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The Math / Science topic primarily includes discussions of mathematics, physics, statistics and economic analysis, but also biology, chemistry and other sciences.

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Hi,
Finding the x intercepts for a tan graph like 3tan(2x)  ?
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I have a list of values that are grouped into 5 dollar ranges.  I was wondering if I change it to 10 dollar ranges is there a way to statistically measure which is better or shows the data better.

Thanks,
Montrof
range.xlsm
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Suppose I have a table of soccer player salaries (in terms of high/medium/low):

High: 99
Medium: 165
Low: 157

I also have a table of soccer player goals scored (again in terms of high/medium/low):

High: 167
Medium: 112
Low: 142

And suppose I have a third table showing a breakdown of soccer player salaries and goals:

Salaries
Low             Medium        High
Low              70                   52               20
Goals Medium       43                   47               22
High             44                   66               57

Now suppose I want to calculate the probability that if I pick a soccer player at random, what is the chance that I will pick one with a high salary who scores a lot of goals?

It would seem there are two ways of calculating this - one from the separate goals and salaries tables - find the chance of picking one with a high salary, and combine it what the probability of picking one who scores a lot of goals, or look at the combined table and calculate the probability from that table.

The trouble is, each method gives a different answer.

Is there a way of finding what the correct answer is?
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Hi,

I am confused about finding more than 1  x intercepts from a sin graph.
Take 2cos (2x-1)=0 for x intecept

cos2x=.5=60 deg
x=30deg is 1 intercept but what about 3 others ?
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I came across the following:

"If the distance estimated at 150 feet is really 140 ft, the percent of error in this estimate is 7 1/7%."

Can you tell me how this answer was expressed as a fraction? I get 7.1428%. How is the .1428 converted to 1/7?

Please demonstrate how you computed it. Thanks.
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I'm not sure if this is the appropriate site to pose this, and if not I'm open to suggestions of sites where I might more appropriately directed it (if that is not against the EE terms-of-use).

The problem below I thought at first this would be a fairly simple, but it turns out to be a lot more complicated than I first anticipated.  I was good at maths at school, but that was 20 years ago and after attempting this I've realized it is beyond my scope..

I have 3 known inputs, LongStdDev, ShortStdev and MarketStdev.  And I have two targeted inputs, PortfolioBeta and PortfolioStdev.

I only have two variables, LongWeight and ShortWeight.

PortfolioBeta = LongWeight - ShortWeight
PortfolioStdev = Sqrt((LongWeight*LongStdev)^2 + (ShortWeight*ShortStdev)^2 + (abs(LongWeight-ShortWeight)*MarketStdev)^2)

From these two formulas and five inputs is it possible to calculate the LongWeight (and by Inference the ShortWeight)?  Trying to use what I remember from high school maths I hit a wall when I try to substitute {PortfolioBeta-LongWeight} for {ShortWeight} and then square it.
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I'm trying to understand statistics here:
I read that the difference between the Population Standard Deviation and Sample is
The StDevP function evaluates a population, and the StDev function evaluates a population sample.

If your sample size is N.

StDev will divide by N
and StDevP will divide by N-1

1.  This does not make sense.  How does subtracting one item turn a data set from a whole population into a sample?
2.  Which do I use when I'm evaluating my company's sales numbers.  the "P" or "S"?
I guess population because I'm including the entire group of sales people in my firm?
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Hi Experts

Can someone show me how I can make a Matlab splash screen so that when Matlab is started it would say "Welcome to Matlab".
It would be great if the splash screen would start in the command Window so I can use Ascii Art.
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I know that the intersection of a context free language and a regular language is context free however i cannot understand the below proof.

The below words are quoted from : link (look at the end of the page)

i didn't understand the part  L' = L n a*b*c*  .  How can i say such an equivalence ? Is it correct?

Sample proof using closure properties

Let L={w in {a,b,c}* with equal numbers of a's, b's, and c's}. L is not context-free.

To show this, suppose L were context free. Consider L' = L n a*b*c*. Because context-free languages are closed under intersection with regular languages, L' must be regular. But L' is just anbncn, which we know not to be regular. So we must have been wrong in our assumption that L was regular.
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My 5 year old is supposed to be taking a placement test in a couple of month's in order to start kindergarten and although I have him writing his alphabet and numbers, I wanted to know what else I might be able to do.  Is there sometype of lumosity for a 5 year old or a website that can direct me to what I'm seeking?

Any ideas?
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I just got a new insurance carrier and my "old" primary doctor is not within the network of where I'd like to be.  I wanted to know if there's a way to find out where a particular doctor in certain deciplines rates within their realm of specialty.
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I have two fractions I want to find the "MOD" between them. Is the answer another fraction?

I chose: Since integer mod is sort of the opposite of integer division. I found the mod of the first fractions numerator and denominator and arbitrarily assigned it as the numerator of the new fraction The same for the second fraction and assigned to the denominator of the new fraction.

Both fractions have already been through euclid's algorithm and are in GCD form.

I have seen many trying to explain it in the terms of ax + by = d or something like that. What are the variables as they relate to the fractions. Is this even the correct direction?
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What metals would be found if this freezer was dismantled?

http://www.nextag.com/Whirlpool-EV201NZTQ-20-1-678566652/prices-html?nxtg=15be0a50051c-8B459D746B413F67

Maybe brass fittings, some copper tubing, the compressor should be iron.

Any others?
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i had spread diatomaceous earth on the carpet for general cleanup.. now i need to remove diatomaceous earth back.. do you recommend just the vacuum cleaner or a dugdoctor better choice? (rugdoctor.com)

thanks
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Hi Experts,

I have just entered some data into a website MLR calculator. What are the results telling me?

With standard linear regression I would know how to graph the relationship between X1 and Y or X2 and Y but how do I graph the relationship of X1, X2 and Y?
MLR.jpg
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I follow a few websites, and magazines about technology, but I was wondering what other tech oriented sites or magazines I should be looking at?

Anything science, tech or security that you have found useful, or interesting.
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Hello, I want to compare two thermal images, being the first image the reference, and determine if the second image is significantly different from the first.

Therefore I want to apply a Kolmogorov–Smirnov test to compare these images;

"The two-sample KS test is one of the most useful and general nonparametric methods for comparing two samples, as it is sensitive to differences in both location and shape of the empirical cumulative distribution functions of the two samples."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolmogorov%E2%80%93Smirnov_test#Test_with_estimated_parameters

http://www.lohninger.com/helpcsuite/ksquantile_statis.htm
(this site offers a KS test function)

I want to be able to use this method to compare drawn regions of the thermal images aswell (see unit attached)
Regi-es.pas
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Experts:

I need someone to validate (and potentially correct) "math notation" for a formula.

Please see attached XLS which illustrates the process.

Thank you in advance,
EEH
Math-Notation.xls
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In the next few weeks, I'll release a survey to a relatively large population.

Once the data extraction will be completed, I plan on using SPSS for the analysis (btw, I'm just starting to familiarize myself with the software).

Anyhow, one of the first few activities is to transform answers (where a 7 becomes a 1 and vice versa).   As you know, this is required in order to keep cost and benefit questions on the same scale.

Also, one of the first tasks is to review the Cronbach's alpha.   My question:  Is it recommended to obtain Cronbach's Alpha before or after the conversion?   Does it make a difference?

Thanks,
EEH
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Hello:

Not sure if this forum has many SPSS supporters... yet, I'll give it a try.

For a survey (to be released in the near future), I plan on conducting the analysis via SPSS.

Questions will use 7-point Likert scales (Strongly Disagree / Strongly Agree) via drop-down menus.

Now, some questions are formed around a "benefit" factor while others address "cost scenarios".

As you know, a "Strongly Agree" for both a benefit-related question and cost-related question will receive a score of 7.   That's fine... however, I need to somehow reverse the scoring for the cost-related question(s) so that a "7" will be converted into a "1/7" (and a "1" should be multiplied by 7).   This is required in order to measure "good things" on an equal scale.

Now, maybe I could copy/paste an SPSS column in Excel and do the conversion there.   Then copy/paste the updated values back into SPSS.

In the end, however, there's room for error in this approach and I'm wondering if SPSS has a build-in function/setting that can account for the reverse scoring.

If yes, please let me know where/how to set it up?

Thanks,
EEH
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I need to fill in staff performances as a percentage while other people would be looking on. In order to prevent them from knowing what I have entered I would like to mask these numbers by keeping them as percentages but with a random value. The real value and random value should have a one-to-one relationship. That means that

33% may change to something like 62% using a formula and reversing the formula should give back 33% corresponding to 62%.

Can we have a formula (not a lookup table)?
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I know that there are several resource on the web about this topic.However, i cannot understand any of them or i cannot find any simple and clean explanation.

I cannot grasp how to construct a Pda(push down automata) from a given CFG(context free grammar) , namely CFG to PDA conversion. Can you give any simple CFG and convert it to a PDA step by step, please ? Show the formal definitons of PDA and CFG too,please.
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Dear Experts,
I have an application that requires me to work out the R-Squared statistic of a regression from scratch.  I got the formula from the following Web page:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coefficient_of_determination

This works fine for a normal regression model with a constant.  If you select the noconstant option in either Excel or Stata then the Sum of Squared differences is totally different from the result of the formula shown on the Wikipedia page above.

Can anyone show me a link to the correct formula where there is no intercept?
Best Wishes,
Phil
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How can I figure out what percentage that one number is between two other numbers?

For example, the price of Commodity X is currently \$12.34 per pound.
This week's low price was \$11.11 per pound and this week's high price was \$22.22 per pound.

I tried solving this with JavaScript but I have the math wrong:

var low = 11.11;
var high = 22.22;
var current = 12.34;
alert( current * low / high ); // This is not correct
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I need some help with writing a formula into correct "notation format".

Please see attached XLS with formula and proposed notation format.   I don't think what I proposed is correct, so I'd welcome any help on this.

Thanks,
EEH
Formula-Notation.xls
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Math / Science

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