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VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.

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If we need to check who deleted a Virtual Machine from our vCenter. Looking this task in logs can be painful and spend lot of time, so the best way to check this is in the vCenter DB.

Just connect to vCenter DB(default DB should be VCDB and using SQL Server Management Studio) and run a small query and you will have all the information.

Query:

 
SELECT CREATE_TIME, USERNAME, VM_NAME, HOST_NAME, EVENT_TYPE FROM VCDB.DBO.VPX_EVENT WHERE EVENT_TYPE = 'vim.event.VmRemovedEvent'
AND VM_NAME = 'VMNAME'

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Where the VMNAME is the name of your Virtual Machine that was deleted.

If you don't know the full name of the VM, you can just use wildcards(AND VM_NAME LIKE 'VM%'). This will show all results from all Virtual Machines that start with 'VM'.
You can use many different wildcards to look for the right result. Please check Microsoft KBQ98434 how to use wildcards.

Using VPX_EVENT you can query lot of events/tasks that was performed on VMs/Hosts.

Example:
vim.event.VmPoweredOffEvent - Virtual Machines that were Poweroff(without using Guest Powerdown)

We can also use the same query using PowerShell Script o check events.

Example(VM created)

 
Get-VM -Name 'VMNAME' | Get-VIEvent -Types Info | Where {$_.GetType().Name -eq "VmCreatedEvent"}
Select UserName, CreatedTime, FullFormattedMessage | FT -AutoSize

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You should get something like this

 

Open in new window

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HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.1

If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or vSphere) for FREE, then there is some good news...

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.1 was released on 17 April 2014, and this latest version has new support for the following:-
 
Support for Virtual SAN
Support for DSA authentication for Linux conversions

Also fixes numerous issues with crashing and conversion issues, when converting physical or virtual computers to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 5.5 and VMware Hypervisor ESXi 5.5.

VMware vCenter Converter StandaloneVMware vCenter Converter StandaloneWhile I would recommend and use VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.1, there are other commercial products that do exist, and I have used.

If you have a large estate of physical machines to migrate, these products have a scheduler and can perform automated workflows, but these are commercial products and not FREE like VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5.1
 
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Expert Comment

by:Davy Paridaens
Nice article, the P2V doesn't always convert successfuly.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Dravy: Thanks for your comments, have a look at my other EE Article

HOW TO: FAQ VMware P2V Troubleshooting
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Expert Comment

by:Patrick Mwirumubi
Hi Andrew,
This is a fantastic read. I am faced with the same issue the difference is the file that it is trying to load is sb.v00.

Error while booting
I found the file in VMware-VMvisor-Installer-201512001-3248547.x86_64.iso  (i suggest you get the file from the version of ESXi iso that you installed from) as it is the same size as the one on the partition where it will be replaced. Note that this file is on an inaccessible partition through windows but once mounted in Linux as shown in Step 3 you can copy it on there.

After this my VMware Esxi 5.5 booted without a problem.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Glad you liked my article.
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There are some issues that we can encounter with some VMs regarding snapshots and some VM operations..

These issues can appear when you upgrade VMs HW to v9 or v10, when you migrate hosts/VMs to a new vCenter(5.0 or 5.5) when VMs have snapshots created.

Try these tips to see if they resolves your issues when you encounter the following...

1st problem:

When you try to revert to any snapshots we get "The operation is not supported on the object".
This one is easy to fixed, just remove the VM from the inventory and add again to vCenter. That will fix the problem.

We may use the vim-cmd vmsvc/reload vmid option here(second option on this article)

2nd problem:

When you try to use any of the Snapshots options('Take Snapshot', 'Snapshot Manager' and 'Revert to current Snapshot') Virtual machine operations are grayed out. There is virtual machine tasks running in the background(maybe any previous task hanging).

So first you need to check which tasks are running on the VM.

Just connect to your host(ssh) and list all VMs and their vmid.

Run:

vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms

You will get all VMs and vmid associated. After you get your VM vmid Run:

vim-cmd vmsvc/get.tasklist vmid

The output is similar to:

(ManagedObjectReference) [
'vim.Task:haTask-112-vim.VirtualMachine.createSnapshot-3887']


If there is no task running on that virtual machine, you see output:

(ManagedObjectReference) []
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Kyle - Correct that is another method.
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Expert Comment

by:Lukas Kaderavek
Hello,
I really like your article and you transport a lot of profund VMware knowledge for those who aren‘t familiar or that familiar with VMWare.
Thanks a lot for that!

Regarding your article, there is a shorter way than „15“ minutes - which are depending on the VMDK-Size(s) - for small machine it is a good time schedule.

1. it is a lot easier and safer to do the changes of the vmdk‘s with an editor than vi, for example connect with an SCP client and update your VMDK with an editor. - For all : Please save your current values for backup purpose to another editor file...

2. And this is the shorttrack...just remove after editing the machine from inventory and load the VMX again into the inventory...all done!

It takes about 2-3 minutes to do it that way...

Regards

Lukas
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Expert Comment

by:Senior IT System Engineer
@Andrew,

Hopefully in the next version of vSphere 6.0 it no longer uses Flash and can responds better than v5.

Source: http://fortune.com/2015/12/01/adobe-animator-flash/
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Article written in the past - On 2014-02-04!

vSphere 6.0 is the current version, not the next version!

The Web Client is far better! So is the Appliance as well!

"It's getting better all the time",  - John Lennon


Source
from "Getting Better", by John Lennon!
The Beatles - Getting Better
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VMware ESXi is a bare metal Hypervisor that lets you virtualize you you existing servers and consolidate the applications to optimize the resource usage on the servers.

VMware offers a free hypervisor that can be used for free to run all your applications on virtualized environment. The binary of ESXi is just one and all the versions (Free, Essesntials and Enterprise) are just features that get enabled/disabled with the key that we assign to them.

Now that we know that, the installation is the same for whatever versions of ESXi we perform, let us see in this Article, the detailed steps involved in installing and configuring the ESXi hypervisor.

The ESXi hypervisor can be downloaded from
VMware ESXI Download

Before you start the installation please verify the download is complete and not corrupted by verifying the MD5 checksum.

And Always check the VMware Compatibilty Guide to make sure that your server supports installation of ESXi. For learning purposes you can always install it on white boxes that are not on the compatibilty list and experiment. Of course they are not supported, but you can try your luck.
 
Now let us start with the steps involved in the installation process.

To begin with, Boot Your server, mount the ESXi 5.5 ISO image onto the server and reboot it so the installer kicks starts.

installing-vsphere-esxi-5-5
Once the ESXi Installer is chosen, the Installer loads all the required kernel modules.

installing-vsphere-esxi-5-5
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Expert Comment

by:Haresh Nikumbh
Good going
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vCenter chargeback manager is a tool from VMware that adds both chargeback and showback capabilities to the cloud suite of products. Its integration with most of the products in the vCloud suite makes it easy to pull usage and resource allocation data which in turn lets the user to obtain granular level of control in billing and charging the customers.

In this blog post we will be going through the steps involved in the installation of vCenter chargeback 2.5.

So lets jump into the installation process assuming the chargeback manager ISO is downloaded from the VMware site.  

Mount the vCENTER-CBM-2.5-826950.iso into the virtual machine which contains the installation image of Chargeback installation file at  D:\vCENTER-CBM-2.5-826950\vCENTER-CB.
Run the installer.

vCenter-Chargeback--1
Click “Next”

vCenter-Chargeback--2
Accept the License agreement and proceed.

vCenter-Chargeback--3
Choose a destination folder. Unless required, leave it as default.

vCenter-Chargeback--4

Enter the details of the Database server and also the instance name. Choose the SQL server Authentication and enter the credentials for the user created for the particular chargeback instance.

vCenter-Chargeback--5

Check if the Chargeback VM is able to establish a connection to the DB server by clicking on “Test Connection”

vCenter-Chargeback--6
Enter the details of a Load-balancer Server If any or choose the local machine as the load balancer server. This will install the load-balancer on the localhost.

vCenter-Chargeback--7
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In my previous VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the twelfth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 throughout this series.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 6: HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

Part 7: HOW TO: Create your first Windows Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@bb8176 Please post a question, to discuss this issue, for the benefit of other users and Experts.
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Expert Comment

by:bb8176
ok, will do. got it
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In my previous VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the eleventh article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 throughout this series.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 6: HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

Part 7: HOW TO: Create your first Windows Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

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Administrative Comment

by:Mark Wills
@hanccocka,

Good Article, and Congrats on MVE status.
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In this article, I'm going to highlight some of the Top 30 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on the subject on VMware Physical to Virtual (P2V) Troubleshooting.

At least one VMware Physical to Virtual (P2V) Troubleshooting question is posted every week in the VMware Zone on Experts Exchange. It is by far the most popular posted question.

I've now been answering Virtualisation questions on Experts Exchange for about 3 years, in the VMware and Virtualisation zones. Approximate number of Physical to Virtual troubleshooting questions asked on Experts Exchange in the previous three years, that I have answered or commented on.

Approximate number
Whilst I was writing this article, six VMware P2V Troubleshooting Questions were posted and answered in the Experts Exchange VMware Zone - which were all addressed in this FAQ!

If you would like to read my previous articles on VMware vCenter Converter Standalone, they are listed here for your convenience.

HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5

HOW TO:  Synchronize changes when completing a P2V or V2V with VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1

HOW TO: Improve the transfer rate of a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual Conversion (V2V) using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.0
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Expert Comment

by:carboncow
On item #29 you mention using machine version 4,7 or 8...but say nothing of 9. I've had success with 9 in the past (because the client doesn't like 10) and figured using the highest machine version that works with the client would be best.

Why do you commit v9?
Is there any major different in functionality or speed when using the mentioned 4,7,8?
Thx.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
because 9, 10 and 11 were not available when the article was written!

v8 will always give you more VM portability! but it is based on the version of ESXi you are using!
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Many Expert Exchange questions relating to this common question appear in the VMware and Visualization zones,
I've moved or copied a virtual machine, and now when I start it, the question is raised - Do I select Moved it? or Do I select Copied It?
I've selected Copied, and now all My IP addresses have changed! Why?

In this article we will discuss, which selection should be chosen, and I'll answer the question above...

If you have followed this previous Experts Exchange Article, HOW TO: Clone or Copy a virtual machine in VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESX/ESXi 4.x or ESXi 5.0, or copied or moved a Virtual Machine (VM) between datastores hosted on VMware vSphere Hypervisor, VMware vSphere or VMware ESXi (manually), you may have noticed that when you power on the virtual machine using the VMware vSphere Client, the virtual machine reaches approx 56%, and a "yellow exclamation mark information bubble" appears next to the virtual machine
"yellow exclamation mark information bubble" appears next to the virtual machineOn selection of the virtual machine reveals the following yellow dialogue box
Virtual Machine MessageThe virtual machine messages reads "This virtual machine might have been moved or copied. In order to configure certain management and networking features, VMware ESX needs to know if this virtual machine was moved or copied. If you don't know, answer "button.uuid.copiedTheVM".

There is and error in the message in the above VMware vSphere Client 5.5, and the last part should read  If you don't know, answer "I Copied It"
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Expert Comment

by:Member_2_7970234
I have problem with the multiple copies of a running linked clone. When I resume them, only one of them is able to connect to the internet, I know that it's about the duplicated mac issue, I fixed it by changing  the uuid in the vmx file, but that's only work after a reboot. Is there a way to solve this duplication problem without shutting it down? I'm running an extremely critical application that can not be closed. It can be suspended but not shutting down. Any idea how to fix this?
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Please post  question to the VMware topic area.
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HOW TO: What's New in VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.5 (ESXi 5.5)

Just to clear up some confusion amongst VMware Administrators, and "newbie" VMware Administrators, that are joining the VMware World for the first time. VMware refers to the FREE registered version of ESXi as VMware vSphere Hypervisor, the PAID licensed version as VMware vSphere or VMware ESXi

Both the VMware vSphere Hypervisor and VMware vSphere or VMware ESXi are exactly the same downloads, they perform the same functions, only the license key changes the functionality of the product, the running OS code, is exactly the same. Both FREE and PAID versions of ESXi 5.5 now have the same memory limit, which is 4TB maximum, there is no longer any restriction on the amount of host memory which may be used by virtual machines used by the FREE version of ESXi 5.5.

In this article, I'll be using the product name VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.5 (ESXi 5.5) throughout, which is the FREE Registered product.

VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.5 (ESXi 5.5) was released on 22 September 2013, and this latest version has new support for the following:-

4TB maximum host memory.
320 physical CPUs per host.
4096 virtual CPUs per host.
Support for virtual machine hardware version 10
Hot-Pluggable PCIe SSD Devices
Support for Reliable Memory Technology
Enhancements to CPU C-States
Expanded vGPU Support
Graphic Acceleration for Linux Guests

62TB virtual disks (vmdk).
(see below)
32GB Host Memory Limited REMOVED
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Expert Comment

by:Sue Taylor
So what reason would a small business need to purchase VMware if the free version has removed the biggest limitations?
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@ITWorks, please post a new question, and myself or other Experts can discuss this.
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HOW TO: Upgrade from VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5 for FREE

In my previous Experts Exchange Articles, most have featured Basic and Intermediate VMware and Virtualisation Topics.

If you would like to read my Basic VMware articles,  they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 through this series.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 6: HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

Part 7: HOW TO: Create your first Windows Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

9

Expert Comment

by:Shibin Kumar
I need to upgrade ESXI from 5.1U1 to 5.1U2 as recommended by Cisco while troubleshooting an issue. I am planning to use the ESXCLI method to perform the upgrade. These servers are managed by a VCenter server. Please let me know if I can use the ESXCLI method for this deployment and which update patch do I need to download from VMWare.
0
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Shibin Kumar Thank you for taking the time to read my article.

Please post a question and myself or other experts will be glad to assist.
0
In my previous 26 VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the tenth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.  

During this series of articles VMware released VMware vSphere 5.5 and VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.5. These articles are also applicable to VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.x and 5.5. For consistency, I have used VMware vSphere Hypervisor ESXi 5.1 through this series.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 6: HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

Part 7: HOW TO: Create your first Windows Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

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LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:Peter Wilson
Thx...I missed that in the article. :)
0

Expert Comment

by:Jörg Müller
@Balaji Kubendran:
May be you have to recalculate the cylinders setting of the virtual hard disk according to the size of the vmdk file.
Cylinders = INT ( R / (heads x sectors)) = INT ( G * 2,097,152 / (heads x sectors))

Open in new window

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HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5

If you need to complete a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual (V2V) conversion to a VMware product (VMware Workstation, Player or vSphere) for FREE, then there is some good news...

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5 was released on 22 October 2013, and this latest version has new support for the following:-

Support for virtual machine hardware version 10

62TB disks, virtual SATA controllers, etc.
Support for RedHat KVM virtual machines as a source
A new option for selecting the network adapter for the target virtual machine
Support for additional guest operating systems
 Parallel disk conversions
Virtual SAN support

Also fixes numerous issues with crashing and conversion issues, when converting physical or virtual computers to VMware vSphere vCenter Server 5.5 and VMware Hypervisor ESXi 5.5.

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone v5.5
VMware vCenter Converter Standalone v5.5
While I would recommend and use VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5, there are other commercial products that do exist, and I have used.

If you have a large estate of physical machines to migrate, these products have a scheduler and can perform automated workflows, but these are commercial products and not FREE like VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.5

NETIQ Platespin Migrate

Acronis vmProtect

Storagecraft Shadow Protect

Symantec System Recovery Server Edition
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
Thanks for reading my Articles.

This is not the latest article on VMware Converter, and is now over three years old, and was originally written to draw attention to VMware Converter 5.5, and it's features. It's not really a article, which shows HOWTO use it, I have other articles for that.

The latest version is now 6.11

I have written many more P2V based articles, using VMware Converter and also different software which has been developed which I believe is better than the free version of VMware Converter.

The videos were also created many years ago for vSphere 4.1, which is out of support today.

What question do you have which relates to this article ?

I don't see any questions above, which have not been answered, by posting a Question on Experts Exchange allows more Experts to participate on your issue, than would see here, posted at the end of this Article, hidden away. (other than by me, or other's which have made comments.).

If you question is How to Shrink your OpenSuse 11.4 VM, this is really a question for Experts, as requires a lot of technically information and help.

If it was How to Shrink a Windows VM, I have that covered here

[url="http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/VMWare/A_14299.html"]Part 13: HOW TO: Shrink or Reduce a VMware Virtual Machine Disk (VMDK) using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone v5.5.2[/url]

but I've not written a Linux based Article, because all distributions are different.
0

Expert Comment

by:Pam
Sorry for the late response...thank you for your reply...I will find the linux experts to assist with my issue.

I enjoy your articles very much and have learned a lot from you and the experts here. Thank you for taking the time to write these articles and how to's we all like to use.

Pam
1
The purpose of this article is make a little review on How to virtualize a domain controller (DC) from physical to virtual and has no or minimal impact on your network using Vmware environment.

I recommend checking the health of your DC and make a checklist of every service running on machine. Then, copy and do a final checks before put on working environment.

In this example (sorry for the lack of pictures, my OSes are in Spanish) I will convert one fully functional Windows 2003 standard DC with DNS and DHCP server to virtual. The steps may be similar to those for earlier versions:

1- Check your server.
This steps ensure server and services to be copied are in good condition. In my opinion it is nonsense to copy anything that isn't already working properly and troubleshooting could be more complex in such a case as well. This article is focused on AD services because it is the object of article, but may require additional steps if you are running any other services:

Take your IP address and make a full backup.
Download and setup Windows 2003 resource tools. Can be done from this link:  http://support.microsoft.com/kb/892777
Run dcdiag and check output. Usually all test must show as passed.
Resolve any error before continue, this guide would help you: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc776854(v=ws.10).aspx. Rerun dcdiag and check again.
2
The LSI Mega Raid Storage Manager is a program where you can monitor the health of your array, setup drives and change notification details. IBM has always provided a way for you to manage your array in Windows, Linux, Unix and many other operating systems. Currently configuring the LSI Mega Raid Storage Manager on VMware ESXi 5.1 is not very well documented by IBM. IBM has a retain tip with installation instructions but that tip is outdated. Following these steps below will get the LSI Mega Raid Manager running on an IBM ServeRAID adapter. Please note this guide should work the same for any non IBM server that is running VMware ESXi 5.1 and a LSI Mega Raid Controller.

Tested Configuration and Hardware:
Operating System: VMware ESXi
Version: 5.1
IBM ServeRAID M5110
IBM xSeries 3650 M4 Server

Step 1: Download the latest LSI SMIS for VMware
http://www.lsi.com/support/Pages/Download-Results.aspx?keyword=9265

LSI SMIS
Step 2: Enable SSH on VMware

From the VMware host console press F2 then go into troubleshooting.
VMware KB 2004746

Step 3: Extract the LSI download and upload the VIB file to /tmp
"LSI_bootbank_lsiprovider_500.04.V0.38-0006.vib"

Step 4: Install the VIB

1. cd /usr/bin

2. esxcli software vib install -v /tmp/LSI_bootbank_lsiprovider_500.04.V0.38-0006.vib --no-sig-check


Step 5: Reboot the VMware server

Step 6: Download and install LSI MegaRaid Manager. The download is on the same URL from step 2 or you can also download this from IBM. MIGR-5077712

Step 7:
4

Expert Comment

by:mikescheerer
I have found that this method DOES work for ESXi 5.5 with one exception:

In order for the LSI MegaRAID Manager to be able to discover the VMware Host it is necessary to disable the ESXi Firewall which could pose a security risk for your VMware Infrastructure and I would recommend that after the inspection of your LSI configuration you re-enable the ESXi Firewall.

The command to enable and disable the ESXi Firewall are as follows:

Disable the Firewall

# esxcli network firewall --enabled false

Enable the Firewall

# esxcli network firewall --enabled true

Check the Firewall Status

# esxcli network firewall get
Default Action: DROP
   Enabled: true
   Loaded: true
0
LVL 7

Author Comment

by:Robert Saylor
Thanks for the comments on the 5.5 instructions. One day I will have to upgrade my server. I use to work in the IBM ServeRAID group before IBM sold it to Adaptec...
0
In my previous 24 VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the seventh article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 6: HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server

In this series of basic VMware articles for the Novice, I'll be showing you the basic VMware skills required to install, configure and deploy virtual machines using VMware's FREE VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi).

In this article we will show you HOW TO: Create your first Windows Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server. This procedure can be followed to install ANY
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In my previous 24 VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the sixth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.

Part 1: HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 2: HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

Part 3: HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

Part 4: HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

Part 5: HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

In this series of basic VMware articles for the Novice, I'll be showing you the basic VMware skills required to install, configure and deploy virtual machines using VMware's FREE VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi).

In this article we will show you HOW TO: Create your first Linux Virtual Machine on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) Host Server. This procedure can be followed to install ANY Linux Virtual Machines on earlier versions of VMware vSphere provided they are supported by the version of VMware vSphere. You may want to consult the the
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Expert Comment

by:Leonard Carter
Your tutorials are excellent - very clear and concise. I also like that you go into detail about why something needs to be done rather than glossing over the fine bits. I'd give them five thumbs up (if I didn't have only two thumbs)!
1
LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Leonard - many thanks for your kinds words!
0
In my previous 24 VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the fifth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.

HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct.

In this series of basic VMware articles for the Novice, I'll be showing you the basic VMware skills required to install, configure and deploy virtual machines using VMware's FREE VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi).

In this article we will show you HOW TO: Enable SSH Remote Access on a VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) so you can remotely connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) server remotely via SSH (PuTTY).

1. Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) or vSphere vCenter Server using the vSphere Client

Please refer to my EE article on HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client
vSphere-Client-Connected-to-ESXiOnce connected to the "default hypervisor home page", click the Inventory icon, to see the server's Inventory.
Click Configuration Tab
11
In my previous 24 VMware Articles, most featured Intermediate VMware Topics. My next series of articles will concentrate on topics for the VMware Novice; this is the fourth article in this series.

If you would like to read the other articles in this series,  they are listed here for your convenience.

HOW TO: Install and Configure VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

HOW TO: Connect to the VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client

HOW TO: Create an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image (*.iso), and MD5 checksum signature, for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1)

In this series of basic VMware articles for the Novice, I'll be showing you the basic VMware skills required to install, configure and deploy virtual machines using VMware's FREE VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi).

In this article we will show you HOW TO: Upload an ISO CD-ROM/DVD-ROM image to a VMware datastore for use with VMware vSphere Hypervisor 5.1 (ESXi 5.1) using the vSphere Client, and checking its MD5 checksum signature is correct. There are other third party tools, that can be used to upload ISO image files, these include:-
10
LVL 133

Author Comment

by:Andrew Hancock (VMware vExpert / EE Fellow)
@Mary Thanks you very much, I'm glad you like it!

Andy
0

Expert Comment

by:jacob addo
Good work my problem is solve.
0
HOW TO:  Synchronize changes when completing a P2V or V2V with VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1

OR

"Poor Man's Replication of a Physical or Virtual machine to a VMware vSphere Hypervisor Host (ESXi) for FREE"

I have already written three Experts Exchange articles on the use of VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.x. If you have missed these articles, they are listed here for your convenience.

HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.1

HOW TO:  P2V, V2V for FREE - VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.0

HOW TO: Improve the transfer rate of a Physical to Virtual (P2V), Virtual to Virtual Conversion (V2V) using VMware vCenter Converter Standalone 5.0

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone primary function is to create physical to virtual copies or conversions of physical computers, we often abbreviate this to P2V. VMware vCenter Converter Standalone can also be used on computers that have already been converted to virtual computers, or virtual computers that already exist in a "Cloud Space", so we can create copies or conversions of an existing virtual computer, we often  abbreviate this to V2V

VMware vCenter Converter Standalone is an excellent FREE software tool for creating P2Vs or V2Vs, but there is another often "hidden function" which is rarely used by VMware Administrators. The function is called Synchronize
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Expert Comment

by:cl shaw
Andrew i this article is old i read it today i have done 2 v to v migration from old RDM san to new san and converted to vmdk files successfully.

I have another server i need to do i will start migration v to v early but may not be able to shut source server till late and bring up the destination server so do i do the final sync on the source server and then shut and bring up destination server or I bring up the new server to do the sync on the new destination server
0
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Dan
Hi Andrew, do we ever need to click the "perform final sync"?  If not what is that used for?
0

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VMware is virtual machine software that provides a virtualized set of hardware (a video adapter, a network adapter, and hard disk adapters) to the guest operating system. VMware virtual machines become highly portable between computers, because every host looks nearly identical to the guest. In practice, a system administrator can pause operations on a virtual machine guest, move or copy that guest to another physical computer, and there resume execution exactly at the point of suspension. VMware's enterprise software hypervisors for servers, VMware ESX and VMware ESXi are bare-metal embedded Hypervisors that run directly on server hardware without requiring an additional underlying operating system.