Windows OS





This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.

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I want to get a listing of all files under a directory  along with the full path ( or relative path)
I want the list of all files including the subdirectories  ( This is Windows server 2012)
There are about 3 million files altogether
 I want the whole list ( File names with extension  and paths )  in an excel sheet or MS Access DB

Can you please help?
Free Tool: Port Scanner
LVL 12
Free Tool: Port Scanner

Check which ports are open to the outside world. Helps make sure that your firewall rules are working as intended.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

I’m trying to install windows 2008 r2 on a desktop computer (Lenovo ThinkCentre M72e), the installation goes well but mouse and keyboard won’t work to continue the install. Any advice?
Helping out a church with a laptop they bought by mistake with window 10 home on it.  they need windows 10 pro because  of the server essentials domain they have.

The OS on this latop got corrupted as part of a windows update.  I pitched that if this was windows 10 pro / on the domain, it would have been backed up.  So they want to get this to windows 10 pro and they are looking to go through tech soup for that.

I have a win 10 install media thumb drive - when I've used it before (on machines with win 7 originally) it would ask what version of win 10 to install -- home, pro, eterprise, etc.  and then ask for a license key. you could skip the license key and if  the machine had been upgraded to win 10 (under free upgrade in that first year, etc.) it would auto activate.  or I would think OS would run but only short term till you enter a key.

On this win 10 home machine, when I boot off the win 10 install media, it must be reading the bios (that's where win 10 keys are stored now?) and seeing it's a home machine... so it installed that without asking what version to install.

We are getting a get genuine license from tech soup for win 10 pro for this machinee.  but ( a seperate issue), mirosoft / tech soup only lets them place 1 order EVER for get genuine licenses... so I am asking them how many licenses to get.  While they debate that / till we place the order for the licenses, I want to start getting this machine going

There's a spot in windows 10 home for …
 I installed Windows 10 on this computer from the scratch and downloaded & installed Windows 10 Fall Creator Update.
When I check the root directory of C drive, I see not only C:\Windows folder, but also C:\Windows.old folder which is about 30GB.

 Anyway is it ok to erase this folder thru Disk Cleanup/Clean up system files and check "Previous Windows installation ... 30GB" provided I won't go back to prior to Fall creator update time?
 I assume that it was Windows Fall Creator update that had to create Windows.old folder?
 I thought that Windows.old folder is usually created when upgrading Win7/Win8 to Win10 and it is for the case if the user wants to go back to the previous OS.

Group policy is applied to Win 10 computer, but the Win 10 computers settings do not change.  Specifically, we are testing a new WSUS server on the network.  We're using a Windows 10 machine for testing.  We've verified by using the Group Policy Wizard that the machine had the correct GPO applied, which has all the new WSUS server settings in it.  After confirming the GPO was "applied" to the test machine, when we pull up the GPEDIT on the Win 10 machine, we see that NONE of the GPO settings were actually applied - everything was default and not enabled.  What causes a machine to "ignore" GPO settings, when that GPO was successfully applied??  The AD server is 2008R2.

Thanks for your help
Hi Experts

Could you point a way to start MTS Explorer from Win 7?

Thanks in advance.
Having a setup error installing SQL 2012 on Windows Core 2016.

Fresh install of Windows 2016 Core
Roles:  File Server, IIS w/remote management & ASP.NET 4.6, .NET 3.5
All updates
Create one file share to move config files to.
Create firewall rules to allow remote management to Windows Core.
This system is a standalone system not connected to a domain.

I am attempting to install MS SQL 2012 64 bit remotely with PowerShell.  I have tried with both a config file and command line options.

I can get it to install as long as I don't use the SECURITYMODE=SQL and SAPWD="SomePassword"

As soon as I use those two options it errors out and throws an error about not being able to create and XML document.

I also have set:  SQLSYSADMINACCOUNTS="Administrator"

Since you can't install SSMS on Windows Core, I have to have an SA password set for remote connectivity.

Any ideas on what am I missing about using those two options?  I have searched and not been able to come up with anything and have tried multiple times on clean installs.
Below is my config file:

We have a brand new Windows 2016 Hyper-V host hosting just a few VM's. Two of those machines are older - one is Windows 2008 R2 the other is SBS 2008. These machines were recently virtualized (P2V) using Microsoft's Virtual Machine Converter 3.1. Both went perfectly and are both in operation.

At this point, my concern is the backups. We presently use Veeam and they depend on Hyper-V to be able to do "production" snapshots of the VM's as opposed to "standard" snapshots. Both VM's are able to be backed up, but without VSS or any application awareness. To be honest, I'm more familiar with VMware-world when it comes to this, but the only information I've found says to reinstall the Hyper-V integration services but that option was removed for Windows 2016.

I'm looking for guidance on getting my Hyper-V host to take production snapshots of my VM's or any troubleshooting steps to take to resolve.

These are the steps I've done to date:
  • Verified host and guests are both up to date via Windows Update
  • Verified that all services are being offered to the guests from the host via Hyper-V manager
  • Verified all Hyper-V services are started and running without issue on the guests
  • VSS writers are all in good order on both VM's
  • This is in the event viewer (Applications |Hyper-V-Worker | Admin, though I cannot find how to remedy it (Event ID 4000):

An error on the host's event log
  • Lastly, a screenshot of the running Hyper-V services on one of VM's:

An example of the Hyper-V running services on the VM
We are helping out a non-profit organization that does have an account with

On their own, someone their bought a computer that came with Windows 10 Home. It was cheaper than the machine we spec'd for them.

If I am not mistaken, that won't play well in their SBS Essentials domain, right?

So I'd like to=need get it to Windows 10 Pro?

Shouldn't be that hard? I go to tech soup. The Microsoft Windows OS upgrade is $16. this is Win 10 Enterprise. But wait,
You cannot upgrade from any Home edition of Windows.
Some more looking and I see Windows Pro Full Operating System – Get Genuine for $9. A lower price! I put that in the cart, go to check out and see this:

I understand that my organization may never place another request for Get Genuine full Windows operating systems after we have received the licenses we are requesting now.

I don't want to get 1 license and lock them out of using this solution if this happens again.   Would people here

1) suggest buying a bunch of these get genuine license and stockpile them on the chance they will needed down the road?
2) Do we buy a retail copy of win 10 pro outside of tech soup for something like $150?
3) Am I mistaken and Win 10 home computers can work with the SBS Essentials domain fine?
4) Something else I am missing?

It would seem that buying a home os when pro was needed can't be all that uncommon amongst small businesses and organizations trying to take care of their own IT needs.  There …
I'm looking for way to configure IE, Chrome and Firefox to save bookmarks (if not cookies, history, etc as well) to an alternate location.    In this case, a useras Onedrive folder, which is a local folder.    I'm not looking to export or backup.
Free Tool: Site Down Detector
LVL 12
Free Tool: Site Down Detector

Helpful to verify reports of your own downtime, or to double check a downed website you are trying to access.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

there monitors setup in Windows 10 Prof

I have  new dell Precision 3420 SFF
I installed a Nvidia Quadro P600 card so I can use 3 new Dell monitors DisplayPort connection
it detects only two monitors
I went to Nvidia drives and installed the latest driver all of Windows 10 is up to date and still cannot detect third monitor

any suggestions?

Question: Is about Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Essentials, to save money can I run this with my main Firewall (software)?  I know there is a limit of 25 users and 50 devices, but I would only have 2 actual logins to maintain the box, the rest of the users would just be passing through the firewall.  Would this work? Is it licence complaint?
One thing I've never been able to fully grasp and get my head around in Window 10 is how to add custom Icons to Windows 10 and where the best places are to find Icons.

For example, if I find some icons that I like, how do I add them to be available in the "%SystemRoot%\system32\imageres.dll" file?

I've read many articles found using Google on this topic, but none of them explained the process very well in my opinion and just left me confused. So my questions are;

  1. How to add icons to Windows 10 "imageres.dll" file so that they are available to me when I want to select a different desktop Icon for a folder or whatever?
  2. Is it possible to have a folder with Icons in it that can then be browsed and selected when using the Properties > Change Icon option on folders or Program Icons? If so, what size do these icons have to be in order to be used?
  3. What are some of the best sites to find Windows 10 compatible Icons? Free preferred, but good Paid sites are not out of the question for me.

I ask you please provide detailed explanations to questions 1 and 2, rather than just links to external sites if possible. Answers from those who have personal experience in these matters would be great, as well as screenshots of steps included in your answers if possible.

I am skilled with Windows 10, but having trouble figuring out the best way to solve this particular requirement.

Any assistance would be appreciated.

Many thanks.

Hi Experts,

          I want to restore elastic search index.

       Steps I had set path.repo path in elasticsearch.yml

       for eg:  path.repo: c:\bharath\repo\es-backup\.

      es-backup has the zip file named and its extracted zip as folder.

     set this path.repo then restart the elasticsearch service from windows services. it is sucessfull.

       I had tried both the paths c:\bharath\repo\es-backup  and C:\bharath\repo\es-backup\es-backup20170911\
     and restarted the elastic search service it has started properly.

     Next step is register the repository or import the respository in elasticsearch for that I had done the following step

    curl -XPUT 'http://localhost:9200/_snapshot/es_snap?verify=false&pretty' -d '{"type":"fs", "settings":{"location":"\\\\PC-ASSET-2\\Bharath\\Sourcecode\\project\\es-backup\\es_backup_20170911","compress":true}}'

       I  had tried changing PC-Asset-2 to c: I had tried both the options I get the following error below.  I had tried with single slash as well as double slashes in the location, I am not able to resolve this,  I am getting the below error.

      Invoke-WebRequest : Parameter cannot be processed because the parameter name 'd' is ambiguous. Possible matches
include: -DisableKeepAlive -Debug.
At line:1 char:74
+ curl -XPUT 'http://localhost:9200/_snapshot/es_snap?verify=false&pretty' -d '{"t ...
+                                                         …
I'd like to add a shortcut on my desktop that I can just double click to be able to launch "shell:startup" as per the suggestion in this Microsoft Article which says in part;

To add or remove an app from the Startup tab, press the Windows Logo Key  + R, type shell:startup, and then select OK. This opens the Startup folder.

I've tried creating a batch file to do the above, but it doesn't work for me... I just notice a DOS windows pop up for a second and then it disappears.

Can anyone show me how I can create an icon to be able to do this?

My system is a Windows 10 Professional install.

Many thanks...

Using Windows 10 and the screen saver pops up while i am reading.   Where do i increase the idle time before that happens?
How can I locate where all my downloaded programs are located in Windows 10?
I work for a company in which the general manager has VOIP phone, Windows computer and iPhone devices.   The general manager has a list of contacts that he would like to have automatically synchronize to all of these devices.  Where would be the best place to edit this contact list and get it to synchronize to all of these devices automatically?  If there is a better process to do this I would appreciate input.  Thanks.
Tools to clean up WIndows 2008 R2 C: drive.  Especially looking to clean up the c:\windows\winsxs folder without having to reboot the server.
Free Tool: SSL Checker
LVL 12
Free Tool: SSL Checker

Scans your site and returns information about your SSL implementation and certificate. Helpful for debugging and validating your SSL configuration.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

I manage a group of remote laptops that don't need any type of security and are designed to do only one function.  Upon hearing that the Meltdown/Spectre fixes from MSFT slows down PCs, I used various means in the group settings to stop any and all updates.  Basically the Windows Update appears, but then the user just minimizes it and does nothing with it.  As they are, the PCs function fine.  I don't know how long we can stall MSFT, but right now its working well. My question is this: have the Meltdown/Spectre updates been perfected at this point so that it does not interfere with the operation of the PC or slow it down? Any decrease in performance is unacceptable.  Thanks!
i want to set an HP laptop to receive as little upgrades as possible - windows 10 OS
right now it receives HP updates, program updates, and windows updates - resulting in warnings and popups that make the (older) user nervous
i know i could do a frehs install - without the HP updates - but that's the last option
let's say for now i still accept windows updates - but how to go about the rest?
hp  Probook 450 G3 i-7, 16 Gb Ram, M.2 disk - -  windows 10 OS
i would do the updates when needed -
I have a client that uses an NI Board, PCI, to use as a counter for I/O. The issue is the environment the programs are built on are Windows 7 and cannot be updated nor adjusted in any way. I need to find a solution that will allow me to create some virtual machine on a windows 10 host that I can pass through this NI board on PCI. I have looked at Hyper-V, VMWare/esxi, Vsphere and Virtual Box. I cannot seem to find any good solution to give that VM direct access to that PCI board. Does anyone have any suggestions or recommendations to complete this as listed?

MUST remain in the idea of VM. Please don't suggest just building a physical machine hot spare, its not an option for this scope.
Dear Experts,

In my environment AD is configured in Windows server 2012 and also exchange 2013 is also installed . I need to give some rights to 5-10 users. Rights are creating users , editing , deleting , password reset ,create new mail id's or do the editing in exchange server and also create new group policy. I don't want to give them the full admin rights.

My second question is when i am trying to connect the remote server through one of the domain user i get the below error;-

“To sign in remotely, you need the right to sign in through Remote Desktop Services. By default members of the Administrators group have this right. If the group you’re in does not have the right, or  if the right has been removed from the Administrators group, you need to be granted the right manually.”

How to install RSAT in WIndows 7 using command line. ? I have issue where after installing the kb for the RSAT for Windows 7sp1, when I do appwiz.cpl and see the OptionalFeatures where you can select to add or remove features in Windows 7, the thing comes up as blank. So even though I installed the kb update for the RSAT (to use aduc in windows client) I can't actually launch dsa.msc because it needs to be "activated" via the Programs and Features Optional Features portion... but that part is coming up completely blank. Is there a way to trigger the activation via powershell or command line instead of using GUI?
Because of critical operational damage done by KB4056892, we Disabled the wuauserve aka Windows Update service.  This KB corresponds to Windows 10 1709 Build 16299.192.

In the last few days, KB4088776 corresponding to Build 16299.309 was installed anyway.
The systems are left with wuauserve aka Windows Update service in the default Manual setting.
Fortunately, the only damage this time was that the Cortana icon no longer launches anything and the Cortana search box can't be typed into.  Perhaps there are other things but they haven't been found yet.

How is one to maintain system configuration management under these circumstances?  
I've not found anything but "delay" methods re: Windows updates.  That seems risky in the extreme.

Windows OS





This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.