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Mac OS X is the desktop operating system from Apple Inc., found on Macintosh computers. OS X consists of a Mach/BSD-based kernel, operating system interfaces primarily based on FreeBSD and additional frameworks (written in C, C++ and Objective-C providing user interface and application-level services.

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Apple products

General rules for the care of MAC


It's a shame if the failure occurred due to ignoring simple rules for care or because of improper use of the device. For the MacBook, there are hygiene rules, as well as for users - if you do not follow these simple rules, neglect, or do not know them, then the device does not last long. You will definitely need to seek the assistance of a professional master or give the device for a number of works to clean the device in the service center.



Unlike the laptops of many companies, Apple's laptops are cleaned a bit harder, and the user without special skills is better not to take it for themselves. Just wipe the dust you will get without a doubt, but at the same time make a replacement for the dried thermal paste will not work. Such complications are due to the location of the radiator under the motherboard, and in order to make a replacement for thermal grease, a fee should be charged. The good news is that if you have MacBook Air and MacBook previous releases, where access to the MacBook is under the cover, and in the MacBook under the keyboard, then you can do the work yourself.

So, what is required of us as responsible for the device? Just a couple of minutes a week and only!

1. Turn off the device, turn it off from power.
2. We take out the battery (in case it is removable).
3. Clean with a soft cloth (microfiber for office equipment) ports and air vents to remove dust.
4. We eliminate vacuum from the hard-to-reach areas, for example, slots.

But, it is not advisable to use a vacuum cleaner to clean the internal parts of the MacBook, as it has not yet brought any positive results to anyone. If there are pieces of dirt and dust left in the holes, you can use a toothbrush to moisten it with alcohol or an alcohol-based agent. The device is ready to work in half an hour, everything is simple and easy!


Read more: https://www.apple.com/support/macbookpro/care/index.html


Сare of MacBook battery


The check of the condition in which the battery is located should be made in a month 2 or more times, if this is not done, do not hesitate to apply for a repair of the MacBook. For verification, it is necessary to take the following actions:


1. Charge battery fully.


2. Enter the pmset -g rawlog command in the Terminal to check the current status of the battery.



The input of this command for its correct and correct execution should be done from the keyboard, and not through copying, after which the launch is performed by pressing the "Enter" key. The utility will display an image showing the current status of the battery. The codes and commands for the battery will have the following meanings:


  • The presence of a connected power adapter - yes for external connected;
  • Battery charge status is activated - yes for battery present;
  • No battery charging at the moment - no for battery charging;
  • Display of the factory or current capacity of the battery - cap = 5435/5380;
  • The permissible quantity and at this time for the charge-discharge cycles, as well as at the present time - cycle count = 1000/72.


3. Special attention should be paid to the cap 5435/5380 indicator. If the value of the second number is greater than the first when the battery is fully charged, it is worthwhile to subject the battery to recalibration. To this end, the laptop itself is connected to the external power supply network, and its battery is fully charged, i.e. on 100%. The next 2 hours of work on the laptop should be done directly when powered from the network. At the end of this time, the battery should be discharged to the full 0% and leave the laptop itself for half a day. Before switching on after such operation of the laptop it is necessary to conduct a full charging of its battery.


4. You must restart the Terminal and re-enter the pmset -g rawlog command. In the output, there must be a new value for the cap parameter. In the case where this procedure for the laptop is the first, then the restoration of a value equal to or approximate to the factory one, for the battery may not occur. A similar repeat procedure will help to correct the condition. The optimum frequency for it is from 2 times per month of time.

P.S: Access to the "Terminal" utility is made through the Utilities folder located in the Program directory.


Read more: https://computers.tutsplus.com/tutorials/practical-tips-for-taking-care-of-your-macs-battery--mac-45367


How to properly clean the MacBook keyboard


Food + drinks + keyboard - an explosive mixture that entails clogging of contacts, sticking keys and other unpleasant consequences for the user. In general, the picture is not pleasant. Despite the fact that the Apple Keyboard distance between the keys and the body is minimal to avoid getting under the body of dust, fibers and microparticles will not succeed. Consequently, sooner or later, there is a need to carry out cleaning work inside the keyboard. I will try to tell you how to do it correctly and without extra financial costs. 


1. The preparatory stage includes the collection of necessary materials and the disconnection of the keyboard from the computer. So, we will need cotton buds, toothpicks, credit / discount card, water, cloth-microfiber, alcohol / specialized liquid for gadget care. Turn off the keyboard or use the special program KeyboardCleanTool, which automatically blocks the keyboard. And better do both


2. External cleaning of the keyboard consists of the mechanical cleaning of the keyboard body from dust and dirt, using a microfiber and a small amount of special equipment or water.


3. Internal cleaning of the keyboard is the most responsible and time-consuming process. Have enough patience and free time, friends. 

  • Pry the upper left corner of the small button with your fingernail / toothpick / credit card and lift it evenly enough to understand how the internal fasteners are located. This is very important because brute force can lead to the breakdown of the built-in mechanisms. After evaluating the location of the fasteners, press the key in the desired direction until it clicks.
  • We shoot big keys. In addition to standard fasteners, they also have metal fasteners and clamps.
  • This is how our keyboard looks without the keys. Please note that we remove the movable aluminum fasteners as well.



  • Armed with wet napkins to disinfect monitors or paper towels with a small impregnation of alcohol. But it is better to give preference to specials. means. And we wash each key, throwing out napkins as they become soiled. If the keys are "gray" and the napkins do not take them, then users of the global network recommend using an eraser.
  • The inner elements are wiped with a lint-free (!) Cloth moistened with a small (!) Amount of water. Crumbs are blown into the hand - at the same time and light, we will train.


4. It's time to set the keys in place. The small keys will come back up after a slight click on the body - until it clicks. Large (those with metal fittings) should coincide with the built-in grooves, but the principle is the same.


P.S.: For the more effective protection of your keyboard, you can use a MacBook keyboard cover, but this is only if it's convenient for you

Read more:https://support.apple.com/en-us/ht205662



Conclusion
I would like to say that in the first place everything depends on you and on your attitude towards your gadgets. After all, if you do not remember in time what and when to do good, nothing will turn out. Treat your technique as well as your pets and then you do not have to change your "pets" every 2-3 years!
Thank you all for attention! :)

 

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Expert Comment

by:Jorge Carretero
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Great Article !!!!

But when it comes to Security i think Linux is the king, so i recommend this solutions.-
https://www.lastpass.com/es
LastPass supports also Linux and has better security, if you are too paranoic the second option.-
https://keepass.info/
May be your solution, but its harder to configure and maintain, in the past i only used Firefox master password, so maybe my advice is not so good.
Good Luck.
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by:Andrew Leniart
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Hi Jorge and thank you for your comments about my article.

The problem with your recommendation about lastpass is that it's owned by LogMeIn - a company I will now be avoiding like the plague because of the way they treated both their paying and nonpaying customers recently in just dropping the Xmarks bookmarks manager like a hot potato.

To see what I'm talking about, see the thread still getting comments here:

https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/29092048/Alternatives-to-the-Xmarks-com-Bookmarks-Synchronization-Service.html

You're welcome (in fact encouraged) to contribute your thoughts to the above thread.

I didn't much like Lastpass as a solution before, but after what LogMeIn recently did after taking over Xmarks, I would no longer consider any solution that they have any control over -  and that's coming from someone who used their LogMeIn Rescue product at a cost of about $1,000 a year for nearly 10 years.

Their killing of a solution that so many were enjoying (and subscribing to use Pro features for) without any decent explanation is bound to hurt them in the long run imo and I'll discourage anyone who asks about any LogMeIn solution in the future for that reason.

Avoid using LastPass - who know's when it will just disappear, just like Xmarks did, when logmein decides they don't want to play anymore?!

Cheers...

Andrew
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by:Thomas Zucker-Scharff
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I figured that was the reason - especially since password management was really a side note.  BTW, I now use StickyPassword.  I have found that the worse part of Roboform was that it didn't completely transfer all passwords/passcards/whatever when I exported them.  I do like some of the features of Dashlane, and probably would use that instead if SP didn't offer such a great deal (it was because I was using some other software - don't remember which - and they gave all their users a lifetime membership to SP).
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by:Andrew Leniart
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Hi Thomas, thanks for mentioning the other password managers that you use.  I currently have licenses for Roboform, Avast Password and now 1Password.  I'll generally install a trial to a software product and use it for a short time.

If I don't like it I get rid of it, if I do like it, I'll generally buy a license/subscription to it to unlock all features as 1 reason, but also to encourage the developers to keep working on the products.  Purchasing licenses by registering them to my company gives me a tax benefit as well so it's all good. Just don't tell my missus that's one of my habits! lol  :-)

Cheers..
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by:Jackie Man
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Modern OS from Windows 7 onwards will disable disk cache and you will not have performance gain on using a RAMDisk.

Besides, the wearing from disk read and write will not have a significant impact to your SSD.

https://www.howtogeek.com/256859/dont-waste-time-optimizing-your-ssd-windows-knows-what-its-doing/

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by:Tom Crawford
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Thank you Andrew, hope to put  to good use and enjoyment.
Tom.
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Thanks for the comments and endorsements Andrew and Tom, very much appreciated and help me out.  I'm glad you both got some value of the article.

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by:Tjno
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Sometimes we will get "The update is not applicable to your computer" when updating the patches as well; so Wait a bit :)
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Hi SpiderlinK, thank you for your comment.  I've found that failure to often be a result of being behind in issued Service Packs. A patch will often fail on a Service Pack 1 or 2 installation if a SP3 has been released.

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Hi Ericpete,

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iCloud Drive was introduced after iOS 8 was launched last year. This drive is Apple’s online storage device that lets users sync their files and access them from all their Apple devices.
 
There is a lot of data that is not automatically backed up on your devices such as photos and documents. iCloud Drive can sync and download all your data between any device. Follow this guide to learn how to set up and use iCloud Drive.
 

Set up iCloud Drive with your phone


  1. Go to Settings > iCloud.rsz-1.png
  2. If you have not upgraded to the drive when iOS 8 was launched, you can do it now by clicking on Upgrade to iCloud Drive. Keep in mind that your other devices must be upgraded to iOS 8 or OS X Yosemite to access all your files from your iCloud. rsz-img-3758.png
  3. Now you can manage what data can be accessed and synched from your phone.  rsz-3.png
 

Set up iCloud with your Mac


  1. Go to System Preferences > iCloud.
  2. Once iCloud Drive is enabled, select Options.rsz-14.png
  3. Now you can see what data is stored and synched from your Mac.rsz-15.png
  4. You can access your iCloud Drive through Finder. rsz-16.png
  5. You can open, edit and save material in your Drive to be synched with all your other devices.
 
You can also access your drive by visiting through the web and signing in with your Apple ID. 
 

iCloud Drive Storage

iCloud Drive has 5 gigabytes of free storage for all users. You can manage your storage through System Preferences > iCloud > Manage7.pngYou can also upgrade the size of your storage buy clicking Buy More Storage8.png
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How can this article save you time AND money? In just a few minutes you may discover something you didn't know existed that is easy enough for you to fix yourself!
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Expert Comment

by:Douglas Oerly
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There are other things that, I feel, should be mentioned here.

When removing unwanted or unused programs from your computer, the standard windows uninstaller frequently leaves files and registry entries that should have been removed.  This is also true for some 3rd party uninstallers.  One program that consistently removes everything, and gives you an option for uninstalling in safe, medium and advanced modes is the Revo uninstaller.  It will present a list(s) of left-over items and allow you to select the ones you want to remove.  Even Microsoft Help Desk personnel use this program when remotely working on someones pc.  It begins by using the standard uninstaller (either the software's own or windows) then collects left-over information and presents it to you.  Very user-friendly.  Left-over registry entries are included in items presented to remove.

You can go to the start menu and click or type run and a window will open.  Type in %temp% and click <ok>.  A window will be opened that presents a list of files.  Select all of them and delete them.  Some may be open and so just skip their deletion.

Go to your C:\ drive icon in My Computer or the file explorer and right click on it and run Disk Clean up.  Here, you can clean up system files as well, such as, windows log files, left-over windows update files, and others.

Additionally, just running the defragmentation program does not ensure that all files have been defragmented.  Go to the start menu or search programs and enter cmd and select the program.  A Command prompt window will appear that you may be familiar with if you have ever used the old DOS prompt, which is basically what this is.  Type in defrag ? and <ENTER>.  A list of defrag options will be presented that you can specify when you run the defrag command from this window.  Specify the ones you want and run the program.  NOTE: you may need to run this with administrator privileges.  Do this by right clicking the cmd prompt program and then click run as administrator.

Always remember, your computer may never become faster than it was when you first purchased it and opened the box.  If it was slow to start with, barring pre-installed software, it will usually be this slow to end with and you may need to just go ahead and purchase one with a faster processor etc.  One item that may make a difference here is more RAM.
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by:Les Finch
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The following comes from Wikipedia.
 "A myth has arisen that RDC significantly slows local file transfers and should be switched off; a Microsoft TechNet Web page by a Microsoft Directory Services Team member comprehensibly debunks this with detailed timings, additional to the fact that a service which is not invoked by software cannot have any effect, detrimental or otherwise"
 I did not find the TechNet page but would like to see Microsoft's comments on RDC.

I have found the most common causes of slow computers are
1- malware
2 - slow hard disks especially 2.5" drives. They do not report as faulty but the tests take an exceptionally long time to complete. We use Spinrite to test them
3 - as mentioned earlier, all the crap software the manufacturer has auto starting on boot. Ccleaner is great for disabling them.
4 - also mentioned earlier - not enough RAM
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Why have a bootable USB Thumbdrive?

While Apple's move to having Mac OS X updates be entirely done through the App Store is very streamlined and convenient in most situations, it presents a challenge if you need to troubleshoot your Mac or have several Macs that you need to manage. In the past, you'd generally use the install discs, but now those don't exist and most Macs don't even have DVD drives anymore.

Which is why having the latest Mac OS X installer and a bootable system on a USB thumbdrive can be an absolutely invaluable tool. Not only does it make it easier to upgrade or install the OS if you've got several Macs to manage (since otherwise, you'd need to have each individual one download the update via the App Store) but you'll also get key tools for diagnosing and fixing a problematic system.

For example, Disk Utility can't do most of its magic on the boot volume, but by booting from the USB drive, it'll be able to do its thing.

Fortunately, the process is pretty easy and thumbdrives are cheap, so there's no reason not to!
 

Getting the Yosemite Installer

1.) Open the Mac App Store and find the Yosemite Installer.

2.) Download it. (Note that this assumes you've already installed Yosemite on this system and the installer was already automatically removed. If not, then your option will be to install Yosemite, but after the download is done, you'll want to skip over to creating the Installer Thumbdrive prior to continuing …
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Mac OS X

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Solutions

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Mac OS X is the desktop operating system from Apple Inc., found on Macintosh computers. OS X consists of a Mach/BSD-based kernel, operating system interfaces primarily based on FreeBSD and additional frameworks (written in C, C++ and Objective-C providing user interface and application-level services.