[Product update] Infrastructure Analysis Tool is now available with Business Accounts.Learn More


Windows OS





This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.

Share tech news, updates, or what's on your mind.

Sign up to Post


I have a question regarding the builtin windows group "backup operators". Do I have to add this group to the directories which I want to backup or does this account have the permission even if I do not set the proper ntfs permissions?

Thank you in advance!
OWASP: Forgery and Phishing
LVL 12
OWASP: Forgery and Phishing

Learn the techniques to avoid forgery and phishing attacks and the types of attacks an application or network may face.

I have got a r710 with a H700. Never had an OS on it.
Trying to put in to service now.

Got some very odd messages when trying to load windows 2012 r2 and 2016 regarding unable to create or locate a partition to install.

Can see drives. Can create an array.
Tried different RAID cards. Tried different drives. Tried different USB installers.
Different drives and installers work in other Dell PE that I have.
Tried loading RAID drivers manually even though they are on 2012 r2 and in other servers with H700 they work fine!

So I figure the firmware may be bad as both RAID cards (both H700) report the same issue.

I wanted to update the firmware, however, all updates require an OS.


I have extracted the files. However, the EXE's are still Windows and will not run if I boot with a bootable USB.

Please advise on how I can replace/update the firmware on the H700 via USB without an OS


We recently  opened a new school lab of 30 PCs running windows 10 Pro on a domain network.  We have 2 other Windows 7 Pro-based labs on the same domain and we have a GPO in place to control desktop and other features.  On the Windows 10 PCs however, all students cannot use any the media apps (i.e. Photo Editor etc) but can use the office programs. Also I cannot adjust any of the Power management settings.  If I log into any PC as a local user, no problem exists.  I reckon that this is a problem with the GPO on the Windows 2008 R2 Server but cannot locate the cause.  I would gratefully appreciate your advice on this.
We have a file server cluster in one of the sites running on windows 2012 R2. We will be migrating the file server to windows 2016.
We had an incident earlier that the hosting infrastructure that runs all the virtual servers went down. Now the company wants this to be considered and make a solution that in case such incident happens in the future, the users should still be able to access the files from the second site.
We have two sites with good bandwidth. I am thinking of using the new feature in window s 2016 DC i.e the storage replicas. We want an automated switchover if in case infrastructure in any of the sites has an issue, it should be accessible from the other site.
We have file server cluster in both sites. Either one of them goes down it should AUTOMATICALLY fail over to the other site.
Im getting this message every time i boot up, and the taskbar is showing clunky graphics like its in safe mode, system is win7 64bit with all updates installed

Failed to connect to a windows service. message

"Windows could not connect to the System Event Notification Service service. This problem prevents limited users from logging on to the system. As an administrative user, you can review the System Event Log for details about why the service didn't respond."

I tried the following popular suggestion to fix it, per below


settings were on auto so left as is,

did the command prompt “netsh winsock reset” & then rebooting, but still no difference the same message after several pc restarts & router restarts..

Any ideas on how i can fix this?
Hi Experts,

since yesterday we have some strange issues with WIN10 machines.
When the user logs in, the screen is black and you cannot click anything.
We have checked the monitors and cables, all ok.
Do you have any infos about this ?

When I check the services from this machine, I can see a lot of services are in starting modus.
See the screenshot.

starting services
I installed Snip and Sketch from Microsoft Apps Store. Then I looked for it in the apps and it was not there. The store says it is owned and install button is greyed out. The recommended requirements are version 17636. Under system information, it says that I have version 17134. I did windows update to version 1803 yet it still shows that I have version 17134 and the snip and sketch app is nowhere to be found. Someone help me, please.

This is to find out about 100+ Windows Servers in our production. All these servers were joined Windows AD domain.  We wanted to know on each individual server, what is the Windows Server version installed, CPU core and some other hardware information.

Do we need to have the administrative privileges? How about if we don't have the privilege? Would powershell manage to do the job?

Thanks in advance.
We have a site where the approach was to a user had one device he worked on. IT would get a license to cover that device.
Now we want to introduce VDI into the solution.
For the interim period, the users will be using their traditional desktops as well as access virtual desktops for some applications. The devices they use are traditional desktops with windows 10 and office. The VDI will also have windows 10 and office as we will slowly migrate to vdi.
We have devices licenses now and one user has his dedicated desktop.
What will be the effect on windows and office licenses with the introducing VDI into the environment?
All our device licenses are covered with software assurance.
Do we need additional licenses or they are covered for my scanereo.
How do I change the default Photoshop page that opens up when choosing "NEW"? I want it to be an 8.5 x 11" page. It is opening up to a custom size page now. I am using Photoshop 12.0 with Windows 10
CompTIA Security+
LVL 12
CompTIA Security+

Learn the essential functions of CompTIA Security+, which establishes the core knowledge required of any cybersecurity role and leads professionals into intermediate-level cybersecurity jobs.

Thunderbird is working fine on server, while now I got the issue below to connect to it by one other Email account. What to adjust below?

adobe acrobat premium for windows 10

how can I rotate a pdf
We have a fleet of remote, non-domain systems running a variety of Windows flavors from XP through 10.
In order to install an upgraded piece of software, we need to kill the host-based intrusion prevention service (HIPS) and disable its startup.
I have tried killing the service using both local administrator accounts as well as using the local system account with no success (access denied errors),
Depending upon the remote host OS, the service is either named LDSecSvc.EXE or LDSecSvc64.exe (LANDesk Endpoint Security).
We have tried using the central management console for LANDesk as well and it will not stop these services.
My choice of last resort is to merge in a registry file to set the service start to "Disabled" and then remotely restart the devices.  This is not even remotely ideal.

I can use VBScript, Powershell, or batch scripting to perform this service termination, but I need a reliable way to do it.

Some specific limitations to the environment is that Powershell remoting is specifically disabled and cannot be enabled and we cannot install 3rd party tools anywhere in the environment due to regulatory requirements.  We can use tools which do not require an installation (portable) and leave no registry or fingerprints behind as long as they are only needed on a single, central control server and, if open source, verifiably compilable with full source available for code review (which we pay a third party to perform).
I have a Server 2008 Standard sp2. This is a non R2 server. I have a Server 2012 Essentials that im trying to make the PDC, but I get this error when trying to make it a DC.

"Verification of replica failed.  The forest functional level is Windows 2000.  To install Windows Server 2012 domain or domain controller, the forest functional level must be Windows Server 2003."

However, when I go check the functioning level it is at 2008 level.
Windows domain time is off 4 minutes across all workstations and servers. They are all synced at some point but off 4 minutes from external time source. I tried stopping, restarting time service on PDC, still same issue. any ideas?
Windows 2008 R2 dcs x2
Windows 10 clients

PDC shows source set to LOCL CMOS clock...its a hyper-v server
2nd DC shows source as PDC

Registry shows ntp.pool.org....as source of time
I have to come up with a SCCM Enterprise patch management plan.  First time taking this kind of responsibility but looking forward to it.
 My question is what should I do for my manager to give a good representation of what the patch management environment is now and what it should be?

 What to look for and how to map out updating past updates for work stations to bring up to date.
Are there any issues when creating an Active Directory Forest Trust between two forests ? one of the forests  has windows 2008 R2 domain functional level and the other forest is new and has windows 2016 domain functional level   ?   Thank you
Hey folks - I'm trying to determine, how Windows creates the GUID for a given disk volume.   What are the various components / sections of a given volume GUID, and what is each section referring too, in a typical hyphen separated volume GUID like this:

Secondarily, and the reason I'm trying to determine this, is to figure out why so often, the C:\ volume GUID ends in "6963" on many Windows installs.   Since GUID's are intended to be largely unique, I'm assuming something with how these GUID's are created, so very often leads to the C:\ GUID ending in 6963?  Which seems like a fairly random number to end with - yet if you google 6963 GUID you'll see how very common it is indeed!  I work with disk images of servers at my job and see the volume GUID's for hundreds of servers per week, and the fact that they're so often ending in 6963 has had me curious far too often.

In fact, multiple of Microsoft's own articles, like this one, contain  GUID ending in 6963:

I have been searching around, and have found very little in the way of an explanation as to how these GUID's are created for disk volumes specifically, and/or why 6963 is so often the ending string, especially for C:\ partitions.

Thank you in advance!

Issues: We are facing issues with SCCM 2012 client scan(windows 7) with windows update server. The error message in Wuahandler.log is "OnSearchComplete - Failed to end search     job. Error = 0x80072ee2.".

Environment detail:
PSS - we have a single primary site server SCCM 2012 R2 with SP1 in datacentre 1 in a virtual server (win serv 2012 R2 with 5.5 GB physical memory).
XYZ - This server in the datacentre 1 having windows server 2008 R2 with 32GB internal memory. This server is installed with distribution point, fallback status point and management point.
ABC -  This server is in datacentre 2 having windows server 2008 R2 with 32GB internal memory. This server is installed with distribution point, Reporting service Point, management point and software update point.
We have around 4000 win 7 device(laptop/desktop) and 2000(win 10 device win7 and win 10), all getting patched with SCCM. We are deploying all the October month OS, .Net Framework, IE and Office patch to these win 7 and win 10 device.

Initial troubleshoot: Since most of the blogs and website point toward increasing the private memory of WSUS pool under IIS so I have changed the private memory to 0 and also the queue length to 2000. I also restarted the server ABC but no luck.

Few logs detail:
WuaHandler.log (Scan failed with error = 0x80072ee2.)
Update Store: No error found here. Querying update status completed successfully and all the missing and installed updates are reflecting …
Python 3 Fundamentals
LVL 12
Python 3 Fundamentals

This course will teach participants about installing and configuring Python, syntax, importing, statements, types, strings, booleans, files, lists, tuples, comprehensions, functions, and classes.

Windows 2016 Standard as SQL Standard Host.

Hi Guys.
Since Windows 2016 is core based OS as long as SQL 2017, now I'm facing problem.
I need to build new SQL for my company and I know I need to buy Windows 2016 OS that's going to cost me around $1,100.00 and it will cover up to 16 cores.
Now I must install SQL Standard on it and since I want to buy Dell 2x Quad core server (If I don't want to worry about number of connections) I know I must purchase 4 SQL Standard Core Based licenses ( 1 license covers 2 cores), and it will cost a lot, approximately $14K, but what about User Call licenses for Windows OS ?
Do I need to buy separate Call for Windows OS ?
I think I'll have around 100 connection to SQL but is this connection are treated as user access and require Windows 2016 User CAL's ?

I'm not sure, so maybe someone will have more experience with SQL installation.
How do I find out my processor speed on Windows 10?
Found this in my Windows 7 Pro x64 computer:

 The first Critical Blacklist Event found: Event ID - 11 System log - Disk: The driver detected a controller error on \Device\Harddisk1\DR1.

This computer only has one hard drive C: which is showing up in Disk Manager as Disk 0.

Could this be caused by someone removing incorrectly a USB device?

Thanks in advance.
Windows 7 Pro x64 SP1; found numerous entries for the following in the Security log:

Cryptographic operation.Subject:Security ID:S-1-5-20Account Name:CARMEL-LT-PC$Account Domain:WORKGROUPLogon ID:0x3e4Cryptographic Parameters:Provider Name:Microsoft Software Key Storage ProviderAlgorithm Name:Not Available.Key Name:{F4A50D80-D19A-4DD7-A13C-ECB5788EBBA1}Key Type:Machine key.Cryptographic Operation:Operation:Open Key.Return Code:0x80090010

This computer is being managed with ConnectWise Automate v12.

Can anyone spread some light on this error?

Thanks in advance.
Hi - I updated a clients PC in a rush yesterday and despite checking the option to retain data and programs , it completed the Windows 10 upgrade fine but all documents are missing.
I am looking at  3rd party recovery software which has located the documents but i wondered whether there was a method that doesnt require purchasing recovery software to get at the overwritten files?
I am surprised at this behaviour because i have done countless Windows 8.1 to 10 updates and all data remained intact, the Windows.old folder only has desktop, favorites, app data and links. Client thought they had a backup but they didnt as this portion of their data was excluded. I paid the price for rushing this and trusting the user.

Any suggestions would be gratefully received.
sometimes I have problems with remote desktop connection to a Windows Server 2016, with a specific user.
The error I get is:

"The task you are trying to do can't be completed because Remote Desktop Services is currently busy"

If I try to login from same machine, but with a different user (eg. Administrator), all is ok.

Any suggestions?
thank you!