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VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.

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When converting a physical machine to a virtual machine using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone or vCenter Converter Enterprise, if an adapter type is not selected during the initial customization the resulting virtual machine may contain an IDE disk as the primary OS disk.

You must convert the IDE disk to SCSI to get the best performance. If the primary disk is an IDE virtual disk, the newly converted virtual machine may fail to boot because the guest OS does not support the driver. The second reason for this issue is that in ESX 4.x the default disk type for Windows XP 32bit virtual machine creation is IDE. This default value can be manually changed during the virtual machine creation wizard by selecting the custom option. Windows XP 64bit will still use SCSI by default.

Note: For newer versions of Windows and Linux OS guests, the typical SCSI adapter types are the LSI Logic controllers. When using LSI Logic SCSI controllers in the Windows XP virtual machine, ensure to download and install the appropriate LSI driver before proceeding.

To convert the IDE disk to SCSI:
 

1.

Download the driver (LSI20320-R controller) from the LSI site:
http://www.lsi.com/support/products/Pages/LSI20320-R.aspx

2.

Power OFF the virtual machine.

3.

From the Edit Settings menu for this virtual machine:
-  Click Add > Hard Disk > Create New Virtual Disk.
-  Change the Capacity to 1GB and click Next.
-  Make sure the …
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In this article we will look HOW TO detach and delete properly iSCSI volumes manually from ESXi. This article will focus in how to on ESXi Shell only.

Note: Before we start, some VMware official information and technical details you can get in the VMware KB 1014953

Migrate or backup any data you should have inside of the Volumes you want to delete/detach. For this task and to be on the safe side, we recommend do this in maintenance mode, but it is not mandatory.

Connect the host (where we want to delete/detach the volumes) and use ESXi Shell. For deleting or detaching Volumes (disk and Logical Unit Numbers) we need to collect disk and LUN information from within ESX i(naa, iqn and Datastore names and numbers, etc.)

First we will collect .naa id using the command:
esxcli storage vmfs extent list

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We will remove the LUN (Datastore) called Storage-001 and clean all iSCSI connections etc.

This is the information I get and that we will use for this article:
~ # esxcli storage vmfs extent list
Volume Name  VMFS UUID                            Extent Number  Device Name                           Partition
-----------  -----------------------------------  -------------  ------------------------------------  ---------
Storage-001  54b7c326-6204faef-6719-e839351060ad              0  naa.6090a06860d40e5a524b15ae2bc3c366          1

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In this case our Volume is Storage-001 and the naa id is naa.6090a06860d40e5a524b15ae2bc3c366

1. Unmount the Volume(file system) from the host:

# esxcli storage filesystem unmount -l Storage-001

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After this you can connect to your Storage Administration and put the Volume offline. If you put your Volume offline, you can bypass the step 2 and move to step 3.

2. Disable the iSCSI Device(using naa id):

# esxcli storage core device set --state=off -d naa.6090a06860d40e5a524b15ae2bc3c366

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Next we need to know which iSCSI adapter we are using and also which iSCSI server (sendtarget) is in the Static Discover so that we can remove it also.


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LVL 25

Author Comment

by:Luciano Patrão
Yes that was one of the reasons that I give up writing articles in EE.

Because writing articles in my blog sometimes the time is not too much, and then need to write again articles here but cannot be the same, is not suitable.

At least for those who are always fighting  with time for work, personal projects, family etc

This way is more easy and will not take much time just to copy and do some minor changes.

Thanks again

Luciano
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In previous articles, I've outlined how to upgrade from ESXi 5.1 to ESXi 6.0, however, as many upgraded to 5.5 and are looking to now transition to ESXi 6.0,I wanted to outline the quick steps to do so. In this article, I'll explain how to upgrade ESXi 5.5 to ESXi 6.0 in 5 easy steps.  

Before we get started:
It is important to ensure you have valid backups of your virtual machines before you make any changes to a Production VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5 Host server, which is hosting virtual machines.Additionally all virtual machines must be powered off, and the server in maintenance mode.

Here are the steps to upgrade your software:

 1. Download ESXi 6.0 Offline Bundle
 
2. Upload the offline bundle to an ESXi 5.5 datastore

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As many begin the process of upgrading their ESXi software to the latest version, there are a variety of steps to be aware of. In this tutorial article, I'll explain how to upgrade ESXi 5.1 to ESXi 6.0 in 5 easy steps.   

Before we get started:
It is important to ensure you have valid backups of your virtual machines before you make any changes to a Production VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 Host server, which is hosting virtual machines. Additionally, all virtual machines must be powered off and the server should be in maintenance mode.

Here are the steps to upgrade your software:

  1. Download the ESXi 6.0 Offline Bundle from VMware - here
 
2. Upload the offline bundle to an ESXi 5.1 datastore
  • Upload the offline patch bundle to an ESXi 5.1 datastore. We will be uploading the patch bundle to datastore1 on our ESXi 5.1 host server. If you require additional help on how to upload this file to the ESXi datastore, please see my Experts Exchange article 
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Expert Comment

by:Dan D
Ha, totally missed that, they hid it in the ads.  My mistake.  Thanks.
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
No problems, Happy Holidays! and thanks for passing by my Article, at least someone reads them!
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The arrival of vSphere 6 brought a number of new features and higher configuration maximums to the VMware virtualisation platform, as expected. One feature which finally made itself formerly into the vSphere 6 release was Virtual Volumes, now more commonly referred to as VVOLs. Although the concept of VVOLs have been around for a while, and some vendors have been early adopters, such as Tintri for example, this is the first official release of vSphere that supports the VVOLs feature. So what are VVOLs? What makes them so different to normal VMware storage provisioning? And how are they going to impact storage management in the future?
 

What are VVOLs?
 

Let's start by taking a look at a "traditional" VMware storage platform and how storage has been typically provided to VMs. 
 

Figure 1:  A "traditional" host and storage array configuration, where the hosts mount the storage volumes and these are subsequently presented to vSphere/vCentre as datastores.  The VM's storage is then allocated to the available datastores in accordance to the VM's requirements.
Figure-1.JPG





The LUNs/volumes are provisioned on the storage array and these are presented to the hosts, the hosts in turn mount the storage which is presented within vSphere as a datastore(s).  This is very much a host and storage relationship, with the guest VMs being provisioned where this underlying hardware dictates.
 
Over the years storage vendors have introduced their own
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Virtual Machine and Containers are both techniques for virtualization and in many scenario either can be used. Though Virtual Machine and Container are similar in many ways, they both have there own space and can coexist in the same ecosystem. 

Virtual Machines utilize a concept called “Virtualization” to utilize resources on a machine to create one or virtual machines running its own operating systems. The primary machine is often referred as “Host” and virtual machines as “Guest”. These virtual machines are created by the virtualization software like VirtualBox or Vmware by intercepting access to certain hardware components and certain features from the host machine.

Containers utilize operating-system-level virtualization method. It requires OS kernel support which allows multiple isolated user space instances sharing host operating system resources. These instances are often called containers. LXC provides container support for Linux and very recently Microsoft announces container support for Windows ecosystem via Windows Server Containers. Docker is an open platform to build, ship, and run distributed applications as containers.
Though Virtual Machine and Containers are both virtualization …
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When I first wrote this article for Experts Exchange in 2011, it was to answer these common questions asked on the site every week: 
 
  • How do I backup my virtual machines? 
  • What software product do I use to backup my virtual machines?
  • What software can I use to backup my virtual machines on FREE ESXi?
  • How can I backup my virtual machines whilst powered on?

These questions are just as relevant today as they were then. Four years is a lifetime in software development, and there have been some major changes since this article was first written, so I'm revisiting and revising with new content, additional comments, and new backup products.

If you’re someone who is asking one of the questions above, you should evaluate these recommended products and choose what works best for you. 
 

These are the 12 most popular products we have recommended, installed for clients, and use everyday for ESXi:


(While many of these software vendors offer FREE versions of their software, all of these software products will only function with the licensed versions of VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi). They will not work with the ESXi FREE version.)
 

1. Veeam Backup and Replication v8
It was at version v5 when this article was first written, and is still a very popular product; Many VMware Administrators around the world use Veeam Backup and Replication. It is packed with strong product features, has won…
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@mrtortur Sorry that was a typo!

Again, the article was now written over 13 months ago, so is history now!

At the time, when the article was written......

It is still  my opinion, they are much better FREE alternatives than GhettoVCB, each to their own!
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Expert Comment

by:Mr Tortur
Never mind for the nickname, I was joking!
Understood, thank you.
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If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or VMware vSphere (ESXi) ) for FREE, then there is some good news...

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 6.0 was released on 14 May 2015, and this latest version has new support for the following:-
 
 Support for virtual machine hardware version 11.
 Compatibility with vSphere 6.0 and Workstation 11.
 Support for additional guest operating systems: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7, Ubuntu 14, CentOS 6-7, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1.
 Support of pure IPv6 environments.
 Proxy mode.
 File-level cloning for volumes with ReFS file system.
 Support for XFS file system.
 Support for predictable network interface names.
Also fixes numerous issues with crashing and conversion issues, when converting physical or virtual computers to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0 and VMware Hypervisor ESXi 6.0.

Please note the following, as with all releases of VMware vCenter Converter Standalone, when a operating system vendor discontinues an Operating System, VMware also removes the support from VMware vCenter Converter Standalone. With the release of VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 6.0, Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP3 (32-bit and 64-bit) support has been removed, the last version that supported Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP3 (32-bit and 64-bit) was VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.3
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People frequently reach out to me to assist with outages in their Exchange environments.  It's alarming how many Exchange Engineers/Administrators hold current Microsoft certification, yet continue to make these mistakes over and over.  Here are some tips you should follow when deploying an Exchange Mailbox server.

 

  • Place Exchange Database and Logs on Thick Volumes
Never use thin provisioned disks in Exchange. When a thin provisioned volume is added to a server, the server operating system has no insight into the storage array.  Why does this matter?  It matters because the storage array is only allocating what is being used.  As Exchange data is processed, the storage has to zero-out the block and reserve it first before the transaction can be written.  This is a performance bottleneck for Exchange, especially in large environments.  No high I/O applications should ever use thin provisioning.  Always be specific about your storage needs if another team handles your storage requests.  If you don’t have access to your storage array, request a screen-shot from them when they provision storage for you.  Always validate Exchange builds with a catalog of validation documents. 
  • Follow Best Practice
Always obtain best practice documentation from all your vendors.  Sometimes you will run into situations when you have contradictory best practice guidelines.  Most of the time you should use the vendor’s …
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Expert Comment

by:Rik Tammegat
About storage... my pet peeve :)

I agree with your recommendation about full provisioning for log disks. These grow and shrink periodically, especially when using log backups. The storage array therefore has to allocate and deallocate constantly, which only adds overhead. I do, however, want to put up a side note for thin provisioning with the database disks. Some storage systems detect "zero-outs" on thin provisioned LUNs. The effect is that the writes are acknowledged to the Exchange servers, but won't get written to disk. Result is a faster "zero-out" than with full provisioning.

Bottom line: Know your storage box.
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Expert Comment

by:Senior IT System Engineer
Thanks for sharing RKluxen,

I couldn't agree more on those points that you've shared above.

What about:

1. set the swapfile to static size ?
2. disabling IPv6
3. skipping the .NET framework update for all server running Exchange server.
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. 

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

This article will show you HOW TO: Fix the missing VMware vCenter Orchestrator Web Client Plugin from the vSphere Web Client

What is VMware vCenter Orchestrator?
 
Often abbreviated to vCO, and recently renamed to VMware vRealize Orchestrator, and abbreviated to vRO. VMware vCenter Orchestrator is a workflow development tool, that can be used to schedule and automate complex tasks in your environment, this is not limited to the vSphere environment, but with the use of plugins you can create workflows for Active Directory and SQL etc. It's often already installed as part of the vCenter Server installation, but you are probably not using it, or perhaps even know of its existence. The best improvement was the integration of vCO workflows in the vSphere Web Client from VMware vSphere 5.1. This allows you to develop, complex workflows or macros, and assign them to objects that can be executed from with the vSphere Web Client, for your VMware Admin team members or users with adequate permissions.

The following screenshot, is what you see when you open the VMware vCenter Orchestrator client.

VMware-vCenter-Orchestrator.jpg

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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. 

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

This article will show you how to connect and complete some basic configuration of the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 on a computer. VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 is also known as ESXi 6.0.

If you have missed the first article in the series, it's here: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 (ESXi 6.0)
 

1. Download Tools to Manage the ESXi Host Server


2015-01-03-14-32-49-Greenshot.pngWhen the VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi 6.0) server is fully BOOTED and started the above screen is displayed. This screen is called the Direct Console User Interface (DCUI). The majority of the management is performed remotely from another Windows computer using software tools called the VMware vSphere Client. You cannot manage or install virtual machines from the ESXi 6.0 server console; this must be completed remotely from another computer.

You can obtain the VMware vSphere Client software package (VMware-viclient-all-5.1.0-786111.exe) from the VMware website, as detailed in the first article of this series: 

HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 (ESXi 6.0)
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Expert Comment

by:Aditya Matlani
Can you please provide me the steps for MAC
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Aditya Matlani PLease post a question to the VMware Topic area.
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. 

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

This article will show you how to install and configure the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 on a computer.VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0 is also known as ESXi 6.0.

A full list of the ESXi 6.0 Hardware Requirements can be found in the VMware ESXi 6.0 Install Guide.

Check the VMware Hardware Compatability Lists (HCL), to discover if your computer is certified for use with ESXi 6.0.

If your computer is not listed on the VMware HCL, it may still be possible to install and run VMware ESXi 6.0 on your laptop, desktop, or server. The HCL exists because the server vendor and VMware have certified and tested ESXi 6.0 will function correctly, on the servers listed on the HCL.
 

1. Register with VMware.com and Download VMware vSphere Hypervisor 6.0


Open the following link in your web browser https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/evalcenter?p=free-esxi6

Click the License and Download Tab

VMware60-DownloadCenter1.jpg
Click Create an Account, to Create an Account and Login to the VMware Download Center. VMware will email you an Activation link which needs to be opened to create the account.

The following page will be displayed when you have successfully logged into the VMware Download Center.

VMware60-DownloadCenter2.jpg
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Expert Comment

by:lounis Tabou
Thanks
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@lounis Tabou Please post a question and myself or other Experts can discuss.
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. 

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

This article will show you HOW TO: Deploy and Install the VMWARE vCenter Server Appliance 6.0, also known as the vCenter Linux Appliance, or VCSA 6.0.

You cannot trial the VMWARE vCenter Server Appliance 6.0, you must have a license for VMware vSphere vCenter Server 6.0 to download the appliance from VMware. Previous versions of the  VMWARE vCenter Server Appliance were supplied as a ready made OVF for download, this procedure has now changed in version 6.0, and a ISO (DVD image) now has to be downloaded.

Download the VMware-VCSA-all-x.y.z-abcdefg.iso (DVD image) from VMware. The filename used in this tutorial is called VMware-VCSA-all-6.0.0-2175370.iso, the build number and filename are likely to change when generally available.

Burn or Mount the VMware-VCSA-all-6.0.0-2175370.iso (DVD image) on your Administration workstation.

In the VCSA folder on the DVD, install the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe before you begin. (You will need to close your browser).
 

1. Install the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe application


Double click the VMware-ClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe application.

vcsa1.jpgClick Next to start the installation.
vcsa2.jpgAccept the End User License Agreement, and Click Next to continue.

vcsa3.jpg
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LVL 38

Expert Comment

by:Seth Simmons
easy and straightforward article...just used it for my first 6.0 vCenter installation and worked out nicely
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@seth

Thanks for your comments!

Andy
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics. This tutorial does assume some basic VMware knowledge.

This tutorial shows how to create a test lab environment to test and demonstrate VMware vSAN, and to take it for a test drive. It's not recommended that this lab be used in production environment.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

What is VMware vSAN ?


VSAN1.png
This is not to be confused with the previous VMware vSphere product VMware vSphere Storage Appliance (VSA), which is based on a Virtual Appliance hosted on VMware vSphere (ESXi). 

VMware Virtual SAN (vSAN) is built into the VMware vSphere (ESXi) 5.5 vSphere kernel. Both VSA and vSAN are similar in concept; they are both virtual but their similarities end there. vSAN provides better scalability, resilience and availability than VSA, (vSA does not scale beyond 3 hosts), and vSAN scales out better for virtualized/cloud environments, it's aimed at the Enterprise or Commercial vSphere customer. vSAN requires a minimum of three hosts for deployment, and supports SSD read and write buffering (caching). At least one SSD and one conventional magnetic hard disk drive are required per host for deployment (1 SSD, 1 HDD per host x 3 minimum). SSD caching is not supported in VSA. You cannot at present use all SSDs for a vSAN.

vSAN functionaility
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LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Dawid Fusek
good art Andy,

p.s. - do You have 3-4 clones of...yourself to have time to do all of that on E-E...?? :P

best regards
NTShad0w
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@NTShad0w Thanks for your kind words!

and all the other stuff....

Andy
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

VMware vSphere has the special ability to nest hypervisors, e.g. Host a Hypervisor as a virtual machine. But it is not enabled by default; if you try to add the Hyper-V role to a Microsoft Windows Server, you will receive the following error message:-
 
Hyper-V cannot be installed: A hypervisor is already running.
2014-12-10-12-39-23-Greenshot.jpg
 This is correct, because this virtual server FS01, is being hosted by a VMware vSphere (ESXi) 5.5 Server.

In this article, I’m going to take time out from writing a Basic VMware Article, and show you HOW TO: ENABLE and RUN Microsoft Hyper-V in a VMware vSphere Virtual Machine.

You will find that running Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machines in a virtual machine does degrade performance slightly compared to running Hyper-V on a bare metal server.

So why do we do it? A few reasons:
 
  • if you have no physical hardware and you only have a VMware vSphere estate and you need to test Microsoft Hyper-V for training or certification purposes.
 
  • Software Development environment using VMware Horizon View with Windows 8.1
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@bob not sure what is going on their, you need to discuss with Customer Support, I don't work for EE, I just write articles!
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Expert Comment

by:Victor Rudenco
Thank you Andy , nice article , well explained. On my server the Hyper-V is already configured and a few virtual machines already installed. Whenever I want to start any virtual machine from Hyper-V Manager it shows the following error message :
"An Error occured while attempting to start the selected virtual machine(s).
  Failed to start the virtual machine ' <<VM name>>' because one of the Hyper-V components is not running.
........................................................................
  The Virtual Machine Management Service failed to start the virtual machine '<<VMName>>' because one of the Hyper-V components is not running ( Virtual Machine ID ........ )."

It would be useful to have the possibility to add images here so to not type so much.

Service 'vmms' is started. OS : Windows Server 2012 R2. 6GB of RAM. Intel XEON CPU.

Regards,
Victor
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

In this article, I’m going to take time out from writing a Basic VMware Article, and show you HOW TO: Create a VMware vCloud Air Virtual Private Cloud OnDemand and receive $1000 free service credits.
 
I previously wrote an Experts Exchange article HOW TO: Create a Windows Azure Free Trial subscription, so it was time to create a new article for VMware's new service, VMware vCloud Air, which was formerly known as VMware vCloud Hybrid Service (vCHS). I've created this article, because I think VMware have made this process more complicated than it should be!

Click the following link to Sign-Up

http://vcloud.vmware.com/uk/service-offering/virtual-private-cloud-ondemand

Air1.jpgAfter clicking the Sign Up Now button the following web page will be displayed.

air2.jpgFill in the questionnaire, and click Submit. The following web page will appear.


air3.jpgWait for an email from The Virtual Private Cloud OnDemand Team [vmwareteam@connect.vmware.com], which has the subject vCloud Air VPC OnDemand service EAP invitation.

The email looks like the following:-

air4.jpgThis is where the confusion lies, your *MUST* already have an Active MyVMware account. If you already have VMware licenses or evaluation products you already have a MyVMware
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

After a recent power outage this was the display on the console of the vSphere Data Protection 5.5 appliance! 


image1a.png
At first glance, it is clear that the Linux operating system has become corrupted and the Appliance is refusing to BOOT, hence the virtual machine is trying to BOOT from the network.

Options:-
 
  1. Investigate and repair the vSphere Data Protection 5.5 appliance.
  2. Deploy a new vSphere Data Protection 5.8 appliance and attach and Import the repository disks (the VM backups).
In this tutorial article I'm going to opt for Option B, and show you HOW TO: Fix a broken VMware vSphere Data Protection (VDP) Appliance, by deploying a new vSphere Data Protection 5.8 appliance and Attaching and Importing the repository disks (the VM backups).​ My work colleague has decided it will be faster for Option A! - (Check back later for the outcome!).


1. Deploying the vSphere Data Protection 5.8 appliance


The original version we were using was vSphere Data Protection 5.5, it is a good opportunity to upgrade to 5.8 that contains many bug fixes and …
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Expert Comment

by:Akulsh
Wow, wow.. after seeing Andrew Hancock call VDP "rubbish compared to Veeam!" (see Question ID: 28494092 of 2014-08-09, for example), he cared enough to write this article about VDP. (I had per chance already installed and configured VDP 5.8 before reading it -- my first VDP.) I hope Andrew slowly changes his opinion about VDP as VMware would not put its name on a rubbish product for long. VDP 5.8 seems quite robust, even if it does not have all the bell and whistles of Veeam.

AKK
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LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Akulsh:- I write many articles on many products, and my opinion of VDP is still the same. Wait until your VDP repository gets corrupted, or full....your own opinion may change!

Interesting VMware put there name on VCB, and also VDR, (and they were also rubbish!) and VDP is just borrowed from EMC!

If you look at my twitter timeline, you will see I tweeted when a VMware Support Employee called VDR "shit" over the phone to me, whilst we were trying to fix an installation!!! (that's how their own employees feel about it!)

and here are some articles I've written for EE you may want to read, when you need it or get the time! To help EE users, with issues with VDP, when they occur....

so this VDP article I wrote, is if people that want to Deploy it, your choice.....and you have no budget for the Best Backup Software in the World!

and it was a lead in, to these articles to help people when it goes wrong, and it does!

HOW TO: Fix a broken VMware vSphere Data Protection (VDP) Appliance

HOW TO: Fix the VMware Data Protection error - VDP: [001] The most recent checkpoint for the VDP appliance is outdated

Also it does not reclaim storage space from the repository correctly, so sooner or later, you wll probably need to deploy another appliance!

Don't get me wrong, I've worked with VMware Products for a long time, since (1998), so therefore a big fan, we are a VMware Partner, and I've been a VMware vExpert for the last five years...

BUT, that does not mean, that on occasion, VMware make a "dodo" - and in my opinion they have here!
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In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

After a recent network outage this was displayed in the alerts of the VMware vSphere Client, One possible reason is the appliance is stored on a Microsoft Storage Server which has a poor network link to the iSCSI Target. (It should really use Jumbo Frames, and be at least 1GBe!)

image1.jpgThis error has occured because a fault has occured in the backup repository, because the appliance has not been shutdown cleanly.

In this tutorial article, we will show you HOW TO: Fix the VMware Data Protection error - VDP: []001] The most recent checkpoint for the VDP appliance is outdated.
 

1. Login to the VMware Data Protection appliance.


Open the console using the VMware vSphere Client/Web Client, or connect via SSH. Using username - root, and corresponding password.

vdp1a.jpg
Type the following at the console prompt, to stop the VDP services.
 
dpnctl stop

Open in new window

vdp2a.jpgthe results after stopping the services. 

This command stops:
  • hfscheck
  • MCS
  • gsan
  • axionfs
vdp3a.jpgType the command
 
mount

Open in new window


and record the mount points for data01, data02 and data03.

vdp4a.jpgThe mount points are

/dev/sdb1 - /data01
/dev/sdc1 - /data02
/dev/sdd1 - /data03
vdp5a.jpg
4

Expert Comment

by:John Derr
Fixed my issue! Thanks for the easy to follow instructions!
0

Expert Comment

by:Cecil B
Hi Andrew, i have the same issue with my VDP 6.1.  I was following your artilce to fix my issue until i reached the last few steps.  I created a manual checkpoint using the "avmaint checkpoint --ava" command.  when i run the second command " avmaint hfscheck --full --ava", i get the error message below:
ERROR: avmaint: hfscheck: server_exception(MSG_ERR_NO_CHECKPOINT)

I have started and stopped the scheduler a few times.  Any ideas?

Thanks,
Cecil
1
In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles, they are listed at the end of this article for your convenience.

I've written many Experts Exchange Articles discussing Physical to Virtual (P2V) and Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversions using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone or Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter because these are still the Number 1 most frequently asked questions, asked daily in the VMware and Virtualisation Zones on Experts Exchange, I've also mentioned in these articles, some commercial products which are also available which can make P2V and V2V easier, but there is still a risk of failure with these products.
 
  • Are you struggling with VMware vCenter Converter Standalone, Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter or System Center Virtual Machine Manager migrations from physical, virtual and cloud based workloads?
 
  • Do you want to migrate and replicate server workloads in real-time?
 
  • Do you want to schedule and migrate servers?
 
  • Conversions stuck at 1%?
 
  • Conversions that result in "A Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)"?
 
  • Complete P2V, V2V completely automated using a schedule?
 
  • Unable to complete a P2V, V2V, whatever method you try?
I have the solution for you in this Tutorial Article - Double-Take MOVE by Vision Solutions.

We have now recently switched to a new product, called Double-Take MOVE by Vision Solutions
3
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:SHB
Great article!
0
LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Thanks for reading...
0
In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles,  they are listed at the end of the article for your convenience.

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.0 and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 throughout this series.

I feel this is a little more advanced, so I've not included it in the Basic VMware article series, as it does require some basic Linux skills and command line usage.

Last week, whilst installing VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5 U2 I came across an issue, when trying to add a VMFS5 datastore to an ESXi 5.5 U2 server the following error message was displayed". 

Call "HostDatastoreSystem.QueryVmfsDatastoreCreateOptions" for object "datastoreSystem-xx" on vCenter Server "hostname" failed." 

HostDatastoreSystem.QueryVmfsDatastoreCr
and the datastore failed to be created. It surprised me that this issue still exists with VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5 U2.

Creating a new VMFS datastore is covered in Step 4 - Conducting a simple task using the VMware vSphere Client of this Article - Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

In this article we will show you HOW TO: Fix An error has occurred adding datastores to an ESXi 5.x host​.
6
LVL 13

Expert Comment

by:Senior IT System Engineer
Hi Andrew,

How do I format my drive to become 4K sector so that it is usable for VMFS data store ?
0
If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or vSphere) for FREE, then there is some good news...

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.3 was released on 9 October 2014, and this latest version. It's very important you update to this version, which fixes a widely known critical security vulnerability issue in the Bash shell, also referred to as Shellshock
 
 During Linux P2V conversions, Converter Standalone is running a Helper VM at the destination location. The Helper VM of vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 might use the Bash shell which is part of the Linux operating system. In case the operating system has a vulnerable version of Bash, the Bash security vulnerability might be exploited through the helper VM.

Source
Refer to KB 2091104 for information about issues that have been addressed in this update
VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.3 have been updated to address security issues in the following:-
 
VMware-vCenter-Converter-Standalone-5.5.
VMware-vCenter-Converter-Standalone-5.5.While I would recommend and use VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.3, there are other commercial products that do exist, and I have used.

If you have a large estate of physical machines to migrate, these products have a scheduler and can perform automated workflows, but these are commercial products and not FREE like VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.3
 
10
We've all been there - users are complaning about application performance and looking for you to provide a magic solution to 'make it like it was'.  With today's increasingly complex virtualized environments, performance troubleshooting is more difficult and nuanced than ever.  Aside from spending thousands of dollars on tools that may help to identify performance bottlenecks, what can we do once we've been informed of a potential issue?

Scoping

Scoping the issue is always the first step no matter physical or virtual environment. Have the reporter describe the issue in detail: what are you doing, how long did it used to take, how often do you do it, who all does it and how long should it take. A user who reports "It's slow" doesn't give you nearly enough data to begin solving the issue. Have them get specific.

In a VMworld environment the primary tool for real time troubleshooting is going to be esxtop. This utility performs the same basic function that Taskmanager performs in a Windows environment. Running esxtop is as simple as enabling ssh access to a host, connecting, logging in and running it from the command prompt. I always recommend running it via ssh (putty does a good job displaying the data) as you have more flexibility when it comes to sizing the window. For those who like to stay as far away from the command line as possible you can use Visual Esxtop.  This will give you all of the same counters with the added value of tool tips which define the counters!
 

5
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Calvin Paxson
I see the images that I intended to be used.  You should see 13.

Thanks,

Calvin Paxson
0
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Calvin Paxson
yes - packet drops.  I think it should be ready to go.
0
In my previous VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the thirteenth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series, they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 throughout this series.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12

Expert Comment

by:Jean-jacques Peltier
I have always struggled with "Networking".
Thanks a lot Andrew for this beautiful tutorial .

JJ
1
LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Jean-jacques Thanks for your kind words!

Andrew
0
HOW TO: Shrink a VMware Virtual Machine Disk (VMDK) using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone v5.5.2

In my previous VMware Experts Exchange Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the thirteenth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series, they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 throughout this series.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13
LVL 37

Administrative Comment

by:lherrou
Congratulations, your article exceeds our minimum standards, and in recognition of it's excellence, has been awarded the Experts Exchange Approved award.
0

Expert Comment

by:Federico Durante
I have tested this procedure with the v.6.0.0 build version 3018524 VMware vCenter Server and vSphere Client, and VM v.11, and it all works. Thanks
0
If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or vSphere) for FREE, then there is some good news...

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 was released on 24 June 2014, and this latest version. It's very important you update to this version, which fixes a widely known security issue called The Heartbleed Bug
 
VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 provides an update to OpenSSL library, which addresses multiple security issues.
The OpenSSL libraries included in VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 have been updated to to version openssl-0.9.8za to address security issues in the following:-
 
VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 - OpenSSL fix versionVMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2 - OpenSSL fix versionWhile I would recommend and use VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2, there are other commercial products that do exist, and I have used.

If you have a large estate of physical machines to migrate, these products have a scheduler and can perform automated workflows, but these are commercial products and not FREE like VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.2
 
4
LVL 15

Administrative Comment

by:Eric AKA Netminder
Andy,

Congratulations! Your article has been published!

ericpete
Page Editor
0

Expert Comment

by:IT_Group1
Thanks !
0

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VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.