Veeam Explorer for Microsoft SQL Server delivers an easy-to-use, wizard-driven interface for restoring your databases from a backup. No expert SQL background required. Web interface provides a complete view of all available SQL databases to simplify the recovery of lost database

hi,


when ii type below commands i am getting errors with paths

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ /etc/vimrc
-bash: /etc/vimrc: No such file or directory

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ~/.vimrc
-bash: /home/saiganesh/.vimrc: No such file or directory

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$



can you please advise on how to resolve them.
0
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ pwd
/home/saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ps
      PID    PPID    PGID     WINPID   TTY         UID    STIME COMMAND
    14072   16116   14072      16120  pty1      197609 23:24:55 /usr/bin/ps
S   14584       1   14584      10368  pty0      197609 22:48:56 /usr/bin/man
S   11244       1   11244      14032  pty0      197609 21:50:41 /usr/bin/cat
S    4288   14584   14584      13752  pty0      197609 22:48:56 /usr/bin/less
    16116   14124   16116       6224  pty1      197609 23:24:48 /usr/bin/bash
    14124       1   14124      14124  ?         197609 23:24:48 /usr/bin/mintty

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ kill 16116

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$

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can you please advise why kill not working as above?
0
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ mkdir gp

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ cp * gp/
[b]cp: -r not specified; omitting directory 'gp'[/b]

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ cd gp

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~/gp

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why i am geting above error while copying all files to gp directory? please advise
i want to try rm and rmdir also
0
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls -l
total 3
-rwxrwxrw- 1 saiganesh None 5 Jan 14 21:54 test.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 0 Jan 14 21:54 test2.file
-rw-r---wx 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:02 test3.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:04 test4.txt

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls *.txt
test4.txt

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls *.file
test.file  test2.file  test3.file

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls ?.file
ls: cannot access '?.file': No such file or directory

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
[b]$ ls ?.fil*
ls: cannot access '?.fil*': No such file or directory
[/b]
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls ?est.fil*
test.file

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls ?est*.fil*
test.file  test2.file  test3.file

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$

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i wonder why above highlighted one not working
please advise
0
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ cat>test4.txt
eee
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls -l
total 3
-rwxrwxrw- 1 saiganesh None 5 Jan 14 21:54 test.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 0 Jan 14 21:54 test2.file
-rw-r---wx 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:02 test3.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:04 test4.txt

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$[b] chmod 642 test4.file[/b]
chmod: cannot access 'test4.file': No such file or directory

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls -l
total 3
-rwxrwxrw- 1 saiganesh None 5 Jan 14 21:54 test.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 0 Jan 14 21:54 test2.file
-rw-r---wx 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:02 test3.file
[b]-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 3 Jan 14 23:04 test4.txt[/b]

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$

Open in new window


when i tried as above it is not working in cygwin

when i tried here
https://www.tutorialspoint.com/execute_bash_online.php

it says
$bash -f main.sh
chmod: changing permissions of 'main.sh': Operation not permitted
how to see terminal in above site?

please advise
0
$ cd /home/saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls -ltr
total 1
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 5 Jan 14 21:54 test.file
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 0 Jan 14 21:54 test2.file

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ chmod 0=w test.file
chmod: invalid mode: ‘0=w’
Try 'chmod --help' for more information.

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ [b]chmod o=w test.file[/b]

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls -l
total 1
-rw-r--[b]-w- 1 saiganesh None 5 Jan 14 21:54 test.file[/b]
-rw-r--r-- 1 saiganesh None 0 Jan 14 21:54 test2.file

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$

Open in new window


as aboe i got write on others. But how to get both read and write to others on test,file

please advise
0
saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /bin
$ ls /bin/pwd
/bin/pwd

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /bin
$ cd /bin

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /bin
$ pwd
/bin

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /bin
$ ls
'[.exe'                      fold.exe           ps.exe
 addftinfo.exe               gawk.exe           ptx.exe
 apropos                     gawk-4.2.0.exe     pwd.exe
 arch.exe                    gdiffmk            readlink.exe
 ash.exe                     getconf.exe        readshortcut.exe
 awk                         getent.exe         realpath.exe
 b2sum.exe                   getfacl.exe        rebase.exe
 base32.exe                  getopt.exe         rebaseall
 base64.exe                  gkill.exe          rebaselst
 basename.exe                grap2graph         rebase-trigger
 bash.exe                    grep.exe           refer.exe
 bashbug                     grn.exe            regtool.exe
 bunzip2.exe                 grodvi.exe         rename.exe
 bzcat.exe                   groff.exe          renice.exe
 bzcmp                       grolbp.exe         reset
 bzdiff                      grolj4.exe         rev.exe
 bzegrep                     grops.exe          rm.exe
 bzfgrep                     grotty.exe         rmdir.exe
 bzgrep                      groups.exe         run.exe
 bzip2.exe                   gunzip             runcon.exe
 bzip2recover.exe            gzexe              rvi
 bzless                      gzip.exe           rview
 bzmore                      head.exe         

Open in new window

0
hi,

i have installed cygwyn and practicing on my local windows laptop
https://cygwin.com/install.html

i gave commands as below


saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ whoami
saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ ls

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ pwd
/home/saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$  cd /

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /
$ ;s
-bash: syntax error near unexpected token `;'

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /
$ ls
bin       Cygwin.bat  Cygwin-Terminal.ico  etc   lib   sbin  usr
cygdrive  Cygwin.ico  dev                  home  proc  tmp   var

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /
$ cd home/saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ pwd
/home/saiganesh

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM ~
$ cd ..

saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /home
$ ls
saiganesh


saiganesh@LAPTOP-EJBON1NM /home
$


my question is when i gave cd .. it supposed to go to home right and when i said ls it should have said home instead of saying saiganesh
please advise
0
hi,

i need to search on say "xyz" on 123.gz file.

i need t see complete word xyz alone not like word containing "abxyzdef" not like word beginning with xyzdefff not even ending aaaaxyz

please advise

zgrep 'xyz' 123.gz not working
0
Hire Technology Freelancers with Gigs
LVL 11
Hire Technology Freelancers with Gigs

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Hi,
I'm comparing these two lines in the audit.rules files.

-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S clock_settime -F a0=0 -k time-change

Open in new window

-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S clock_settime -k time-change

Open in new window


Could you please tell me the what -F a0=0 stands for?
Thank you
Carlettus
0
i install ssh in ubuntu. i start services and it's  runnig. idisabled firewall. i add keygen in authorized_keys.
ssh <ip_host> says  Permission denied (publickey).
0
BACKGROUND:
A ways back, I'd set up nameservers on my VPS (let's call them 'ns1.mydomain.com' and 'ns2.mydomain.com').  I host a couple of dozens websites on that VPS.

For all of my domains, on the domain registrar's site, I'd set the Nameservers for that domain to Custom Nameservers:  'ns1.mydomain.com' and 'ns2.mydomain.com'.

Recently, I had to ask my VPS provider to create a new server for me (let's call it 'newVPS'), leaving my previous VPS (let's call it 'oldVPS') active so I could migrate or re-create accounts and contents from the oldVPS to the newVPS.

Both the oldVPS and newVPS use WHM/CPanel admin interfaces.  
The oldVPS is setup as (cut and pasted from the WHM panel banner): 'CENTOS 6.9 i686 virtuozzo – oldvps  WHM 56.0 (build 52)'
The newVPS is setup as (cut and pasted from the WHM panel banner): 'CENTOS 7.4 virtuozzo [newvps]  v68.0.21'

My understanding (which is limited in these areas) is that the nameservers I setup on my VPS have to be associated with one of the domains I own/host on that VPS.

The nameservers which I had previously setup on oldVPS were associated with 'mydomain.com' one of the domains/accounts hosted on oldVPS.  

For simplicity, I'm thinking of creating new nameservers on newVPS and associate them with 'myotherdomain.com', another domain/account to be hosted on newVPS.

QUESTION:
How do I create my new nameservers on newVPS, say 'ns1.myotherdomain.com' and 'ns2.myotherdomain.com', presumably from newVPS's WHM (I'm …
0
Hello Experts,

We have an application which is login on CentOS 6.8 64 bit (GUI Interface) & after login generate tcp port 50000 for make connection with user.
Behind that port there are many connection connected with different-different IP (192.168.207.11, 207.12, 207.13) & user name (user1, user2, user3):

Example Output:-
[root@CC ~]# lsof -i :50000
COMMAND    PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
TCPServer 3647 rajat  245u  IPv4 156532      0t0  TCP 192.168.207.125:50000->192.168.207.15:49277 (ESTABLISHED)
TCPServer 3647 rajat  261u  IPv4  23354      0t0  TCP *:50000 (LISTEN)
TCPServer 3647 rajat  387u  IPv4  24955      0t0  TCP 192.168.207.125:50000->192.168.207.13:49271 (ESTABLISHED)

From this cmd i only check which IP is connected behind port 50000, but i want to check user name also. Please suggest.
0
under Location Profiles i see

Site Location Profiles and Shared Location Profiles. what are difference between them? when to use which one?
0
I have rsync some files to a remote server.  Some of those files have been updated on the remote server and others of those files have been updated on the original server.  

I want to update the remote server so that it includes any changes to updated files on the original server but I don't want to overwrite anything on the remote server that has more recently been changed on the remote server than the original server.

Which rsync option should I use for this?
0
i have 2 ubuntu servers on in home and one on a remote server and both are running ubuntu server 16.04

i followed this guide to install and configure strongswan https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/IPSEC_vpn_with_Ubuntu_16.04.html

it worked fine on my localserver but not on the remote server even when accessing the my localserver remotely it works just fine

i am stuck .. im not sure what i am doing wrong .. hoping someone on here can help- my host says that my ubuntu install is mostly* stock with little to no mods - though ive noticed some file permissions where changed

https://imlost.me/server.txt https://imlost.me/client.txt
0
A customer wants to have users register, manage profile, reset password and this is possible using B2C.

What I'd like to know is, whether it is possible to integrate all this functionality in an existing web application and perform REST APIs to Azure B2C?
0
I normally force most of our clients to use a white list of sites which I enforce via a custom hosts file.  nsswitch is configured like this

hosts:  files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=RETURN]

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It's been a long time since I turned dns back on - Im trying to confirm if this should do it

hosts:  files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=RETURN] dns

Open in new window


but I am not sure what
mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=RETURN]

Open in new window

does exactly
1
Free Tool: Subnet Calculator
LVL 11
Free Tool: Subnet Calculator

The subnet calculator helps you design networks by taking an IP address and network mask and returning information such as network, broadcast address, and host range.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

We have an old Asterisk (v.2.x) phone server in our office.  I'm new to the system and need to change an extension number from a rapid busy signal to a working extension.  Also, we have several extension that simple hang-up when dialed (no tones of any sort).  How do we edit those extensions?

I'm new to Linux, but I've figured out how to browse directories and edit conf files.
0
hi,

we have about 3 users say user1, user2, user3 on the weblogic server. The application logs and server logs getting filled up every 3 weeks or so causing server to choke. How to write a script to clean automatically those application log and server log folder contents automatically say every week on friday midngiht at 11 PM

please advise
0
Hi experts
i need the command line for ubunt to copy file from my ubuntu desktop to windows pc
thanks
0
I was asked to set up an aris game server. I am not sure where to start.  Here is the git hub page I was pointed to. I assume this is supposed to run on linux?  I know how to set up a linux server, create users, install apps, and a few other things.  Can anyone give me some direction with how I can get this up and running?

Here is the git hub page I was pointed to.
https://github.com/ARISGames/server
0
Hello I am sort of new and need some assistance please. I have setup intervlan routing which works and able to ping and connect to my subinterfaces but I cannot access the internet from any of those networks. My setup is the following. I have 2 routers as the office is using a SOHO linksys router where I have configured static routing  to point toward a 2800 series gigabit router which has 4 sub interfaces on one of the ports. The linksys router is connected to the isp. The cisco 2800 is connected to the linksys and internally.

How do I get the cisco 2800 to point to the linksys for internet access. I am using static routing (which works fine). I have tried adding the dns address of the isp dns on the 2800 but that seems to not work. I am also open to setup a linux DNS server internally. Any links I can use.

LINKSYS ROUTER 172.16.32.1

Cisco 2800 router
FE1 172.16.32.2 255.255.255.224

interface FastEthernet0.32
 encapsulation dot1Q 32
 ip address 172.16.23.33 255.255.255.224
 no snmp trap link-status
!
interface FastEthernet0.96
 encapsulation dot1Q 96
 ip address 172.16.23.97 255.255.255.224
 no snmp trap link-status
!
interface FastEthernet0.128
 encapsulation dot1Q 128
 ip address 172.16.23.129 255.255.255.224
 no snmp trap link-status
!
interface FastEthernet0.160
 encapsulation dot1Q 160
 ip address 172.16.23.161 255.255.255.224
 no snmp trap link-status
!
0
Dear all

                   I,m getting below error when running "IPsec setup start" , and bottom is the ipsec.conf , any help would be appreciated !


====================================================
[root@LinuxHomeServer ipsec.d]# ipsec setup start
cannot load config '/etc/ipsec.conf': /etc/ipsec.conf:48: syntax error, unexpected KEYWORD, expecting $end [virtual_private]
cannot load config '/etc/ipsec.conf': /etc/ipsec.conf:48: syntax error, unexpected KEYWORD, expecting $end [virtual_private]
cannot load config '/etc/ipsec.conf': /etc/ipsec.conf:48: syntax error, unexpected KEYWORD, expecting $end [virtual_private]
unknown stack
Redirecting to: systemctl start ipsec.service
Job for ipsec.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status ipsec.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
============================================================


vim /etc/ipsec.conf

virtual_private=%v4:192.168.0.0/16

conn=L2TP-PSK-NAT
rightsubnet=vhost:%priv
also=L2TP-PSK-noNAT
conn L2TP-PSK-noNAT
authby=secret
pfs=no
auto=add
keyingtries=3
dpddelay=30
dpdtimeout=120
dpdaction=clear
rekey=no
ikelifetime=8h
keylife=1h
type=transport
left=XX.XX.XX.XX
leftprotoport=17/1701
right=%any
rightprotoport=17/%any
0

Linux Networking

17K

Solutions

14K

Contributors

The variety of Linux distributions creates myriad issues relating to configuration and operations when computers are networked, not the least of which is the use of various network management applications, some of which are included with specific distributions, while others are standalone applications.

Top Experts In
Linux Networking
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