Windows 10

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Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system featuring the "universal application architecture" (UAP); apps can be designed to run across multiple devices with nearly identical code, including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and HoloLens. Windows 10 also includes a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, the Microsoft Edge web browser, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, voice-based search (Cortana), new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games.

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A handy link to keep around for those who have to deal with Windows 10 updates: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/release-information/
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OWASP: Forgery and Phishing
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OWASP: Forgery and Phishing

Learn the techniques to avoid forgery and phishing attacks and the types of attacks an application or network may face.

Hot Tip - Cant select Browser of Choice as default in Windows 10 - (Build 1809) - Here's the Fix

As Windows 10 (Build 1809) is being pushed by Microsoft now, a lot of folks are finding that they can't change the browser of their choice to be the default any more and that Microsoft Edge is maybe the only browser available to set as default in Settings > Default Apps

This actually happened to me after upgrading to Build 1809 and after doing a fair bit of troubleshooting, I finally found a fix. Follow the steps below:

1.   Open each browser you have with right-clicking its shortcut and selecting Run as Administrator

2.  When the browser opens, it should prompt you to be made default - Click that Prompt to say yes.

3.  Do this with each browser you want to reappear in SettingsDefault apps - then close the browser and do the same with the next one you want to appear in Default Apps again. Rinse and repeat for all of your browsers.

4. Proof that this works is in the screenshot below. After upgrading my 1803 Build to 1809, the "only" browser I was able to select as default was Microsoft Edge (Yuck!)  After going through the steps above, I can now select any browsers I have to be the default browsere at will.

Default Browsers Screen





Hope this helps you out.

Regards, Andrew
Volunteer Senior Editoria Editor
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Indeed they are Ryan, and it's not without its problems either.

Check out this post I made just a few minutes ago.

https://www.experts-exchange.com/posts/6018/Hit-Tip-Cant-select-Browser-of-Choice-as-default-in.html
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Author Comment

by:Brian B
Well, I don't know why you posted what you did then. But anyway, if there is some documentation showing that the issue has been addressed, it would be helpful as proof by observation is not always the most accurate. Right now the Microsoft KB article about the registry not being backed up is still active. So if this issue has been addressed, hopefully they take the KB down.
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LVL 114

Expert Comment

by:John
The author you quoted has been "charged" with quoting misinformation about Windows 10 - that is why I posted but I was thinking that new updates have fixed this issue and all is working well for me right now in terms of registry backups.
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Up Close With the Atari VCS

https://www.tomshardware.com/news/atari-vcs-raspberry-pi-gaming-desktop-pc,39647.html

This looks like it could be really cool and versitile.  You can even install Windows 10.
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Expert Comment

by:Martin Nguyen
Thanks for the warning Thomas!

https://www.forbes.com/sites/daveywinder/2019/06/11/new-security-warning-issued-for-googles-1-5-billion-gmail-and-calendar-users/

Here is the Google Calendar spoof/social engineering hack you mentioned. Thanks for the reminder to post it!
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Attention all Article and Mini Video Tutorial Authors

One of our highly valued members and authors - Joe Winograd - has written a small program that any author at Experts Exchange should find highly useful. Links below:

Article: How to download number of Views, Endorsements, Points for Experts Exchange Articles and Videos

Video: How to download number of Views, Endorsements, Points for Experts Exchange Articles and Videos--Demo

Check them out and be sure to endorse one or both if you find it as useful as I have!

Regards, Andrew
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Windows 10 Automatically Uninstalls Problematic Software Updates

http://harjit.us/windows-10-automatically-uninstalls-problematic-software-updates/
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OWASP: Threats Fundamentals
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OWASP: Threats Fundamentals

Learn the top ten threats that are present in modern web-application development and how to protect your business from them.

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It's here! Win 10 1809 .... Our Windows 10 v 1803 PCs which use Windows Update for Business, (configured by AD Group Policy and with no deferments in place) to use the Semi Annual Channel are auto upgrading to v 1809 this morning ....
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LVL 114

Expert Comment

by:John
A number of users apparently had issues with V1809 so widespread distribution was delayed; so much so that the V1903 feature upgrade (running well on my own Insider laptop) will delayed until May to assure adequate testing
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Google Chrome is hopeless for reading social media - Preliminary findings below

I am currently undertaking a comparison of 6 Web Browsers which will eventually be turned into an article of my findings - most likely once Microsoft Edge has been reincarnated into the planned Chromium based platform.

In the meantime, thought I'd share a preliminary finding that is quite definitive when reading Social Media - Facebook in particular.

Using Google Chrome on Windows 10 (64-bit) in my case, you may be finding that if browsing Facebook for a while, as you keep scrolling down your feed, it will get slower, and slower, and slower, until the point where is gets so frustratingly slow, that you end up closing Chrome completely, re-opening it and starting again, at which point speed returns to normal.

Sound familiar? Keep reading.

Doing the same tests with the Brave Browser, I have noted none of the noticeable slow downs in performance of Facebook pages when used for the the same amount of time. The same has proven true to some extent on YouTube, though tests on YouTube and other social media platforms have not been as extensive yet.

My preliminary finding is as follows: Dump Chrome for Social Media like Facebook and YouTube and use the Brave browser for that purpose instead. It makes a *huge* difference on my system.

For the sake of completeness, by "quite some time", I'm talking
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Fell
I manage multiple FB business pages and am on FB a lot. I don't notice any slowness except when my internet is poor (like when I am in the country)

I downloaded Brave. It is a Chromium browser with ad blocking and that is why it seems faster.   I looked at some others that did a write up and it seems it is faster (because of the ad blocking) but not the speed up it shows.  

Perhaps it would be good to explain what is does, the motivation for publishers etc and that it is in infancy, something to watch for.
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Author Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Thanks for your interest Scott.

I don't notice any slowness except when my internet is poor (like when I am in the country)

I initially put it down to that until I started doing browser comparisons. Internet speed can certainly be a factor but it doesn't make sense (to me) why FB reduces itself to a crawl after a couple of hours of 'continuous use', yet if Chrome is completely closed out and reopened - speed and page response times instantly return to normal. How would you explain that?

I downloaded Brave. It is a Chromium browser with ad blocking and that is why it seems faster.   I looked at some others that did a write up and it seems it is faster (because of the ad blocking) but not the speed up it shows.

Yep, good point and one I've taken into consideration. I've used two add-blockers with Chrome - uBlock Origin and AdBlock Plus and have even had them set to their highest levels. If it's ads that are causing the problem, then either Brave has an outstanding ad blocker that far exceeds the performance of the two third party ones I've used, (only one at a time of course) or those two ad blockers are the cause of the slow downs. Nothing else makes sense to me. What's your take on that?

Perhaps it would be good to explain what is does, the motivation for publishers etc and that it is in infancy, something to watch for.

A bit beyond my skill set unfortunately. I'm doing these comparison exercises from a user standpoint - the internals of the browsers and how they work I only have a very elementary understanding of.

Thanks for your input into this - appreciated.

Regards, Andrew
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Just spotted .. New version of Rufus can download official Windows ISO files

Rufus 3.5 with Windows 10 and 8.1 download option
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LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Polydore Dracopoulos
nice tip, will try it, thanks!
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Free License for Revo Uninstaller Professional

Recently Revo Uninstaller Pro was updated to v4. I've owned a license for this tool since v2.0 and recently paid for the v4 major upgrade. I can highly recommend Revo Uninstaller from personal experience.

A campaign whereby you can get a V3.0 Professional License for Free has been launched, so be sure to take advantage of it. Version 3.0 works very well on Windows 10 - I was still using it until a few months ago. Grab a free key now using the link below. If you like the tool you will have a cheaper upgrade path if you want to go to the latest version later.

https://www.revouninstaller.com/campaigns/facebook-campaign-email-activation.html

I've tested the above link and can confirm it's genuine as I now have another valid Revo Professional v3.0 license.

Cheers, Andrew
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Enable Sound when booting in Safe Mode with Networking

What for you may ask?

Well, for one thing, it's *very* useful for Blind people who make heavy use of screen readers and need to boot into safe mode. I've made the solution available from a public folder on my website using the following link:

https://www.computerhelpzone.com.au/publicdocs/SoundInSafeMode.zip

Credits for this great solution:

Brian Vogel - The author of this solution. Brian tutors the blind and is a volunteer moderator at Bleeping Computer forums

Bill Prew - Trusted Expert at Experts Exchange who very kindly assisted greatly with the debugging and rewriting of the included batch file to allow flawless execution when I reached out to him for help

Hope it helps someone out.

Regards, Andrew
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Some info on changes coming to how Windows Update for Business will interact with Servicing Channels .....
Windows Update for Business and the retirement of SAC-T
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LVL 114

Expert Comment

by:John
Thank you for posting this. I saw this in an MVP group and it is effective with V1903.  So that should be in April.

Apparently the change is not huge, and businesses can hold off feature updates until they are in wide distribution
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Formatting a hard drive is enough security if giving a computer away - or is it?

I recently had cause to recount an experience with one of my clients several years ago at another forum.

A client of mine was once convinced that despite my advice, nothing short of forensic recovery would put his old data at risk when he decided to donate some old workstations to a youth hostel. He wanted me to just delete the partitions the OS was sitting on, format and reinstall Windows. I did that on one machine right in front of him. Then I asked him to give me a few hours with that box on my own.

I returned the machine to him several hours later, with PDF copies of a few of "his" clients Tax Returns (complete with Tax File numbers) and a variety of other highly sensitive data sitting on the computer's desktop ready for the reading on a freshly installed copy of Windows 7 Pro. The entire exercise took about 4 - 5 hours, less than 30 minutes of actual hands-on work on my part. He was so grateful for my taking the time to show him what he was risking that I scored a $200 voucher to a high-end restaurant in Melbourne on top of my fee. Some people just need to physically "see" the proof of the pudding in order to believe.

What's your take? Are you still finding people insist on knowing better? I'm contemplating writing an article on this topic, but it seems so obvious to me that I wonder if it's going to turn out to be a wasted effort?

Regards, Andrew
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Expert Comment

by:BillDL
I bought a 2nd hand EIDE hard drive from a PC refurbisher on eBay many years ago.  There was an ID written on the label in felt-tip pen containing the letters "NHS".  This is a well known acronym for the National Health Service in the UK.  Out of curiosity I ran GetDataBack on it and recovered a massive amount of very confidential information relating to psychiatric patients at one of the NHS hospitals in the area where the eBay seller was located.

After many emails and phone calls I finally managed to speak with the IT manager who was responsible for phasing out old IT equipment and passing it on through a recycling / refurbishment company.  I told him that I had recovered a lot of highly personal data from a hard drive that had come from a PC at the named hospital and told him who I had bought it from so that he could review the procedures and companies used.  I was met with a patronising wall of denial accompanied by an explanation of how drives are securely wiped, and was more or less told that I was lying and perhaps trying to extort money.

I printed about 20 of the documents I had recovered and posted them to the patients' home addresses with an anonymous note saying that the information had been recovered from NHS IT equipment sold on eBay.

I felt quite satisfied that at least a few of those patients would demand an explanation from the NHS as to how the documents came into 3rd-party hands and that the IT Manager would most likely be grilled about it.  (Note: it wasn't Pete Long :-)
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Expert Comment

by:Brian B
Trust no one. I have read accounts of personal data getting out when someone donated a system or gave it to a friend without first fully wiping the drive. Said drive was removed and never used and then put back into the system when it was passed on to the next person and surprise! Hacker got the data.
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Stop using Internet Explorer, warns Microsoft's own security chief

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2019/02/08/stop-using-internet-explorer-warns-microsofts-security-chief/

Heads up for those of you that might be doing so.
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Expert Comment

by:John
Fuller quote from the bottom of the article (and I have read others like it)

""We want you to use IE for the sites that need it - what I'm trying to say here is that I hope you don't use it for everything else,” Mr Jackson said in a comment on the blog post.
Microsoft will end support for Internet Explorer 10 in January 2020, while Internet Explorer 11 will remain as the final iteration of the software."

Some servers do not have (and have not been able to update to) IE 11.  This was not in the article but I have read it along with the statement that Server updates would be revised to use IE 11. I am not sure about Server 2008 but certainly Server 2012.
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Expert Comment

by:Brian B
The headline is somewhat sensational, the message is just good security practice.
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Become a Certified Penetration Testing Engineer
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Become a Certified Penetration Testing Engineer

This CPTE Certified Penetration Testing Engineer course covers everything you need to know about becoming a Certified Penetration Testing Engineer. Career Path: Professional roles include Ethical Hackers, Security Consultants, System Administrators, and Chief Security Officers.

Having problems reaching Windows Update Servers?

Then check out this AskWoody Article and see if it applies to you.

The Windows Update servers are having hiccups



Hope it helps.

Regards, Andrew
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Yesterday, MS started phased rollout of Win 10 v 1809 (to Semi Annual Channel Targeted machines 'that can take it' ...)
****************************************************************************
Current status of Windows, version 1809, Windows Server 2019, and Windows Server, version 1809
Windows 10, Version 1809 Rollout Status as of January 16, 2019
We are now starting our phased rollout to users via Windows Update, initially offering the update to devices we believe will have the best update experience based on our next generation machine learning model.
Fully available for advanced users who manually select “Check for updates” via Windows Update.
***************************************************************************
Windows 10, Version 1809 Rollout Status as of January 16, 2019

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Just ran into something really annoying while installing Windows 10. They're forcing us to create pins now during setup. If I don't want a pin I still have to choose one and then remove it afterwards. Super annoying.
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Author Comment

by:Brandon Lyon
It's worse... they ask me to create one every single time I login >_<
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BIOS Flash Updates

Over the years, I've had BIOS updates totally ruin a couple of mainboards on me that I had to replace at my own expense for client machines I was working on, so I tend to shy away from flash updating any BIOS unless I see a specific need to do so to address a specific problem a machine is having.

I do the same with my own computers, so it was with a little trepidation that I decided to update the BIOS on my self-built Windows 10 machine today - necessary because of the recent security flaw that was discovered and I found it addressed.

So for those of you using this now relatively out dated mainboard that I have: Intel Corporation DH67CL - I can say that you can go ahead and use the 2018 Flash update available for it with confidence. No ill effects from my own experience.

This has been a community service announcement! :-)
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Windows 10 1809 is back... and with Mapped Network Drives Bugs!

Download the ISO from here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
But wait, there's more! Just when you thought it might be safe to update:
You [may] experience the following issues in Windows 10, version 1809:

    In Windows Explorer, a red X appears on the mapped network drives.

    Mapped network drives are displayed as Unavailable when you run the net use command at a command prompt.

    In the notification area, a notification displays the following message:

Could not reconnect all network drives.
More info here:
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4471218/mapped-network-drives-don-t-work-in-windows-10-version-1809

And yes, you SHOULD be using GPOs instead of legacy batch scripts to map your network drives.

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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Thanks for the info about your experiences John.

I had other more serious issues myself, but as I said, all now resolved. All info will be included in my article :)
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
As promised, the article has now been written and submitted for editing.

For anyone interested, it can be viewed and read at the following link:

Upgrading to Windows 10 Version 1809 - A documented experience of the entire process


Cheers... Andrew
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Listen Up!

IPv6 is here to stay. Removing it can break networking. Do not remove it.

SMBv1is a security hole and has been removed from Windows 7 & above, Server 2008 & up.
SMBv1 has been removed meaning you cannot connect to old operating system, old NAS devices and old printer/scanners.
SMBv1 is a security hole. Do not enable it.

Window 10 is going to update. Get used to it. The people who turned Windows 7 updates off and then blamed Microsoft when their operating got hacked and hosed caused this.

Home group has gone (Windows 10 V1803 and up). Get used to Password Protected sharing and learn how to use it. I wrote an article about this  (look in my Articles for Folder Sharing on modern computers). Do not turn passwords off.

Windows 10 is not Windows 7, does not work like Windows 7 and has dispensed with some old Windows 7 ideas. There is no going back. Get used to it.

You got ransomware from people opening email from strangers. Get a Spam Filter. Train Employees, keep Off-Site backups. It is not a technology problem - it is a management problem.

Amortize expensive software and hardware to create cash for new equipment. "I am stuck on XP because the equipment is too expensive to upgrade" is not an option. Get your accountant to explain this to you.





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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
but ask A before AAAA...
(AAAA...)  

Que?
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LVL 52

Expert Comment

by:noci
DNS Query A = IPV4 address translation, AAAA = IPv6 address query.
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Windows 10

10K

Solutions

5K

Contributors

Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system featuring the "universal application architecture" (UAP); apps can be designed to run across multiple devices with nearly identical code, including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and HoloLens. Windows 10 also includes a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, the Microsoft Edge web browser, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, voice-based search (Cortana), new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12 and WDDM 2.0 to improve the operating system's graphics capabilities for games.