Windows Networking





The Windows operating systems have distinct methodologies for designing and implementing networks, and have specific systems to accomplish various networking processes, such as Exchange for email, Sharepoint for shared files and programs, and IIS for delivery of web pages. Microsoft also produces server technologies for networked database use, security and virtualization.

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I would like to purchase a NAS box  for additional storage for use in a small business. I would like  about 40 TB of hard drive space. and would like to  to have the hard drives  configured with RAID to limit hard drive failure

Can someone give me some recommendations ?
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users in my domain are getting the following error when trying to change their password or attempting to log in if the option to change password at first login is selected

' a device attached to the system is not functioning'

this error prevents users from logging onto the  domain which is a mix of windows 10 and windows 8 computers
any ideas  to resolve that makes sense is appreciated
I've ran ad powershell cmds to get a the defaultpasswordpolicy and finegrainedpasswordpolicy settings. I noticed 3 fine grained password policy settings had been set which are more secure than the defaultpasswordpolicy.  I know you can return what groups and AD is member of by powershell, but wasnt sure if you can also return a report of which domain policies they are subject to also, which may help for this task.

What I need is a command or way to reports which AD accounts are subject to which password policy, e.g. default domain password policy, or any of the fine grained password policies. The powershell cmd used to get all policy settings, does contain and "applies to" column. Does that mean default domain password policy would apply to every AD user outside of those specifically listed in the applies to column of finegranedpasswordpolicy settings, who would then be subject to the finegrainedpasswordpolicies?

for info - these were the commands used

Get-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy -Filter *
I have a 2008 R2 Terminal Server which generally runs without any problems.  Recently I began to decommission another server on my network.  This server is an old Database server which is only being used presently as a fax server.  The fax server holds no network roles.  When I shut down the fax server anyone attempting to log on to the Terminal server gets stuck at "preparing your desktop".  After several minutes "preparing your desktop" disappears and is replaced with a blue screen, not a bsod, but the same blue background which accompanies the "preparing your desktop" message.

When I powered the old fax server back on the ability of the users to log onto the Terminal server returns to normal.  Further, if instead of powering the Fax server down I simply unplug the LAN cable the same thing occurs.  If, while at "preparing your desktop" I plug the fax server back in then the desktop loads within a few seconds.

Clearly there is something which the Terminal Server login/ desktop is looking for which the Fax server provides, but as yet I am unable to determine what it is.

Any thoughts would be greatly appreciated.
I paid for and got some DELL support to reinstall a "fresh" copy of my Windows 2008 R2 OS after a virus essentially wiped out my network.  So, now I have to re-setup my network so that everything on the network connects and I can connect to the internet thru my SonicWALL device.  Problem for me is that I haven't had to do anything like this since 2013, when I first set up my server and I'm lost.  I can't get the basic network set up and this is, obviously, delaying my restoration of my Remote Desktop Setup (which I've worked on more recently, so I think if I can get the basic network up and running (and I mean "just the basics"), then I'll be able to move on and set up everything else I need to provide remote access to my application.  Being a programmer first and technician last, I just don't have the experience setting up networks, OS setup, etc. that other people in this forum have.  So the question at this point is how do I set up the server OS to connect to the rest of my network and the internet?
I am working with a 2016 Server on Subnet A 192.168.1.x that is able to see all of the clients on subnet A and Subnet B 192.168.2.x  The clients on subnet B can only see the clients on subnet B and not subnet A.  I have disabled all firewalls and even tried to use Wins and import a hosts file however, from subnet B I am not able to click on Network and see any computers from Subnet A.  I can UNC to computers across the subnets just fine, ping etc.  The computer browser service is also running.  What am I missing?
Built a new server in new location, 2012 r2.
Promoted to DC with Ad, dns and dhcp.

All seemed fine, users are getting ip address, registering dns etc..

However we have some sso services run from our main site and no users can access these.. Are all Web based. Just times out including on new DC

Any solutions guys?
Newly configured FTP site on a 2008R2 VM. Server is a standalone (not in the LAN domain) but has same IP scheeme to try to isolate so rest of network is safe as can from intrusion.

I have it configured to go to the proper folder and when expolre it from the IIS Mang it goes to the proper location. But when come in from outside it is opening up to C:\inetpub\wwwroot. I have gone through all the settings that I thought would impact matching to other ftp servers I work on that functions as supposed to. Also while I config a seperate user only the administrator is passing through.
I am trying to install Abacus on to a new workstation.  It is currently running on another computer as a standalone.  
I was able to share the folder and lowered the UAC on the computer running Abacus.

Error: You cannot use UNC paths to install Abacus.  Please Run Station.exe from a mapped drive or change the Destination directory.

Do I map the drive on the new workstation or map the drive on the computer running Abacus?

Computer running Abacus: \\computername-9\Abacus\

See image for error:

Hope you are doing well. I would like to provide access to the internet to some users connected to my workstation.
I have a workstation with 2 NICS, one (NIC1) is connected to the internet and the second one (NIC2) is a new non-configured NIC that I just installed.
As you can see the description I attached below, I have a printer that I would like to connect to the internet through NIC2. I would like to know which configuration I have to set on NIC2 so that the received traffic is forwarded to the NIC1.

Thanks for your reply
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We have about 120 machines that are randomly losing their mapped drives that are connected through GPO.   We also have 1 server that has a mapped drive to another server that can not make the connection.    The workstations that are having issues at times connect and at others do not.   This issue started about a week ago when MalwareBytes sent a bad update and locked most of our workstations to the point where we had to uninstall MalwareBytes from those systems.    The two servers that we map drives to also had MalwareBytes on them.   Sometimes if we do a gpupdate /force it fixes it but not all the time and the issue eventually comes back.

We do not have any problems mapping drives from those workstations to the servers through UNC.   That  is how the drives are being mapped through GPO.

Most workstations are Windows 7 but it also happens on Windows 10.  We are seeing this on a few workstations that also did not have MalwareBytes on them so it leads me to believe this is an issue with the two servers that had it installed.

On the workstations when you click on the drives you get the following error..
I bought Windows 7 Professional and Deleted Windows 10 on a new laptop. Now the usb nor the network card will not work. They all give code 28 (the driver can't be found). THE CD/DVD drive works. Do I need to find drivers and burn them to a CD? Any help would be greatly appreciated.
I was reading as below

TCP - is a transport layer protocol. It works over an IP network
HTTP - is an application protocol. It works using TCP on an IP network

i was not clear. Does HTTP also uses HTTP
what other protocols there in networking.

nay good link, resources or free video tutorial to understand clearly these things?
please advise
I have a lockdown GPO being applied to machines for kiosk purposes. It's been fine so far, but now I need to be able to view PDFs in the browser. I've tried adding "AcroRd32.exe" to the setting "Run only specified Windows applications", but it's still popping up with the attached. Is there someway I can see the actual process being blocked so I can allow it? I've tried running Sysinternals' Process Explorer and that's how I found AcroRd32.exe. There isn't any other process that seems to run when I click the link that is supposed to bring the PDF up in the browser.


I have a server with W2k16 running in RDS mode. To this server are connected 9 RDS user.

The main problem is the RDS client map printer from local computer to RDS enviorement, but for some reason, when a user ends session, and start session again, the default printers doen`t work.

It seems the system take an inactive TSport for the printer. i must configure the printers every time the user start session.

Is there any kind of solution here?

Hi, i just got a windows backup service running in a server 2012R2. its backing up the hole server for approx 700GB to an iscsi target.
target space is 750GB. backup works one day , next day it fails because of no space.  normally backup service deletes itself the old copy before running the next backup. am not sure why it is not happening in my case. if i delete old backups manually its succeeding next day. then again fails because of no space.
Could anyone help me with this

thank you
Hi guys,

I have this issue that i cant browse to my local pc. The reason i am trying to do i is because i want to map a drive for an application to run. I have the share setup on the pc and everyone else can browse to the share, so i dont know why i cant from this machine?

I have attached the message i get

I need to change the network that is assigned to clients when they join my OpenVPN.

I've set it up for a specific client device but have now been told that its doc says "Warning! The subnets,, must not be used for the Client VPN!"

I am using Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS, but am not fully conversant with it (although I've run the various Getting Started scripts ok and it all works properly). Nothing else is connected to the OpenVPN yet so I am happy to make ip address range changes.

unidentified-network.JPGunable connect to map drives after windows update
not showing connect to dmian
Not show it is connect to main in  firewall settings

Unable to connect to map drives from this computer for other computers on the network
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I try to install checkpoint firewall with usb  i have this error
Input/output error during read on /tmp/sda" error when trying to use ISOMorphic tool
Can you help me please ?
Thank you by advance
In an office I maintain, we have about 10 PC's running Windows 10. After a windows update, the clients are unable to resolve external host names. It appears this issue arose after the Fall Creators Update.

-The workstations are able to ping an external IP but they cannot ping an external host name (, even when configured statically to use google DNS.

-Windows seems to leave with with no option to roll back the creators update.

-The warehouse PC is not on the domain, and has no issues even with all of the latest updates.

-After a reboot, the user's can browse the internet and outlook will connect to exchange for about 3 minutes before they go back to having the same issue

On the Client PC I've tried:

Malware scans and Windows Defenders Scans: They show my computer is not infected.
Completing remaining updates > no change
Flushing DNS > no change
IP Release/Renew and netsh int ip reset > no change
Noticed IPv6 was enabled, tried disabling it > no change
Changing to Google's public DNS  > no change
Reinstalling NIC driver > no change

I'm not really sure if this is an issue with the MS update on each machine or something on the domain that is not meshing. I was relieved that I still had the failure with the PC using google for DNS thinking my server is not at fault, however it bugs me that the non domain PC has no issues.

Where can I troubleshoot next?
I had this question after viewing UUID for OEM Bios no embedded Ethernet mac address , after vista II OS , is it protecting or abnormal ?.


This topic case can be closed as:

UUID is modifiable feature as many as no limited with motherboard changed .  Vista II DUID with IPv6 can not be changed followed rules of NIC and IANA.

Question recreated as:
Vista II DUID ahead of dhcpv6 valid from my ISP Apr. 2014 , broadcasting to the networks, taken away authentication  and rollback me as its client of "server" .  ISP prolonging for treating this since 2012 with dhcpv4 only to later it having had dhpv6 .  The Modem.ISP only can release an fe80:: layer IPv6 to the gateway and as dns.ipv6 by the ipcfg /all command reported.

Whose DHCPv6 broadcasting DUID embedded OEM motherboard.mac replaced off and lost ?
ipcfg modem dns
Gateway assigned fe80:: local layer IPv6 from the stranger upper device , unauthenticated "Server"  device / platform?
modem gateway IPv6 fe80::

Your writing  back are expected on  how to modify this and calculate the mass caused inside the complexity .  Let have a valid IPv6 directly from ISP.   ISP routering service not relied these years by 1996 , because the poor firewall and account Username duplicated in high/low case. While the local wireless …
Dear Experts, we have 3 different domains and each of them has its own AD server and domain users. However the users have not joined domains. The request is building 1 ShareFile Server for all 3 domains.

With only 1 domain, it is easy when we just need to join the ShareFile to domain and grant the permissions based on domain users, groups but we do not know how to do it with 3 domains. Do you have any idea? Please help!

In other words, can we authenticate an user from a domain to a different AD server in different domain?
I have followed this guide
and I have successfully  connected to and passed Auth.
*yes i did add rule to allow vpn traffic access to local resources

When connected to VPN , I can not ping my vpn gateway (, I can not ping any local resources (192.168.37.X)
Outside of the the VPN I am able to make a connection.

Any help would be appreciated
Good afternoon,

To summarize, a group of servers, can not be discovered by the HP CMDB Universal tool, throwing the following error:

error: java.lang.Exception: The object exporter specified was not found.

This error is due directly to the tool? or per operating system?

Stay tuned to your comments..

Best regards.

Windows Networking





The Windows operating systems have distinct methodologies for designing and implementing networks, and have specific systems to accomplish various networking processes, such as Exchange for email, Sharepoint for shared files and programs, and IIS for delivery of web pages. Microsoft also produces server technologies for networked database use, security and virtualization.