Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).

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When I knew very little about visio, in making network docs, I would jam way too much on 1 drawing, thinking I had to make an entire different file with a 2nd page.  DUH!

So I know a little more and love the seperate pages and being able to have a common background on all of them, etc.

Now, is there a way to make a table of contents page? A first page that lists the name of each page in the file?  Maybe updates automatically?  When you add another page / rearrange the order of pages, this page auto updates?
Free Tool: ZipGrep
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Free Tool: ZipGrep

ZipGrep is a utility that can list and search zip (.war, .ear, .jar, etc) archives for text patterns, without the need to extract the archive's contents.

One of a set of tools we're offering as a way to say thank you for being a part of the community.

I know this is a very new topic, but does anyone know if it will be supported to migrate from SBS 2011 Standard, which runs on Server 2008 R2, to Server 2019?  Server 2019 will debut by the second half of this year, and my organization is planning to upgrade our infrastructure around the same time, so I am now questioning on whether to wait for 2019 or just move to 2016.  I can't find any information on whether there will be a supported upgrade/migration path from SBS 2011/Server 2008 R2 to Server 2019.  

Any information is appreciated.  

SBS 2008: I need to update the accounts software on our server, but the update fails stating that I need to install .Net Framework 4.6

I downloaded version 4.62 but that wouldn't install stating that it was incompatible with the server operating system. I then found that I could still download version 4.6 So I installed .Net Framework 4.6 and at the end of the installation I got the message saying the installation was successful. Then I got a message saying that a reboot was required. So I allowed it to reboot. The accounts update still won't install. It still says that I need to install .Net Framework 4.6

I googled "How to check the Dot Net version". I found a site which said that I need to look at the following registry key:

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP

This Key lists the different versions of Dot Net which are installed. 4.6 is not listed. it only shows versions up to 4.0. How can this be, when I successfully installed it and rebooted the server?
Working on a 6 year old Dell PowerEdge T310 server.  There's a PERC6i/H700 (SAS/SATA) controller in there.  with 4 hard drives in a raid 6 configuration, no hot spares.

Open manage says 1 drive status is predictive failure.  These are 1TB 6Gb SAS 7,200 RPM drives

Some more info, from the dell support webpage for this service tag:  Dell p/n FNW88 HARD DRIVE, 1T, NL6, 7.2K, 3.5, S-MEG, E/C

And from OpenManage:

Model MK1001TRKB.  IT says the firmware on all the drives are DCA8 and the latest firmware available is DCAA ( so I could update that... and openmanage itself. But I don't want to rock the boat too much right now).

Part 7JXKR

Vendor ID DELL(tm)
Product ID MK1001TRKB
Serial No. 6190A040FLD6
Part Number PH07KXJR7557116905RAA00
Sector Size 512B
Manufacture Day 05
Manufacture Week 24
Manufacture Year 2011

So can you help me find the right drive / would these work?

This is 12Gb throughput.  That's more than the others... OK?

THis is 6Gb throughput but more money

if I google the 7JXKR, I get loads of companies selling refurbished drives.  Don't think I want that?

Any advice would be appreciated!

And then to install it, you just take out the old drive while the system is …
Helping out a church with a laptop they bought by mistake with window 10 home on it.  they need windows 10 pro because  of the server essentials domain they have.

The OS on this latop got corrupted as part of a windows update.  I pitched that if this was windows 10 pro / on the domain, it would have been backed up.  So they want to get this to windows 10 pro and they are looking to go through tech soup for that.

I have a win 10 install media thumb drive - when I've used it before (on machines with win 7 originally) it would ask what version of win 10 to install -- home, pro, eterprise, etc.  and then ask for a license key. you could skip the license key and if  the machine had been upgraded to win 10 (under free upgrade in that first year, etc.) it would auto activate.  or I would think OS would run but only short term till you enter a key.

On this win 10 home machine, when I boot off the win 10 install media, it must be reading the bios (that's where win 10 keys are stored now?) and seeing it's a home machine... so it installed that without asking what version to install.

We are getting a get genuine license from tech soup for win 10 pro for this machinee.  but ( a seperate issue), mirosoft / tech soup only lets them place 1 order EVER for get genuine licenses... so I am asking them how many licenses to get.  While they debate that / till we place the order for the licenses, I want to start getting this machine going

There's a spot in windows 10 home for …
We have a brand new Windows 2016 Hyper-V host hosting just a few VM's. Two of those machines are older - one is Windows 2008 R2 the other is SBS 2008. These machines were recently virtualized (P2V) using Microsoft's Virtual Machine Converter 3.1. Both went perfectly and are both in operation.

At this point, my concern is the backups. We presently use Veeam and they depend on Hyper-V to be able to do "production" snapshots of the VM's as opposed to "standard" snapshots. Both VM's are able to be backed up, but without VSS or any application awareness. To be honest, I'm more familiar with VMware-world when it comes to this, but the only information I've found says to reinstall the Hyper-V integration services but that option was removed for Windows 2016.

I'm looking for guidance on getting my Hyper-V host to take production snapshots of my VM's or any troubleshooting steps to take to resolve.

These are the steps I've done to date:
  • Verified host and guests are both up to date via Windows Update
  • Verified that all services are being offered to the guests from the host via Hyper-V manager
  • Verified all Hyper-V services are started and running without issue on the guests
  • VSS writers are all in good order on both VM's
  • This is in the event viewer (Applications |Hyper-V-Worker | Admin, though I cannot find how to remedy it (Event ID 4000):

An error on the host's event log
  • Lastly, a screenshot of the running Hyper-V services on one of VM's:

An example of the Hyper-V running services on the VM
We are helping out a non-profit organization that does have an account with

On their own, someone their bought a computer that came with Windows 10 Home. It was cheaper than the machine we spec'd for them.

If I am not mistaken, that won't play well in their SBS Essentials domain, right?

So I'd like to=need get it to Windows 10 Pro?

Shouldn't be that hard? I go to tech soup. The Microsoft Windows OS upgrade is $16. this is Win 10 Enterprise. But wait,
You cannot upgrade from any Home edition of Windows.
Some more looking and I see Windows Pro Full Operating System – Get Genuine for $9. A lower price! I put that in the cart, go to check out and see this:

I understand that my organization may never place another request for Get Genuine full Windows operating systems after we have received the licenses we are requesting now.

I don't want to get 1 license and lock them out of using this solution if this happens again.   Would people here

1) suggest buying a bunch of these get genuine license and stockpile them on the chance they will needed down the road?
2) Do we buy a retail copy of win 10 pro outside of tech soup for something like $150?
3) Am I mistaken and Win 10 home computers can work with the SBS Essentials domain fine?
4) Something else I am missing?

It would seem that buying a home os when pro was needed can't be all that uncommon amongst small businesses and organizations trying to take care of their own IT needs.  There …
User has a dell inspiron 1534.  it's about 1/2 year old. running win 10 home.

Said that yesterday he saw a message about applying updates, then after some time, it reboots and gates a 'no bootable media' found message.

With shadowprotect, I can see the C drive, along wiht 4 other partitions on the laptop.  C drive structure looks as expected, except that there's a windows.old folder that has user folder in it and that one has the username / their files.  the c:\users folder only has public and default folders.

I booted up from win 10 media, and triied the different rollback, troubleshoot, etc options and all faill  / say they are unable to fix things.

when doing the system restore and other choices, it shows 3 OS - rollback, win 10 and win 10. I try the restore and others for each OS, with no results.

a) is this (win 10 updates corrupting the computer) all that common?  Seems like there's loads of posts about this
b) anything I can do with this short of doing a clean install of win 10?
c) any way to avoid this situation again?
d) wiht the 4 other partitions, 1 seems to be the dell image as shipped.  But can't tell how to get to that.  I try f12 and that doesn't have factory restore in the list.
e) what do you think of reinstall windows, then just drop the shadow protect image of the C drive onto that clean install except for some key files for booting up?  (which files, I don't know).  That would save having to reinstall apps, etc. but with that windows …
On a Dell PowerEdge T110, shipped in Nov, 2011, we have this 1 of 4 hard drive with predicted failure.  It's set up as RAID 6, I think I saw (no spares... but raid 6 you can lose 2 drives before failure? Not that I want to get to that : )


Replace the drive? Right away?  You can wait? Any indication of failure predicted today vs. next month vs.....
If you are going to replace the drive, I thought I heard that you have to get it from Dell? They build / built? their systems to require dell branded hard drives to work?
Where do you get a drive like that from? I don't see it on the dell website?

Or is this the argument to replace the server?  1 of 4 drives failing.... the others are as old, the whole machine is 6 years old (SBS 2011 standard OS)
I am migrating from SBS 2008/Exchange 2007 to Office 365.
I have chosen to upload .pst files for my mailboxes (i only have 10). I am using one very small mailbox as a test to get started.

My problem is that after I have imported the PST file, the contents of the user's mailbox are empty. No mail seems to have been copied.

I created the PST files using a 32bit Outlook 2007 client with Exchange PowerShell Export-Mailbox cmdlet. and followed the instructions here:

Everything worked perfectly. I had created a new user in office 365 prior to uploading the pst file and given that user an Exchange Only license. I mapped the PST file to the user I had previously created. That seemed to be successful.

When I look at the mailbox usage for this user in Exchange Admin | recipients | mailbox users I see that the a small amount of the 50GB has indeed been used. However, when I log in - separately, on another computer - to outlook no messages have been copied. There are no filters set on outlook.

So it looks like the mapping is working correctly, because some of the mailbox space is definitely being used. But the messages are not visible.

Can any one tell me what I might be doing wrong?

By the way - when i set up Exchange in the first place, i added my domain names, but I didn't move the DNS records to point to Office …
Free Tool: Port Scanner
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Free Tool: Port Scanner

Check which ports are open to the outside world. Helps make sure that your firewall rules are working as intended.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

I ran ccleaner on a machine and erred in not leaving the recent documents unchecked.

The user really wants them back.  It's a win 7 machine with word 2013. I found the folder it seems to keep the recent files for all the office (and other?) apps:


I right click on that to use previous versions, but that tab isn't in properties on that folder...
It's on an server 2012 r2 essentials and is being backed up. So I went in there, burrowed down to that recent folder and recovered the files.
a) even with hidden and system files showing, it doesn't show the files / shortcuts / lnk files in that recent folder.  But if you right click on recent items, properties DOES say there's 134 files in there.
b) I restored from the backup to another folder and can see the files then. But can't drag /drop the lnk files into the recent folder.

attrib of the files is just a, not h or s...

Is there any way to get the lnk files into the recent folder other than open each of the items from the other folder to rebuild the list manually?

I did see there's registry entries also for recent office files.  So there's files AND registry entries for the same thing? Any thoughts on how to do this?
I currently have an SBS2008 server environment where we are actually using the exchange server public folders. This database is about 30 GB in size already.
- We are going to be upgrading our server hardware and moving to either server 2012 R2 or server 2016 operating system
- we are also moving from exchange server to office 365 per exchange email will

My question is: by going to office 365 four exchange email, what is the best way to maintain and support Exchange public folders
Can't establish a PPTP VPN from a Windows client to Windows SBS 2011 Standard through a Juniper SSG5 firewall.
Server registers the connection but it fails on the client side with Error 806.
This works out of the box from the same client on servers with newer firewalls (with 1723 forwarded), but I do have port 1723 forwarded in the firewall and GRE enabled, and can see the server listening on 1723.
Juniper was not helpful, but was able to demonstrate with Wireshark that the client is requesting to close the connection after it is established.
Any known settings needed on Juniper SSG5 to enable this?  I should not that no VPN's are configured natively in the Juniper.
Exchange 2010 fully patched on SBS 2011 Standard.
Client migrated to Office 365 and no longer needs or wants the Exchange database which is taking up a lot of disk space.
I don't need to move any mailboxes - I just want to back up Exchange (doing now with server backup) and delete the database.
I have the impression that removing the database is not possible with a simple command as it may tell me there are critical mailboxes that haven't been moved.
Is there a way to delete the database outright and free the disk space without a major operation?
I don't necessarily need to delete Exchange Server totally, though I could.  I mainly want to free the disk space in the fastest way possible.
I feel embarrassed to have to admit I know little about Exchange and the issue I am having here.

On an SBS 2011 standard box, years ago they set up a smart host send connector to go through a company that checks for spam filtering.

Worked fine for years.  Now the filtering company is saying there's loads of spam going out from our network through them (coming from different people in the company). They said they disabled the address till we can clean things up.  They said they felt a machine got infected. Wouldn't that machine send out typically under the user that's logged into that machine? not several different people?

Looking at the message queues in exchange management console, I see a smarthostconnectordelivery entry. there's (only) 27 emails there waiting to go out.  I can view the to / from for each. But the sender isn't available to be able to ask if they sent the emails intentionally.

a) is there a way when logged in as the admin to see the text of the emails to know if they are legit emails?
b) if a machine was sending out spam, wouldn't there be more than 27 emails waiting to go after 4 hours since they disabled that email address?
c) I am envisioning seeing the LAN IP that the emails were sent from to the exchange server, then I can see if these are all coming from 1 machine / check that machine for malware.

For mail that already went out, is there a way to see the contents of those emails?  The spam filtering people sent me…
im trying to create a new Exchange 2016 server to migrate from 2010. However during the setup im getting a message saying that there is a 2000 or 2003 exchange server on the network.

We have never had a exchange 200 or 2003 server. The first on premise excahnge server was 2010 as part of SBS 2011.

I cannot find any references to an older exchange server.

Any ideas how i can fix this.
Our client often gets complaint's from their customers not being able to send attachments through to them because they continuously get rejected for being too large.

They're using an on-prem 2010 Exchange server.  
The initial message size limit send/receive was set to 30MB.
Their hosted anti-spam solution, Trend micro, has a limit set for 50MB.
I changed the on-prem 2010 Exchange server send/receive to a limit of 50MB for troubleshooting purposes.

We still get bounce backs when sending anything typically over the size limit of 15MB. The message comes back indicating it exceeds the limit of 20MB.  After checking all the settings (that I know of), I don't know where the size limit of 20MB is being set.  I know that messages grow in size beyond the initial attachment limit, but not to this degree.

Is there anything specifically I've missed in checking?

Thank you!
I have a user running SBS 2011 and using Exchange Server. I need to start migrating them over to Outlook 365. They have something like 30 users. I have their Office 365 account set up and want to "play" with migration. The changes to their DNS have not been made so everything is still coming in to their Exchange Server and everything done on their Office 365 account should be temporary.

   So... the last time I did this I used what they called a "Cutover Migration". Worked well simply because it would continually sync their SBS Account to their Office 365 Account until I decided to stop the sync. I guess that type of migration is no longer available. Now from their Office 365 account I have gone under "Migration" and downloaded the "Office 365 Hybrid Configuration". Have installed it on a on-site workstation and it looks interesting but not sure what it is going to do. I have connected it to the SNS Server and to their Office 365 account and am sitting at the point where I need to select the Hybrid Features and don't want to go any farther because I am in fear of doing something  permanent I don't want to do.

   Is this "Office 365 Hybrid Configuration" a continual Sync? A one shot deal? Exactly what will happen if I click "Next" and turn it loose?
Please see the attached screenshot?  Screenshot of Error Code
Free Tool: Site Down Detector
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Free Tool: Site Down Detector

Helpful to verify reports of your own downtime, or to double check a downed website you are trying to access.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

I'd like to ask the experts here what you'd say are some ways and ballpark costs to block people from accessing 'adult sites' in a work environment?  Mostly at a PC on the office domain. But there's also wifi they could use.

Some background:

It's an SBS 2011 Standard domain with 7 users at desktops. There's a low end Cisco router (RW-215).  There's 2 wifi VLANs - an office SSID and public SSID supplied by a group of Ubiquiti unifi UAPs

Depending on cost, they'd want to block adult sites on office VLAN for sure, and maybe public VLAN

I haven't deal with this in a while.

I remember Open DNS had a (free?) service that allowed category blocking? But the devices had to use OpenDNS DNS servers. Enforcible for desktops, but not enforable on employee wireless devices and not on people's devices on public wifi

Having not dealt with this in a while, my vision is that it's never 100%? Sites are always popping up - that won't appear on lists of sites to block - and if people are motivated to get to them, they most likely can.  If the public wifi VLAN is not site filtered, they can use that.  Or heck, they can use cellular if they really need to see porn at work.  I would think they just make an employee policy not to go to those sites rather than go through the trouble of technology to get them to behave?
Windows Update ErrorHi,
 I have SBS 2011 server which fails to download windows updates.
 When I tried to check "View update history", it shows blank.
 In services, I can see Windows update service is running.

 What can I do to display previous updates as well as to fix "windows update error"?
I have a network consisting of an SBS2008 server, 7 Windows 7 Pro workstations, 1 Windows 10 Pro laptop. The laptop is also in the domain
- NOTE: I removed the WSUS from the server well over a year ago due to, too many issues to resolve. Microsoft was involved in all attempts to resolve.
- Anyway, We have been updating the workstations and the server manually with no issues.
- The Windows 10 Pro laptop was fully updated to version 1709 prior to placing in the domain. The laptop functions fine in the domain

- The SBS2008 console shows the laptop's "Security Status" unavailable. I expected this since the SBS2008 server's group policies don't work well with Windows 10

From the Windows 10 laptop:  When trying to force searching for windows updates, there’s a message “Some settings are managed by your settings” and the updates fail.
-      I tried to run the updates after disabling the firewall to no avail.
-      NOTE: I am curious to see if the updates work when not on the local network. I will ask the user to take the laptop home and try to do the Windows updates.
Please see attached screenshot of the Windows Update message I see when attempting the updates.

I have an old exchange 2007 which I need to do an email audit for a particular client.
When I do a search, it's only showing just the recent result, the past months only.
I need to search for email 4 years ago.

I just look at the Exchange Transaction Log Drive Statistics and it's showing "Circular Logging is enabled"
Could that be why I can't search the older email?
I can't do an individual search for each mailbox as we have more then 100 user and about 50 keyword to search.
Is there a way I can search the exchange directly?
If it's possible, please provide steps.

Thanks, much appreciated.

I have a client with SBS2011 - I have migrated them to Office 365 email.
The SBS2011 box is in decent shape and provides the basic File Share / security services that they need.

I would like to remove Exchange 2010 from the SBS2011 so that there is more resources available to the server.

Eventually client would like to bring in new server with new OS, to Active Directory and eventually remove the old SBS2011.
So it would be nice to have AD without the Exchange traces in it.
I have a SBS 2008 system that I am planning to replace very soon.  We had hired someone to create a secondary domain controller (RODC) on a WS2012 R2 server a couple of years ago which I thought was operational but I don't think it was completely successful.  I attempted to create a third domain controller recently on a WS2016 server and it also doesn't seem to function properly.  When I run DCDIAG on the primary (SBS 2008) system it runs successfuly except for  some syslog errors.  On the WS2012 RODC DCDIAG fails the Advertising, FrsEvent and KCCEvent.  The latest one I created fails Advertising but passes the rest with some warnings.  But in both cases SYSVOL is not replicating.  I would like a fully operational secondary DC that can take over as a primary DC when I transition the SBS 2008 system to WS2016.

I have searched around and it would seem that I should be able to create a secondary DC from  the SBS 2008 system.  Just not sure why my attempts are failing.






Small Business Server (SBS) is a line of server operating systems targeted at small businesses by bundling the operating system with a number of other Microsoft products that would normally need to be purchased or licensed separately. The most notable inclusions are Exchange, SQL Server, SharePoint and ISA/TMG (Microsoft's firewall and proxy server).