Mac OS X

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Mac OS X is the desktop operating system from Apple Inc., found on Macintosh computers. OS X consists of a Mach/BSD-based kernel, operating system interfaces primarily based on FreeBSD and additional frameworks (written in C, C++ and Objective-C providing user interface and application-level services.

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Tweet Promoting a Firetrust Newsletter Extract advertising my articles at Experts Exchange

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Please Read, Enjoy, Endorse, and Share!  :-)

Thanks, Andrew
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Active Protection takes the fight to cryptojacking
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Active Protection takes the fight to cryptojacking

While there were several headline-grabbing ransomware attacks during in 2017, another big threat started appearing at the same time that didn’t get the same coverage – illicit cryptomining.

A good watch if interested in examining Malware and Virus Samples

If like me, you enjoy dabbling into how Virus and Malware samples work now and then, a new tool recently released by the NSA called Ghidra looks very interesting.

There's a video available on it at the following link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReAkNHPZtmQ

Well worth a watch.

Regards, Andrew
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Expert Comment

by:PeeterB
Very good overview .... good to know that a free tool with that level of functionality exists ... added to my 'must play with this' list .... thanks for posting ..

(edit) see here also .. https://www.forbes.com/sites/daveywinder/2019/03/07/nsa-releases-super-spooks-security-tool-so-would-you-trust-it/#5d1e77242c59
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
You're welcome Peter and thank you for your link too!

Regards, Andrew
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New Offensive USB Cable Allows Remote Attacks over WiFi

Be careful where you buy your USB cables folks

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/new-offensive-usb-cable-allows-remote-attacks-over-wifi/


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Expert Comment

by:noci
Hopefully not to late to learn... ;-)

Many people considder USB to be some Serial cable like they used to have for Modems, Printers etc.
USB really is a multi-drop networking standard. And it provides for all kind of adapters like Storage Nodes, Network "routers" (=Usb Ethernet ...), Network camera's (photo equipment), ...
So USB sticks are more like a NAS on a private network then a Disk onto a Pata/Sata cable.  The difference is they have no configuration items on most USB equipment.
(Rather like the original SCSI standard, only serial).

The Poison Tap (short version) provides a network adapter, with DHCP and it will provision a network with netmask 0 (so ALL packets sent by your system [ except for the local network you PC is connected to ] go to the PoisonTap..). Which also runs a transparant proxy to hijack connections.  and will inject code back into the browser to redirect ALL access through another public site. After the PoisonTap is removed the attack still persists. Allowing an attacker to keep on tapping authentication data.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Hopefully not to late to learn...
Never too late to learn something new noci. I live by that rule :)
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Do you sometimes forget what to click to get to where you want to go on Experts Exchange?

Then take a look at this: Experts Exchange - Feature Guide

Experts-Exchange Feature Guide
Should be useful to new and seasoned members alike. You may even discover some things you were not aware of :)

Comments and suggestion encouraged.
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Warning - A respectable looking scam attempt

I get scam attempt emails all the time, however, this one caught my eye due to how cleverly it's been put together. An almost perfect reproduction of a genuine Energy Australia electricity bill. Two screw-ups from this particular scammer though - An invalid "From:" email address and the Copyright statement at the bottom of the bill is dated 2017.

Other than those two mistakes, it is an almost perfect reproduction that I fear would fool the majority of technically challenged users. Even the Sign in to My Account etc. links are genuine. Take a look at this:

EnergyAustralia Scam
















The "view your bill" link is bogus and hyperlinks to the following address, which I've purposely mangled to make it unclickable.

h t t p: // org155 DOT outdoorjacketstore DOT com / route / b65ffaead5b87a47

Give a heads up to your folks if you still have them, as well anyone else you think might benefit from this information.

Hope that's helpful.

Regards, Andrew
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This was originally shared by Thomas Zucker-Scharff on LinkedIn, but I thought it worthy of sharing here as well.

https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/activity:6484900450318503936/

https://s3.amazonaws.com/ftt-uploads/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/15012417/user_replay_fullstory_demo.mp4



Quite a scary revelation. The question now is how to detect any website using such scripts?
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US Postal Service exposed data of 60 million users

https://techcrunch.com/2018/11/26/the-us-postal-service-exposed-data-of-60-million-users/

A broken U.S. Postal Service API exposed more than 60 million users by allowing a researcher to pull millions of rows of data by sending wildcard requests to the server. The resulting security hole has been patched after repeated requests to the USPS.
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1,640 Free (for non-commercial use) Icons in a Single Download

Like custom icons?

Though there are lots of places all over the web to grab Free Windows Icons from, in my experience, the majority of them aren't really free, in that they will let you download maybe 10 or 20 and then require a subscription fee if you want to get more, or be able to download more than one Icon at a time.

I recently found a website that gives you 1,640 Icons in one download.

https://www.creativefreedom.co.uk/free-icons/1000-free-windows-icons/

Just click the Blue download free button and you'll get a ZIP file 68.8MB in size.

Inside that zip file, you'll find 1,640 custom icons that are 100% Free for non-commercial use.

Extract the zip file contents to a temporary folder and you'll have the following folders;

  • 16x16 - All Icons in .png format saved to 16 x 16 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 24x24 - All Icons in .png format saved to 24 x 24 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 32x32 - All Icons in .png format saved to 32 x 32 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 48x48 - All Icons in .png format saved to 48 x 48 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • glyph - All Icons in .png format in various sizes - so that you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico for yourself
  • icns - All Icons in .icns format - these are in MAC format for Macintosh users
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MAC vs Windows

I've been using my MacBook Air laptop on and off for a couple of weeks now and I must say I'm suitably impressed with the Mac OS. It's turning out to be a surprisingly no-nonsense little workhorse. Though an avid Windows user for many years, I'm now finding myself wanting to reach for my MAC laptop far more often than my Windows laptop whenever I just want to just get some work done. The only thing I dislike about it is the built-in keyboard. A standard USB PC mouse (as opposed to an overpriced Apple mouse) seems to work fine for my limited needs as well.

It's not the first time I've used a MAC, but it's the first time I've actually seriously tried to use one productively. Frankly, I don't what the fuss is about with people who dislike this OS.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
software is relatively easy to install and manage
I've noticed that too. Rather than having to concern yourself with how many files are dropped here and there, to remove a program is just dragging the thing to the bin and you're done. I've yet to need to restart the machine unless I've applied an OS update.

Coming from Windows, installations I didn't find particularly intuitive and it was a small learning curve to figure out when a program was actually installed as opposed to installing or sitting on my desktop ready to be installed, but the system prompts helped overcome that until I did a little googling and the penny dropped. The process is certainly different, but compared to Windows, I would have to say considerably easier as well.

The cons tend to show themselves anytime you want to do something that Apple doesn't want you to do.
Indeed. That's something I've definitely noticed. I'm used to being able to configure everything to my own personal tastes and have struck walls a couple of times. As I always suspected, an Apple OS is an "our way or the highway" type of deal, which as a power user I don't particularly like, but I suspect that is one of the core reasons the OS seems to be so stable too.

I doubt I'll ever move away from Windows completely and I'm typing this on one of my Windows boxes right now, but anyone who can't acknowledge the value of the Apple OS for giving you a platform which allows you to do most things with a minimum of fuss, is in my view, and as "serialband" mentioned earlier, overly biased and simply not willing to give it a serious go.

On the flip side, I've been an Apple iPhone user since way back and always shied away from Android devices. Fed up with not being able to get decent apps to do what I wanted to do, I eventually tried an Android device with the Samsung Galaxy S9+ phone and am now able to do things like effortlessly record my phone calls, something I'd been trying to do on my iPhones for years without success. App support seems to be so much better.

Different strokes for different folks - but my recent experiences with both the Apple OSX and iPhone vs Android supports that it always pays to keep an open mind :-)
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Think I may have just found the solution to my keyboard issues on my MacBook Air. Anyone using a Windows keyboard with a MAC?

https://9to5mac.com/2016/03/17/how-to-remap-windows-keyboard-buttons-match-mac-layout/

The above article shows how to remap the modifier keys only. What are some other good resources you know about?
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Apple Service when purchasing a computer from them

I just ordered and purchased an Apple Mac Air laptop, along with a couple of genuine Apple accessories direct from Apple's online store and thought I'd share my experience when dealing with them.

The Positives

  • Firstly, the Chat support when purchasing I found to be outstanding. The representative I spoke to was highly knowledgeable when compared to other representatives I've chatted to from other Vendors like DELL and HP. All other vendors I think could take a page from the type of people they hire to assist potential purchasers from Apple.

  • Apple promised to keep me up to date with the progress of my order and every promise made was honored. This again I found to be excellent to experiences I've had with other Vendors, where I got (as an example) an SMS saying that my order was processed and would be delivered soon. That would be great if those SMS's didn't actually come until "after" the product was delivered. Apple's progress reports on the other hand, were all spot on.

  • The boxing of the products I ordered, being the Mac Air Laptop itself, an Apple USB Ethernet Adapter and a Lacie Porsche USB 3.0 1TB external drive were very nicely boxed.

  • The initial setup process for the new laptop was very nicely done and extremely easy to follow, with layman types explanations given every step of the way. The
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Expert Comment

by:Lucas Bishop
Apple undoubtedly provides one of the best user experiences around. From the purchasing process, all the way through onboarding and then the ongoing relationship with the product -- all top notch.

The cost of their hardware I often justify (to myself), in the build quality and the fact that the accompanying operating system(s) (iOS, OSX, etc) is of equally high quality.

As far as the accessories go though, I sympathize with you on the price points. When I first bought my series 1 "magic mouse" I choked on the price, but went forth just because I wanted the multi-touch gestures (without having to use the touchpad). I've had the mouse for almost 9 years though, so I have to say the investment paid off. Those new wireless "magic keyboards" I haven't really looked into but I wouldn't be surprised if they last through a decade of heavy usage.
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Become a CompTIA Certified Healthcare IT Tech
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Become a CompTIA Certified Healthcare IT Tech

This course will help prep you to earn the CompTIA Healthcare IT Technician certification showing that you have the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in installing, managing, and troubleshooting IT systems in medical and clinical settings.

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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Email digests from 2018 were also leaked, unfortunately. Regardless of dates though, I feel it's a good idea to change passwords whenever a security breach has occurred - as well as enable 2FA if not already done so.
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Expert Comment

by:Kyle Santos
I read that two factor authentication is the reason this leaked happened in the first place haha.  rip reddit admin who used his personal cell phone to protect reddit's data mine.
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Microsoft released a video about Ransomware.  Surprisingly good.

Take a look at it here...

https://resources.office.com/ww-thankyou-ransomware-what-you-need-to-know-video.html

Curious about your thoughts on the advice being given?
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Expert Comment

by:Thomas Zucker-Scharff
Prevention is the takeaway. Always has been to me.  I think this is a little on the late side,  better late than never. We've had better responses here on EE than this one, imho.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
I think this is a little on the late side,  better late than never.

Good point, although I'm often surprised how many business owners I still come across who say something along the lines of "Ransomware, yeah I've heard about that. What's it all about?" Better late than never is a good sentiment, but if it gets the information over to some people who still have their heads buried in the sand, then I think its great.

We've had better responses here on EE than this one

You've won that argument :)  Although this is very much aimed at non-tech savvy people and I see that as one of its strengths.  

Thanks for sharing your thoughts.
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Hello EE Experts,

    Happy New Year! 2018 promises to be yet another cyberbattle between the black and white hat hackers, in a never-ending war. While you may not don either cap, you are here at EE and are more likely than not interested in how to protect yourself and your end-users (if you're an IT person) from being a casualty. Well, since I'm an Apple guy I'll give you the latest macOS exploit (see article). Essentially, it boils down to Apple having to fix this with their next security rollout, but it doesn't hurt to make sure that you're doing all you can to keep people off of your Mac. Here are some steps:

1) Open "System Preferences"

2) Click on "Users & Groups"

3) Click on "Guest User" and make sure it is "Off"

4) Next, click on "Login Options" and on the righthand side tap on the "Automatic Login" drop-down box and select "Off"

5) Select "Name and Password" (It makes it harder for someone to guess both the Username & Password, than just the password, which is all they have to guess if you select "List of Users".) If you don't want to select this option, then make sure you create a password that is 10-12 alpha-numeric characters long with a few special ones thrown in. To ease the process of creating such a password, use an app like "Last Pass" to create and hold your passwords (you can get it both for your Mac and iPhone/iPad)

6) Now, uncheck "Show Input menu in login window", "Show password hints", "Show …
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
I'd have to agree with John on this one.  I'd certainly not purchase an iPad Pro to replace my MAC. Both have their purposes and serve them well. Why mess with something that works so well?

Frankly, don't know what Apple is thinking here?
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Expert Comment

by:Kyle Santos
The commercial is here.  https://www.apple.com/ipad-pro/

I think that line by the girl is definitely just Apple being snarky towards PCs.  I have a Macbook Pro 2012.  I've added more RAM and put in a SSD.  It still sings.  I'm pretty sure most devices Apple makes today they make it so people like me can't do things like that.  Phooey on them.

With that being said though, friends of mine have the 2015-2016 Macbook Air and Pro and I really wish I had it because its super light weight.  Mine still feels like a tank!  I can see myself using an iPad Pro like a Macbook.  I would seriously need a trial period first to see if I like it though.  I'm not going to sink a grand into a device and expect it to immediately replace my Macbook.  There's no way.  But Apple will eventually make me probably.
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Author Comment

by:Michael Arciniega
They rolled out a patch quickly. Update asap. https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT208315
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Acronis Global Cyber Summit 2019 in Miami
 Acronis Global Cyber Summit 2019 in Miami

The Acronis Global Cyber Summit 2019 will be held at the Fontainebleau Miami Beach Resort on October 13–16, 2019, and it promises to be the must-attend event for IT infrastructure managers, CIOs, service providers, value-added resellers, ISVs, and developers.

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Expert Comment

by:Brian Matis
Whoops! Thanks for the head's up!
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Expert Comment

by:Brian Murphy
Apple cut the pay of people jumping off the roof as well.....No harm, no foul.
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Author Comment

by:Justin Pierce, CEH, CNDA
Hi Brian,

That simply isn't true. What you meant to say is that Foxconn aka Hon Hai Precision Industry (a Chinese manufacturer that is used by other big computer companies: Dell, HP, Microsoft, and Nintendo) were implementing third world practices without Apple knowing. Apple did what any good company would do and worked with Foxconn to fix the issues. In fact, Apple did the smart thing and allowed an independent investigation by the Fair Labor Association (FLA) to catch all the problems that its management wouldn't be able to find. The investigation was akin to looking into the mirror with your delinquent friend and offering your assistance to help them change their ways (Apple was too intertwined with Foxconn to let them go).

The CBS article: Link

Summarizing the report: The Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehavior (SACOM) investigated and found that Foxconn was abusing their employees in third world fashion. The workers were stressed out, checks weren't being paid on time or at all, living conditions were horrible, rules and punishments were strict, and it was a nightmare for those that stayed to help bring in a paycheck for their families. This reporting went hand-in-hand with the FLA investigation.

Here is the link to the initial FLA report: Link


Summing it up, the report finds 50 issues that broke the FLA Code and Chinese labor laws. All of it rested on the shoulders of Foxconn because they were using inappropriate rules to try and meet the demand for Apple. The demand and inadequate workforce (Foxconn had an extremely high turnover rate) were the main reasons why people were jumping from the rooftops; they simply weren't getting enough sleep. The report also finds that despite the workers getting paid an above average wage for the country, they, of course, wanted to make a few extra bucks (which Foxconn used 30-minute increments in where 29-minutes resulted in no pay and 58 minutes led to half pay). Along with the third world rules, harsh punishments,
substandard living quarters, and the hopelessness that no matter how hard or long they worked it was impossible to get ahead. Naturally, the workers became depressed and or suicidal. It's important to know that many people just quit the job instead of ending their lives, but not everyone handles stressors the same. All of that said, there was no excuse for Foxconn to be cutting corners in pay, living quarters, or work/life hours. It was plain greed to redistribute the wealth to the top instead of the bottom. Again all of this is shameful and not uncommon for third world countries to do (it's what they've known and done for a long time), but it was acted out without Apple's knowledge. The report ends with both Apple and Foxconn agreeing to put all remediations into place.

Then there was Mike Daisey.

The Slate article on Mike Daisey: Link

In brief, Mike Daisey lied to get fame and money.

The Reuters Piece: Link

The article shows a fundamental change for Foxconn in how they see living and factory conditions for workers. Also, the cost would be split between Apple and Foxconn to hire and improve such conditions.

Here is the second FLA report: Link

It states that 178,000 workers were hired to help lower the hours needed to meet Apple's product demand, Unions with declining management participation were implemented to protect workers (employees liked this), and living conditions were improved. Breaks were now standard policy, better equipment was in use, and working hours reduced to 60 hours per week (consistent with FLA and Apple code standards), but it still didn't meet the maximum of 49 hours (including overtime) for China labor laws. In short, Foxconn had made huge strides in fixing their corporate culture but still needed to hire more people to lower overall working hours.

The FLA Press Release: Link

The Press Release is easier to read but states the same thing as above, Foxconn has and is continuing to make huge improvements for workers (with Apple's help).

The Atlantic Piece: https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/05/how-apple-fixed-its-foxconn-problem/328307/

The Atlantic article reluctantly applauded Apple for saying the right things and backing up those words with money. In short, Apple and Foxconn shared the expenses and increased the pay for employees, and promised to hire more workers to lower the overtime hours needed to meet the demand for Apple products.


I understand that you may not like Apple for whatever reasons that upset you but to take a complicated issue (dealing with third world practices) and say, "Apple cut the pay of people jumping off the roof..." is mean-spirited and wrong. Remember those same methods were being used to build Microsoft, HP, and Dell products as well, but since demand for Apple's products was higher at the time, Apple became the face for Foxconn in the West.
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For those of us, that like seeing our alma maters take a pigskin and strategically move down the field, you'll be happy to know that ESPN on the 4th Gen Apple TV has just made it an even better experience. You can now watch four games at once! That means you can watch your school's arch rival, the arch rival of your spouse's school, your alma mater, and your husband's/wife's alma mater all at the same time. Since my wife is an ND grad and I'm a Cardinal, we can now both poke fun at each other while being in the same room (no more separate TVs), which ultimately means the buffalo wings and Guinness are in the same room too. If this is not reason enough for you to get excited, then how about the other great things that come with the autumn season: the grass is barely growing, holiday cheer is in the air, and pumpkin spice is back in your coffee mug. Either way, I hope the autumn season brings you the happiness you deserve and that your school makes it to a bowl game.
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Expert Comment

by:Kristine Stewart
This sounds pretty cool! I'm especially excited for Disney's recent announcement that they will have a dedicated ESPN streaming service that isn't tied to a cable subscription.  I just "cut the cord" again, and live sports are really the only thing  that we miss and is frustrating to access.
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Author Comment

by:Justin Pierce, CEH, CNDA
That's awesome about Disney! Welcome back to us cable-cutters btw. ;)
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Good morning Geeks!

If you use Hulu, you'll like this news. Hulu now has Live TV! This means for those of us that have cut the cable cord, we now have a legitimate way of watching Live TV for possibly $40. Why possibly?

As of now, the release of this app is before any official announcement of it, so you'll have to stay tuned (yeah I went there) to find out how much it will really cost.

Have a great Wednesday everyone!
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Author Comment

by:Justin Pierce, CEH, CNDA
Hi, Brian!

I agree. I feel that if Hulu really wants to compete with the cable companies, then they'll need to lower the price to $20 -$15.

Why?

Because most of us already pay $10 to Netflix for our on demand entertainment and don't like the idea that we'lll have to pay the price of a basic cable channel package ($50-$60) to get a live TV stream.

Having the ability to watch my college football teams (when the season starts up again) will be nice though.
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Expert Comment

by:Brian Matis
Sports is a great case for this! Watching those live can certainly matter a lot more.
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Mac OS X

14K

Solutions

11K

Contributors

Mac OS X is the desktop operating system from Apple Inc., found on Macintosh computers. OS X consists of a Mach/BSD-based kernel, operating system interfaces primarily based on FreeBSD and additional frameworks (written in C, C++ and Objective-C providing user interface and application-level services.