Storage Hardware





Storage devices include any device used for storing and retrieving digital information. Hard disk drives (HDDs) use one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material. Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order and not only sequentially. The primary competing technology for secondary storage is flash memory in the form of solid-state drives (SSDs), but HDDs remain the dominant medium for secondary storage due to advantages in price per bit and per-device recording capacity. CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format that allows information to be stored outside the mechanical HDD.

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This is a follow-up to two earlier questions.

After uninstalling the iaStorB.sys storage controller driver per the previous question linked below I found that Windows 10 reinstalled it. I still think I need to NOT have iaStorB.sys running since it seems to cause BSODs.

In Device Manager I see that after rebooting, Windows reinstalled Intel C600+/C220+ series chipset sSATA AHCI Controller, which is iaStorB.sys

The only drives in the computer are the two SK Hynix SSD drives on the PCIe x16 card and a CD/DVD drive. There is an external 4TB WD drive installed in a StarTech USB3 dock connected to a USB 3 port.

Any idea why this happened and what I should try doing?

Perhaps try disabling the device in Device Manager?

For reference, the preceding question is:

Thanks, Pete
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Newly released Acronis True Image 2019

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I closed another question prematurely. The link for that question is 

The problem is recurring crashes of Windows 10 Pro 64-bit with an indication that the problem is from iaStorB.sys. System ran fine for a few days until this evening when the same type crash occurred. As in the past I was able to reboot normally.

As you will see in the earlier question the system has two internal SK Hynix 1TB SSD drives. They are NOT configured in RAID.

In the previous thread I was guided to change in BIOS setup the HDD operation from RAID to SATA. I also uninstalled the Intel Rapid Storage Technology enterprise software.

I gather since the new crash still points to iastorb.sys that it is still active in the system. Here is the text of the critical event from the Windows log:

The computer has rebooted from a bugcheck.  The bugcheck was: 0x000000d1 (0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000002, 0x0000000000000000, 0xfffff80a48a47218). A dump was saved in: C:\WINDOWS\MEMORY.DMP. Report Id: b4b9a29b-196e-4683-95a3-f0b309187536.

A mini-dump file is also attached.

I ran sfc /scannow - no problems found. Just a couple days ago I ran the full self test on the SSDs and they completed with no errors.

Any further insights on what to try?

Thanks, Pete
DELL M4800 WORKSTATION LAPTOP stuck in startup. This computer had not been turned on in six months. Upon trying to turn it on I found the battery was dead. I hooked up the power supply and attempted to boot. The Dell logo appeared normally for a few seconds. Then the screen went black. The hard drive led kept flashing and has been flashing for an hour.  It is randomly flashing. Sometimes fast and sometimes slow. It appears that it thinks it is doing "something" not just stuck in an endless loop. Should I let it continue this activity or take another action. Note: the laptop has a 1 TB SSD and the laptop has seen under a month of use. Virtually like new. Note: The caps lock, num lock and other key leds are operating properly.

I do not see an option to close this question prior to any comments being given. I was worried that it might be destroying data so I forced a close and rebooted it. It seems to have liked that procedure and all seems to be OK at this time. I rebooted once again to make sure and all is OK.
I am using a QNAP TS-859U-RP NAS as the backup destination for my server. This NAS is running firmware version 4.2.6 (which is the most current firmware version for this model).

This NAS is used for about 90 minutes each day during the daily server backups.

I would like to find an automated way of setting this NAS to power on and power off at certain times each day so the backup jobs can be written to it and then when it is no longer needed the NAS will power off.

Is there any way of doing this?
I have purchased a new server to host both my RDP servers that are running on a less than adaqute host and would like to move them to this new server/host. I am running ESXi 6.0 and have these servers registered on vSphere. The server(s) are using local storage but the new server is using SSD's vs 10k hard drives. Also, the new server has 10gb NIC's instead of 1gb NIC's so this should improve speed as well.

My question is can I move these two VM's from one host to another both at the same time or do I need to migrate one at a time. Also, on the current server I have two iSCSI connections to this host however I do not use storage on either of the NAS devices so do I need to disconnect the iSCSI connections before migration? If so how do I do this? I have looked on the net and found how to create the iSCSI connections but not how to remove them.

Also, is there way to backup the complete configuration of the host or will snapshots be enough if the migration goes bad and I need to revert back to the original server and configuration.
is there a way to disable Windows Update on Windows 10? I have mini-pc that has 16G hard drive, only serves run one slide of powerpoint, nothing else. Every so often, the Windows Update ran and trying to install but fail due to the no storage available.  Whenever it failed, the windows screen filled with asking for troubleshooting.  I googled and tried many things differently, but all failed. Any idea?
We have a DELL PE R630 server with PERC H730P RAID controller. It has a RAID 1 VD containing Server 2012 R2 Standard. It has 2 more RAID 5 Virtual Drives containing data. Can an additional Virtual Drive be added with a group of new physical hard drives?
I have a very old 2U LaCie Ethernet Disk which has a proprietary Windows XP Embedded software installed. I recently moved it from one physical location to another in a server rack and since then can no longer access it over the network as it won't accept the network credentials.

I can connect a KB/Mouse and monitor to the machine and see it boot up, I can then input the admin username/pw and boot into this special XP Embedded. I can see the data on the drive via a "Backup Wizard" but there is no traditional windows explorer.

There are no diagnostic issues present on the drive and the firewall for the drive is completely disabled. I can even connect to this drive via Remote Desktop Connection and see the same as if I connect directly.

However, if I try to access the drive contents via a networked computer using the IP address in order to map the drive... I'm presented with the prompt to Enter network credentials but it won't accept the admin password at this point, despite accepting those same credentials on login and via Remote Desktop Connection. I know the credentials are right because it's the same admin credentials for all of our network drives.

The disk itself is visible/detectable via the LaCie network assistant but it displays a message that it "Cannot list the device volumes. See the [web] Dashboard for more information." Clicking on the provided button to open the web access dashboard opens my browser …
I have a netbook (remember those!?).  It's a Toshiba with an Atom N280 processor, 2GB ram and a 160GB platter hard drive (Im only using 35GB of it).  It's running win 7 STARTER

IT 'works' but whatever you need to do on it just takes soooo long.

That's the max amount of ram it can take.  Any way to tell what replacing the drive with an SSD would do?  And maybe use some of the drive as RAM / swap file, etc?  Would that make a difference?  Or the boat anchor processor will kill it anyway?

damn, makes my skin crawl looking at what I am playing with

hundreds?!  When 'normal' chips are thousands!?
At random times while using a Dell T5810 Precision Workstation (Windows 10 Pro 64-bit) I get  a System Stop blue screen. The code is
DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL and the failed device is iastorb.sys.

A minidump file is attached.

The system reboots on its own. I've seen it maybe three times over the past couple weeks. There are no hardware or software changes I know of that were done just before this problem started occurring. (I just removed an internal SATA data drive and added a new external hard drive but this crash problem started before then.)

The hard drive configuration has two sk Hynix 1TB SSDs on a PCIe 3.0 x16 expansion card. Drives are NOT in any RAID configuration. There are no drives connected to the SATA ports on the motherboard. Intel Rapid Storage Technology Enterprise is installed on the computer.

The external drive (Western Digital Gold 4TB WD4002FYYZ) connects through a StarTech docking station to a rear USB3 port.

I ran the Intel Driver & Support Assistant and the Dell update checker. They say all drivers are current.

Device Manager shows no devices with problems. In System Information no problem devices are listed.

Do I need iaStorB and iaStorA?

Assuming I do need them, any suggestions how to troubleshoot this problem?

Thanks, Pete
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Looking in to a gaming laptop for someone & was curious about something.
A lot of them seem to have 2 HDs, a small SSD for OS, etc & then an additional 1TB drive for data. I'd always assumed you'd want game-related files, etc., on fast drive? Not being as concerned with price, wouldn't a 1 TB SSD be better than a 128 GB SSD plus an additional 1 TB drive? Plus, doesn't 2 HDs usually cause the need for a smaller battery?
Any advice appreciated!
Customer has a Data Domain DD890 system, the Mtree says the file system is disabled but the autosupport shows the system still up and running ?

I have recently taken over an account that has a branch office with 3 older HP ProLiant servers and c. 12 PC's.  One of the servers is an older ProLiant ML110 G6 server running Windows Server Standard 2012 R2 with 12 GB RAM.   It is a Domain Controller with no principal applications on it.  It uses an HP Smart Array B110i SATA RAID controller with 2 arrays of SATA drives in RAID-1 config.  The 1st SATA array has 2 X 250 GB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 1 and 2 , and the 2nd SATA array has 2 X 1 TB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 3 and 4.

We are seeing a warning message when the server is rebooting, warning of an Imminent Failure of one of the hard drives.  I have attached a screen shot of the screen warnings.  Boot time warning from B110i SATA RAID controller - imminent drive failure.  The failing drive is in Box 1 Bay 2, so it's 1 of the 250 GB drives.  Specifically it is a model ATA VB0250EAVER, F/W version HPG0.

My question on this is whether this is truly a hot-swappable drive + controller.  The message in the attached screen shot says to make sure to only change out the failing drive when all drives are on.    I'm hoping someone who has worked with this controller is familiar with the proper way to swap out the failing drive.  I've worked with Dell servers for c. 25 years and the process there is beyond simple.  With Dell servers, a hot-swap chassis, and a PERC RAID controller, all I have needed to do is a) offline the failing drive, b) pull the drive, and c) put in the new / replacement drive.  Once …
Please advise on best means/options to enable most reliable two way sync between QNAP TS-453B and Google Drive GSuite Account.  The QNAP provided software options have not been optimal.

Note:  File Stream is not an option as I need files stored on the QNAP to stream via Plex.

I would like to choose the folders(s) to sync and that both changes on the QNAP and Drive account enable changes on both ends.  

Please advise as well regarding other problem to consider when doing this.
Does anyone know where I can get a Western Digital Ultrastar DC HC620 (HS14) drive?
Need help determining if the files below can be deleted? They're located in System Volume Information folder on the D: partition.
I am not familiar with TF Cards.  Are they the same as microSD?   I need it for car dashcam.

Should I get microSD or a TF?  Any preferences?
My laptop is going and I bought a replacement.  Long time ago I upgraded to Win 10.  I don't have any software to reload the OS with Win 10.  Using Belarc software I know my key code but I think that is the one from Win 7 I originally had on laptop.  What can I do so I can load the new hard drive
I need a new external drive for a Dell T5810 Precision Workstation running Windows 10 Pro. The external drive is used mostly for onsite data backups. I want a drive in the 2TB to 4TB range.

The T5810 only has USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 ports. I am willing to add an expansion card – for example, for USB 3.1 ports.

The computer presently has these expansion card slots open:

PCI Express 3.0 x8, 8 GB/s
PCI Express 2.0 x1, 0.5 GB/s
PCI Express 2.0 x4 2 GB/s
PCI 2.3 (32-bit, 33 MHz), 133 MB/s

I want a highly-reliable, reasonably fast external drive.

1. Do you recommend SSD or conventional drive? Why?

2. USB 3.0, USB 3.1 / USB C, or other interface? Why?

3. What brand and model do you recommend? Please include why you recommend it.
10 Tips to Protect Your Business from Ransomware
10 Tips to Protect Your Business from Ransomware

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I have a server 2008 r2 that has a software raid 5 with 4 drives.  I have one drive failing and need to replace it.  Its not in a failed state yet but senses it is failing.  I have seen several horror stories on the process and and want to ensure I get it right the first time.  What is the correct process to do this?  I do not have a extra drive bay so I will have to pull and swap.  Do I need to do this with the server off or do a hot swap?

Again, I don't want to get in to the situation where it is not recoverable and need to know the correct steps to take.

Thanks in advance.

Need to buy a USB To SATA Hard Drive Adapter kit. What's a recommended adapter kit?  I need to recover data from an old SATA drive to my Microsoft Surface Pro Laptop.
I am having problems with a RAID 5 setup utilizing 4 x Samsung 850 Pro 2 GB SSD SATA drives. Intel RST version Server = Compulab Airtop. BIOS version ARTP- (set to RAID mode).

Everything appears to operate correctly in normal operation. However, I have recently been running a scheduled Verify & Repair operation from the Intel RST utility. The first time it was run it reported over 50,000 errors that were repaired and thereafter each night I get 50-60 errors. The system reports no physical hard drive errors and Chkdsk on the RAID drive also give no errors.

Can anyone help? Many thanks.

Is there a way to measure the connection speed of a peripheral/external hard drive.

For example, I read that a USB-2 connection has a speed of ~60 MBps and a USB-3 connection a speed of ~640 MBps. But is there a way to check the exact speed (eg ping the hard drive)?

Starting on 2 September (Day 1) and continuing today 3 September (Day 2) I have been experiencing Disk errors / warnings. This afternoon there were also a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) and a second reboot that may have been a BSOD within a 20 minute interval. The Disk errors and the BSOD may be unrelated.

On Day 2 I temporarily enabled the Excel Solver add-on and installed three new software packages:

Ubit classic menus for Excel, Word, PowerPoint
Ubit classic menus for Outlook
ASAP Utilities for Excel

I experienced one BSOD and one reboot (possibly another BSOD) shortly after those installations. On the BSOD there was a message CLOCK_WATCHDOG_TIMEOUT message. I don't know about the second event – it happened while I was away from the computer – I just saw it had rebooted. I disabled the Solver add-on in Excel, but the three software packages are still installed. The system has been operating fine for almost five hours since those two events.

The BSOD and reboot sent me to the Event Log looking for issues. I noticed that on Day 1 things started with an Event ID 129, iaStorA with the message:

Reset to device, \Device\RaidPort3, was issued.

BUT NOTE: There is no RAID configured on this system.

Then a couple minutes later a continual string of Disk errors started, all associated with Drive 3, an external Seagate Backup Plus 2TB drive that has three volumes. All are Event ID 154, Disk. A couple expanded messages below as samples:

The IO operation at…
I have several Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices on my network which all support iSCSI.

How can I setup Microsoft Data Protection Manager to backup to one of these NAS devices? Can this be done by installing and using iSCSI Target Server?

Or can I do this by creating a virtual VHDX disk that is stored on the network share of this NAS?

I understand this will probably take special configuration within Server 2016 to connect to the NAS device using iSCSI and I am hoping to get all the steps on how to do this.

Storage Hardware





Storage devices include any device used for storing and retrieving digital information. Hard disk drives (HDDs) use one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material. Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order and not only sequentially. The primary competing technology for secondary storage is flash memory in the form of solid-state drives (SSDs), but HDDs remain the dominant medium for secondary storage due to advantages in price per bit and per-device recording capacity. CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format that allows information to be stored outside the mechanical HDD.