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Server Hardware





Servers are computing devices that are similar to desktop computers in that they have the same basic components, but are significantly different in size, configuration and purpose. Servers are usually accessed over a network, and many run unattended, without a computer monitor, input device, audio hardware or USB interfaces. Many servers do not have a graphical user interface (GUI), and are configured and managed remotely. Servers typically include hardware redundancy such as dual power supplies, RAID disk systems, and ECC memory, along with extensive pre-boot memory testing and verification. Critical components might be hot swappable, and to guard against overheating, servers might have more powerful fans or use water cooling.

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I have a server (Windows 2008 SP1) that is not showing the data drive in explorer. However, the drive (E:) shows up in disk management and if i right click on the drive in disk management and click open or explore I can browse all my files. They files are still available and in use by the clients on the network but oddly the drive cant be seen in explorer. I have rebooted the machine and that didnt resolve. Also, I have tried to change the drive letter in disk management and that doesnt work.
Learn SQL Server Core 2016
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Learn SQL Server Core 2016

This course will introduce you to SQL Server Core 2016, as well as teach you about SSMS, data tools, installation, server configuration, using Management Studio, and writing and executing queries.


Question on HP C3000 server-chassis:
- Just to be clear: I know only a C7000 has automatic failover for the interconnect modules in the back.
- But I have a C3000 chassis (partnr 437504-B21) currently 1 Gb connected with 3 HP ProLiant BL460c Gen8 v1 blade-servers (partnr 655492-004) in it. They used to be sitting in a C7000 chassis with a 10 Gbps FlexFabric module in the back. So they have the onboard 10 Gbps FlexLOM (if I remember the terminology correctly).

The question is: I want to repurpose these servers and the chassis. Is there a way I can connect them in this C3000 chassis over 10 Gbps with a backup/failover at the hypervisor level to a 1 Gbps connection? I just want to be sure whether that is possible and what I need in terms of mezzanine cards etc.

I have an HP DL380p Gen8 server that has 2 Smary Array 420 controllers. Because of space issues I needed to move a pair of drives that were in a RAID1 set from slots 7 & 8 on the left side which was controlled by the 1st RAID card to slots 7 & 8 on the other drive cage that is controlled by the 2nd RAID card. However, after the drives were moved they showed as unassigned so, I shutdown the server moved the drives back to there original location of slots 7 & 8 which is on the 1st Array card now they are showing as unassigned there as well. Is there a way to recover the RAID set on those drives or is the RAID configuration gone?
I have got a r710 with a H700. Never had an OS on it.
Trying to put in to service now.

Got some very odd messages when trying to load windows 2012 r2 and 2016 regarding unable to create or locate a partition to install.

Can see drives. Can create an array.
Tried different RAID cards. Tried different drives. Tried different USB installers.
Different drives and installers work in other Dell PE that I have.
Tried loading RAID drivers manually even though they are on 2012 r2 and in other servers with H700 they work fine!

So I figure the firmware may be bad as both RAID cards (both H700) report the same issue.

I wanted to update the firmware, however, all updates require an OS.


I have extracted the files. However, the EXE's are still Windows and will not run if I boot with a bootable USB.

Please advise on how I can replace/update the firmware on the H700 via USB without an OS


I have a physical server - an older Dell running Server 2012 R2 - and it's my backup server AND my share for my marketing department.

I've been asked to P2V the physical and I don't want to.  :)  Here's why and I'd like discussion on pros and cons.  I know, it's difficult to give points to one person for a discussion because so much is subjective, but I do like feedback from others before making such a decision.

1.  I think all backups servers "should" be physical if possible.  I'm old school like that.  Veeam feels that way too.  See item 4 below.
2.  There is a direct connection from the physical box to a QNAP via iSCSI and the QNAP is my primary storage.  I know ESX will do a pass thru, but man, that seems messy.  
3.  There is an HBA (6gig SAS connection) to an iScaler tape library with two LTO drives and 25 tapes in it that is used for offloading the backups to tape.
4.  Veeam BU and Replication is on the marketing server and it's configured perfectly.  All servers (24 in all) replicate to other ESX hosts, then they get a backup to the QNAP and THEN, all of that is off loaded to the tape library via and HBA (6gig SAS) connection to the tape library.  Soon, I'll be offloading everything to an AWS Snowball for storage in an AWS bucket.
5.  There are other things that I can't think of but I'm sure there's more.

So, let's talk...should I try to make that physical server into a VM and move\passthru all of those connections or should I just move the marketing …
What are the most commonly used Server 2016 hardware load balancers used in Windows server 2016 environments?
Hi All
Looking for your opinion, I have just upgraded a HP DL360 G7 with 2 x Intel SSD 2TB drives RAID1 also there are 2 x 1TB Sata WD Red RAID1 on the same controller. Using Proxmox hypervisor. I moved 4 VM's from a Dell PE R715 across to my HP, all working fine except I am not seeing the speed gain that I expected. Ran some drive test with HDTunePro_570 attached the results. Can see big gains only in the Access time.

Many Thanks for your Reply

Drives used
Intel SSDSC2KG019T801 SSD D3-S4610 Series 1.92TB

Anyone can advice how to retrieve accurate information to determine the overhead and size the hardware requirement (CPU, RAM, Storage, Network) by calculation for docker container APPs like elastic LB, fault tolerance which running on Kuberbnetes orchestration layer to design 500000 live video feed coming to share the load on the bare-metal design?

Morning all,

Really really easy one, does the HP SPP include the iLO updates or do I need to get those separately?


Unable Seize Infrastructure Master Role on Server 2016 Sever.      I receive the error in the screenshot.   Pleas help .
Microsoft Azure 2017
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Microsoft Azure 2017

Azure has a changed a lot since it was originally introduce by adding new services and features. Do you know everything you need to about Azure? This course will teach you about the Azure App Service, monitoring and application insights, DevOps, and Team Services.

Is Nutanix very similar VMWare?  I am performing a network scan that works pretty well over AD credentials and if WMI is enabled.   The environment contains like 20 physical server, like 200 or 400 virtual servers, and all the local workstations authenticate to AD and Citrix environments load from there.  While the scan tool works with VWware and covers all physical, virtual servers, and workstations.  The scan tool does not cover Nutanix.  I am concerned with some fancy variables like Nuntanix that I never dealt with before and I will be unable to complete a successful scan.

How Nutanix Works - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKdzcwMY950

I also watched the video on it and I'm like wow, pretty!   It's obvious pretty heavy nerdy enterprise stuff.  Are they just the hardware or is Nuntanix trying migrate organizations off of Hyper V and VWware?
How do I setup a LUN drive type for a single logical disk using a Raid 1, 1+0 on a HPE ProLiant DL360e Gen8?

I don't see the option in the ACU.   The server comes with 2 sas drives, and 6 sata drives.  I would like to add them all to the same logical disk.  Other servers in our organization are setup with 8 disks/Lun drive type Raid 1, 1+0 (ProLiant DL360P Gen8)

Is this possible on the ProLiant DL360e Gen8?  Is ORCA still available on this model?
I'm blowing up power supplies like mad.

Working with a SuperMicro X9DRD-iF motherboard and a Thermaltake 240-pin 1275w power supply.  I'm mostly playing here...not mission critical.

So, I put the board into a case, connected the power supply and some drives and booted and it was great.  I put an OS on the thing and was golden.

The next day, I asked another tech to add an additional icy dock and some more SSD drives and he did.

I booted it up the third day and immediately the UPS faulted.  Thinking the initial boot was too much for the 1500W UPS, I reset it and booted again and the UPS faulted again.

On the third attempt, I popped the power supply and it's dead.  Two more power supplies and they are dead too.

I'm thinking the board is grounded or something, as this machine worked fine two days ago.

So, now, I have a new PS AND a new MB, but I need to find out why it's faulting.  

Any ideas on what's up?

I stripped it down to just the MB and five plugs.  The 24 pin, the two 8 pin connectors from the PS to the MB and the power and reset switches are connected.  Of course, two processors and RAM (probably blown too) but still no joy.

What can I check to see what's blowing the power supply?  Is the BM grounded?  What can I check?


After 6 years, we replaced the battery on an APC SmartUPS SMT1500 that is 6 years old, running a SBS server that is also 6 years old.  The system says there was no battery connected.  The battery was pretty warm and bulging.

I guess it died completely, but 6 years is pretty good? Yes, should have replaced it sooner.  It wasn't set up so we installed APC PowerChute business app and set up email notificiations.

We are getting loads of AVR Trim on / off messages.  Is that normal? Just ignore them? Is the software set too stringent? (there's an upper and lower voltage and a sensitivity.  Seems that's the only settings.

This is in central NJ / Metro NY area so not in the sticks.  Power doesn't go out in the office.  And the battery lasted a long time?  So the power can't be too bad?

Is there a setting I should change? Stop getting these messages emailed to me.  Here's a sample of the email messages over a bunch of days.  Too many?
Hi All,
We need to migrate our file server hardware from old to new,
However, the "file server" is actually just a windows server E drive, a share folder name "fileserver",
inside contained multiple share folder and various security/permission assigned by Active Directory.
Our environment have approximate 80 clients, unfortunately the setup from previous IT for their PC is all local workgroup without join domain,
the AD server is only prepare for exchange server requirement.
Therefore although their computer is not joined the domain, but we still managed to map share drive for them via input fileserver address and use their AD login credential.

if now we attempt change the server, means we need to help all clients remap the share drive according their various requirement,
if out new hardware computer name, and IP address modify as same with old server (replace old fileserver name), is it possible to lead user access the share drive without remap?
I have a Proliant DL360 G7 server. I added an optional drive expansion back plane to accommodate more drives. I removed the CD ROM. When I boot up on the smart start cd to configure my drives, I only see 4 x drives which are in the primary back plane. I have a P410i controller. Why can I not see my other drives. When I hold down the power button, all drives flash. I have 146GB SAS drives.
Does any know what the maximum size HDD supported by a Dell PowerEdge T310?  I want to move my current drives out of old server (currently a desktop case) into a Dell PowerEdge T310 I'm looking at buying.  I am currently Running Windows Server 2012 OS on it and id setup for a RAID 5 array (currently 4-2TB HDD's and 1-4TB HDD in use on my RAID array), and want to know if the T310 is compatible with running this OS and RAID setup I currently have before I purchase it.  I'm sure that the T310 has reached it's EOL but I'm sure that it still performs well.  

Thanks for any information anyone may provide
I have netbackup software version 8.0. I need to upgrade to the latest version 8.1.2.
I have one master server and two media servers. All of them runs windows server OS.
Could you tell me how to upgrade this backup software, or point me to step by step article that explain the process.
I am trying to configure a KMS Server Installation on Server 2016 Data center.
Server is an AWS Image
Goal Configure KMS  Licensing for Windows 10 Clients
I received a KMS key based off of a Windows 10 Volume License Key

Upon installing the KMS license Microsoft provided, I receive this message attached.     I believe I need to receive a Server 2016 KMS license Key to license down level clients.  Is this correct per URL below?

If I use slmgr /ipk <xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx>   entering the Widnows 10 KMS key, I receive the error in KMS-Error
Powerful Yet Easy-to-Use Network Monitoring
Powerful Yet Easy-to-Use Network Monitoring

Identify excessive bandwidth utilization or unexpected application traffic with SolarWinds Bandwidth Analyzer Pack.

Hi All,

We have a storage and compute migration requirement but stuck with the storage migration, can anyone please suggest how to perform the storage migration without downtime. The existing setup details are,
Storage - 3PAR 7200 2N with M6720 disk enclosure
Compute - HPE C7000 blade enclosure with HP VC Flex-10 Enet module and Brocade 8Gb SAN switch(VC). There is no external SAN switch in the existing setup.
The above setup is directly connected between 3PAR and C7000-Brocade SAN with 4 no of FC cables (2 from each SAN switch connected to 3PAR N0 and N1)

And coming to the new setup(yet to implement),
Storage - 3PAR 8200 2N
Compute - HPE Synergy 12000 with HPE VC SE 40GB F8 module and Brocade 16GB/12 FC switch
External SAN Switch - HP SN3000B 16GB 24-port FC Switch.
Can anyone suggest how to migrate the VMs without downtime which are in 3PAR 7200 to 3PAR 8200?

We thought of removing 2 FC cables out of 4 between C7000 and 3PAR 7200 and connect those 2 cables via new external SAN switch. And connect new 3PAR 8200 and HPE Synergy to SAN switch, so that all devices communication will happen via external SAN switch.
I'm not sure if this solution works.

Thank you,
We have a DELL PE R630 server with PERC H730P RAID controller. It has a RAID 1 VD containing Server 2012 R2 Standard. It has 2 more RAID 5 Virtual Drives containing data. Can an additional Virtual Drive be added with a group of new physical hard drives?

I have recently taken over an account that has a branch office with 3 older HP ProLiant servers and c. 12 PC's.  One of the servers is an older ProLiant ML110 G6 server running Windows Server Standard 2012 R2 with 12 GB RAM.   It is a Domain Controller with no principal applications on it.  It uses an HP Smart Array B110i SATA RAID controller with 2 arrays of SATA drives in RAID-1 config.  The 1st SATA array has 2 X 250 GB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 1 and 2 , and the 2nd SATA array has 2 X 1 TB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 3 and 4.

We are seeing a warning message when the server is rebooting, warning of an Imminent Failure of one of the hard drives.  I have attached a screen shot of the screen warnings.  Boot time warning from B110i SATA RAID controller - imminent drive failure.  The failing drive is in Box 1 Bay 2, so it's 1 of the 250 GB drives.  Specifically it is a model ATA VB0250EAVER, F/W version HPG0.

My question on this is whether this is truly a hot-swappable drive + controller.  The message in the attached screen shot says to make sure to only change out the failing drive when all drives are on.    I'm hoping someone who has worked with this controller is familiar with the proper way to swap out the failing drive.  I've worked with Dell servers for c. 25 years and the process there is beyond simple.  With Dell servers, a hot-swap chassis, and a PERC RAID controller, all I have needed to do is a) offline the failing drive, b) pull the drive, and c) put in the new / replacement drive.  Once …
I am trying to migrate from a 6120XP fabric interconnect to a new 6332-16UP.  I understand that there is no direct migration however, I do not want to lose my settings, pools, profiles etc., as I have never installed an FI out of the box.  The new FIs are up, however I do not know what to do from there.  I am looking for some help including step-by-step instructions if possible.  Please advise.
Need help determining if the files below can be deleted? They're located in System Volume Information folder on the D: partition.
How can we use the secondary Citrix NetScaler Server, in an H.A. pair to safely test out new configurations before the same changes are propagated to the other NetScaler?

We have 2 x version 12.0 Citrix NetScaler Servers in our environment.  They both are setup for auto-sync and propagation by default; but according to websites:

- https://support.citrix.com/article/CTX124439 
- https://docs.citrix.com/zh-cn/netscaler/11/system/high-availability-introduction/configuring-command-propagation-high-availability.html

There are commands to that can be executed to turn the HA Sync and HA Propagation off and then back on later.  At my company we would like to test out a 2 factor authentication option (during a planned maintenance window) and see how that works before it is available for all of the users.  I am thinking of doing the following:

1.  Enable the 2 factor authentication settings on the Authentication server.
       a.  Whatever it may be, that is a separate topic from this question.

2.  Then after the Authentication server is ready, disable auto-sync and auto-propagation on the NetScaler HA-Pair.

3.  Then configure the secondary NetScaler to work with the 2nd factor Authentication server.
        a.  Then plan a maintenance window to temporarily make the secondary NetScaler Server into the new primary NetScaler Server.
        b.  When I fail over the primary server, the secondary server will then become the new 'primary' server …

Server Hardware





Servers are computing devices that are similar to desktop computers in that they have the same basic components, but are significantly different in size, configuration and purpose. Servers are usually accessed over a network, and many run unattended, without a computer monitor, input device, audio hardware or USB interfaces. Many servers do not have a graphical user interface (GUI), and are configured and managed remotely. Servers typically include hardware redundancy such as dual power supplies, RAID disk systems, and ECC memory, along with extensive pre-boot memory testing and verification. Critical components might be hot swappable, and to guard against overheating, servers might have more powerful fans or use water cooling.