Windows Server 2008

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Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.

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Patch Pic
This article provides a convenient collection of links to Microsoft provided Security Patches for operating systems that have reached their End of Life support cycle. Included operating systems covered by this article are Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and 2008 - Both 32 and 64 Bit installs.
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Resolving an irritating Remote Desktop connection that stops your saved credentials from being used.
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by:kevinhsieh
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I am glad you figured it out. I was going to say that the behavior is by design. In fact, I have that setting specifically enabled... :-)
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After seeing many questions for JRNL_WRAP_ERROR for replication failure, I thought it would be useful to write this article.
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For anyone that has accidentally used newSID with Server 2008 R2 (like I did) and hasn't been able to get the server running again because you were unlucky (as I was) and had no backups - I was able to get things working by doing a Registry Hive recovery.
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Update Pic
I was prompted to write this article after the recent World-Wide Ransomware outbreak. For years now, System Administrators around the world have used the excuse of "Waiting a Bit" before applying Security Patch Updates. This type of reasoning to me is flawed and borders on irresponsible behavior!
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by:Spac3_Pirat3
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Sometimes we will get "The update is not applicable to your computer" when updating the patches as well; so Wait a bit :)
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by:Andrew Leniart
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Hi SpiderlinK, thank you for your comment.  I've found that failure to often be a result of being behind in issued Service Packs. A patch will often fail on a Service Pack 1 or 2 installation if a SP3 has been released.

Best..
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This article explains how to install and use the NTBackup utility that comes with Windows Server.
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A safe way to clean winsxs folder from your windows server 2008 R2 editions
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A procedure for exporting installed hotfix details of remote computers using powershell
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by:Senior IT System Engineer
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Thanks for sharing !
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Restoring deleted objects in Active Directory has been a standard feature in Active Directory for many years, yet some admins may not know what is available.
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Possible fixes for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 updating problem. Solutions mentioned are from Microsoft themselves. I started a case with them from our Microsoft Silver Partner option to open a case and get direct support from Microsoft.
If someone has other solutions commend down below.
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by:Digital_Skream
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I have a procedure that I documented for my junior techs that follows close to the same sequence as yours.
We use it not only when Win7 updates are not working, but also during Win7 reinstalls.  Gets us past having to download and install quite so many updates, right out of the box.

Prerequisites
A) You must have SP1 installed before installing these updates.
B) Ensure that your system time has the proper timezone and that the time is correct.

1) Change Windows Update settings to 'Never check for updates'
2) Reboot your PC
3) Install KB3020369 - April 2015 Servicing stack update ( https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/3020369 )
4) Reboot your PC
5) Install KB3125574 - April 2016 Convenience rollup update ( https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/3125574 )
6) Reboot your PC
***NOTE: If Internet Explorer 11 is already installed, skip to Step 9.
7) Install IE11 - Internet Explorer 11 Offline Installer
 ( 32-bit = http://download.microsoft.com/download/9/2/F/92FC119C-3BCD-476C-B425-038A39625558/IE11-Windows6.1-x86-en-us.exe )
 ( 64-bit = http://download.microsoft.com/download/7/1/7/7179A150-F2D2-4502-9D70-4B59EA148EAA/IE11-Windows6.1-x64-en-us.exe )
8) Reboot your PC
9) Install KB3172605 - July 2016 update rollup ( https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/3172605 )
10) Reboot your PC
11) Change Windows Update settings to whichever setting you prefer
12) Check for new updates.

At this point, the update process should be working properly.
Well, as properly as Windows Update ever has... *grin*

Additional notes:
It is not *strictly* required to reboot after each change, but if you want to be certain that you only have to go through this process once,
it is safest to just reboot when indicated.  Changing the Windows Update settings to 'Never check' as the first step will alleviate a lot of the headache that an out-of-control update service can cause, and will let you install the updates without having to stop the service each time.


I welcome any comments or constructive criticisms.
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On Demand Webinar - Networking for the Cloud Era

This webinar discusses:
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OfficeMate Freezing Error
OfficeMate Freezes on login or does not load after login credentials are input.
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The recent Microsoft changes on update philosophy for Windows pre-10 and their impact on existing WSUS implementations.
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New Windows 7 Installations take days for Windows-Updates to show up and install. This can easily be fixed. I have finally decided to write an article because this seems to get asked several times a day lately.

This Article and the Links apply to Windows 2008 R2 server too.
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by:Tomster2
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On a sheer hunch (and desperation) I selected Show Important Updates.  I unchecked all of them... scrolled down to the bottom of the list (where the earliest updates where.  I clicked the last three which included:

Definition update for Windows Defender KB915597
Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool x64 KB 890830
Windows 7 Service Pack 1 for x64 based systems KB 976932

They installed cleanly.  I then selected the next 10, and they installed cleanly. Then clicked the balance, and they also installed cleanly.

I know... I earlier said the disk I used was a Windows 7 Pro SP 1 disk.  Double checking now, that is what it reads.
I also know that I checked Computer | Properties and it showed Windows 7 SP 1, as that was a requirement for one of the KB's you suggested.

So when is SP 1 not SP 1? I don't know, but that, or one of the other three listed above was the problem blocking the downloads.

Rindi, thank you very much for sticking with this thread. I hope the notes I added here will help others.
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by:Ryan Gerecke
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I use WSUS offline (wsusoffline.net).  After installing the update to Windows Update that you linked first, this will download all updates and install them in a cmd window.  Working at a school, I cannot have a computer take all day just to install updates.  This has cut the time down significantly, and I can make one offline install package to deploy across many computers.
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Sometimes drives fill up and we don't know why.  If you don't understand the best way to use the tools available, you may end up being stumped as to why your drive says it's not full when you have no space left!  Here's how you can find out...
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by:Brian B
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Good and useful article, but a warning to users who may read this: It is not recommended to just try and delete system files. Without going into a long explanation, if you use Lee's method above and find a lot of space being taken up by a specific directory, search on how to clean up that directory. Here is an example for one common place that files build up:
https://www.experts-exchange.com/searchResults.jsp?searchTerms=WINSXS+folder+clean+up&asSubmit=true&asSelected=true
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by:Lee W, MVP
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Brian B - EXCELLENT point - added a warning in case people read the article and not the comments.
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You might have come across a situation when you have Exchange 2013 server in two different sites (Production and DR). After adding the Database copy in ECP console it displays Database copy status unknown for the DR exchange server. Issue is strange though but both Exchange logs are replicated.
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by:Ganesh Kumar A
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Updated in summary, objectives, subject.
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Learn about cloud computing and its benefits for small business owners.
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by:Nirmal Kant
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I really liked this article because I have very small business in Virginia Beach and I was always curious to know about this cloud technology. I am still running on old system and would like to upgrade it for the entire office and members so my work can be more efficiently and in synchronized way. My business is not online but i love to read about it these days and I am also in a communication with few strategy consulting firms like http://introviz.com/ and strategycio and they say moving to cloud would be the best option but how to know their how good their cloud support is? Should i completely rely on what they say? Please suggest
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by:gravityusa gravityusa
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Informative blog about  <a href="http://www.gravityusa.com/phoenix/services/cloud-services/">Cloud Computing </a>.  thank you for sharing with us..
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The reason that corporations and businesses use Windows servers is because it supports custom modifications to adapt to the business and what it needs. Most individual users won’t need such powerful options. Here I’ll explain how you can enable Windows Server search and indexing services.
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A quick step-by-step overview of installing and configuring Carbonite Server Backup.
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The article will show you how you can maintain a simple logfile of all Startup and Shutdown events on Windows servers and desktops with PowerShell. The script can be easily adapted into doing more like gracefully silencing/updating your monitoring system upon planned maintenance reboots etc.
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by:Raj-GT
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Hi Steve,

Thank you for the comment. I am using the InstanceIDs that correspond to the EventIDs I mentioned in the article as it is somewhat faster to execute.
Get-EventLog -LogName System -Source User32 -Newest 10 | ? { $_.EventID -eq "1074"}

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Get-EventLog -LogName System -Source User32 -Newest 10 -InstanceId 2147484722

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Both commands above will produce the same result.

Thanks,
Raj-GT
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by:Raj-GT
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An updated version of the scripts are now on GitHub at https://github.com/Raj-GT/Windows-Boot-Event-Logging
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Oftentimes, we have certain folders that we don't want our users getting into. Instead of a going through the hassle of changing permissions on a bunch of folders, let's have Group Policy handle it for us.
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by:Abraham Deutsch
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I followed your article. Does not make any changes to the permissions. Please advice.
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Having issues meeting security compliance criteria because of those pesky USB drives? Then I can help you! This article will explain how to disable USB Mass Storage devices in Windows Server 2008 R2.
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by:Anthony Maw
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It is sometimes useful to have USB storage devices for different reasons yet maintain access security.  In addition to third-party encryption tools (often supplied by the USB device manufacturer) it is possible to require USB keys to be Bitlocker encrypted but that requires more GPO work.
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by:skullnobrains
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hmm

it might be worth to note that plenty of malware are hardware based nowadays, more often even when it comes to usb. plugging a camera in order to charge it may very possibly lead to an infection even if the port is disabled

additionally, blocking the usb key in windows is very easy to circumvent for a mildly knowlegeable user.
afaik, in many versions of windows, so-called blocked usb ports appear to work fine when you plug an usb key and reboot. i've even seen cases where the key could be unplugged and replugged afterwards. i'm unsure if the port becomes unblocked or the key/disk is remembered in the device cache

no harm meant, but i believe this should be noted.

i'm unsure about disabling the ports in the bios. this likely will protect bios based computers, but i'm not sure. in my opinion, the only effective way to prevent such problems is using a drill or hammer
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Lync server 2013 or Skype for business Backup Service Error ID 4049 – After File Share Migration
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Hi all.
 
The other day I had to change the passwords for a bunch of users on the fly. Because they were so many, I decided to do it in an automated way and I would like to share it with you all.
 
If you are not doing it directly in a Domain Controller (DC) you need to install and import the Active Directory (AD) module and you also need the required privileges to change passwords.
 
This script will check the users in a specified Organizational Unit (OU) without specifying any user, so be careful if you decide to use it.
 
Warning: If you decide to use this script test it first in a lab environment. Do it at your own risk.
 
This script will check the users in a specified Organizational Unit (OU) and then generate a random alphanumeric password with 8 char length.
Of course we can do more stuff but I don't want to complicate and I just want to show you how it can be done. This is just one way of doing it.
 
#This is the file that will be generated with the users account ID and the password generated.
[String]$path= ".\NewPass.txt"

#This will check if the file exist and will delete that file so a new one can be created from the scratch
#If the doesn't exist will through an error saying that the file doesn't exist and will continue.
if ($path -ne $null){Remove-Item $path}


<# Required Assembly to Generate Passwords #>
Add-Type -Assembly System.Web
#In my case I created a OU for test purposes here it is.
#You need to change it to meet your requirements.

Open in new window

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by:David Paris Vicente
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Hi all,

Thank you all for your comments.
@robert for you to be able to do that with the code above you will need to use regexp, but I believe you can achieve it in a more easy way, check the example below.

In my code I have:
$NewPassword=[Web.Security.Membership]::GeneratePassword(8,3)

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If you change it to:
$NewPassword = -join ((97..122) | Get-Random -Count 10 | % {[char]$_})

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This will generate a random char only with lower cases.

If you also want to capital letters you need use the ASCII table to check the value of each char, lets see an example.

$NewPassword = -join ((65..90) + (97..122) | Get-Random -Count 10 | % {[char]$_})

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The output will be a random string.

Now if you want to add numbers, you can do it by adding the ASCII value related with numbers. Lets check it.

$finalpass=''
$NewPassword =  ((0..8) + (65..90) + (97..122) | Get-Random -Count 10 | % {[int32]$_}) 
Foreach($pass in $NewPassword){
 if ($pass -le 8){
    $finalpass+= $pass 
 }else {
 $finalpass+= [char]$pass 
 }
}
Write-Host $finalpass

Open in new window



I believe this can do the trick, I didn't had to much time to tested it, but I can see that some random passwords could only have letters.

Then you can export it to a csv file piping the  variable $finalpass
$finalpass|Export-CSV c:\NewPass.csv -Append  

Open in new window


With this little code you already have the tools to start tweaking and accomplish your goal.

I hope it helps.

Cheers.

D.
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Expert Comment

by:rob ert
Comment Utility
alright i managed to make it generate lowercase letter + letters using ur code and it works perfectly thanks alot ..
i have another question i hope im not being annoying ... the exported csv shows like Capture.PNG ... how can i make it like this Capture2.PNG ... if you notice the users and not consecutive they should be ige1 ige2 ige3 ige4 ige5 etc instead of userID: and password: in every row... plus is there a way to select specific users from that OU ?
your help is much appreciated ...
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this article is a guided solution for most of the common server issues in server hardware tasks we are facing in our routine job works.

the topics in the following article covered are,

1) dell hardware raidlevel (Perc)
2) adding HDD
3) how to increase the storage space and upgrade RAID.
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Nearly six years ago I was hired by a company to be their senior server engineer. One of my first projects was to implement Exchange Server 2007 on a Windows Server 2008 Single Copy Cluster for high availability. That was the easy part; read on to learn how life progressed through the years.
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by:Senior IT System Engineer
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Many thanks for sharing the story here.

So with the new Exchange Server 2013, are you going to use DAG with lagged copy or just 2 nodes DAG only ?

In my previous company I was using 2 Nodes stretched CCR cluster across two different VLAN/Subnets geographical locations. It wasn't ideal since the AD sites is also different, hecne in the DR I must change the Mailbox Server AD sites membership to match the HUB/CAS server to be able to send email after the failover.

Microsoft Suggest 2 node CCR cluster  within the same AD site and then one more node to become SCR (standby) in the other AD site.
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by:Delphineous Silverwing
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I am still evaluating our options with Exchange 2013 being drastically different than Exchange 2007.

The project is being significantly delayed by the existence of legacy messaging systems (like Exchange 2003) and the probability of a Windows Domain name change. [Which isn't exactly supported]

May the adventures continue.  :^)
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Windows Server 2008

83K

Solutions

36K

Contributors

Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.