Windows Server 2008





Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.

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Got a 2008 SBS (yeah, I know...), that C Drive is just about full. according to Tree Size, it’s mostly sharepoint stuff (as shown in attached pic) & users aren’t even using any sharepoint services. didn’t know if I could just delete files, have to do it from a command line or anything like that, or will I need to disable any services?
(posting this from phone, will need to add pic when I get to laptop)
Amazon Web Services
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I search to write a script powershell for create a task on windows 2008 or 2012 :
  #Creates Scheduled Task Actions
    $TaskAction1 = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'PowerShell.exe' -Argument "-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -File ""e:\temp\wind_v2.ps1"" `-WriteLogOnly $true"

    #Creates Triggers
    $TaskTrigger  = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -AtStartup
    #Assigns UserName
    $TaskUserName = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType ServiceAccount -RunLevel Highest

    #Creates Scheduled Task Settings
    $TaskSettings = New-ScheduledTaskSettingsSet -AllowStartIfOnBatteries

    #Creates Triggers
    $TaskTrigger  = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -AtStartup
     #Create Scheduled Task
     $Task = New-ScheduledTask -Action $TaskAction1 -Principal $TaskUserName -Trigger $TaskTrigger -Settings $TaskSettings
     #Register Scheduled Task
     Register-ScheduledTask "DBA_Daily_Schedule_Cmdb" -InputObject $Task -Force

     #Configure Scheduled Task
     $Task = Get-ScheduledTask -TaskName "schedule"
     $Task.Triggers.Repetition.Interval = "P1D"

     #Update Scheduled Task
     $Task | Set-ScheduledTask -User "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM"

New-ScheduledTaskAction : The term 'New-ScheduledTaskAction' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or
operable program. Check the spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try …
Hi Experts,

I have a customer with company.local
The Domain Name  (pre windows 2000 name)  is : ABC_Customer

Is it possible to change this without problems ?
Print spooler services consuming most of the memory, How to identify which print driver is corrupted or creating the issue.
I am getting warning
Windows successfully diagnosed a low virtual memory condition. The following programs consumed the most virtual memory: spoolsv.exe
Event ID in 2004 in system logs of Windows 2008 server.

What is the issue?
I am attempting to use DFSR to migrate data from one server to another. The "old" server runs 2008R2, the new one 2019. I have a couple of shares to migrate over. One is pretty small, around 30000 files, totalling 70Gb, the other around 1.5 million folders and files,  totalling around a terabyte.   The two servers are on the same site, and are both running as VMs on the same HyperV server.   Both are DCs.

 Starting cautiously, I chose to begin with the smaller share. Adding up the 32 largest files comes to just over 2Gb. I have configured 8Gb of staging space at each end, so should be more than enough. Each end has around 30Gb off spare space.  Initially, it all worked as expected, files replicated as they should. Good so far! Today, I was instructed to edit NTFS security on all files in the small share, adding ACEs to grant a user full access. This kicked off a heap of replication traffic, which was expected. It all seemed to work OK.

Now for the problem! While replicating the security edits, the "target" server (not the one I made changes on), has a heap of 4202 and 4204 events in the logs, indicating staging space exhaustion. I see a few dozen occurring in an hour during replication.  Everything I find with Google tells me that this is caused by inadequate staging space, however everything I can find also confirms that I have nearly 4 times the worst-case scenario set. While there is no real problem observed, I am kinda uneasy with these errors. I am a hesitant to …
I will be replacing a dc at a client's site.  DC is running Windows Server 2008.  I would like to replace the DC with Windows Server Essentials 2019.  I want to cause as little disruption as possible.  Are there step by step instructions available to help me with this?  I have read that FSMO roles can be migrated, as well as users.  I am not familiar with this process, so am asking for some help.
When right clicking on a file with an random unassociated file extension and selecting the Open With option I am subsequently presented with a list of applications that the OS suggests to open the file.
Here's the kicker.
The application (Nitro PDF) that I need to be on the right click menu isn't and because it's Citrix i can't browse to the executable when using the "Look for another app on this pc".
There must be a registry settings that allow you to:
Add an application to the right click Open With menu when the file has no file association.
Every app that is there by default must be there as a result of a registry setting.
Has anyone managed to add one via the registry?
hello Experts
today i am facing serious problems for my two win2k8 R2 servers, after i click windows update and reboot, i found i can't share files on it and can't RDP it, then i noticed the server service stopped and could not up, below is the error while i try to start it manually(see screenshot below), i did the same with other 5 servers without any issue only mentioned two, i did uninstall all update installed but doesn't help, also try search solution on internet but looks none helpful, could you give me some suggestion then?

I'm trying to find a definitive answer, but so far haven't.   Does anyone know what happens if you have a GPO for password policy that states for instance that the password must be changed every 60 says and you have a FGPP that does NOT have anything for the maximum password age (blank) field and the FGPP is applied to Domain Users?  

Running the get-aduser command in this setup indicates that the password will never expire (so GPO is ignored).  Net user command provides the 60 day requirement but since net user doesn't look at FGPP my assumption is that the information is erroneous.   If FGPP are in place, does it override every setting that is in the GPO, even those like the max password age which is blank in the FGPP setup?

Get-ADUser -Identity john.smith  –Properties "DisplayName", "msDS-UserPasswordExpiryTimeComputed" | Select-Object -Property "Displayname",@{Name="ExpiryDate";Expression={[datetime]::FromFileTime($_."msDS-UserPasswordExpiryTimeComputed"

Displayname ExpiryDate
----------- ----------
John Smith

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Learn SQL Server Core 2016
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Learn SQL Server Core 2016

This course will introduce you to SQL Server Core 2016, as well as teach you about SSMS, data tools, installation, server configuration, using Management Studio, and writing and executing queries.

Our school network is running out of IP addresses. Our current range is to Everything below the .50 is reserved for printers, phones, the server etc. When the network was set up 20 years ago this address range was probably sufficient but with the addition of wireless devices and expansion of our computer labs the range is too small. How can I add more IP addresses to our domain to alleviate the problem of running out and some devices not being able to connect? Our server runs Windows Server 2008R2,

Thank you.

Points of My Scenario:
1. I am admin of a Windows Server 2008 R2 terminal server
2. Regular/non-privileged users login using smart cards via Remote Desktop sessions
3. Smart card logons has been successful for years (more than 4 years) on this terminal server
4. Without known cause, users are being denied logon ability with errors as follows:
     (a) At the login screen: "The system could not log you on. The kerberos protocol encountered an error while validating the KDC certificate during smart card logon. There is more information in the system event log."
     (b) In the Event Log (ID 9): "The client has failed to validate the Domain Controller certificate for DomainControllerName. The following error was returned from the certificate validation process: A certificate chain could not be built to a trusted root authority."
5. The error is ALWAYS resolved by restarting the server.
6. To avoid restarting Windows while some users are logged in (before the issue occurs) I have tried restarting various services that appear related - but to no avail.

QUESTION:  Which service or other configuration should I check/configure in order to avoid having to restart the server?
in srever 2016,
configured pptp vpn.
when i try            telnet ipaddress(of the pptp vpn sesrver) 1723 - telnet isn't working. as a result vpn also not working
i checked windows firewall with advanced features. i got the 1723 port allowed for inbound connections.

what other things i can check to see why port 1723 is not open ?
Using smtp relay 6.0 on a Server 2008 R2 server.   Relay stopped working when our on-premise Exchange 2016 server was pending a reboot.  I rebooted and everything started working again.  However I have about 50 .EML emails that were just stuck in the 'Queue' folder.  I cut and pasted all of them a put it on the desktop.  I then placed all of them in the 'Pickup' folder but they've been stuck there for hours.  I've also placed them back in the 'Queue' folder with no luck.  As I stated smtp relay is working well now.  Any ideas how to get these 50 emails sent out?

emails to disappearing once put in the 'Pickup' folder
Windows updates are failing on a Windows Server 2008 R2 machine with Code 8000FFFF

Specifically these updates keep failing repeatedly:

2019-08 Security Monthly Quality Rollup for Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4512506)
2019-03 Servicing Stack Update for Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4490628)
2019-08 Security Update for Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4474419)
Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer 11 for Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems (KB4343205)
2019-07 Security and Quality Rollup for .NET Framework 3.5.1 for Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-based Systems (KB4507420)

These are all "important" updates. I tried some "optional" updates and one succeeded and one failed with the 8000FFFF error.

I have tried a MS Fix-it link but that didn't fix it
I have tried a powershell script to reset WindowsUpdate but that also didn't have any effect

I have downloaded the standalone updates from the Microsoft Update Catalog but when I run them they seem to hang on installation. No errors, just doesn't seem to progress and I've waited a long time.

Has anyone had similar experience? What do you suggest I try next?
After Corporate updated our computers on September 1, 2019 with windows patches we have a windows 2008 r2 server and a Windows 7 computer that continuously reboot into windows memory diagnostics.  if you go to a command prompt, it diesn't show a C drive.  Instead, it shows an X drive where Windows is installed.  Any idea of a patch that may have caused this.  Corporate installs patches the first Sunday of every month and then reboots the servers.
got 2016 server which is AD - domain environment
for security reasons- I don’t want any users to click on url links if they receive through emails(outlook2016)

is there any way to block users from clicking in outlook ??? through gpo ? or changing registry through gpo ?

I want them to receive that email/ see those links. if they want, they can copy and paste but don’t want to click on URL in outlook itself to reduce security risk . can this be achievable ?

Please I wait to migrate from ADFS V2  Windows Server 2008 R2  to ADFS V4  Windows Server 2016
In ADFS V2  Windows Server 2008 R2 we have a service account SADFSV2
 but we want to change this service account before migration or after migration from SADFSV2 to SADFSV4
What is the solution recommended by microsoft or do you have any idea about this please ?

Best regards,
Hi, I have a VM (VMware) Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard that become very slow during boot process ( > 15 minutes).
This VM has 500 GB disks (90% full), 16 GB RAM and 8 vCPU.
How can I determine root cause of this issue? Thank you!
Exploring SQL Server 2016: Fundamentals
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Exploring SQL Server 2016: Fundamentals

Learn the fundamentals of Microsoft SQL Server, a relational database management system that stores and retrieves data when requested by other software applications.

repadmin-output.txtDestination server is currently rejecting replication requests.  Mixed OS DC environment.  Destination server is 2008 R2 and was originally the certificate store.  Attempted to move Store to a 2012 server.  after removing Store, we went for DCpromo, but the process would not complete.  We restored the Store to original location, but are experiencing multiple cert failures.  Please Help!  I'm pretty sure I did something wrong with the Certificate server, but don't know where to start.
Hi All,

please assist me for troubleshooting Exchange 2010 DAG Cluster, We Have 3 Mailbox server(2 Main site and One is DR location) and 2 CAS Server.

Every day three or four times the Cluster services is stopping and after some time it will automatically start.

I unable find out the root cause. because it is automatically start working again.

How can i trouble shoot this issue (is server is hanged or is it network interface issue).

please find the below event fronm that server

1.The Cluster Service service terminated unexpectedly. It has done this 2 time(s). The following corrective action will be taken in 120000 milliseconds: Restart the service.
2.The Cluster Service service terminated with the following service-specific error: 
The membership engine requested shutdown of the cluster service on this node.
3.Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.AmClusterApiException: An Active Manager operation failed. Error An error occurred while attempting a cluster operation. Error: Cluster API '"OpenCluster( failed with 0x6d9. Error: There are no more endpoints available from the endpoint mapper"' failed.. ---> System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception: There are no more endpoints available from the endpoint mapper
   --- End of inner exception stack trace ---
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.NetworkManager.DriveMapRefresh()
   at Microsoft.Exchange.Cluster.Replay.NetworkManager.TryDriveMapRefresh()
4.The following information was included 

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The server boot up"System recovery options".
Turn off and on, keep back to this screen.

Tried to find some solutions such as boot from Windows CD, startup repair, Command use bootrec , fixboot . Still doesn't work.

Haven't got system image backup. I can see C drive healthy. All data is good.

It was installed EFI system and GPT partition. I can see partition 1 FAT32 100MB ( EFI folder) , partition 2 128MB Reserved  , partition 3 C drive windows system.

Any solution can help without reinstall windows?

If not, I need to put a new hard drive to install windows server. And how can I transfer old hard drive data to new one?  This current server is only use Exchange 2010 server no any files and printer sharing. Just all users and email only.

Thanks ! Top urgent.
Exchnage-logs-1.rarHi All,

I am getting below erorr every two three hours on exchnage server 2010, Then it is automatically fixed, Please suggestme me how can i find out the root case.

1. 2 Mailbox server (One in VMWare and Other One in HV VM, exchnage 2010 and server 2008 R2)
2. 2 CAS Server(Both are VMWrae,  exchnage 2010 and server 2008 R2)
3. Witness Server(Server 2008 R2)

I tried below step:

1. I can ping between exchnage server ,witness server and AD.
2. I can resolve DNS from exchnage servers.
3. I  disable IPV6 on exchnage server
4. I  have incressed buffer time on VM network interface.
got server 2016  std
got routing and remote access configured in it.
how do I find what type of vpn is configured in it ?? whether it is pptp or l2tp or sstp ?
anyway to find it ?
I've got a really weird one here and I think I just need to talk it out to determine where things are going wrong so lets go over it.

I have three single domain Forests, lets call them A/B/C for short.
Domain B and C Trust Domain A so that Users can log into B and C, but A does not Trust B or C.

A = Contains ALL Users Logins
B and C = each Contain Servers accessed by Users from Domain A

Users log into all systems in Domains A/B/C as User@A / A\USER

SO, Normally, After logging in to any given Server attached to any given domain, they can reach the shares of any other server and open content there that they have been assigned rights to without being prompted for a UN /PW.

So a User logs into Server_B11.B as A\User then opens an explorer window types in \\Server_C99.C\Share and if they have rights to reach this server it just opens, no prompting.

Some new systems were added to Domain B, but they do not work in the process above as expected:

Instead, on the problem servers Lets Call one Server_B22.B, the User logs in to the server as A\user (which is a local admin on that server) , and when accessing \\Server_C99.C\Share they get the Windows Credential Prompt to Provide a Username and Password.

Of note, the Prompt Shows the Wrong Domain in the default (you would expect the User's domain "A" to be presented, but instead it shows the Computer's Domain "B")

The Prompt also …

Windows Server 2008





Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, based on the Microsoft Vista codebase, is the last 32-bit server operating system released by Microsoft. It has a number of versions, including including Foundation, Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, HPC Server, Itanium and Storage; new features included server core installation and Hyper-V.