Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is the set of networking protocols that define end-to-end connectivity specifying how data should be packeted, addressed, transmitted, routed and received at the destination. This functionality is organized into four abstraction layers which are used to sort all related protocols according to the scope of networking involved.

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I have a multi host cluster using a Distributed Switch on esx. I have 50 ports and 29 available. Currently there are at least 6 vm's running server 2012 with static LAN addresses and have WAN connectivity.  I just created 6 more vm's and assigned static addreses but cannot get WAN. I have verified subnet/gateway etc. I am able to ping the domain controllers and gateway when there is a static assignment. When set with a DHCP address, the servers have WAN. I have tried to remove the virtual NIC, reset tcp/ip stack. I cannot figure why i get no connection on a static address but do on DHCP. I have even tried to enter the DHCP settings manually, exactly the same. Any ideas?
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I am connected Biometric Attendance Machine to my system using the Ethernet cable. I assigned IP of the biometric machine and computer system.
When I am doing ping biometric machine I am getting error " Destination Host Unreachable "

I set upIP  of the machine is:
Subnet Mask:

Where as sytem IP
Subnet Mask :
Default Gateway :

I tried by USB connection too but getting failed to connect in ZKTECO BIOMETRIC Software.

Recently had a perculiar issue with clients on one of our customers networks that stopped being able to lookup names on the internal network, losing network drives, gpo etc as a result.

DHCP is served by windows server 2008 DC with DNS service also hosted on this with the relevant pointers to this set up in DHCP.

We ended up having to statically set the DC name in the HOSTS file until I looked at this onsite this morning, I noticed a nslookup was resolving the router as the dns service instead of the DC. Powering off the router and running the same nslookup and it resolved to the DC. DNS and DHCP were both disabled on the router.

I made a change to the Interface in DNS as it was set to 'Listen On All IP addresses' I changed this to 'Listen on specific IP' which was the IP of the DC(Itself). Flushed the cache on the clients, restarted them they got the gpo, drive mappings, and I could resolve the server by name.

However, a nslookup still resulted in the router name rather than the DC name, despite obviously being able to resolve hosts on the network.

I then disabled ipv6 on one of the clients nics and hey presto a nslookup resolved to the IP of the DC, if I re-enable ipv6 on the nic it reverts back to resolving the router.

My thoughts are that the client isn't able to resolve the DC by ipv6 so it is reverting to the server for some reason, perhaps because of forwarders/root hints set up in DNS.

They are up and running again but I have noticed …
I have a remote site with no local tech support. The gateway is a Fortigate firewall. Recently, when trying to sign in to edit firewall rules, I have started getting a logon prompt describing level 15 access and referencing an IOS certificate that cannot be verified. Sometimes it allows the https Fortinet web page login, and sometimes it produces the logon box- obviously a Cisco device. I have tried using an IP scanner but it doesn't allow to browse that IP (Advanced IP Scanner has a dropdown that allows you to see available resources at an IP, such as web pages and FTP sites), and I have not been able to connect via SSH (The only shell option I have is within the Fortigate web administration, and I can't get the page to load reliably for obvious reasons). This site is 3/4 of the way across the country so traveling there is out of the question. I cannot just re-IP the Fortigate for two reasons: I can't get it to save changes, and I can't take down the plant's production gateway from across the country without any kind of guarantee that I'll be able to rescue the device or limit downtime. My goal is to identify the Cisco device, possibly by obtaining the serial number so I can find out who owns it and have them correct it's IP address. I'll welcome any advice as to how to get to that point... Anyone? I appreciate your help.
First, If I am correct:
Standard Access-list  can match traffic based on Source IP address only
Extended Access-list can match traffic based on Source/Destination IP address , port number, protocol, etc...

well, there is also  Named Access-list. We can have Standard Named Access-list and Extended Named Access-list
  Is Standard Named Access-list similar to Standard Access-list, it can match traffic based on Source IP address only ?
Is Extended Named Access-list  similar to Extended  Access-list ,it can match traffic based on Source/Destination IP address , port number, protocol, etc. ?

Thank you
I need to know the difference between :

Access-List 100 permit .....
IP Access-list extended 100.  
  ip access-list extended name

if I have forgotten other access-list types , please list and explain it :)

Thank you
Hello Everyone!

We had some security cameras installed and the installer asked me to open port 8000 for the dvr.  We have a Sonicwall 1260 Pro and I followed the instructions for port forwarding.  I created the service for both TCP/UDP, port 8000 and then created the group.  I used the public server wizard to allow public access to the camera ip.  After everything was complete I used the site,, to check if port 8000 was open.  Unfortunately, the port is still closed.  I'm stuck figuring what I could be doing wrong.  We do have 2 static ips for the site.  The other ip is used for the fax machine line.  i don't know if this could cause the problem.  Any help is appreciated.

Router: SonicWall 1260 Pro
ISP: Cox
Camera IP:
Port: 8000
In the example below, which wildcard mask will cover  the 4 subnets only

I though is correct, but it will cover more than those 4 subnets.

Any wildcard mask calculator link, will be helpful.

We have an odd situation.

It's a hodgepodge network in a franchisor's location.

It's technically administered from head office on the other side of the country but they get me to do some of the work as I'm less annoying than the main IT.

Windows Server 2012 peer-to-peer system

#1. A windows 7 Professional station gave hard drive warnings (failure imminent) and infection notices
#2. Took station, cloned drive onto SSD
#3. autologon for computer was now erroring out. Had no idea what old password was, created new one with autologon in the registry
$4. Disinfected computer via Malwarebytes and installed Barkly endpoint
#5. Find out that the server is used to access 3 shared folders via peer to peer on the station and that it can't access the shares

At this point I figure that the issue is simply related to the password change, but no.

The server is unable to ping the station, either by name or by ip address. However, the station can ping the server by both name and ip address.

It looked to me as if DNS was incorrectly configured on the server (typo), so I fixed. ( to

#1. I've tried repair network on both.
#2. ipconfig /flushdns on both
#3. rebooted one or both after each or every other change
#4. turned off homegroup on station
#5. changed station network type from home to work
#6. created hosts file entry for station name to ip address
#7. tried to ping TCP/ip 6 address (no go)
#8. checked for saved credentials on the …
What is the difference between Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Enabled or Industrial standard (modbus, profibus, etc) enabled communications with HVAC systems for the data center?
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Hello all,
our HTTP packets go via a proxy, unlike the rest of the TCP/IP packets.
so using ping to measure the latency between us and a webserver won't be very accurate. we need to measure latency over HTTP instead of ICMP.
any help ?
System: windows 10

After running windows update i can ping internal and external Ipaddress but kant access any internet pages or internal shares

- Checked Windows Firewall
- Disabled the firewall

No luck
Run the command Netsh

- Netsh int ip reset reset
- Netsh int tcp set heuristics disbled
- Netsh int tcp set global autotuninglevel=disabled
- Netsh int tcp set global rss=enabled

No luck

- Run the command Netsh

- Netsh winsock reset

No luck

- Ipconfig /release
- ipconfig /renew
- ipconfig /flushdns

no luck
Installed telnet and telnet the port neth 3389
commands successvol

issue still there any help or idees will be appreciated
Our school network has the following:
Sonicwall NSA 250 M Router (acts as gateway and also handles a separate VLAN)
Network address / 24 (subnet mask
Single DC running Server 2016 std (ip, handling DNS and DHCP
About 150 endpoints

We're in danger of running out of IPs, so I'm hoping there's a way we can change just the subnet mask and retain the - range while gaining an extra range of IPs on the same, new subnet (for example 192.168.2.x, or .0.x) .  I'm also hoping that changing the subnet mask (but not the IP) of the DC will not cause problems. I know I'll have to reconfigure the subnet mask on any non-dhcp devices (such as network printers and the server).

So I've a couple of questions. What's the best way of doing this?  
Which subnet mask would yield what ranges of IPs?  
Is changing the subnet likely to cause any issues for the server (which I envisage keeping on the same IP?

Thanks in advance.
When I connect vo my remote SQL Server  via Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio I get the error 121.

A Transport level error has occurred when receiving results from the server.

I'm at spain and my Internet provider is Movistar.

When I open Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio , I can Log on with my credentials, the connection is via SQL login, and the connection is like\Instancename,49888

49888 is the port I'm using.

I can connect to the same server throug other computers form other places with different Router.

If I connect a USB Internet stick to the problematic computer, then it Works fine, then I think is a router issue. But when I call to my internet provider (Movistar) they say that all the outgoing ports are open.

Any idea?
I'm taking over a new network and the IP scheme is set up as 10.10.x.x/8. I want to change it to a/23. Can I do this within my DHCP and on my router without any changes to my printers and dusktop?
What is the importance of this message.
What should I be concerned about? Or When should I be concerned about this?
I have a url with
what does the 8888 represent?
Determine Network Portion and Host portion of  IPV6 IP

Let' say I have this IPV6 IP address.


in this case : 2001:1234:5678:1234  is the Network portion and 5678:ABCD:EF12:1234 is the host portion

that one is easy to find.
How about when the CIDR is for instance 53.


Where is the Network portion and where is the host portion ? how do you calculate it ?


I have an application that needs to connect to a third party server on HTTPS.

App server > Bluecoat device > Firewall > Third party server

Our Bluecoat team are saying they want to block application HTTPS connections because they can't scan them. Note browser traffic uses a different proxy. So we are going to configure our service to use HTTP.

Is there a way to have this converted to HTTPS?
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We have two sites, SiteA and SiteB....the network latency between them is about 15ms.

We want to run an application in both sites, but the vendor supports only 10ms latency between the two sites.

Is there anything we can do to reduce the latency?
I struggled with what to title this.  So, I have two routers, one at .85 that manages everything between .82 and .86, and one at .89 that manages just .89.  They exist in the same gateway of .81.  The .85 and .89 are tied to cable modems, so it is not something that I can just plug the one in to the other to get them to talk.  I have pfSense routers set up but I am wondering how I get the two networks to talk to each other instead of, what I am assuming, is them just looking within themselves for resolution.  I have AVG on computers in the .89 network that need to communicate with the server on the .85 through a particular port.  I can get computer on the Internet to communicate with the AVG server just fine, so I know that my port forwarding works, but I cannot get these two networks to communicate with each other.

i have a Zultys Zip 57i phone that a user is having a problem with working from home.  It says no network available,

how do i get this phone to work on a home network ?
I have noticed the Multicast Address used in the command:
IP IGMP Join-Group <IP Address>
sometimes it is , sometimes ,etc....
I would like to know how the IP address is determined.

Thank you
I decided to buy a pair of Powerline adapters to increase the speed from my modem/router to my PC and my PS4. So i connected one to my router and another one to my PC. Powerline's lights are fine and accordingly, I get green in everything and the middle one, which I assume is like the 'data being sent/received' one, just blinks occasionally (but always green). I've been googling all day and still haven't solved it so I'll just quick resume it:

- LAN connection from router to PC with ethernet cable works perfect
- No problems with WiFi
- Powerline connection to PC gets 'Unidentified network'
- ipconfig /renew doesn't work because i get this message "An error occurred while renewing interface Ethernet : unable to contact your DHCP server. Request has timed out"
- Manually inserting IP and etc. didn't solve it but it could be me (not an expert with internet settings)
- Restarting router and PC doesn't work
- Drivers updated

Here goes my latest 'ipconfig /all':

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ipconfig /all

Windows IP Configuration

   Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : AndrePC
   Primary Dns Suffix  . . . . . . . :
   Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Hybrid
   IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
   WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
   DNS Suffix Search List. . . . . . : home

Ethernet adapter Ligação de Área Local:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Realtek PCIe FE Family Controller
   Physical Address. . …
find the Exchange server name that Outlook is connected to.

on the Task bar I  have opened the splash window by clicking on the little Up-arrow on the far right side of the task bar, then I have pressed CTRL and right clicked on Outlook icon, then clicked on Connection Status.
Now I see the Outlook Connection Status, but under the server name, it does not show the readable server name, instead it shows:

How do I convert that to readable server name or at least readable IP address ?

Thank you






Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is the set of networking protocols that define end-to-end connectivity specifying how data should be packeted, addressed, transmitted, routed and received at the destination. This functionality is organized into four abstraction layers which are used to sort all related protocols according to the scope of networking involved.