Windows Server 2008





Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.

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Points of My Scenario:
1. I am admin of a Windows Server 2008 R2 computer
2. This server's Event Viewer application log continuously reports that a certificate is "about to expire or already expired." (the thumbprint is provided in the error)
3. Many certificates are deployed on this server (system and application)
4. I wish to avoid double-clicking each certificate and manually checking its thumbprint

QUESTION: How can I query the server to find which certificate has the matching thumbprint in the error?
Build an E-Commerce Site with Angular 5
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Build an E-Commerce Site with Angular 5

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how to Remove Minimum Password Age requirement from Windows Servers for Local Accounts
how Remove Minimum Password Age requirement for AD Accounts
I am trying do demote a Domain Controller Windows Server 2008 Standard.
I already set another DC (Windows 2012).
After "dcpromo", I get this error while trying to demote this server:

Specified Domain Does Not Exist or Could Not Be Contacted.

dcdiag's output is:

Diagnosi server di directory

Esecuzione della configurazione iniziale:
   Ricerca dell'home server in corso...
   Home server: COMPANY-BDC
   * Foresta di Active Directory identificata.
   Raccolta delle informazioni iniziali completata.

Esecuzione dei test obbligatori iniziali

   Server in fase di test: Default-First-Site-Name\COMPANY-BDC
      Inizio test: Connectivity
         Impossibile risolvere il nome host in un indirizzo IP. Controllare il server DNS, il DHCP,
         il nome server e così via.
         ......................... COMPANY-BDC non ha superato il test Connectivity

Esecuzione dei test principali

   Server in fase di test: Default-First-Site-Name\COMPANY-BDC
      Il server COMPANY-BDC non risponde alle richieste del servizio directory. Tutti i test verranno ignorati.

   Test partizione in esecuzione su: ForestDnsZones
      Inizio test: CheckSDRefDom
         ......................... ForestDnsZones ha superato il test CheckSDRefDom
      Inizio test: CrossRefValidation
         ......................... ForestDnsZones ha superato il test CrossRefValidation

   Test partizione in 

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how do i clone an existing group policy in active directory

as i need to assign to a new sub -OU

any steps?
AD migration from AD 2008 to AD 2016

AD Functionnal le vel 2008

Domain functionnal Level 2003

DFS present

Question by updating the Sysvol Replication from FRS to DFS-R , will not break something on the DFS Root configured in the Domain

What is the best method? Should virtual machines get their time from the PDC that is pointing to or from the ESXi host that is also pointing to
Dear sir / madam,

I'm planning to upgrade the certificate server (Enterprise CA, running on Windows 2008 R2) for my client.  It is used to upgrade their SHA 1 to SHA 2.  Just wonder, in case there is any problem and it needs to rollback, can I downgrade from SHA2 to SHA1?

Please kindly advise
are there any tools/features in windows server (2008 R2 & 2012 ) perhaps within the file server resource monitor app, that could help track down files containing personal/sensitive data on a drive/share on the server, or are tools of this nature 3rd party. Before looking further I wanted to double check we are not overlooking any tools that come with Windows Server before researching 3rd party solutions.
I need to create an excel report on our file server share of "folder names and sizes" from one of the major shares.
Is there a tool to do that or can it be done using any windows services ?

Its windows server 2008 R2 enterprise and file system is NTFS.

Thanks in advance!
I have a powershell script that will kill/end a process on over 1000 servers.  However some servers show RPC is unavailable, how do you skip them automatically?

This is urgent as we are having major problems with our user environement.

I appreciate the help!

(Get-Content 'c:\Temp\Computers.txt') | ForEach-Object {
          Get-WmiObject -computer $_ -class win32_process  -filter "name = 'process.exe'" -credential $cred| %{$_.terminate()} | out-null

Open in new window

Get-WmiObject : The RPC server is unavailable. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x800706BA)
At line:2 char:11
+           Get-WmiObject -computer $_ -class win32_process  -filter "n ...
+           ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (:) [Get-WmiObject], COMException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : GetWMICOMException,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.GetWmiObjectCommand
Exploring SQL Server 2016: Fundamentals
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Exploring SQL Server 2016: Fundamentals

Learn the fundamentals of Microsoft SQL Server, a relational database management system that stores and retrieves data when requested by other software applications.

Hi EE,

A SQL user (Windows AD auth) won't log via SSMS or any method. Below is the error message I initially get:

A connection was successfully established with the server, but then an error occurred during the login process. (provider: SSL Provider, error: 0 - The certificate chain was issued by an authority that is not trusted.)

Then when I enable trust server certificate I get:

Login failed for user ''. (Microsoft SQL Server, Error: 18456)

Troubleshooting so far;

- Delete the user entirely and recreating it no success.
- Make the sure the user has all the CONNECT TO access in Properties -> Securables.
- Set the default database to master.

This is the only login affected by this issue a possible GPO issue.
Any ideas any help is appreciated.

Thank you
Hello Experts,

I was wondering if anyone could help with a task I am trying to accomplish. Here are my requirements/questions below:

1: I would like to allow access to the Windows 'Security Logs" to only a select group of people via a Security Group and link this security group to a domain GPO?

2: This restriction would have to be Domain wide, not just at the local server/workstation level.

3: The domain controller is Windows Server 2008

Recap: Only allow certain members to have the ability to access and clear the Windows Security Logs via a GPO link to a Domain?

Thanks for your help
I have a virtual 2008 R2 server running on VMWare that got corrupt this morning. I can not open control panel or Explorer. I get the error message “the server process could not be started because the configured identity is incorrect.”

I can’t get to system restore.

I can get to a command prompt. I tried scf /scannow and got an error “Windows Resource Protection could not start the repair service.” I also ran chkdsk but that did not help at all.

I saws a post about changing the key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\AppID{Key in the error message I get} to interactive user but that was already set.

Anyone have any ideas on how to recover this?
Hello Experts,

I have a server that will not install the latest security update.  It looks like everything is going well, but it hits 97% installed and then fails.  I get the message that the server is reverting the changes and 15 minutes after two reboots, I can log back into the server.  In going through the logs I found the error code of 0x80004005.  Doing a quick search lead me to the article found at the following URL:

The article states that diskpart showed the author's disk out of space.  At first I ignored the article and tried all sorts of other troubleshooting steps as Disk Manager showed my server has plenty of space.  After nothing else worked I went ahead and checked my disks with diskpart and I am in fact out of space according to diskpart.  A screenshot of both what diskpart is showing and what Disk Manager is showing is provided below:

I now think this is definitely my issue.  Here are my questions:
1.  Why is diskpart different than Disk Manager?
2.  How do I extend these partitions in diskpart?

This is a virtual server, so I can add more space.  Do I add space and then use diskpart to extend the disks?

Do you have to take intermediate steps in upgrading to Windows server 2016, or can you upgrade directly?
I have a virtual Windows 2008 R2 server that is running Network Policy Server for RADIUS authentication services.  It has been running fine.  There was a problem that occurred that required the removal and re-adding of the NIC card from the virtual side of the configuration (vmware).  Able to get the server back up and running on it's original IP address.  However, since the NIC removal has occurred, the Network Policy Server service, which normally binds port u/1812 to the IP address of the NIC, is no longer doing this and therefore the RADIUS authentication is not working.  The binding that occurs is to, instead of the actual IP address of

I've changed the NPS configuration to use the specific IP under NPS Properties, Ports and putting in,1645 (as I saw this in an article to force NPS to use a specific IP address in a dual-homed/NIC configuration).  Restarted the service, as well as the entire server, but the binding still shows up as  You would think this would still function, as it should mean that the server is listening on ALL IP addresses for port 1812, but it doesn't.  I've checked another server that I have NPS running on and it's definitely bound specifically to the IP address and not

Not sure what to do at this point.  Any help would be greatly appreciated!!
Retrieve color printers from Windows Print Server

I have windows print server, I would like to have a script or Powershell command or any tools that can retrieve the Color Printers from Windows Print Server.

Thank you
I created Linked server from Windows Server 2008 R2 to  windows server 2003 Standard Edition SP2
Which tests successfully.
I run a  SELECT statement against a table in a SQL Server 2000 (yes, you heard right, 2000) database on the linked server and get the following error
OLE DB provider "SQLNCLI10" for linked server "testlink" returned message "Unspecified error".
OLE DB provider "SQLNCLI10" for linked server "testlink" returned message "The stored procedure required to complete this operation could not be found on the server. Please contact your system administrator.".
Msg 7311, Level 16, State 2, Line 40
Cannot obtain the schema rowset "DBSCHEMA_TABLES_INFO" for OLE DB provider "SQLNCLI10" for linked server "testlink". The provider supports the interface, but returns a failure code when it is used.

Any guidance appreciated.
we plan to migrate our servers from windows server 2008 to 2016 .
I have installed Distibuted file system in my domain on one domain contrller.
how can i configure it to replicate user profile from one server to another .
OWASP Proactive Controls
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OWASP Proactive Controls

Learn the most important control and control categories that every architect and developer should include in their projects.

Hi Experts,

we have old DCs in use and a old PKI. The PKI has two stages.
The DC are with version WIN2008R2.

The new DCs are WIN2016.
Is it possible to migrate all PKI stuff to the new DC ?
Do you have a step by step plan ?
I'm the new and only AD engineer in a mid-sized organization (6,000+ users).  The environment is 2008 Forest and Domain Functional Levels with 3 DC's in the root domain (let's call it and 9 DC's in the single child domain (  All DC's in both domains are Windows Server 2008.  The root domain is for all intents empty with are no resources and only a handful of user accounts for administrators.  The domain contains all user objects, computer objects, member server objects, Exchange environment, etc.

For obvious reasons we need to upgrade the servers and functional levels.  The mechanics of upgrade aren't a problem as I've done it before in other large organizations.  My question is are there any unknown caveats going straight from Server 2008 to Server 2016 that I haven't discovered in my research or would it be better to migrate to 2012 or 2012 R2 first?
Hi, I am using Windows Server 2008 R2.
When I access through Remote Desktop, it seems a "defaul profile" is loaded (no icons, and so on).
If I open DOS Prompt, my path shows c:\users\temp.
I read some infos on Google but I would like to proceed safely to solve this.
My regedit shows this:

Thank you!
Concerned about anomalies raising forest functional level directly from Windows Server 2008 to 2016 (2019 really). I'm trying to minimize impact on network (should I even do this while company's in production & open for's small with 20 users, nevertheless).
Hello Experts,

I have on server that is not installing updates.  The server is running Windows Server 2008 R2.  The update it is trying to install is the June 2019 security rollup (KB4503292).  Everything appears to install fine.  When I reboot, the updates appear to install up to about 84% and then I get the following message:

Failure configuring Windows updates
Reverting changes
Do not turn off your computer

In going through the windows update logs, I see the following:

2019-06-18      07:36:37:598      8808      2a40      Handler      Completed install of CBS update with type=3, requiresReboot=1, installerError=0, hr=0x0

2019-06-18      07:45:55:364      1336      1184      Handler      FATAL: UH: 0x8007045b: StartSession failed in CCbs::IsCbsPending

2019-06-18      07:53:38:993      1316      550      Handler      WARNING: Got extended error: "Generic Command      ErrorCode      80004005      Executable      bfsvc.exe      ExitCode      112      Phase      38      Mode      Install (upgrade)      Component      Microsoft-Windows-BootEnvironment-Core-MemoryDiagnostic, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35, ProcessorArchitecture=x86, versionScope=NonSxS"

2019-06-17      10:06:39:493      1340      1cc0      Report      REPORT EVENT: {66CDBB9E-F362-4A32-9853-BE637B02603D}      2019-06-17 10:06:34:485-0700      1      182      101      {84167563-985E-4B02-AE56-EE75FA01E744}      201      80004005      AutomaticUpdates      Failure      Content InstallInstallation Failure: Windows failed to install the following update with error 0x80004005: 2019-06 Security Monthly Quality Rollup for Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4503292).

In …
I exported a VM to an OVA then imported at our secondary site. It is a View Golden Image. I did not change the name or do any sysprep/quickprep but did power it on to make sure I could access it. I then created a snapshot and set up a View pool in that site that mirrors the production site.

I went to update group policy on the original golden image and received errors about LDAP binding and authentication to a DC (event ID 1006 error code 49 and event ID 1129 error code 1222) as well as a netlogon error (event ID 3210 which specifically mentions this error may be caused by another machine with the same name on the same network).

I then changed the name of the secondary site computer and rebooted. After waiting about an hour or so, I tried to update group policy but received the same error. I also get the errors on the primary site's computer.

Any help is much appreciated.

Windows Server 2008





Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.