[Product update] Infrastructure Analysis Tool is now available with Business Accounts.Learn More


Windows OS





This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.

Share tech news, updates, or what's on your mind.

Sign up to Post


I have 300 Windows 7 pc's and plan on upgrading them to Windows 10 Enterprise. Our DC's are Windows Server 2016. I need to apply the Windows 10 group policy admin template.

what is the latest template for Windows 10 Enterprise?
how do I apply it? Do I copy it to \\dc\SYSVOL\xxx.local\Policies\PolicyDefinitions? Do I just copy the contents over? Will it break any existing Windows 7 GPOS?

I have 2 agents I need to deploy to windows domain systems via GPO. I havent done this in years and need some guidance. Where in GPO do I set this up and where do I place the MSI file? I want to do silent install also.

2 agents are: Cylance and Zscaler

Here is Zscaler info: https://help.zscaler.com/z-app/customizing-zscaler-app-install-options-msi

here is cylance
**This is the cmd used for a quiet automated install**


any step by step help is appreciated!
Running Windows 10 with two screens.  One is usually off and tucked away and I work on the other.  I've usually got a number of applications open at any one time eg, mail, browser, music player, file manager.

These overlap on the open screen but that isn't a problem.  I can access/switch to them through the Task Manger bar.

However if I open a particular game "Return to Castle Wolfenstein" and close it any application that RTCW overlaid has been pushed onto the second screen, the one that is off.

Much nattering and cursing then occurs as I have to open the second window up and drag the offending applications back to where they belong.

So the question is:  How do I stop Windows relocating my applications to the other window?
I have done the following:
1. determined the missing hard drives are not appearing in the Disk Manager
2. determined the missing hard drives are not appearing in the Device Manager
3. Assured the drive continue to be powered and physically connected
4. Read many help articles about the topic

Interesting note: I have a dual-boot system, the  pre-existing one is Windows 10 (older version); when I boot to that OS instance, I see all my hard drives
Since I am not even seeing the drives in Device Manager in the new Windows 10 install, I imagine the solution will either be a special KB update or something obscure I cannot even imagine :(

Thank you!

Windows 10, new install Device ManagerWindows 10, new install Disk Manager
Windows 10, dual-boot (failover) Device ManagerWindows 10, dual-boot (failover) Disk Manager
How do I get rid of the picture that appears on startup on my Windows 10 computer?

I'v been doing well in customizing my screen to exactly what I want, but I can't seem to find instructions online that accurately explain how to just have a blank screen on startup.

To be sure, this is the very first screen that appears, with the current time and date in white against various landscapes, ocean views, etc.

All I want is the traditional blue screen (which I used the built-in personalization tools to set up) that appears behind my main screen with shortcuts.

I thought this would be a simple thing to do, but after several attempts, maybe not!

For whatever reason our systems are not rebooting on the schedule following updates.  We've configured the following GPO's:
Computer Configuration\Admin Templates\Windows Components\Windows Updates\

     - Enabling Windows Update Power Management to automatically wake up the system to install scheduled updates - "Enabled"
     - Turn off auto-restart for updates during active hours - "Enabled"
     - Always automatically restart at the scheduled time - "Enabled"
     - Configure Automatic Updates - "Enabled"
     - Specify intranet Microsoft update service location - "Enabled"
     - Automatic Updates detection frequency - "Enabled"
     - Allow non-admins to receive update notifications - "Enabled"
     - Turn on Software notifications - "Enabled"
     - Allow automatic updates immediate installation - "Enabled"
     - Turn on recommended updates via Automatic Updates - "Enabled"
     - Re-Prompt for restart with scheduled installations - "Enabled"
     - Allow signed updates from an intranet Microsoft update service location - "Enabled"

All of our client systems are running Windows 10 SHB on a closed loop network.  We use a WSUS server to manage updates, WSUS running on Windows server 2016.
I am doing a review of permissions on a file server. There is a file share crated for a specific department for arguments sake we can say this is \\fileserver\department  - when analysing permissions, at share ACL the admin has granted the NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users 'Full' permissions, and on the directory ACL they have given NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users Read, Write, Execute and the concerning one being "Delete". These are taken from an MBSA scan of the server.

Within \\fileserver\department\ there are numerous sub-directories, e.g. \\fileserver\department\team1 \\fileserver\department\team2 - a quick scan of permissions set at this child levels show they don't inherit the permissions set at \\fileserver\department - which is good from a data security perspective, as they are configured in such a way that they restrict access to only specific groups.

Where my concern is, that I am trying to determine if I am correct or not to be alarmed, is if NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users has delete permissions at the root level, e.g.  \\fileserver\department  level – could they just delete the sub-directories, e.g \\fileserver\department\team1 \\fileserver\department\team2 - or not? Does the fact the permissions on folders such as \\fileserver\department\team1 are more restrictive make my concerns that the NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users group has delete permissions at the root level less of an issue.
Hi ...
After creating a bootable USB  using "etcher" utility from ISO files on a USB flash drive, the USB drive becomes the same size as the ISO file and cannot add more files. Moreover, inserting it into Windows OS , the usb key is not recognized anymore. Is there a better utility supporting any kind of bootable ISO files and still be useable to add more files to it.

I just bought a 2nd hand laptop by occasion and it has only one problem: the Windows 10 was installed in Arabic language and I need it in English. I do not read/speak Arabic language.
I looked over many YouTube videos in Arabic and English language about how to change the language in Win10. Unfortunately my screens that I see in Arabic language do not match the screens seen in Arabic on YouTube videos/tutorials, so I cannot do a blind click-click and by chance to change it into English.
I can make print screens and then put them in USB stick and upload them here on EE from another PC – that I figure it out.
I do not want to reinstall Win10 from scratch, but of course that is the last option.
Below are the first steps which leaded me to, I hope, Language and Regional Settings in Win10, but where to click further and what to choose?
I really need your guidance in step by step with pictures where shall I click in order to install the English language.

Going into a client to try to resurrect 20 files that we know the exact name of but the computer was completely (reformatted) wiped of Windows 7 and a fresh copy of Windows 10 was put in its placed.  This wiped W10 computer has only been booted up a couple times since but has been mainly turned off since the reformat.   What's the best hope/solution for recovering these files?
Desktop machine
Windows 7 Ultimate (x64)
Service Pack 1 (build 7601)
24 GB RAM (memory)

VMware Workstation 10
Order Date: December 4, 2013

2.80 gigahertz Intel Core i7 930
64-bit ready
Motherboard: EVGA 141-BL-E757 Tylersburg
Bus Clock: 133 megahertz
BIOS: Phoenix Technologies, LTD 6.00 PG 08/25/2011

I want to install a virtual machine that will run Ubuntu Linux efficiently on top of Windows 7.
I will then install ROS on top of Linux in order to use Gazebo to simulate robots.
I may need to run two virtual machines in order to simulate two robots, but I'm not sure if that is required.
I may be able to simulate the two robots, including inter-robot communications, using only one VM.

Please recommend what Virtual Machine would be best for my purposes.
Hopefully, there is a free version.
I already own a VMware workstation paid license, but it is several years old, 2013, version 10. Maybe I should use that. Please let me know.
(1) Desktop running Windows 7 Pro
(2) Laptop running Windows 8.1, only 20GB hard drive.

On machine (1), I want to install a Virtual Machine that runs Linux.
On that Linux virtual machine I will be installing ROS and running simulations in Gazebo.

I want to install software on both machines so that machine (2), the laptop, can fully control machine (1).
The two machines may not always be on the same WiFi network. The laptop will at times need to access the desktop machine over the internet.
I need to make sure the connection is secure and that no one else can access either machine without my authorization.
I am using this for personal use, non-commercial.

Please recommend software that runs over the internet that will allow me to fully control the desktop machine (1) from the laptop machine (2).
Is there any free software that I can use?
Will Teamviewer allow this?

In Azure how can I just give limited access to users like jus to start and stop the vm?

I have a Meraki MR33 AP on a network with a windows 2012 R2 server as a AD, DHCP, and File server and a Meraki MX64 firewall. my issue is with the MR33 Wi-Fi. with the main SSID set to allow connected devices receive IPs from the DHCP and on bridge mode so they can access the drives. problem is I cant see the server or access the pre-mapped drives. I can't Ping the server either. any ideas?
This is a Windows 10 Update Problem.  Here is the update errors.

There were problems installing some updates, but we'll try again later. If you keep seeing this and want to search the web or contact support for information, this may help:
  1. Update for Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems (KB4033631) - Error 0x8000ffff
  1. Update for Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems (KB4049411) - Error 0x8000ffff

I am running a compatible / customized PC with a very new ASUS Motherboard.  Windows Tech people confirmed everything is compatible.
My Current Version of Windows 10 is 1607 and I keep trying to update to the latest version and it continually creates these errors and won't update Windows 10 to the latest version

I have been told by Windows that I have to do a clean install only.
The problem for me with this is that its a work computer and I have over 400 applications/programs already installed and to do a clean install would mean I would lose valuable time in sitting around and having to install all the hundreds of programs again and I just can't afford to do this.

I know there has to be a way to find why its failing to install the updates and find a quick fix.

And Yes this is a legitmate version of Windows 10.

I updated it from Windows 7 when it was a free option to download and update to Windows 10.  Everything was fine until the updates after 1607.

Please help.
Hello all,
I have a weird issue and am not sure where to go on it.
A client of mine has two Lenovo Yoga 260 laptops side by side.  They are identical in almost every way (they both are Windows 7 Pro 64 bit, 4 gig RAM, and have the same exact software on them.)  They both get onto the wireless.  One of them is rock solid and has no issues.
The other one in question will get onto the wireless and stay on sometimes for 5 minutes before it disconnects.  Sometimes it will be two days and then it disconnects.  Completely random.  When it disconnects it does a full disconnect then reconnects but it does so only partially (with a 169.x.x.x address and not an internal DHCP Lan address).  The only way to resolve is a cold boot.
Here are the steps that I have done:
1)    Updated the Cisco WAPs to the latest firmware.
2)    Updated the laptop with the latest Lenovo drivers and Windows updates.
3)    Moved one of the Cisco WAPs to three feet away from the problem laptop.
4)    Restarted the DHCP server several times
5)    Disabled the internal wifi card on the problem laptop.  Installed a USB wireless card
6)    Ran a chkdsk /f on the hard drive of the problem laptop.  No issues were found.

After each one of these steps this issue happens.  It is completely random and it is not when the user allows the laptop to go to sleep.  The user could be in the middle of inputting patient data in the EMR and boom there is a disconnection.

I have no earthly idea what to do next or …
Does anyone know Azure licenses features EMS E5 vs. P1 license.  Seems they are offering same options.

Also, would it make sense to have a chunk of users of one license and the rest on another.  It would be hard to manage I think.  

I have a lenovo desktop with win 7 pro on it.   It says configuring windows updates 100% complete.  It has been like that for 45 minutes.  Do I turn off or is there something elese I can do?
I'm using WORD 2013 in a Windows 10 environment.  When trying to merge a document, it hesitates and then closes WORD completely.  This happens consistently.  HELP!

PS:  The template is fine, other users have no problem.

Hoping to get some help with a new RODC that I have deployed.

I think it has replication issues, and is not functioning correctly.

DCDIAG is showing -

A recent replication attempt failed

  Starting test: Replications

        [Replications Check,XX2] A recent replication attempt


            From XX1 to XX2

            Naming Context: DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=XXX,DC=XXX

            The replication generated an error (1256):

            The remote system is not available. For information about network troubleshooting, see Windows Help.


            The failure occurred at 2018-11-19 13:23:18.

            The last success occurred at 2018-11-19 10:12:26.

            12 failures have occurred since the last success.


There are other errors in dcdiag with KCC & group policy on this RODC. But I thought I would start here.

Any assistance would be great.

What is the difference between Web Application Proxy and Federation service proxy?

I know both use as a proxy server but what the difference?
In all the PCs that I've checked, we have a local account which is a
member of Administrators.

What does "Password required: No" mean: I tried to login interactively
to this PL account by entering a 'blank' or any arbitrary password but
cant login.  How do we check if it's interactive or non-interactive acct?

Secondly by "Password changeable: Yes", does it mean
anyone can change its password?

C:\r>net user PL
User name                    PL
Full Name
Country/region code          000 (System Default)
Account active               Yes
Account expires              Never

Password last set            8/9/2017 9:48:28 AM
Password expires             Never
Password changeable          8/9/2017 9:48:28 AM
Password required            No   <== what does this mean
User may change password     Yes

Workstations allowed         All
Logon script
User profile
Home directory
Last logon                   11/9/2017 12:41:00 PM

Logon hours allowed          All
Local Group Memberships      *Administrators
We want to display a calendar (shared google calendar) on a big screen in the office.

My question is can I connect a big TV 50” monitor to one of the computers in the office as a third screen with a cable to the TV screen on the wall? Do I need a special graphics card for this? Will this overwhelm the computer?

This is not for gaming a video streaming
how to disable powershell ISE in windows 10?
i added powershell_ise.exe to the list of programs the user is not allowed to run in group policy, but it still allows them to run it.
the policy is correctly applied
Windows 10 Upgrade attempt - from v 1703 to any later version. The machine in question is a Dell Inspiron laptop.

The upgrade process fails each time. It is failing during what is commonly caused 'Phase 2', where a certain percentage is reached, then proceeds no further. McAfee AV has been uninstalled - which made no difference.

My very specific question - is there any log or precise information available that details where in the upgrade process the failure is occurring ? E.g. with a specific driver, setting, software, or configuration ?

Please note: I have already extensively researched on the Internet and read through dozens of suggestions as to how to make the upgrade work. What I'm looking for is some precise information in order to determine exactly where the upgrade is failing, so that I can then pursue the appropriate remedies.


Mark Weaver
Oxford, CT

Windows OS





This topic area includes legacy versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000: Windows 3/3.1, Windows 95 and Windows 98, plus any other Windows-related versions including Windows Mobile.