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VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.

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Domain split
Previously I had a customer who was preparing to be split into two separate businesses. The disruption to the IT infrastructure was going to be huge, and the timeline to complete the work was tight - very tight. With the help of EE I managed to find a way to do this quickly and cleanly.
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Expert Comment

by:Luciano Patrão
Good article!
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Expert Comment

by:Jim Horn
Nice case study you've written here, and well illustrated.  Voting Yes.
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Lets start to have a small explanation what is VAAI(vStorage API for Array Integration ) and what are the benefits using it.

VAAI is an API framework in VMware that enable some Storage tasks. It first presented in ESXi 4.1, but only after 5.x supports hardware acceleration with NAS storage devices.
Allows certain I/O operations to be offloaded from the ESXi to the physical array. With VAAI we release the workload on the virtual server hardware. Enables certain storage tasks, such as thin provisioning, to be offloaded from the VMware server virtualization hardware to the storage array.

You can read more about VAAI in VMware HERE

Our first tasks will be in the NetApp so that we can prepare the system to use VAAI in VMware.

Install NetApp VAAI plugin VIB in NetApp

Login to you your NetApp console:

First check if nfs.vstorage in enabled. If not, enable

Commands:
# options nfs.vstorage.enable
# vfiler run vfiler_name options nfs.vstorage.enable
Screen-2BShot-2B01-16-16-2Bat-2B05.2.PNG

In our case(7-Mode CLI) was disable/off, so we will enable.

In 7-Mode CLI 
# options nfs.vstorage.enable on
In Clustered Data ONTAP CLI 
# vserver nfs modify –vserver vserver_name -vstorage enabled
         Note: vserver_name is the name of your SVM

Active also for vfiler 7-Mode CLI in the vFiler
# vfiler run vfile_name options nfs.vstorage.enable on
         Note: vfile_name is the name of your vfiler. In our case is vfiler0

Screen-2BShot-2B01-16-16-2Bat-2B05.3.PNG
NetApp recommendations:
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When adding iSCSI LUNs to ESXi 6.0 we can encounter a bug
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Expert Comment

by:McMillan LLP
Please note that it appears that Update 2 has fixed this issue and the workaround is no longer required.  I was able to add 3 datastores just now and did not get the warning.
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Author Comment

by:Luciano Patrão
Thanks for the update.

Did not tested yet, but will.

Thanks again
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First I will try to share a design of a Veeam Backup Infrastructure without Direct NFS Access backup.

Veeam-Backup-no-NFS.jpg
Note: Direct NFS Access backup transport mechanism is only available in Veeam v9

In above I try to design the Veeam Backup flow between iSCSI vs NFS.

In this case we did not had the proper configuration so that Direct NFS Access backup transport mechanism could work.

In this case we have a Veeam Backup Server and a Veeam Backup proxy.

Actual Veeam Backup Infrastructure:

192.100.27.x is iSCSI subnet - vLAN 56
192.128.23.x is the NFS Subnet vLAN 55

192.168.6.x(vLAN 25) is Management subnet. Used by Veeam Backup Server, vCenter and most of our ESXi hosts. But we still have some ESXi hosts that use our old management subnet 192.168.68.x
This is why we build a new Proxy with this subnet 192.68.68.x(vLAN 29)

Veeam Server I have(physical server):

1 interface(is 2 with NIC Teaming) for 192.168.6.x for Management Network.
1 Interface(also 2 with NIC Teaming) for 192.168.27.x using iSCSI initiator for the iSCSI connections.

Veeam Proxy(Virtual Machine):
1 interface with 192.168.68.x (vLAN 29) for Management Network.

This was the initial configuration and where Veeam Backup Server and Proxy never use the Direct NFS Access backup transport mechanism. All backups were running always with the option [nbd] for network block device (or network) mode, [hotadd] for virtual appliance mode.

Future Veeam Backup Infrastructure:
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LVL 25

Author Comment

by:Luciano Patrão
Hi,

Mounting NFS in a Windows Server is outside of Veeam. Is not Veeam related task.

This is just adding/mounting a NFS Share into a Windows Server. That you should configure in your NAS and then mount in the Windows. Then you can use as a Veeam Backup Repository
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LVL 25

Author Comment

by:Luciano Patrão
Hi,

I did also change both Designs, hope now have a better quality.
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After we apply, or update, ESXi 5.5 we can get this warning in ESXi host: No coredump target has been configured. Host core dumps cannot be saved
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How to fix error ""Failed to validate the vCentre certificate. Either install or verify the certificate by using the vSphere Data Protection Configuration utility" when you are trying to connect to VDP instance from Vcenter.
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Author Comment

by:pchettri
Thanks for the feedback. I have re-sized the image to remove the space taken by blank corner of the frame.
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VMware vCenter Converter Standalone6.1
If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or VMware vSphere (ESXi) ) for FREE, then there is some good news...
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
so, even with

the figure is Level of similarity 28%

it cannot be published?

which because the Article contains the latest features

Support for additional guest operating systems: Windows 10, Ubuntu 15.
Offline conversions for HyperV 2012 R2 virtual machines.
SSH key based authentication for the Linux sources during conversion.
Support for VMware Workstation 12.

which are available from the release notes...

let me mess with the words!

So what figure do I have to get to here, otherwise I'm wasting my time!

and what do I do, with content that is scroing against EE Articles, delete the original articles, so this can be published!
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If you are thinking about using VMware, you should read this article first.  Unless the software you plan to use is specifically optimized for more processors,  the system will slow itself down.
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Expert Comment

by:steveurich
In my experience VMware Converter is full of bugs and just does not work.

Local Machine grayed out when I try and convert physical machine.

When trying to convert an acronis backup I got a Great error messages like:
The source parameters are invalid

In my opinion using the software a pain and simply does not work as advertised.

The person that I spoke to on the vmware workstation help line did not know the product at all.

Going to try and get my money back tomorrow.
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@steveurich Please post a question in the VMware Topic area, and we can discuss your issues.

In the meantime, have a read of this Article I wrote...

HOW TO: FAQ VMware P2V Troubleshooting
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Some time ago introduced the EVO VMware platform: RAIL, which combines computing, networking, storage and management in a hyper converged appliance that offers a one-stop solution, saving costs and poised to grow on demand.
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Nowadays, Virtual Machines are used equally by small and large scale organizations. However the issue is that VMDK files are also prone to corruption. So, in this article we are looking at how to recover VMDK files from hard disk of host operating system.
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Virtualization has become very popular over the last decade. In many cases, if a company does not have their entire data center virtualized, it is probably at least 90% or greater at this point. However, bottlenecks can still exist within virtualized infrastructures, especially with storage.
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Expert Comment

by:Jim Horn
Well written.  Voted Yes.
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Expert Comment

by:cgeorgeisaac
Well written. Thanks for sharing.
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It is well known that VMware Site Recovery Manager is a high availability solution for applications and data transfer in private cloud environments
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Finally comes the third version of VMware Virtual SAN, whose name is 6.1, and comes loaded with new features many of which really are excellent and even surprising.
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On the 12 March 2015, VMware released ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2494585, which is known as the general availability build of the product, or GA. However, just a few months later in July 2015, several bugs were found which have been tagged as "Severity - critical" by VMware. They have since recommended that users update all production VMware ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2494585 Host Servers to VMware ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2809209. This is known as ESXi 6.0.0b, which was released on 7 July 2015. For more information on these bugs, see VMware Knowledgebase Article KB2111985.

In this tutorial, I'll explain how to update or patch VMware ESXi 6.0.0 to ESXi 6.0.0b with VMware Update Manager.

Software Prerequisites
  1. vCenter Server must be at vCenter Server 6.0 to be able to manage ESXi 6.0 hosts.
  2. VMware Update Manager 6.0 must be installed to update ESXi 6.0.

Additional resources
For your convenience, I've listed additional vCenter Server articles below:

Let's get started
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Expert Comment

by:shivkumar makwani
i have only one esxi host in that case and when i am trying to remidiate via vcentre 6.5 but its not going in mainatance mode so how to updae esxi server with lates pateches or auto update
please help

as my esxi is 6.0.0.2494585
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Please post a question to the VMware topic area, and myself or other expert will gladly assist.
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VMware Update Manager is included free with VMware vSphere vCenter Server. It can scan, download the VMware updates, upgrades and patches, and automatically apply them to your ESXi hosts. It is the easiest method of updating, upgrading or patching ESXi host servers, yet is often overlooked.

In this tutorial, I'll explain how to upgrade a VMware ESXi 5.1 and ESXi 5.5 host servers to ESXi 6.0 with VMware Update Manager.

Software Prerequisites
  1. vCenter Server must be at vCenter Server 6.0, to be able to manage the host after the upgrade.
  2. VMware Update Manager 6.0 must be installed to upgrade ESXi 5.0, 5.1 and 5.5 hosts to ESXi 6.0.
  3. VMware ESXi 6.0 ISO installer image from here. The filename is VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.0.0-2494585.x86_64.iso.
  4. Please note, you must have a valid ESXi 6.0.0 license (not the free license).

Additional resources
For your convenience, I've listed additional vCenter Server articles below:

Let's get started
The following steps will show you how to upgrade VMware ESXi 5.1 and ESXi 5.5 to ESXi 6.0 with VMware Update Manager.
 
  • In the vSphere Client, select Home > Solutions and Applications > Update Manager.
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In this tutorial, I'll explain how to add VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi Hosts to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0. Although this article refers to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0, the same procedure can be applied to all versions of VMware vSphere vCenter Server 4.x - 6.0, whether it's VMware vSphere vCenter Server for Windows or the VMware vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA).

The steps below will show you how to:
  1. Create a vCenter Datacenter.
  2. Add ESXi hosts to vCenter Server for management.

10 common questions about vCenter Server
Before we start, here are responses to the 10 most common questions I see on Experts Exchange in regard to vCenter Server:
  1. vCenter Server is just a management server. It allows for the easy management of many ESXi hosts in a single administration pane using a single connection to the vCenter Server. Without vCenter Server, you would have to login to each and every host to manage it.
  2. vCenter Server can only manage licensed ESXi servers. It cannot manage free hosts, and therefore, you cannot add or manage free ESXi hosts with it. You need at least a starter edition of VMware vSphere Essentials, which includes licenses for VMware ESXi and vCenter Server.
  3. vCenter Server records performance information of hosts and virtual machines to a database.
  4. vCenter Server monitors your hosts and virtual machines, you can set alarm thresholds using the tool.
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In this tutorial article, I will show you how to install and configure the VMware vSphere Update Manager 6.0. VMware vSphere Update Manager 6.0 is a component which can be found on the vCenter Server 6.0 DVD ISO. VMware vSphere vCenter Server for Windows is available as a 60 day evaluation, found here.

Here, we will use Microsoft Windows Server 2012 as the operating system of choice to support the VMware VMware vSphere Update Manager 6.0. I also recommend the use of a virtual server to support vCenter Server for Windows.

I have written the following EE article on how to install this operating system for your convenience:
 
Follow the steps below to install and configure the VMware vSphere Update Manager 6.0:
 
1. Installing VMware vSphere Update Manager 6.0
  • After inserting the DVDROM or mounting the ISO image in the server, autorun will start.
  • You will need at least 2 vCPU and 4GB RAM memory for the server and to make sure that Microsoft .NET 3.5 is installed.
  • Give yourself at least 2 hours to complete the installation.
 
VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal 
  • Select vSphere Update Manager, then Server, and click Install. Ensure that the tick box is selected to use an Embedded Database of Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Express Edition, which is recommended for small installations.

VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal 
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Express SP2 will be installed as part of the installation.

VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal
VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal
VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal
VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal
VMware-vSphere-Update-Manager-6.0-instal
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In this tutorial article, I will show you how to install and configure the VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0 for Windows on an ESXi 5.5 Host Server. VMware vSphere vCenter Server is a management server and does not affect the running of virtual machines on the host. It can be safely installed on an ESXi host server, without affecting running production virtual machines.
 
However, I recommend the use of the VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 6.0 over vCenter Server 6.0 for Windows if you intend to use more than 3 ESXi host servers. The issue is the SQL Express database included with vCenter Server for Windows is limited to a maximum database size of 10GB. As the tables can grow very quickly beyond 10GB in just a few months with the amount of information which is stored in the Events and Tasks tables, you'll need more space than that.The VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 6.0 can now scale to 1000 ESXi hosts and 10,000 VMs, which takes care of that problem.
 
Here, we will use the Microsoft Windows Server 2012 as the operating system of choice to support the VMware vSphere vCenter Server for Windows. I also recommend the use of a virtual server to support vCenter Server for Windows.
 
I have written the following EE article on how to install this operating system:
 
Please note:
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Expert Comment

by:Mark
Yes that does work better from trials but our DBS are HUGE!! the Virtual estate is just so large.
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
If that is the case, I would recommend the Appliance! (Windows and SQL is dying for vCenter!)
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On the 12 March 2015, VMware released ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2494585, which is known as the general availability build of the product, or GA. However, just a few months later in July 2015, several bugs were found which have been tagged as "Severity - critical" by VMware. They have since recommended that users update all production VMware ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2494585 Host Servers to VMware ESXi 6.0.0 Build 2809209. This is known as ESXi 6.0.0b, which was released on 7 July 2015. For more information on these bugs, see VMware Knowledgebase Article KB2111985.

To get your system up to the recommended standard, this article will show you how to update ESXi 6.0.0 GA to ESXi 6.0.0b in 5 easy steps.

Before we get started:
It is important to ensure you have valid backups of your virtual machines before you make any changes to a Production VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 6.0.0 GA Host server, which is hosting virtual machines. All virtual machines must be powered off with the server in maintenance mode.

Here are the steps to upgrade your software:
 
1. Download ESXi 6.0.0b Offline Bundle
  • Download the ESXi 6.0.0b Offline Bundle from VMware here
    • The file is called ESXi600-201507001.zip, check the following:
      • MD5SUM: f668a9b5dee5b508eb2ba94a15d6c909
      • SHA1SUM: f5ea963ebbd25d399c52a305acc0ac80385313ff
  • Signatures are correct with the published figures above. See my Experts Exchange article
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LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:CHI-LTD
noted. :)
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Hyper-convergence systems have taken the IT world by storm and have quickly started to change our point of view of how the data center should and could be architected. In this article, I’ll explain the benefits of employing a hyper-converged system such as offering integrated compute unit (memory & CPU) and storage in the same box instead of individual units. I’ll also provide examples of traditional data center issues that can be resolved with hyper-converged systems.

A remedy for storage headaches
If you asked me the most radical change brought by hyper-convergence systems, I would immediately say the simplification of storage configurations.

In conventional data center architecture, installing and managing storage has always been a troublesome process. After the installment of the storages, adjustment of the raid levels, entering zone settings in SAN switches, and the creation of volume and LUNs on storage, all the LUNs defined in vSphere have to be re-defined and adjusted according to vendor best practices. This is much more complex and open to errors than it seems, especially since improper storage configurations are a common cause of many ESXi issues. In addition to all these installment processes, this structure has to be consistently monitored and maintained. Once again, if you'd like to use various features including deduplication, volume backup, or volume replication, you need to get additional licenses to do so.

Now with hyper-converged systems, …
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Expert Comment

by:Danny Child
Great article, very useful for me as a new starter with hyper-convergence.  Appreciate the links for further reading too.  Nice one.
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In this tutorial article, I will show you how to upgrade VMware vSphere vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0.
 
VMware vSphere vCenter Server is a management server and does not affect the running of virtual machines on the host. It can be safely upgraded on an ESXi host server without affecting running production virtual machines. During this time, vMotion and DRS activities will be halted and Administrators will not be able to access vCenter Server whilst it is upgraded.
 
Before you begin:
Please ensure you have a full backup of the vCenter Server 5.5 server and database before you commence the upgrade.
 
Let's get started
Follow the steps below to upgrade VMware vSphere vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0:
 
1. Upgrading VMware vSphere vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows
  • Download the VMware-VIMSetup-all-x.y.z-abcdefg.iso (DVD image) from VMware. The filename used in this tutorial is called VMware-VIMSetup-all-6.0.0-2656757.iso.
  • Burn or mount the VMware-VIMSetup-all-6.0.0-2656757.iso (DVD image) on your administration workstation.
  • After inserting the DVDROM or mounting the ISO image in the server, autorun will start. 
  • Give yourself at least 2 hours to complete the upgrade.
 
2015-07-29-15-27-16-vCenter-Server-5.5-t 
  • Click Install.

2015-07-29-15-27-59-vCenter-Server-5.5-t
2015-07-29-15-28-35-vCenter-Server-5.5-t 
  • The Installer will automatically detect the existing vCenter Server 5.5 installation.
  • Click Next to upgrade to VMware vCenter Server 6.0.0 build 2656758.

2015-07-29-15-30-58-vCenter-Server-5.5-t 
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In this tutorial article, I will show you how to install and configure the VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 5.5 on an ESXi 5.5 Host Server in just four easy steps.

I'm afraid the VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) download is only available to Licensed users of VMware vCenter Server, and is not available as a 60 day evaluation. Only VMware vCenter Server for Windows is available as a 60 day evaluation, so make sure you have the licensed version.

VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance is based as a SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

Here are the steps to install and configure your software:
 
1. Download the VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance OVA from VMware.
 
2. Import the OVA into ESXi 5.5 Host Server.
  • Using the vSphere Client, select File > Deploy OVF Template
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In my previous  Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.
 
This article will show you how to upgrade from vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 5.5 to 6.0.​Please know that you cannot trial the VMware vCenter Server Appliance 6.0. You must have a license for VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0 to download the appliance from VMware. Previous versions of the VMware vCenter Server Appliance were supplied as a ready made OVF for download, but this procedure has since changed in version 6.0, and an ISO (DVD image) now has to be downloaded.
 
To do this, please:
  • Download the VMware-VCSA-all-x.y.z-abcdefg.iso (DVD image) from VMware. The file name used in this tutorial is called VMware-VCSA-all-6.0.0-2656757.iso.
  • Burn or mount the VMware-VCSA-all-6.0.0-2656757.iso (DVD image) on your administration workstation.
  • In the VCSA folder on the DVD, install the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe before you begin (you will need to close your browser first).
  • Ensure you have a full backup of current VCSA 5.5 appliance.

 
1. Install the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe application
Double click the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe application.
vcsa1.jpg 
Click Next to start the installation.
vcsa2.jpg 
Accept the End User License Agreement, and click Next to continue.
vcsa3.jpg 
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In this tutorial article, I will show you how to install and configure the VMware vSphere vCenter Server for Windows on an ESXi 5.5 Host Server.

VMware vSphere vCenter Server is a management server, and does not affect the running of virtual machines on the host. It can be safely installed on an ESXi host server without affecting running production virtual machines. However, I would recommend the use of the VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 5.5 over vCenter Server for Windows if you intend to use more than 3 ESXi host servers. The issue is that the SQL Express database included with vCenter Server for Windows is limited to a maximum database size of 10GB. As the tables can grow very quickly beyond 10GB in just a few months with the amount of information which is stored in the Events and Tasks tables, you're going to need more space than that.The VMware vSphere vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) 5.5/6.0 can now scale to 1000 ESXi hosts, and 10,000 VMs, solving that issue.  

Here, I'll be using Microsoft Windows Server 2012 as the operating system of choice to support the VMware vSphere vCenter Server for Windows. I also recommend the use of a virtual server to support vCenter Server for Windows.
 
I have written the following article on how to install this operating system for your convenience:
 
Please note:
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As you upgrade your software from ESXi 5.5 to ESXi 6.0, you may want to use the traditional method of doing so with an ISO image. Especially if you are a free user, this is now your only option for upgrading due to VMware removing free access to the portal to download upgrades.
 
With that said, I will show you how to upgrade VMware ESXi 5.5 to VMware ESXi 6.0 using the ESXi ISO image in the following 4 steps. If you are a small business, you may want to complete this upgrade at a physical server.
 
Before you get started...
It is important to ensure you have valid backups of your virtual machines before you make any changes to a Production VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5 Host server, which is hosting virtual machines.All virtual machines must be powered off, and the server in maintenance mode.
 
Here are the steps to upgrade your software:

1. Download ESXi ISO image (Includes VMware Tools) from VMware.

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LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:Seth Simmons
simple and straightforward...
one screenshot here was different from my install, possibly because i used HP OEM media of 6.0.0
it didn't ask about the data stores; only asked to install or upgrade
the upgrade otherwise worked fine and added to my new vCenter
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Seth

sometimes there can be variations.

Glad you liked it.
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VMware

35K

Solutions

17K

Contributors

VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.