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Philosophy and religion can be defined as the study of and practices related to the fundamental nature and significance of beliefs commonly held by groups of people that may transcend geographic, racial, ethnic or other boundaries.

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The Qur’an Revelation

There has been a lot of public focus and debate on Islam in various media in recent years. This article aims to clarify some elements towards the understanding of the primary source of Islamic belief, the Qur’an.


Definitions

Caliph –
A term generally meaning the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, but specifically as a Qur'anic word it means Allah's deputy on earth. Historically amongst Muslims it is taken as the term for the successors of Muhammed.
Hadith –
In Islamic terminology an individual report or narration of the acts or sayings of The Prophet Muhammed from any of various collections of ahaadith/hadiths (pl). The Arabic word 'hadith' literally means ‘statement’ or 'talk' in the sense of conveyed information and can also be used to mean 'story'.
Surah –
A single chapter of the Qur’an.
Ayah –
A single verse within a chapter of the Qur’an. 'Ayah' as a word in itself can mean 'verse', 'sign' or 'miracle' and is translated variously so within the Qur'anic text according to the views of translators.


History

Muslims accept that the Qur’an was not revealed to The Prophet Muhammed in a single sitting but in parts over twenty-three years and it was not revealed in the continuous form that is the same as is found in the written Qur’an. It was revealed in verses and sections of varying lengths. The chronology of the revealed verses given to …
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by:TanyaVyas
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Great Info.
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by:tliotta
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I like the article. It's concise and to the point, without excess belaboring of any elements. Good thing it's not part of a general 'Question' post in this topic area, though.

"Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we abrogate or cause be forgotten, but we bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is able to do all things?"

IMO, that's a troublesome example for illustrating its point. "Knowest thou not..."? Seriously? Is that how Arabic is translated into English?

Unfortunately, we in the English-speaking west are somewhat conditioned to view old English phrasing under a different mental paradigm. We're so used to seeing the King James translation version of Christian scriptures that we somewhat subconsciously elevate the writings to some higher level. The only examples we commonly ever see are Bible verses, Shakespeare plays and sonnets, and similar remarkable works. Even when we occasionally see references to (very) old news accounts or other writings, we tend to raise them slightly.

But in recent decades, we've seen numerous translations of scripture into 'modern' English. And it becomes a little more clear that those have slightly lower levels of 'literary excellence'. They read more like what some person might actually say.

So, instead of "Knowest thou not..." and other phrasings, wouldn't "Don't you know..." actually be a more accurate translation today?

And more importantly, would that have the same impact on English-speaking readers? Would it be as easy for us to agree that the writings have an unusually high literary quality if the translation was according to our modern common usage?

Nit-picking, I'm sure. But it seems important since this goes to one of the only two reasons given for divine authority.
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[Webinar] Learn How Hackers Steal Your Credentials

Do You Know How Hackers Steal Your Credentials? Join us and Skyport Systems to learn how hackers steal your credentials and why Active Directory must be secure to stop them. Thursday, July 13, 2017 10:00 A.M. PDT

Experts-Exchange is designed for questions and answers with the common scenario being that nearly all responses are directed to the Asker.   But in some EE zones, it is common to have a number of different people discussing back and forth.  In such cases, a post could be a response to any of several previous comments made by any of several different people.   We see this most often in Politics and the Philosophy & Religion sections, but it also occurs in Expert Input, Expert Lounge, and a number of other zones.  

Why quote from a previous post?
We do this to set a context.   We want to reply to a specific point brought up earlier, but there may have been several comments since that earlier post.  We want to identify the post and speak directly to the poster.   The quoting technique should set that context with the minimum of fuss so that the conversation can be as smooth as possible.

There are no "official EE policy rules" about this situation (nor should there be) but there are some common-sense rules that should be apparent to anyone who has considered this issue.   I've seen many different ways in which the thread participants quote from previous posts.  Some of these methods work well, some work poorly, and some show that the poster doesn't understand the basics of forum posting at all.

This article presents a set of suggestions to avoid ambiguity and increase clarity when posting in a discussion.  

     Important notice:
     Do not take
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by:Michel Plungjan
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not to mention that a piece of code easily can disappear so a copy is prudent. Ps for some reason THIS page DOES have an entry field on my nokia as opposed to question pages
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by:pony10us
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I like the suggestions however I am a bit curious about:  
Don't use quote marks as your delimiter....
Should this not be used?
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Philosophy / Religion

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Philosophy and religion can be defined as the study of and practices related to the fundamental nature and significance of beliefs commonly held by groups of people that may transcend geographic, racial, ethnic or other boundaries.

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