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Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).

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A customer told us they emailed two of our people yesterday, but neither of them received the email.  I am also being told the emails were delivered to our Exchange server, but, we cannot find them on the users Outlook.  Also, they have received other emails from this same customer. It is only the email sent at 1:34pm to both of our people that was not received in Outlook.  They have since received other emails from that some customer.

We are using Outlook 2007 on Win7Pro machines using a .ost file.  Our server is SBS 2008 with Exchange 2007.  

How do I figure out what happened to the two emails at 1:34pm yesterday and how to do I determine if there is some problem with Exchange?
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OK this seems shocking to me.  I've just started a new sys admin role (my 1st sys admin role) and I am looking after a clients SBS2011 server which has over 35000 updates waiting to be approved/installed.  I've got the number down a bit by removing superseded updates but I'm after some advice.  I'll be starting with Critical and then Security updates 1st by trickling them in but should I be looking at installing all of them or can I get by on just the Critical/Security updates?

A bit of extra background.  The current sys admin is leaving and the only other guy here is more 1st/2nd line so isn't much help.  Google has been my only friend so far.  That being said, advice is definitely required so feel free to chip in with your thoughts.
Have a SBS 2011 , with Exchange 2010.
Setting up new pc's with Office 2016 that only support autodiscover set-up.
Have a certificate
Made a DNS cname record ; ->

Autodiscover setup i Outlook now works but gives waring on every startup (of Outlook).
Stating that there is a missmatch between the certificate ( and the server it connects to ( Which I understand. There is a missmatch..

So, was hoping to get around this without buying a new multi-sub-domain certificate.

Found a workaround:


4.      Click the Edit menu, point to New, and then click String Value.
5.      Type the name of the HTTPS server to which AutoDiscover can be connect without warning for the user, and then press ENTER. For example, to allow a connection to, the first String Value (REG_SZ) name would be as follows:

here I added (and +, when it didn't work) without any luck.

Outlook works (send and recive mail) even if I let the warning stay open, but would like to get rid of it.

- Only 3 pc's connected to domain.
Hi, just wanted to ask a bit of advice about changing IP addresses of a Server 2011 SBS network.  To cut a long story short I have to create some VPN connections between 2 networks that are on the same subnet and I need to change one network to be on a different subnet.

Both networks are on 192.168.101.x

2 questions really, if I change the second network to 192.168.102.x will that be enough to stop any VPN issues?

Secondly, the network I'm going to change consists of a Watchguard Firewall, Windows 2011 SBS Server and a network printer.  I have local physical access to the Firewall and Printer but not the server.  I'd just like a bit of advice on what device IP I should change first as I don't want to end up losing connection (will be doing this all over a remote connection).

Many thanks

Had user who needed to have their Windows 7 profile recreated to fix a public folder issue.  Public folders are now displaying correctly.

After the new user profile was created with the same name, redirected folders are not showing up.

The folders are intact on the server, in the location where I expect them to be.

When I do a GPUPDATE I get the following:

Updating Policy...

User Policy update has completed successfully.

The following warnings were encountered during user policy processing:

The Group Policy Client Side Extension Folder Redirection was unable to apply on
e or more settings because the changes must be processed before system startup o
r user logon. The system will wait for Group Policy processing to finish complet
ely before the next startup or logon for this user, and this may result in slow
startup and boot performance.
Computer Policy update has completed successfully.

For more detailed information, review the event log or run GPRESULT /H GPReport.
html from the command line to access information about Group Policy results.

I did a GPRESULT /H  and under Component Status I see:
Printers and drives are mapping so I know GPOs are being applied.  This is only happening to this one user and only after I re-created his User profile on his desktop.

I have of course rebooted and logged off and back on several times.

He does have full access to his folders on the server.

Hi all,

We have 2011 SBS server that was set up to send and receive emails for 2 different domains, let's say and

OWA access, autodicscover, etc were all defaulted to   The UCC SSL certificate referenced and autodiscover, and all worked fine, even with access to emails (which were accessed remotely by configuring the proxy server details in Outlook manually.

The issue we have now is that is no longer used and we want everything to reference instead, also some external users are now running Outlook 2016 which seems to insist autodiscover is correctly configured to connect.

Can someone please talk me through what I need to do in Exchange 2010 to make everything default to I appreciate I'll need to re-key the SSL certificate and will need to create A records for and but it's the stuff within Exchange I need to know about.

Many thanks for your help!
Hey all,

I've got a set up with a Synology device that is the main data store (read: many user shares), and is processing backups to an off site destination.  The SBS 2011 device is handing mail, AD roles and so on.

Since the Synology is doing the off site backup so well, I wanted to get away from using USB drives to back up via the SBS console.  Here is where I got to:

1) Create an iSCSI configuration of 500GB in size on the Synology
2) Via the Windows iSCSI manager, connect to said device on the Synology
3) Start the SBS console backup manager wizard, and get to the step where it says 'YOU NEED TO FORMAT THIS DRIVE IN ORDER TO USE IT'

So, being a wise man - I come to you dear internet strangers.  Is this iSCSI target smart enough to only format itself for the 500GB, or is it going to format the entire Synology box and set fire to the organization?

Forgive my ignorance here, but the SBS console has some powerful scripts and I want to make sure it doesn't go out of control when running this backup.

Picked up a job half way through and discovering lots of problems...
A customer has an old SBS2008 but is adding a  Server 2012R2 Essentials to replace the SBS.  Exchange has already been decommissioned in favour of Office 365.

The new server has been added as a DC and the migration started - FSMOs were moved over successfully.  I've been called in to help them make the final swap but I couldn't edit any Group Policy - then noticed that the new DC didn't have a SYSVOL or NETLOGON share.

Looked at the old server and there's lots of JRNL_WRAP_ERROR errors which have lead to this I think.  FRS error 13568 - these have been going on for a long, long time unnoticed.

As this server is going to be decommissioned shortly, are there any shortcuts to get round this.  Don't want to force it off the domain until I can edit Group Policy on the new server.  Also really, really don't want to have to demote the new server as they've installed a serious bit of software on it which we can't easily reinstall without great cost.

Any advice welcomed. Thanks, Ian
Today I started getting a problem with an SBS2003 server.
I know - don't tell me to upgrade and I shouldn't be running 2003 - anyway I can't migrate until I cvn fix this problem in order to do it!

The issue was no email arriving and Outlook couldn't connect.
the event log shows EVENTID 2114 from MSExchangeDSAccess and Services shows the Information Store is not loaded.
I cannot load the information store because I get an error about dependency services not starting.
In fact NetLogon won't start, Workstation service won't start and a number of others.

I tried running the IECW and it failed on all four sections, saying it had encountered an error in each case.

What can have suddenly gone wrong? This server has been running happily for years!
I have no idea where to start with this.
BTW I cannot access Remote Desktop either so I have to go to the server to do anything and it seems the server is not recognised as a member of the domain, as RDP says the remote computer cannot be accessed, maybe it is not part of this network...

HELP! I am email-less...

Thanks for any pointers - I know there's not much diagnostic info here but getting any logs off when I can't see the server from another computer is problematic.

I have taken on a client that has had several IT support groups over the years. Needless to say, this environment represents a series of break fixes, experiments and failed attempts.

It looks like the last support group was trying to move from Small Business Server 2003 to Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard.

They have a daily failing SBS 2003 server, a 2003 Standard Member server (Housing their business application Sage Peach Tree) and an Exchange 2008 R2 server.

The old IT group managed to join the 2008 R2 server as a DC  along side the old SBS 2003 (which doesn't play well with other servers - even though Microsoft says it's doable). This move was extremely messy due to the fact that SBS 2003 comes out of the box with DNS and the Exchange server (they were using before the 2008 R2 install) . Long story short, I was never convinced of the health of the AD.

With the failing hardware of the SBS 2003 server, I decided to shut it down. The network works OK off the 2008 R2 - DHCP, DNS and files service. Unfortunately, the Exchange service is now corrupt and will not communicate well with the AD. Even with the SBS 2003 turned on, there has always been AD issues I could never resolve due to past history mistakes.

So........... I want to start from Scratch.

Remove the old original SBS 2003
Wipe Out/Rebuild the 2008 R2 server with a fresh AD
Join the member application server into the new Domain
Join the existing 10 user/computer accounts into the new domain

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Pretty regularly - 1 or 2x a day, I get a popup on 1 computer (win 7 SP1, fully patched) about 'your computer is infected', we're from microsoft call us, etc.

I realize it's a scam.  But curious how it's getting on there.  I've run malwarebytes, superantispyware, hitmanpro and they don't find anything.

I am streaming a radio station based in NY.

Am I mistaken that the people running the malware buy ad space on legit websites and thats how they get on the machine?

these have been easy to get rid of - just close the browser by clikcing on the x in the top right corner (it takes over the tab the radio station was on, another indication that's where the malware is getting in from?).  I've seen other versions where you have to kill browsers through task manager or reboot the computer.
Good day

I am stuck with an SBS 2011 server that seems to block all ports incoming. At first I thought the router I used for testing may be a problem, so I switched the server to a router that is currently used on an SBS box without problems. Ports still blocked. Quickest check for me now is simply disable firewall on the server - Firewall settings in control panel and stop the firewall service. Still, incoming ports (25, 443, 3389) stay blocked.

I verified this with MX toolbox as well as and

Any ideas?

As I said, the router on the server at this moment is the same router I use on my own server - the ports are open and working on my server. But on this one they show blocked.

I have an office that's running a Microsoft Windows Small Business Server 2011 (Dell Poweredge) that's about 6 years old.  Let me preface this question with: I've inherited the server from the former technician who set it up--it would not be the way I would have originally set it up (all IT guys say that, right?).  

There has been some indications with this server that it's nearing the end of it's life.  The owners would like to look at going to "the cloud."  They have recently had a taste of Google Docs from moving many of their Microsoft Excel spreadsheets to Google Sheets and really like it.  I've let them know about the pros and cons to using Google Docs.  They were curious about Google versus Microsoft.  They're considering moving their email server to Google Apps so that everything is on Google.  Their end goal is to completely get rid of their server.  They still need active directory for their 10 workstations on the network but I was thinking that can be possibly done with Microsoft Azure.  

I've been fighting going to "the cloud" for years but the current is getting really strong to go to a cloud based solution.  My question is two fold.  Have you had experience going to Google Apps and Microsoft Office 365?  What are the pros and cons?  Also, for Active Directory.  I've had experience with Google Apps and Office 365 but not with Azure for Active Directory.  What are the pros and cons for going to something cloud based for Active Directory?  Any help or …
We have an SBS 2011 server and have been using exchange for years. Have moved to a cloud based hosted solution and need to add an outlook profile pointing to that - if I try to add a profile it defaults to the in house exchange server and doesn't give me an exchange option - only office 365 or pop/imap. I have stopped the exchange services - that hasn't helped. If found this: taking about office 365 - if I run this command will it enable me to set up a profile in outlook with an externally hosted exchange server?
Been battling this for 2 days.

Sat morning at 6:30 am was receiving email from filter service Fusemail to server. At 7 am noticed emails being deferred and building up in a queue on Fusemail Portal. Nothing changed in these 15 minutes. Fusemail's portal says "error reading banner" on public IP of server and the remote. OWA mx record.

I have done the following to troubleshoot,

Rebooted several times.
Recreated default receive connectors,
Looked thru the IIS system, no issues.
Exchange 2010 IS sending emails as normal.
Double checked the MX records for Fusemail, They are accurate,
Entered the ip addresses of Fusemail servers in the Watchguard T30 FIrewall box to send mail to port 25 (they were NOT there before  but emails were coming in)
Can go to and enter the public IP and port 25, and it is OPEN,

All emails were coming in before any changes made. They simply stopped and they are of no real help, just saying "your server is not allowing connections".

If I cannot find the answer here, they are getting migrated to Office 365 asap.. They, like other businesses cannot be down on email for days..

Any ideas?
Hi experts

I'm wondering what the best way to migrate an SBS server to a server 2016 would be. I've heard that I might come across issues moving the FSMO roles.

Any advice would be great!!
I have 2 HYPERV host servers.

HYPERV2 is hosting  SBS2011 server and TERMINAL server.

(besides I have another domain controller and  approx 20 workstations)

I had hardware issues with the HYPERV2 host server and had to rebuild it with MS Server 2016 standard (It was MS Server 2012 R2 before)
I use Altaro for backup of the virtual machines.

I restored (or rather imported from backup) my main server Sbs2011 (Small Business Server 2011)

Now after the restore I have issues with connectivity to this server.

The server seemed to be restored correctly, but when I want to connect to shared folder on the Sbs2011 from another server I get following message:

"\\sbs2011\share is not accessible. You might not have permission to use this network resource. Contact the administrator of the server to find out if you have access permission.
Logon Failure: The target account name is incorrect"

I thought that possibly rejoining the domain will fix the issue, but when I try to do that I get:

"The following error occurred attempting to join the domain "domain":
Logon Failure: The target account name is incorrect."

It looks like I have no issues connecting to the SBS2011 by IP address.
I also noticed that after the reboot the SBS2011 netlogon service is paused and time service is not started.
They start manually without issues.

Well I am stuck - please help.
Have a new client with a server running low on disk space. The exchange partitioned drive has 7G free out of 500G and there are .ci files I'm curious about how to shrink or remove.

In the Exchange path, there is the .edb file located here: \Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Mailbox\database
Database.edb 482.6G

A subfolder under the above is CatalogData...(see below for the path.)
\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\Mailbox\database CatalogData - 6835e581 - 0aa4 - 43b0 - b074-523ff191be31-a662bbca-8a92-4368-9f15-276bc191fb30
The CatalagData folder is 9.2G in size and inside are two large .ci files I'm curious about how to shrink or remove

The two files:
1) 2.2G
2) 4.7G
I had this question after viewing Fail to configure Outlook 2016 to Exchange Server 2010 on SBS 2011 via VPN.

Trying to connect Outlook 2016 to Exchange 2010 - I have no problem connecting from outside - SRV and cert are in place and work fine.  However, installed Outlook 2016 on a system in the office and can't get past the configuration - lt keeps asking for password.  Workstation is 8.1 (newly recovered from factory reset disk).  This is on a domain (SBS2011 server).  I have read where if you install 2013 first, then upgrade, it works.  I haven't tried that but even if that works, it is a waste of time.
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I have a 2011 SBS server that is just being used as a file server. I have a user that is not on the domain, but is on the network that attaches to a network share to access it. After several hours the network connection will drop. and get the error in the picture. Error on users PC. This problem started to occur about a month ago. The only things that have changed is there is a new firewall that has been added to replace a previous one. Both the user's PC and the server are on the same physical network. Not sure what could be causing the disconnect issue but the user has to reboot to restore connectivilty. Also the user has no password on their profile so their PC just goes to desktop when it is booted.
Hi, I initially received error

Select "F1" to continue with logical drive(s) disabled
Select "F2" to accept data loss and to re-enable logical drive(s)

I pressed F2 and now starts to load Windows SBS 2011 and runs check disk and freezes at 13%, if I don't run Checkdisk it blue screens and restarts, won't start in safe mode.

I now have 1716-Slot 4 Drive Array Unrecoverable Media Errors, I have Looked in Configuration of Raid and the 3 drives are fine, 2 in Raid and 1 spare.

Version is 256MB, v5.06, If I can't get Windows to boot how do I upgrade the firmware ?
Just taken over a site and the previous IT support has put something in place that moves/creates any new user accounts to a different OU than the default of SBSUsers.  This is when users are created though the SBS console wizard.  It breaks the wizard and errors out before it can create a mailbox etc.

Any ideas?  Maybe someone set up a ReDirCmp script?

Installed May 2017 .net rollup (KB4019112), 2017-05 Monthly rollup (KB4018264) and May 20 Malicious software removal tool and then restarted.  Some Exchange services don't start, DNS service starts but opening dns management  doesn't connect, if I select to connect to this computer it says Access denied, would you like to add it anyway? if I say Yes, the server is listed but nothing there.
DCDiag says The host d1672......._msdcs.servername.local could not be resolved to an ip address. check the DNS server, DHCP, server name, etc.
This seems like a DNS problem, not sure how to fix and not sure it's related to these updates. We have had a couple of DNS issues in the past where a computer shows in RWW but you can't connect, it will show in DNS that the same IP is used for two different machines, one of which has not been on the server for a while. I removed and that solves the problem.
I've checked the network card binding, seems to be correct. Disabled IPV6 as someone suggested, didn't help.
On an sbs 2011 machine, the exchange store is 60GB now.

Any thoughts on it being 'too big' and if so, what to do about it.

Is there a way (Power shell?) to see the size of each person's part of it?

bob x gb
joe y gb
Outlook started giving this error today for all users on the domain (see attachment 1). I was able to determine that the self assigned certificate expired yesterday. the original certificate was issued to and issued by domain-servername-CA. However when I created a new self assigned certificate it is issued to and issued by I then bound this newly created certificate to https port 443 and then opened a mmc and added certificate and copied the newly created certificate from Personal and pasted to Trusted Root Certification Authorities. I then restarted the IIs service. Now my Outlook clients get a new error as listed in the title of the question and seen in attachment 2. I am stuck as to what to do to resolve this. I see lots of solutions to use exchange console but when I do I am told that this can only be performed on exchange servers with Hub transport, Edge transport, client access, etc installed.

I should say that is SBS 2007 with SP2

I need some suggestions on how to resolve this error mesage.





Articles & Videos



Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).