Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).

Share tech news, updates, or what's on your mind.

Sign up to Post

I've installed a load of win 10 machines using usb thumb drives that have win 10 on them.  Probably made the usb disks from a page like this:

setup will start, I'll say I want a new install, it'll show me the hard drive, I'll delete any partitions that are on it, point to the one unallocated space entry, hit continue and it will make 4 partitions, 1 that's bootable and things are fine.

I did that on this win 10 home laptop and it worked fine.  The church this is for needs win 10 pro, they bought home by mistake. through tech soup, they bought 'get genuine' win 10 full install licenses.  The MS rep said you have to install win 10 pro only from the VL ISO on the VL license page with the keys.

I download the ISO, make a bootable thumb drive using win 7 creator tool.

Put the usb in, press f12 at startup (for bootable devices list - it's a dell), choose the USB and the install starts up, I do the delete partitions / point to the unallocated space..

install goes fine till it reboots. at reboot it goes right into diagnostics (not the hard drive).  If I restart and press f12, and choose hard drive it boots into win 10 pro fine.

Some things l noticed:

In system management / device management, I see there's only 2 partitions on the drive, not 4 - some small one and then the C drive.

Doing some googling, I see to look at hard drive properties in device manager. Under partitions, it's blank!?  I choose…
Upgrade your Question Security!
LVL 12
Upgrade your Question Security!

Your question, your audience. Choose who sees your identity—and your question—with question security.

Hey all - we are moving from SBS Exchange 2010 to Exchange 2016 (DAG) - and we have the new servers stood up. Now, we have a lot of mobile devices using Active Sync, i moved my mailbox from 2010 to 2016 - and my activesync stopped working. I thought the phone should automatically go to the new server?

My question is this, for those who have done this migration - does  the phone need to be reconfigured (remove/re-add)? I thought it should be invisibile to the end users..
We currently have a Sonicwall NSA 2600.  We also have a Small Business Server 2011 running Exchange 2010.  The Sonicwall has NAT and firewall configured to pass the mail to the server.  That is working fine.

I have activated a 30 day trial of Sonicwall's Anti-Spam Service.  During the initial configuration I received the following pop up error: "Mail Server Auto-Detect Failed.  The system detects there are one or more NAT and/or Rule policies that use a service group of a service port range that includes SMTP and non-SMTPservice ports.  The system could not enable the Anti-Spam service using the current configuration.

The user guide for enabling Anti-Spam lists a step where you identify the mail server.  I am assuming I need to delete the current NAT and Firewall rules forwarding mail to the server and let the Anti-Spam setup configure them again.  Am I correct?

Any help is appreciated.
I have a Windows SBS 2011 server hosting an application which gives access (with username and password) via http port 8086. I have a Vigor 2960 Dual-Wan Security Firewall which currently port redirects 8080 to the server.
How can I restrict access to the URL to certain people (field engineers) who use laptops, smartphones to access the site?
I have to give a talk to older people about security online.  Would anyone have slides they have or would use?

I envision talking about how to try to tell if emails are legit, ignore calls from microsoft and others, dangers of opening attachments, ignore emails / calls from the IRS, etc.  Ie basics, not all that complex.

Any recommendations?
When I knew very little about visio, in making network docs, I would jam way too much on 1 drawing, thinking I had to make an entire different file with a 2nd page.  DUH!

So I know a little more and love the seperate pages and being able to have a common background on all of them, etc.

Now, is there a way to make a table of contents page? A first page that lists the name of each page in the file?  Maybe updates automatically?  When you add another page / rearrange the order of pages, this page auto updates?
I know this is a very new topic, but does anyone know if it will be supported to migrate from SBS 2011 Standard, which runs on Server 2008 R2, to Server 2019?  Server 2019 will debut by the second half of this year, and my organization is planning to upgrade our infrastructure around the same time, so I am now questioning on whether to wait for 2019 or just move to 2016.  I can't find any information on whether there will be a supported upgrade/migration path from SBS 2011/Server 2008 R2 to Server 2019.  

Any information is appreciated.  

Sync center is not working on new Windows 10 computer
We have a SBS 2011, all users data sync their files to the server
When I replace a PC and add the domain user to the new computer, the sync automatically gives them their files by sync

I just swapped PCs for a user and it's not working. This is a Windows 10 Prof. PC if I look in control Panel Sync Center I do not see a partnership
The only thing diff. I did this time was install McAfee Security-As-a-Service before joining the domain. I did look in the McAfee console an I do not see any blocking of sync center. Everything else seems to be working fine except sync of files
SBS 2008: I need to update the accounts software on our server, but the update fails stating that I need to install .Net Framework 4.6

I downloaded version 4.62 but that wouldn't install stating that it was incompatible with the server operating system. I then found that I could still download version 4.6 So I installed .Net Framework 4.6 and at the end of the installation I got the message saying the installation was successful. Then I got a message saying that a reboot was required. So I allowed it to reboot. The accounts update still won't install. It still says that I need to install .Net Framework 4.6

I googled "How to check the Dot Net version". I found a site which said that I need to look at the following registry key:

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP

This Key lists the different versions of Dot Net which are installed. 4.6 is not listed. it only shows versions up to 4.0. How can this be, when I successfully installed it and rebooted the server?
Working on a 6 year old Dell PowerEdge T310 server.  There's a PERC6i/H700 (SAS/SATA) controller in there.  with 4 hard drives in a raid 6 configuration, no hot spares.

Open manage says 1 drive status is predictive failure.  These are 1TB 6Gb SAS 7,200 RPM drives

Some more info, from the dell support webpage for this service tag:  Dell p/n FNW88 HARD DRIVE, 1T, NL6, 7.2K, 3.5, S-MEG, E/C

And from OpenManage:

Model MK1001TRKB.  IT says the firmware on all the drives are DCA8 and the latest firmware available is DCAA ( so I could update that... and openmanage itself. But I don't want to rock the boat too much right now).

Part 7JXKR

Vendor ID DELL(tm)
Product ID MK1001TRKB
Serial No. 6190A040FLD6
Part Number PH07KXJR7557116905RAA00
Sector Size 512B
Manufacture Day 05
Manufacture Week 24
Manufacture Year 2011

So can you help me find the right drive / would these work?

This is 12Gb throughput.  That's more than the others... OK?

THis is 6Gb throughput but more money

if I google the 7JXKR, I get loads of companies selling refurbished drives.  Don't think I want that?

Any advice would be appreciated!

And then to install it, you just take out the old drive while the system is …
Free Tool: SSL Checker
LVL 12
Free Tool: SSL Checker

Scans your site and returns information about your SSL implementation and certificate. Helpful for debugging and validating your SSL configuration.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Hello, I have a problem with a Windows SBS 2011.
I have always used this server to deploy Windows updates to a network of about 20 clients.

Now Windows Update Services have just stopped working, I get an 80072EE2 error on any machine I try to update (the server or the clients).

It looks like the Services have totally gone bonkers. If I try to open the relative mmc from Server Manager, mmc crashes. So I can't even collect info from the console.

The Windows Update engine version should be 3.0 SP2.

Do you have any suggestions on how to tackle this? Never happened before. Thanks.
Helping out a church with a laptop they bought by mistake with window 10 home on it.  they need windows 10 pro because  of the server essentials domain they have.

The OS on this latop got corrupted as part of a windows update.  I pitched that if this was windows 10 pro / on the domain, it would have been backed up.  So they want to get this to windows 10 pro and they are looking to go through tech soup for that.

I have a win 10 install media thumb drive - when I've used it before (on machines with win 7 originally) it would ask what version of win 10 to install -- home, pro, eterprise, etc.  and then ask for a license key. you could skip the license key and if  the machine had been upgraded to win 10 (under free upgrade in that first year, etc.) it would auto activate.  or I would think OS would run but only short term till you enter a key.

On this win 10 home machine, when I boot off the win 10 install media, it must be reading the bios (that's where win 10 keys are stored now?) and seeing it's a home machine... so it installed that without asking what version to install.

We are getting a get genuine license from tech soup for win 10 pro for this machinee.  but ( a seperate issue), mirosoft / tech soup only lets them place 1 order EVER for get genuine licenses... so I am asking them how many licenses to get.  While they debate that / till we place the order for the licenses, I want to start getting this machine going

There's a spot in windows 10 home for …
Windows Server 2016 Standard install questions.

I have a client that currently has an SBS 2011 Standard installation (10 users) that needs to be replaced.  Initially I was looking at a physical server (Dell T330 with Single CPU - 4 Cores, 32Gbs of RAM) with Windows Server 2016 Essentials.  A straight forward basic install.  O365 Exchange On-Line Plans I and II will take care of hosting their mailboxes.

However, this client now has a remote office with two or three users. They currently have one user that remotes into an existing computer to access applications (Needles database, Quickbooks, company files, local Exchange mailbox.

So, I was thinking of acquiring MS RDP CALS (5 licenses).  However, the server would be a Hyper-V server with two VMs (1 VM for AD, company file storage, and hosting the Needles and QB databases), and the second VM would serve as an RDP Server with (5) licenses.

I do like Windows Server 2016 Essentials mainly for the built-in Remote Anywhere Access and 25 free CALs, and would still like to install it as a VM.

1. So, I need to know can Windows Server 2016 Standard allow installing Windows Server 2016 Essentials as a VM with the Standard license, or will an additional Windows Server 2016 Essentials license need to be acquired.

I am thinking a Windows Server 2016 Standard license allows installing a downgraded VM as an Essentials server, but I am not entirely sure.

2. Since the server will be purchased with (1) Intel E-3-1240 v5 …
We look after a number of clients with Exchange 2010 (Predominately SBS2011)

We are IT proficient and know our way round IT - however
One particular client (Using Exchange 2010 SP3 Rollup 20) is having an issue where some emails being sent-in are bouncing.
We have identified that emails sent through Symantec’s are the ones failing.

The bounce message is as follows:

Reason: 550-Please turn on SMTP Authentication in your mail client. []:45986 is not permitted to relay through this server without authentication.

As we are fairly clued up on IT as a matter of course we have checked the following:
IP and Domain are not blacklisted – At all.
There is a valid Reverse DNS / PTR Record in place
There is a valid SPF record in place

As we or our customer are not users of Messagelabs we are reliant upon one of the senders helping us out and they have advised of the following:

This is the reply from the IT department of one of the businesses that cannot send successfully:

As discussed, the bounce backs are caused by the recipient’s server requesting SMTP authentication, however Symantec email filtering does not use SMTP relay server to send emails and is not able to provide SMTP Authentication

To allow the emails to send the email server that the email address uses will need to make changes to stop it requesting SMTP authentication. Once this has been removed the emails should
We have a brand new Windows 2016 Hyper-V host hosting just a few VM's. Two of those machines are older - one is Windows 2008 R2 the other is SBS 2008. These machines were recently virtualized (P2V) using Microsoft's Virtual Machine Converter 3.1. Both went perfectly and are both in operation.

At this point, my concern is the backups. We presently use Veeam and they depend on Hyper-V to be able to do "production" snapshots of the VM's as opposed to "standard" snapshots. Both VM's are able to be backed up, but without VSS or any application awareness. To be honest, I'm more familiar with VMware-world when it comes to this, but the only information I've found says to reinstall the Hyper-V integration services but that option was removed for Windows 2016.

I'm looking for guidance on getting my Hyper-V host to take production snapshots of my VM's or any troubleshooting steps to take to resolve.

These are the steps I've done to date:
  • Verified host and guests are both up to date via Windows Update
  • Verified that all services are being offered to the guests from the host via Hyper-V manager
  • Verified all Hyper-V services are started and running without issue on the guests
  • VSS writers are all in good order on both VM's
  • This is in the event viewer (Applications |Hyper-V-Worker | Admin, though I cannot find how to remedy it (Event ID 4000):

An error on the host's event log
  • Lastly, a screenshot of the running Hyper-V services on one of VM's:

An example of the Hyper-V running services on the VM
We are helping out a non-profit organization that does have an account with

On their own, someone their bought a computer that came with Windows 10 Home. It was cheaper than the machine we spec'd for them.

If I am not mistaken, that won't play well in their SBS Essentials domain, right?

So I'd like to=need get it to Windows 10 Pro?

Shouldn't be that hard? I go to tech soup. The Microsoft Windows OS upgrade is $16. this is Win 10 Enterprise. But wait,
You cannot upgrade from any Home edition of Windows.
Some more looking and I see Windows Pro Full Operating System – Get Genuine for $9. A lower price! I put that in the cart, go to check out and see this:

I understand that my organization may never place another request for Get Genuine full Windows operating systems after we have received the licenses we are requesting now.

I don't want to get 1 license and lock them out of using this solution if this happens again.   Would people here

1) suggest buying a bunch of these get genuine license and stockpile them on the chance they will needed down the road?
2) Do we buy a retail copy of win 10 pro outside of tech soup for something like $150?
3) Am I mistaken and Win 10 home computers can work with the SBS Essentials domain fine?
4) Something else I am missing?

It would seem that buying a home os when pro was needed can't be all that uncommon amongst small businesses and organizations trying to take care of their own IT needs.  There …
User has a dell inspiron 1534.  it's about 1/2 year old. running win 10 home.

Said that yesterday he saw a message about applying updates, then after some time, it reboots and gates a 'no bootable media' found message.

With shadowprotect, I can see the C drive, along wiht 4 other partitions on the laptop.  C drive structure looks as expected, except that there's a windows.old folder that has user folder in it and that one has the username / their files.  the c:\users folder only has public and default folders.

I booted up from win 10 media, and triied the different rollback, troubleshoot, etc options and all faill  / say they are unable to fix things.

when doing the system restore and other choices, it shows 3 OS - rollback, win 10 and win 10. I try the restore and others for each OS, with no results.

a) is this (win 10 updates corrupting the computer) all that common?  Seems like there's loads of posts about this
b) anything I can do with this short of doing a clean install of win 10?
c) any way to avoid this situation again?
d) wiht the 4 other partitions, 1 seems to be the dell image as shipped.  But can't tell how to get to that.  I try f12 and that doesn't have factory restore in the list.
e) what do you think of reinstall windows, then just drop the shadow protect image of the C drive onto that clean install except for some key files for booting up?  (which files, I don't know).  That would save having to reinstall apps, etc. but with that windows …
On a Dell PowerEdge T110, shipped in Nov, 2011, we have this 1 of 4 hard drive with predicted failure.  It's set up as RAID 6, I think I saw (no spares... but raid 6 you can lose 2 drives before failure? Not that I want to get to that : )


Replace the drive? Right away?  You can wait? Any indication of failure predicted today vs. next month vs.....
If you are going to replace the drive, I thought I heard that you have to get it from Dell? They build / built? their systems to require dell branded hard drives to work?
Where do you get a drive like that from? I don't see it on the dell website?

Or is this the argument to replace the server?  1 of 4 drives failing.... the others are as old, the whole machine is 6 years old (SBS 2011 standard OS)
I am migrating from SBS 2008/Exchange 2007 to Office 365.
I have chosen to upload .pst files for my mailboxes (i only have 10). I am using one very small mailbox as a test to get started.

My problem is that after I have imported the PST file, the contents of the user's mailbox are empty. No mail seems to have been copied.

I created the PST files using a 32bit Outlook 2007 client with Exchange PowerShell Export-Mailbox cmdlet. and followed the instructions here:

Everything worked perfectly. I had created a new user in office 365 prior to uploading the pst file and given that user an Exchange Only license. I mapped the PST file to the user I had previously created. That seemed to be successful.

When I look at the mailbox usage for this user in Exchange Admin | recipients | mailbox users I see that the a small amount of the 50GB has indeed been used. However, when I log in - separately, on another computer - to outlook no messages have been copied. There are no filters set on outlook.

So it looks like the mapping is working correctly, because some of the mailbox space is definitely being used. But the messages are not visible.

Can any one tell me what I might be doing wrong?

By the way - when i set up Exchange in the first place, i added my domain names, but I didn't move the DNS records to point to Office …
Get expert help—faster!
LVL 12
Get expert help—faster!

Need expert help—fast? Use the Help Bell for personalized assistance getting answers to your important questions.

I ran ccleaner on a machine and erred in not leaving the recent documents unchecked.

The user really wants them back.  It's a win 7 machine with word 2013. I found the folder it seems to keep the recent files for all the office (and other?) apps:


I right click on that to use previous versions, but that tab isn't in properties on that folder...
It's on an server 2012 r2 essentials and is being backed up. So I went in there, burrowed down to that recent folder and recovered the files.
a) even with hidden and system files showing, it doesn't show the files / shortcuts / lnk files in that recent folder.  But if you right click on recent items, properties DOES say there's 134 files in there.
b) I restored from the backup to another folder and can see the files then. But can't drag /drop the lnk files into the recent folder.

attrib of the files is just a, not h or s...

Is there any way to get the lnk files into the recent folder other than open each of the items from the other folder to rebuild the list manually?

I did see there's registry entries also for recent office files.  So there's files AND registry entries for the same thing? Any thoughts on how to do this?
We have a SBS 2011 machine that backs up to an external USB Hard drive.  This USB Hard Drive has a virtual drive letter K and in the backups folder are 4 vhd files.

I have taken the USB Hard Drive to a desktop and within Disk Management attached each of the 4 VHD files in read only mode which created separate Disk numbers.

However, I can't do anything with these disks in order to view the contents.  I can't attach a drive letter and I can't explore the contents so i'm at a loss of what to do if our SBS 2011 crashes and I don't want to reinstall SBS on a new machine.

Should I not check the read only box?

How can I access the contents of the VHD files so we can recover data in the event of a crash?

thank you...
I currently have an SBS2008 server environment where we are actually using the exchange server public folders. This database is about 30 GB in size already.
- We are going to be upgrading our server hardware and moving to either server 2012 R2 or server 2016 operating system
- we are also moving from exchange server to office 365 per exchange email will

My question is: by going to office 365 four exchange email, what is the best way to maintain and support Exchange public folders
Can't establish a PPTP VPN from a Windows client to Windows SBS 2011 Standard through a Juniper SSG5 firewall.
Server registers the connection but it fails on the client side with Error 806.
This works out of the box from the same client on servers with newer firewalls (with 1723 forwarded), but I do have port 1723 forwarded in the firewall and GRE enabled, and can see the server listening on 1723.
Juniper was not helpful, but was able to demonstrate with Wireshark that the client is requesting to close the connection after it is established.
Any known settings needed on Juniper SSG5 to enable this?  I should not that no VPN's are configured natively in the Juniper.
Exchange 2010 fully patched on SBS 2011 Standard.
Client migrated to Office 365 and no longer needs or wants the Exchange database which is taking up a lot of disk space.
I don't need to move any mailboxes - I just want to back up Exchange (doing now with server backup) and delete the database.
I have the impression that removing the database is not possible with a simple command as it may tell me there are critical mailboxes that haven't been moved.
Is there a way to delete the database outright and free the disk space without a major operation?
I don't necessarily need to delete Exchange Server totally, though I could.  I mainly want to free the disk space in the fastest way possible.
I can't add a new drive to Symantec System Recovery 2013 at all, it keeps on giving me this error when I try to add it to a job:
F:\ is a read-only location and is not a valid destination.

I formatted the drive to NTFS, changed the drive letter, nothing helps.

It worked for a while as an exFAT drive but then whined about sector blocks not being complete or something...

I know it's a horrible piece of software but it's what the customer uses.

It's got all updates installed.

Drives that had been added a longer time ago are fine.

Also, how does one delete older backup destinations, it just doesn't let me do that.

A horrible piece of software indeed...

(the OS is SBS 2011)

(tried re-creating the job, doesn't work, restarted services, doesn't work)






Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).