Storage Hardware





Storage devices include any device used for storing and retrieving digital information. Hard disk drives (HDDs) use one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material. Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order and not only sequentially. The primary competing technology for secondary storage is flash memory in the form of solid-state drives (SSDs), but HDDs remain the dominant medium for secondary storage due to advantages in price per bit and per-device recording capacity. CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format that allows information to be stored outside the mechanical HDD.

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Looking in to a gaming laptop for someone & was curious about something.
A lot of them seem to have 2 HDs, a small SSD for OS, etc & then an additional 1TB drive for data. I'd always assumed you'd want game-related files, etc., on fast drive? Not being as concerned with price, wouldn't a 1 TB SSD be better than a 128 GB SSD plus an additional 1 TB drive? Plus, doesn't 2 HDs usually cause the need for a smaller battery?
Any advice appreciated!
10 Tips to Protect Your Business from Ransomware
10 Tips to Protect Your Business from Ransomware

Did you know that ransomware is the most widespread, destructive malware in the world today? It accounts for 39% of all security breaches, with ransomware gangsters projected to make $11.5B in profits from online extortion by 2019.


I have recently taken over an account that has a branch office with 3 older HP ProLiant servers and c. 12 PC's.  One of the servers is an older ProLiant ML110 G6 server running Windows Server Standard 2012 R2 with 12 GB RAM.   It is a Domain Controller with no principal applications on it.  It uses an HP Smart Array B110i SATA RAID controller with 2 arrays of SATA drives in RAID-1 config.  The 1st SATA array has 2 X 250 GB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 1 and 2 , and the 2nd SATA array has 2 X 1 TB drives in Box 1 / Bays (Ports) 3 and 4.

We are seeing a warning message when the server is rebooting, warning of an Imminent Failure of one of the hard drives.  I have attached a screen shot of the screen warnings.  Boot time warning from B110i SATA RAID controller - imminent drive failure.  The failing drive is in Box 1 Bay 2, so it's 1 of the 250 GB drives.  Specifically it is a model ATA VB0250EAVER, F/W version HPG0.

My question on this is whether this is truly a hot-swappable drive + controller.  The message in the attached screen shot says to make sure to only change out the failing drive when all drives are on.    I'm hoping someone who has worked with this controller is familiar with the proper way to swap out the failing drive.  I've worked with Dell servers for c. 25 years and the process there is beyond simple.  With Dell servers, a hot-swap chassis, and a PERC RAID controller, all I have needed to do is a) offline the failing drive, b) pull the drive, and c) put in the new / replacement drive.  Once …
I am not familiar with TF Cards.  Are they the same as microSD?   I need it for car dashcam.

Should I get microSD or a TF?  Any preferences?
My laptop is going and I bought a replacement.  Long time ago I upgraded to Win 10.  I don't have any software to reload the OS with Win 10.  Using Belarc software I know my key code but I think that is the one from Win 7 I originally had on laptop.  What can I do so I can load the new hard drive
I need a new external drive for a Dell T5810 Precision Workstation running Windows 10 Pro. The external drive is used mostly for onsite data backups. I want a drive in the 2TB to 4TB range.

The T5810 only has USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 ports. I am willing to add an expansion card – for example, for USB 3.1 ports.

The computer presently has these expansion card slots open:

PCI Express 3.0 x8, 8 GB/s
PCI Express 2.0 x1, 0.5 GB/s
PCI Express 2.0 x4 2 GB/s
PCI 2.3 (32-bit, 33 MHz), 133 MB/s

I want a highly-reliable, reasonably fast external drive.

1. Do you recommend SSD or conventional drive? Why?

2. USB 3.0, USB 3.1 / USB C, or other interface? Why?

3. What brand and model do you recommend? Please include why you recommend it.
Need to buy a USB To SATA Hard Drive Adapter kit. What's a recommended adapter kit?  I need to recover data from an old SATA drive to my Microsoft Surface Pro Laptop.
Starting on 2 September (Day 1) and continuing today 3 September (Day 2) I have been experiencing Disk errors / warnings. This afternoon there were also a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) and a second reboot that may have been a BSOD within a 20 minute interval. The Disk errors and the BSOD may be unrelated.

On Day 2 I temporarily enabled the Excel Solver add-on and installed three new software packages:

Ubit classic menus for Excel, Word, PowerPoint
Ubit classic menus for Outlook
ASAP Utilities for Excel

I experienced one BSOD and one reboot (possibly another BSOD) shortly after those installations. On the BSOD there was a message CLOCK_WATCHDOG_TIMEOUT message. I don't know about the second event – it happened while I was away from the computer – I just saw it had rebooted. I disabled the Solver add-on in Excel, but the three software packages are still installed. The system has been operating fine for almost five hours since those two events.

The BSOD and reboot sent me to the Event Log looking for issues. I noticed that on Day 1 things started with an Event ID 129, iaStorA with the message:

Reset to device, \Device\RaidPort3, was issued.

BUT NOTE: There is no RAID configured on this system.

Then a couple minutes later a continual string of Disk errors started, all associated with Drive 3, an external Seagate Backup Plus 2TB drive that has three volumes. All are Event ID 154, Disk. A couple expanded messages below as samples:

The IO operation at…
I have several Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices on my network which all support iSCSI.

How can I setup Microsoft Data Protection Manager to backup to one of these NAS devices? Can this be done by installing and using iSCSI Target Server?

Or can I do this by creating a virtual VHDX disk that is stored on the network share of this NAS?

I understand this will probably take special configuration within Server 2016 to connect to the NAS device using iSCSI and I am hoping to get all the steps on how to do this.
Does anyone know of any places to buy a "0.5m SFF-8484 to SFF-8482 x 4 Fanout SAS Cable" where it doesn't cost as much as it costs here:

This cable must have the Molex power adapters.
I purchased a "YK838 - RAID Controller PCI-E SAS 2-Channel SAS6/IR PowerEdge R510 by Dell."

The Amazon URL of where I purchased this adapter from is here.

What kind of cable adapters will I need that will allow me to connect two Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) hard drives to this PCI controller card?
Newly released Acronis True Image 2019
Newly released Acronis True Image 2019

In announcing the release of the 15th Anniversary Edition of Acronis True Image 2019, the company revealed that its artificial intelligence-based anti-ransomware technology – stopped more than 200,000 ransomware attacks on 150,000 customers last year.

Hi, I have a near new Samsung 970 Evo 250Gb M.2 Drive with which I am having problems. My motherboard is a Z370 Gigabyte Aorus Ultra Gaming 2.0 and I modified the Bios to accomodate the M.2 drive. First I disabled the the csm module, then changed the  secure boot option and finally key management to clear secure boot keys. After this the Bios would not recognise the M.2 drive at all.  I then decided that I would install Windows 10 instead on a normal mechanical hard drive. This I did without any problems. I was able to see that the M.2 was detected in Drive Management and I am now using this drive for additional storage only. In the meantime I believe that I may have formatted the M.2 drive and this MAY have been one of the reasons it did not show up and even does not show up in the Bios. Now I want to be able to reinstall the Firmware and drivers from the Samsung website to try again and use this M.2 drive as a Boot Drive. Can I do this?, please give me some constructive advice to be able to undent my Very Dented Pride. THANKYOU  Regards, Laurie
Recommendation for free drive cloning software. Need to replace / upgrade to larger hard drive. Thanks
Can anyone tell me (ideally LINK me to a document proving) the polarity of the center tip for the Power Supply of an IOMEGA ix4-200d NAS device?  I've got the voltage and amperage, but I can't seem to find polarity...
What are the best inexpensive SAS adapters I can purchase that will allow me to connect two
"HGST Ultrastar 7K6000 HUS726060AL4210 6 TB 3.5" Internal Hard Drive - SAS - 7200 rpm - 128 MB Buffer - 0F22790" hard drives?
Everything I read acts like I can add 2 extra drives to my below server, then use Dell OpenManage Server Administrator (OMSA) Software "RECONFIGURE" to add these drives to my existing 1 array after I do a FULL backup.

  1. Is that correct ?
  2. Anything else I should be aware of ?
  3. Is it true that if I was running RAID10 instead of RAID6 I would need to delete the array and rebuild from backup instead ?
Server = Dell PowerEdge R440
OS = Windows 2016 Standard
Hard Drives = HotSwapable, 1.2TB 10K SAS 12G
Disk Controller = Dell PERC H730P Mini, 10 slots ------- 4 slots have above drives ------- 6 slots are open ------- RAID6
What is the best free way to clone an hard drive (moving to SSD)

with a bootdisk. so I don't need to install anything on windows.
Disk ManagementAfter Drive Copy 1After Drive Copy 2Hi,
 This PC has two hard drives - 250GB as C (OS) drive original SATA HD that came with the computer and 500GB SANDISK SSD hard drive that I added yesterday.
Using Acronis Drive Copy program (designed specially for Sandisk SSD and available on Acronis website), I performed Drive Copy and it was successful. I was able to start the computer with new Sandisk SSD HD only.
The only problem was that SSD HD was two partitions as seen in "After Drive Copy 1" picture.- OS partition in 232.88GB OS (C) and 243.28 GB unused. I thought I could extend OS 232.88GB OS (C)  partition, but that option was not available either as seen in "After Drive Copy 1". So I wanted to start from the scratch and hooked up original 250GB HD as primary and new 500GB SSD as secondary and started the computer. Then deleted 232.88GB OS (C:) partition from 500GB SSD and 752MB RECOVERY partition successfully, but I could not delete 243.28GB partition. The only option that I see on that partition is "HELP".

What can I do to restore to factory space of 500GB on this Sandisk SSD HD ?

I've got a connection (compatibility) issue between an HPE 16Gbps Fibre Channel HBA and an 8 Gbps Fibre Channel LTO-7 Backup Tape Drive.

The supplier of the hardware said that the FC HBA would connect to the Backup Tape Drive at 8 Gbps (it would negotiate a lower speed and is compatible with slower devices), but this does not seem to be the case. It shows "link down", and I also tried to force the speed on both devices to 8 Gbps.

Any ideas on how one goes from here to troubleshoot or get the connection to work?

In summary:

We have a new HPE DL360 Gen 10 Server with the HPE SN1200E 16Gbps FC HBA.
This connects to the IBM/Lenovo LTO-7 FC SLED (Tape Drive) in the TS-3100 Tape Library.
I’ve set the connection speed for both (FC HBA Port 1 and LTO-7 SLED) to 8 Gbps (it did not connect when set to “auto” on both devices either).
The port link status on the FC HBA shows “link down”.
The SLED status shows “negotiating link”.

I will attach some screen shots as well.

I noticed an interesting icon on my Hard Drive Adapter Cable. It is a trash can with an X.

So, does that mean "don't throw it away"?  

 If the cable fails am I supposed to treat it like hazardous material? And, if it is hazardous, why the heck am I touching right now?

x icon.jpg
Second question,  Is there any website that will tell me what the icon means if I simply paste a high quality jpg?
C++ 11 Fundamentals
LVL 12
C++ 11 Fundamentals

This course will introduce you to C++ 11 and teach you about syntax fundamentals.

Hyper V replication on Server 2016 has stopped with error out of disk space.  I have 4 vm's replicating between two server 2016 hosts which have stopped replicating.  when I look at the even log it says could not replicate because there is not enough space on the disk.  When I look at my hard drive space on both 2016 servers I have 3 tb left.  Not sure why I am getting this error.  Any help would be appreciated.
I have an IBM 3560 M3 server and wanted to know if I could dual/triple boot OS's? basically creating a bootloader for each separate hard drive. I would have hyper-v, vmware, zen etc on their own separate hard drives.
I have having trouble finding my contacts from a crashed hard drive on office 2010. Where can I find them if I connect the drive to a cradle and pull from there?
I want to buy or upgrade a 21.5" IMAC (2017) Hard Drive with Internal SSD hard drive.
My main question here is about "BLADE" vs "SATA" connection, but I am also confused!
Does anyone know of any issues or performance differences between these options:
Option #1 Buy Apple 2TB SSD, "BLADE" type of SSD
Options #2 Buy macsales_DOT_com's 2TB SSD "SATA" type of SSD
Option #3 Other options to end up with 2TB SSD Internal hard drive IMAC? I can only find this 1 macsales_DOT_com vendor that sells anything compatible. Strange. I would think that there are other options, even with Apple Proprietary hardware, if one vendor can do it.
Thanks in advance for any help!!
- B

I have a small ssd (PNY CS900 120GB) and a bunch of hard disks (including 2tb, 320gb, and 250gb)

I was looking for a way to install windows on a combination of an ssd and a hdd, i found that stripped set needs identical drives
so i'm thinking of JBOD set of drives, how does it work? will windows detect them as 1 or will treat them as independent drives in setup?

if it doesn't work, is this idea possible? i really need to have a bigger system partition using the existing useless drives

If you ask why? because most of the programs i install don't give the option as where to install the program (an example would be adobe programs which simply start installing to C without asking) which lead to what you're seeing in the following picture
I'm asking before because i don't want to lose my windows for nothing, i could afford losing it for something better, but not just reinstall without making progress

2TB HDD ST2000DM001-9YN164
320GB HDD ST3320418AS
deleted a years worth of data- a good portion of the date were files taht were scanned to email from our network copier/printer/scanner. I have been told that it is possible to recover files from the hard drives of these devices. We have reomved the hard drives but are not formatted ina away thatwe can see the data of the drive. Does anyone know how to get this data?

Storage Hardware





Storage devices include any device used for storing and retrieving digital information. Hard disk drives (HDDs) use one or more rigid ("hard") rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material. Data is accessed in a random-access manner, meaning that individual blocks of data can be stored or retrieved in any order and not only sequentially. The primary competing technology for secondary storage is flash memory in the form of solid-state drives (SSDs), but HDDs remain the dominant medium for secondary storage due to advantages in price per bit and per-device recording capacity. CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format that allows information to be stored outside the mechanical HDD.