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This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.

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https://www.computerworld.com/article/3005184/encryption/bitlocker-encryption-can-be-defeated-with-trivial-windows-authentication-bypass.html
Wow. Just came across this by chance. I can't believe I missed that one back in 2015. The article describes, that due to bad design, windows (all versions) allowed attackers at the logon screen to break in without knowing the password of your domain user account.

I consider myself very well-informed when it comes to computer security and I did not know this. How did Microsoft manage that this did not start a giant outcry, back then? Must be, because the security advisory simply does not even rate this "critical"!
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OWASP Proactive Controls
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OWASP Proactive Controls

Learn the most important control and control categories that every architect and developer should include in their projects.

This was originally shared by Thomas Zucker-Scharff on LinkedIn, but I thought it worthy of sharing here as well.

https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/activity:6484900450318503936/

https://s3.amazonaws.com/ftt-uploads/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/15012417/user_replay_fullstory_demo.mp4



Quite a scary revelation. The question now is how to detect any website using such scripts?
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Get Windows Phone ringtones on your iPhone

Bring Windows Phone ringtones to iPhoneMany loved their Windows Phone for its superior design. That included the contemporary ringtones. Now, having an iPhone, you are kicked back at square one with a dull variety of ringtones of yesterday.
Rejoy, here is how to retrieve the superior Windows Phone ringtones and bring them to your iPhone.

Bring Windows Phone ringtones to iPhone
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Just ran into something really annoying while installing Windows 10. They're forcing us to create pins now during setup. If I don't want a pin I still have to choose one and then remove it afterwards. Super annoying.
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Author Comment

by:Brandon Lyon
It's worse... they ask me to create one every single time I login >_<
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the windows server 2003 functional level is deprecated
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by:Brian B
You should probably ask this as a question: https://www.experts-exchange.com/askQuestion.jsp
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US Postal Service exposed data of 60 million users

https://techcrunch.com/2018/11/26/the-us-postal-service-exposed-data-of-60-million-users/

A broken U.S. Postal Service API exposed more than 60 million users by allowing a researcher to pull millions of rows of data by sending wildcard requests to the server. The resulting security hole has been patched after repeated requests to the USPS.
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1,640 Free (for non-commercial use) Icons in a Single Download

Like custom icons?

Though there are lots of places all over the web to grab Free Windows Icons from, in my experience, the majority of them aren't really free, in that they will let you download maybe 10 or 20 and then require a subscription fee if you want to get more, or be able to download more than one Icon at a time.

I recently found a website that gives you 1,640 Icons in one download.

https://www.creativefreedom.co.uk/free-icons/1000-free-windows-icons/

Just click the Blue download free button and you'll get a ZIP file 68.8MB in size.

Inside that zip file, you'll find 1,640 custom icons that are 100% Free for non-commercial use.

Extract the zip file contents to a temporary folder and you'll have the following folders;

  • 16x16 - All Icons in .png format saved to 16 x 16 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 24x24 - All Icons in .png format saved to 24 x 24 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 32x32 - All Icons in .png format saved to 32 x 32 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • 48x48 - All Icons in .png format saved to 48 x 48 pixels in size you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico
  • glyph - All Icons in .png format in various sizes - so that you can easily manipulate and convert to .ico for yourself
  • icns - All Icons in .icns format - these are in MAC format for Macintosh users
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BIOS Flash Updates

Over the years, I've had BIOS updates totally ruin a couple of mainboards on me that I had to replace at my own expense for client machines I was working on, so I tend to shy away from flash updating any BIOS unless I see a specific need to do so to address a specific problem a machine is having.

I do the same with my own computers, so it was with a little trepidation that I decided to update the BIOS on my self-built Windows 10 machine today - necessary because of the recent security flaw that was discovered and I found it addressed.

So for those of you using this now relatively out dated mainboard that I have: Intel Corporation DH67CL - I can say that you can go ahead and use the 2018 Flash update available for it with confidence. No ill effects from my own experience.

This has been a community service announcement! :-)
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Windows Server 2019 is back again!

Windows Server 2019 is now re-released, and available already through VLSC.

EvalCenter and MSDN still missing the release, but should follow soon...

https://cloudblogs.microsoft.com/windowsserver/2018/11/13/update-on-windows-server-2019-availability/
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Windows 10 1809 is back... and with Mapped Network Drives Bugs!

Download the ISO from here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
But wait, there's more! Just when you thought it might be safe to update:
You [may] experience the following issues in Windows 10, version 1809:

    In Windows Explorer, a red X appears on the mapped network drives.

    Mapped network drives are displayed as Unavailable when you run the net use command at a command prompt.

    In the notification area, a notification displays the following message:

Could not reconnect all network drives.
More info here:
https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4471218/mapped-network-drives-don-t-work-in-windows-10-version-1809

And yes, you SHOULD be using GPOs instead of legacy batch scripts to map your network drives.

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by:Andrew Leniart
Thanks for the info about your experiences John.

I had other more serious issues myself, but as I said, all now resolved. All info will be included in my article :)
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by:Andrew Leniart
As promised, the article has now been written and submitted for editing.

For anyone interested, it can be viewed and read at the following link:

Upgrading to Windows 10 Version 1809 - A documented experience of the entire process


Cheers... Andrew
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Rowby Goren Makes an Impact on Screen and Online
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Rowby Goren Makes an Impact on Screen and Online

Learn about longtime user Rowby Goren and his great contributions to the site. We explore his method for posing questions that are likely to yield a solution, and take a look at how his career transformed from a Hollywood writer to a website entrepreneur.

Listen Up!

IPv6 is here to stay. Removing it can break networking. Do not remove it.

SMBv1is a security hole and has been removed from Windows 7 & above, Server 2008 & up.
SMBv1 has been removed meaning you cannot connect to old operating system, old NAS devices and old printer/scanners.
SMBv1 is a security hole. Do not enable it.

Window 10 is going to update. Get used to it. The people who turned Windows 7 updates off and then blamed Microsoft when their operating got hacked and hosed caused this.

Home group has gone (Windows 10 V1803 and up). Get used to Password Protected sharing and learn how to use it. I wrote an article about this  (look in my Articles for Folder Sharing on modern computers). Do not turn passwords off.

Windows 10 is not Windows 7, does not work like Windows 7 and has dispensed with some old Windows 7 ideas. There is no going back. Get used to it.

You got ransomware from people opening email from strangers. Get a Spam Filter. Train Employees, keep Off-Site backups. It is not a technology problem - it is a management problem.

Amortize expensive software and hardware to create cash for new equipment. "I am stuck on XP because the equipment is too expensive to upgrade" is not an option. Get your accountant to explain this to you.





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LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
but ask A before AAAA...
(AAAA...)  

Que?
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Expert Comment

by:noci
DNS Query A = IPV4 address translation, AAAA = IPv6 address query.
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Have you been having problems with Windows 10 Pro suddenly not being activated?  Well, there's a reason for that...

https://www.ghacks.net/2018/11/08/microsoft-is-having-activation-server-issues-right-now/
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https://www.ru.nl/publish/pages/909282/advisory.pdf
Solid State Disks (SSDs) often implement hardware full-disk encryption in a way known as Self-Encrypting Drives
(SEDs). Several implementations of SEDs have been analysed by reverse engineering their firmware. Many have security vulnerabilities that allow for full recovery of the data without knowledge of any secret when you have physical access to the drive.
BitLocker, bundled with Microsoft Windows, relies exclusively on hardware full-disk encryption if the drive indicates support for it. Thus, for these drives, data protected by BitLocker is also compromised.

Sweet, isn't it? Now go check your drives... all of them.
manage-bde -status c: | findstr /i hardware && msg * You are possibly affected!

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Author Comment

by:McKnife
Andrew, it's batch code, not powershell code. Run it on an elevated command prompt. If you get a popup, verify your drive model. If the output is empty, you are safe to go.

[batch code can usually be run on the powershell, too, but not all batch code and the operator "&&" ("continue if last result is success") is unknown to powershell - that's why you see an error]
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Andrew, it's batch code, not powershell code.
Doh! <blush>

Run it on an elevated command prompt. If you get a popup, verify your drive model. If the output is empty, you are safe to go.
Cool! I ran it on both my SSD drives and no output, so I guess I'm safe :-)

Many thanks for your help McKnife. Very much appreciated.

Andrew
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Recently I ranted about Windows 10 and the disappearing scroll bar on the start menu (was driving me nuts).   So digging around, low and behold, there is a setting for that under Settings, Ease of Access, Display:

screen shot
If this has been driving you crazy as well, welcome to some relief!
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September 2018 AV Comparison Results are now available.

Real-World Protection Test September 2018 – Factsheet
Malware Protection Test September 2018

Some surprising stats this issue. See how your preferred AV fared in the tests...

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There's an interesting new feature for Surface Pro devices that helps prevent battery death:

https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/surface/2018/10/09/introducing-the-battery-limit-feature-for-surface-devices/
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Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Great tip for Surface Pro users Brandon, thanks for sharing it.

I often leave my (now old) iPad2 plugged in 24/7 next to my bed because I use it to listen to Audio Books that I buy from Audible and think something like that would be a top idea for that too. I'm surprised that IOS and Android developers haven't thought of including a feature like that for their devices. Wonder where I could make such a suggestion? Would make the various battery saving apps available all but obsolete.
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Learn how to make your articles stand out by creating nicer borders that are available in the Experts Exchange online Article Wizard Editor, along with a few more handy tips using IrfanView in an article I just wrote. Hope you find it useful.

Regards, Andrew
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Author Comment

by:Jim Dettman (Microsoft MVP/ EE MVE)
I haven't experienced that myself yet, but there are many things that Microsoft is doing that I find annoying, like I can't postpone Windows updates indefinitely or even for a reasonable time frame.   Worse, I can't schedule them the way I want.   They only allow for a 12 hour window of when the system is considered active.

I have one client right now where the VP often starts his day at 4:00 am, normal hours are 8 to 5 in the office, and some of the estimators work until 6 or 7.  So my down time is basically 8:00 pm till 3:00 am with them.

I understand there are technical reasons for some things they do, and that not everything can be taken into account, but the past couple of years, I feel like I've got handcuffs on when I work with Office and Windows.

The hiding scroll bar on the start menu in Win10 is driving me absolutely nuts at the moment.

Fun, fun, fun....

Jim.
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by:Andrew Leniart
Hi Jim,
that I find annoying, like I can't postpone Windows updates indefinitely

A way has recently been found to address this problem in Windows 10.

I hope you find the following Question thread to be as interesting as I did, which shows an easy means of disabling (or turning off) Windows updates permanently until manually re-enabled.

https://www.experts-exchange.com/questions/29118745/Disable-Windows-Update-forever.html

Skip down to the last third of the comments for the solution to that problem. Quite an interesting piece of detective work by EE member McKnife :)

The hiding scroll bar on the start menu in Win10 is driving me absolutely nuts at the moment.

I feel your pain Jim! :)

Andrew
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MAC vs Windows

I've been using my MacBook Air laptop on and off for a couple of weeks now and I must say I'm suitably impressed with the Mac OS. It's turning out to be a surprisingly no-nonsense little workhorse. Though an avid Windows user for many years, I'm now finding myself wanting to reach for my MAC laptop far more often than my Windows laptop whenever I just want to just get some work done. The only thing I dislike about it is the built-in keyboard. A standard USB PC mouse (as opposed to an overpriced Apple mouse) seems to work fine for my limited needs as well.

It's not the first time I've used a MAC, but it's the first time I've actually seriously tried to use one productively. Frankly, I don't what the fuss is about with people who dislike this OS.
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by:Andrew Leniart
software is relatively easy to install and manage
I've noticed that too. Rather than having to concern yourself with how many files are dropped here and there, to remove a program is just dragging the thing to the bin and you're done. I've yet to need to restart the machine unless I've applied an OS update.

Coming from Windows, installations I didn't find particularly intuitive and it was a small learning curve to figure out when a program was actually installed as opposed to installing or sitting on my desktop ready to be installed, but the system prompts helped overcome that until I did a little googling and the penny dropped. The process is certainly different, but compared to Windows, I would have to say considerably easier as well.

The cons tend to show themselves anytime you want to do something that Apple doesn't want you to do.
Indeed. That's something I've definitely noticed. I'm used to being able to configure everything to my own personal tastes and have struck walls a couple of times. As I always suspected, an Apple OS is an "our way or the highway" type of deal, which as a power user I don't particularly like, but I suspect that is one of the core reasons the OS seems to be so stable too.

I doubt I'll ever move away from Windows completely and I'm typing this on one of my Windows boxes right now, but anyone who can't acknowledge the value of the Apple OS for giving you a platform which allows you to do most things with a minimum of fuss, is in my view, and as "serialband" mentioned earlier, overly biased and simply not willing to give it a serious go.

On the flip side, I've been an Apple iPhone user since way back and always shied away from Android devices. Fed up with not being able to get decent apps to do what I wanted to do, I eventually tried an Android device with the Samsung Galaxy S9+ phone and am now able to do things like effortlessly record my phone calls, something I'd been trying to do on my iPhones for years without success. App support seems to be so much better.

Different strokes for different folks - but my recent experiences with both the Apple OSX and iPhone vs Android supports that it always pays to keep an open mind :-)
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by:Andrew Leniart
Think I may have just found the solution to my keyboard issues on my MacBook Air. Anyone using a Windows keyboard with a MAC?

https://9to5mac.com/2016/03/17/how-to-remap-windows-keyboard-buttons-match-mac-layout/

The above article shows how to remap the modifier keys only. What are some other good resources you know about?
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Bootstrap 4: Exploring New Features
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Bootstrap 4: Exploring New Features

Learn how to use and navigate the new features included in Bootstrap 4, the most popular HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework for developing responsive, mobile-first websites.

I have worked on Migration for Domain Controller from Windows 2008 Std / Ent version to Windows 2012 R2, with least downtime and Impact less to customer experience.
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Apple Service when purchasing a computer from them

I just ordered and purchased an Apple Mac Air laptop, along with a couple of genuine Apple accessories direct from Apple's online store and thought I'd share my experience when dealing with them.

The Positives

  • Firstly, the Chat support when purchasing I found to be outstanding. The representative I spoke to was highly knowledgeable when compared to other representatives I've chatted to from other Vendors like DELL and HP. All other vendors I think could take a page from the type of people they hire to assist potential purchasers from Apple.

  • Apple promised to keep me up to date with the progress of my order and every promise made was honored. This again I found to be excellent to experiences I've had with other Vendors, where I got (as an example) an SMS saying that my order was processed and would be delivered soon. That would be great if those SMS's didn't actually come until "after" the product was delivered. Apple's progress reports on the other hand, were all spot on.

  • The boxing of the products I ordered, being the Mac Air Laptop itself, an Apple USB Ethernet Adapter and a Lacie Porsche USB 3.0 1TB external drive were very nicely boxed.

  • The initial setup process for the new laptop was very nicely done and extremely easy to follow, with layman types explanations given every step of the way. The
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by:Lucas Bishop
Apple undoubtedly provides one of the best user experiences around. From the purchasing process, all the way through onboarding and then the ongoing relationship with the product -- all top notch.

The cost of their hardware I often justify (to myself), in the build quality and the fact that the accompanying operating system(s) (iOS, OSX, etc) is of equally high quality.

As far as the accessories go though, I sympathize with you on the price points. When I first bought my series 1 "magic mouse" I choked on the price, but went forth just because I wanted the multi-touch gestures (without having to use the touchpad). I've had the mouse for almost 9 years though, so I have to say the investment paid off. Those new wireless "magic keyboards" I haven't really looked into but I wouldn't be surprised if they last through a decade of heavy usage.
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The CloudEndureVolumeUpdater service has stopped: process exited unexpectedly On windows server 2012 R2. The CloudEndureVolumeUpdater service has been stopping and re-started getting event id: 4100 &  4098.
Somebody post the resolution for this service. I am very much frustrated by this.
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by:Brian B
You have entered this as a post, but it looks like you are asking for help. To get the best response from the Experts, you should probably re-submit this as a question using the "ask a question" button at the top of the page, or this link: https://www.experts-exchange.com/askQuestion.jsp
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windows xp cannot initialize data binding software problem
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by:Scott Fell, EE MVE
Did you mean to ask a question?  Click the blue Ask a Question button at the top of the page or follow this link https://www.experts-exchange.com/askQuestion.jsp
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TIP  SECURITY  ENCRYPTION & CERTIFICATES

In-place upgrade of encrypted Windows systems using reflectdrivers

Apparently since Win10 v1607 there exists a parameter "/reflectdrivers" in the Windows setup (setup.exe on the DVD / USB stick) see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-hardware/manufacture/desktop/windows-setup-command-line-options

This can be used to tell Setup the location of the encryption drivers (eg Veracrypt) and finally be able to perform upgrades without decrypting!

The Veracrypt developer shares this in a forum post and gives a syntax example for his product:

setup.exe /ReflectDrivers "C:\Program Files\VeraCrypt" /PostOOBE C:\ProgramData\VeraCrypt\SetupComplete.cmd

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Windows OS

111K

Solutions

80K

Contributors

This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.