Windows Vista





Windows Vista is an operating system created by Microsoft as the successor to Windows XP. It was intended for PCs, workstations and laptops, and shares the same code base as its successor, Windows 7. New features included an updated graphical user interface (GUI) and visual style dubbed Aero, a new search component called Windows Search, redesigned networking, audio, print and display subsystems, and new multimedia tools. Vista aimed to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista included version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional Windows APIs.

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In a question here at Experts Exchange, a member was looking for "a little app that would allow sound to be turned OFF and ON by simply clicking on an icon in the system tray". This article shows how to achieve that, as well as providing the same OFF/ON audio muting toggle via a single keystroke.
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Expert Comment

Thanks for posting this, Joe.  My own ThinkPad has a mute button and I use it so much my finger is trained to it.
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Author Comment

by:Joe Winograd
You're welcome, John, and thanks to you for the feedback and the article endorsement — both very much appreciated! Regards, Joe
How to Generate Services Revenue the Easiest Way
How to Generate Services Revenue the Easiest Way

This Tuesday! Learn key insights about modern cyber protection services & gain practical strategies to skyrocket business:

- What it takes to build a cloud service portfolio
- How to determine which services will help your unique business grow
- Various use-cases and examples

When you try to extract and to view the contents of a Microsoft Update Standalone Package (MSU) for Windows Vista, you cannot extract the files from the MSU. Here we are going to explain how to extract those hotfix details without using any third party tools
I'm a big fan of Windows' offline folder caching and have used it on my laptops for over a decade.  One thing I don't like about it, however, is how difficult Microsoft has made it for the cache to be moved out of the Windows folder. Here's how to do it.
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by:Jim Horn
Very well written, for the complexity of the subject matter it was pretty easy to follow along.  Voting Yes.
AutoHotkey is an excellent, free, open source programming/scripting language for Windows. It started out as a keyboard/mouse macros product, but has expanded into a robust language. This article provides an introduction to it, with links to additional resources for EE members who want to learn more.

Expert Comment

Excellent. Thanks Joe.
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by:Joe Winograd
You're welcome, Carlos, and thanks to you for the compliment. If you take a moment to click the thumbs-up icon at the bottom of the article, I''ll appreciate it — as you can see, you'll be endorsement #20. :) Regards, Joe
The default behavior of the User Account Control (UAC) dialog is to disable (gray-out) the rest of the desktop when prompting for elevation. This is known as secure desktop. There are reasons that you may want to disable this secure desktop behavior, such as capturing a screenshot of the UAC dialog or moving one of the other open windows. There are, of course, security reasons for not changing that behavior, which is why Microsoft made Enabled the default. But if you want to disable the secure desktop behavior of the UAC dialog, here are the steps (this technique works in both Windows 7 and Windows 8):

Control Panel
Administrative Tools
Local Security Policy
Local Policies
Security Options

Scroll down to the item User Account Control: Switch to the secure desktop when prompting for elevation:

Double-click it and you will get this dialog:

Tick the Disabled radio button and then OK. That's it!

To show the effect of disabling the switch to the secure desktop when prompting for elevation, I used it to be able to capture a screenshot of the UAC dialog for an article that I wrote about the Samsung SSD 840 EVO Performance Restoration Software. With the secure desktop disabled, I was able to hit the Alt-PrintScreen key to capture just the UAC dialog box:

I was also able to position on the screen both the UAC dialog and the window containing the imaging software (IrfanView) that I used to handle the screenshot. So when I hit the PrintScreen key
I. Introduction

In a previous article (now deprecated), I discussed how to upgrade — at no cost for licensed users — Nuance's PaperPort Version 11 (hereafter, PP11) and PaperPort Version 12 (PP12) to the latest "point" releases, namely, 11.2 and 12.1. At the time of that article's publication, PP11 and PP12 were the two latest versions. Now the latest version is PP14 (yes, Nuance was superstitious and skipped 13), and its latest "point" release is 14.5.

I decided that adding PP14 to the previous article would result in a long, unwieldy article. In addition, a user of one version is not going to be concerned about the other two versions, so I decided to create three separate articles for PP11, PP12, and PP14 users. This is the PP11 one.

The earlier point releases of PP11 — 11.0 and 11.1 — are known to have bugs that were fixed in 11.2. Although the links in the previous article for 11.2 still work, Nuance informed me that they may soon stop working. This new article provides working links for 11.2 that Nuance says will continue to work after the other ones have been taken down. This article also provides other useful information on upgrading.

II. Comparison of Standard and Professional Editions

For PP11, there are two consumer editions – Standard and Professional. The feature comparison matrix is available in the Files section of this PaperPort wiki:

Here is a direct link to the PDF:

Expert Comment

by:Becky Hanlon
The update wants a serial number, which I do not have as I lost my software CD that came with my MFC-7340 Brother printer.  Is there a way to install the update without this?
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by:Joe Winograd
Hi Becky,
Thank you for joining Experts Exchange today and reading my article — welcome aboard! The PaperPort software that comes with Brother MFCs is an "SE" version, which stands for Special Edition. It is a trimmed-down version that Brother OEMs from Nuance for bundling with their devices and it is not considered to be a commercial/retail edition. This means that updates of the software, such as the 11.2 upgrade discussed in this article, will likely not apply to those bundled SE versions. So even if you had the serial number, it is unlikely that the 11.2 upgrade would work on it.

The other issue is that PP11 is more than 10 years old. As noted in this article, Vista is the latest Windows on which PP11 is supported. My suggestion is to purchase a retail copy of the latest version of PaperPort, which is 14. It is currently $31.61 at Amazon:

That's the standard edition, not Professional, but it's probably more functional than the SE version that was bundled with your Brother MFC. You may want to wait for a better price, as I've seen it at Amazon for less. The download (or disk) is going to be version 14.0, but you may upgrade it for free to version 14.5, because it is a retail version. This comment that I posted at an EE question a couple of months ago explains the upgrade process, referring to several other articles that I've published here at EE:

Interesting to note that it was just $19.20 at Amazon back then. Once again, welcome to Experts Exchange! Regards, Joe
With the recent demise of Windows XP support, you may be a new convert to Windows 7 or Windows 8. Or perhaps you've been on W7 or W8 for a while, but just recently acquired your first scanner for the new OS. In either case, you are likely to be very surprised by an omission in the W7 and W8 Control Panel — Scanners and Cameras.

Note: I initially wrote this article for just Windows 7 and Windows 8, but it also applies to the recently released Windows 10. Please see the two Update sections at the end of the article regarding W10.

In XP, Control Panel has the Scanners and Cameras applet:

XP Control Panel Scanners and Cameras present
It is an extremely useful utility for setting the Properties of a scanner, including Events (such as the Scan/Image button and which program to start), Network Setting (such as a fixed IP address), and Scan To Button (with or without Pin).

In W7 and W8, the Scanners and Cameras applet is missing in Control Panel:

W7-W8 Control Panel Scanners and Cameras missing
This article explains how to run Scanners and Cameras in W7 and W8. Turns out that the app is here:

C:\Program Files\Windows Photo Viewer\ImagingDevices.exe

Strange as it seems, this is Scanners and Cameras in W7 and W8! That is its location even on 64-bit W7 and W8, i.e., it is not in \Program Files (x86). I use it often enough in my document imaging work that I decided to make a shortcut for it:

Shortcut Scanners and Cameras W7-W8
You may add it to the Start menu, place it on the desktop, pin it to the taskbar, or whatever you prefer. When clicking the shortcut, you'll get the
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by:Eric AKA Netminder

Congratulations; your article has been published!

Page Editor
Bellevue, WA, USA; Late December, 1980

"OK, folks, we nailed the IBM contract. We're going to have many meetings like this to discuss features and functions...and how to move from 86-DOS, the CP/M clone we just purchased, to our baby, MS-DOS. This meeting is to discuss drive letters."

"Well, even the first IBM PC is going to offer an option for two floppy drives, so we'll need A and B."

"Yeah, but at the NCC in May, Shugart showed a 5.25-inch hard drive that's going to work in a PC!"

"Wow! I missed that...a hard drive in a PC?! You gotta be kidding. What's the capacity of that bad boy?"

"I've never seen one, but the announcement said five megabytes! And that's after formatting!"

"Yikes! Who is ever going to need 5 MB on a PC?! How would you ever fill it up?!"

"Who knows, but I think we should plan for it...they're already shipping 'em, although IBM hasn't announced it as an option in the PC...yet. We know there will always be two floppy drives, A and B, so let's plan on the hard drive being C."

"I'm skeptical about needing such huge storage capacity in a PC, but OK...C it is."

"Look, guys, call me crazy, but as long as we're doing A, B and C, let's give them the whole alphabet! That way, we're protected forever into the future. No one could ever possibly need more than 26 drive letters!"

"No way! That's insane! I want to implement this as efficiently as possible, and with three drive letters, we can do that in two bits...and
There are many reasons a PC runs slower than when it was new, ranging from malicious software intended to mess things up to simple general Windows use.  Your PC performance may slowly degrade over time without you noticing but when you buy a PC from new it’s only a matter of time before you have to think about maintenance.  There are PC optimization tools that will do most of the work for you, e.g. System Mechanic and some are free to try, but more thoroughly you can check each aspect of performance.

Here are the problems, causes and solutions to most PC performance issues:

1. Viruses, Malware, Adware, Spyware

Your PC may be infected with software designed to either mess things up, spam you or just to gather information about you without you knowing.  All this is unwanted software which adversely affects the performance of your computer.

You may have installed software containing any of the above, you may have been directly hacked or they may have got onto your PC simply by browsing the web.

1)  Firstly – don’t download or install anything you don’t trust.  You should get a feel for this based on where you downloaded software or the website you are browsing.  If your naughty and download things using peer to peer software, remember this comes from other peoples machines and could contain anything someone has decided to include.

Your browser may ask to download ActiveX controls which are supposedly required…

Author Comment

Hi younghv, have updated.


Expert Comment

thanxs for sharing...nice article... gud 4 beginners who hav no knowledge.
So who is this article for?

If you are like most of the computer users out there, you probably only realize the meaning of 'System maintenance' after something goes wrong. This article is for you if you care about keeping your system working optimally and, of course, if you don't want to spend a single buck doing it!

Great. So what exactly is this 'maintenance' you speak of?

When I talk about system maintenance, I'm mainly talking about keeping your PC working well on 4 aspects:

a) Ensuring the disk is defragmented
b) Making sure the system registry is 'clean'
c) Keeping only files you need
d) Keeping only the programs you need

That's a lot of things. Are you sure I can get this done for free?


So what's new about disk defragmentation? Doesn't windows have it's own application to do that?

Yes, Windows does have it's own application to do that. However, since Vista, the Windows Defragmentation application actually organizes the data on your hard disk to suit it's own needs and not necessarily to free up space. It can on occasions actually result in lesser free space after completion. That was quite a shock when I made the switch from XP.

So what do I use for Disk Defragmentation?

Auslogix Disk Defragmenter is a great free tool to use for all your disk defragmentation needs. Apart from being free, it comes packed with some great features. Besides being able to defrag your drives, you can also choose …

Expert Comment

There is also a program that does a lot of the above in one package and also helps you change the startup programs on your PC if the boot is slow. Its free and is called CCleaner. It cleans out all of the junk files that are held in your computer (i.e. Temp internet files, memory dumps, clipbord...etc) i have seen this program clean 3GB out of an XPS gaming rig running vista. As a support tech i have found this to be a great tool when you have computers that get slow due to lack of end user knowladge and really helps keep PC running as best they can. When its all in one package and cant go wrong!

Expert Comment

by:Khalid Mehmood Awan
Good !
Angular Fundamentals
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Angular Fundamentals

Learn the fundamentals of Angular 2, a JavaScript framework for developing dynamic single page applications.

Hi All

Just a quick one for everybody.

I was recently looking into setting the default User Account Picture for all my vista clients within the network but on closer inspection the group policy setting only allows you to set the default picture as the local default. As there is no way to specify a single central network location for the picture you could use the following instead.

So in order to enforce a default company picture do the following;

1. Load up the group policy management console.

2. Either create a new group policy object or edit an existing one that is in the same OU as the vista computers.

3. Navigate to: Computer Configuration>Policies>Administrative Templates>Control Panel>User Accounts>Apply the default user logon picture to all users. And set to enabled and keep the GPMC opened.

4. Edit the attached script and change the CompanyPictureLocation = "\\UNC\Path\Of\Picture" to the network location of the picture and of course save as *.vbs be sure that the new picture is a bitmap and is named User.bmp

5. Navigate to: Computer Configuration>Policies>Windows Settings>Scripts>Startup>Add>(Copy the folder path from the open file dialog & then open it up in windows explorer and finally copy the attached script there.)

Reboot and the new picture will be copied to all vista clients in the OU the gpo is contained within.

Const OverWriteExisting = True
Set FSO = Createobject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Open in new window


Expert Comment

Your the man dude!!!
The Service applet starts in Extended Mode by Default, with a taskpad on the left of the services pane. This view mode was introduced in XP. As I find it not very usefull, I like to use the Standard view as default, and without the Console tree.

Before & After Images:
Services applet - DefaultServices applet - Changed
With XP, setting up was easy:
Start mmc /a services.msc
Make all changes on the view, like switching to Standard view, switchting off Console tree, aso.
Whenever you call services.msc, or the Services applet using Control Panel, the "classic" view is shown, allowing for a better overview and more description readable.

Vista and Windows 7 (and above)
With Vista and Windows 7, protection mechanisms and Internationalization make it more difficult.

First, all system files, including the *.msc, are protected. You can't overwrite them by default. Instead of using System File Protection like XP, Vista is relying on correct file access permissions. Hence the system files are owned by TrustedInstaller, and all other users including Administrators do have Read and Execute permission. We need to change this (later).

Second, many system files are located in a language dependant subfolder. Usually, there are only MUI files to replace text, but .msc files are "mirrored" as a whole. The file in system32 is just a placeholder (I suppose for compatibility reasons).

Taken together, this means we have to unprotect and change a file in a system32
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Nice idea!

Just in case someone might wonder:
icacls services.msc /setowner TrustedInstaller
does not work. You have to use the account "NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller" enclosed in quotation marks.
The main issue when installing Vista and XP in dual boot is when you have to reinstall any of the two when something fails, let's say a hard disk failure, a lost partition, virus, etc. What commonly happens is that you lose all your hard work configuring and setting your programs the way you like them.

One may spend a whole day or maybe more two configuring, installing and customizing the two operating systems being a gamer, designer, musician, office, internet or just entertainment user.

[step="" title="Pros"]
Do not have to reinstall both OS when one of them fails or if you wish to reinstall any of them (XP or Vista).

Being able to backup each system state separated.

Keep your applications on the other OS when reinstalling any of the two.

Can install any other OS on any other partition you have, for instance: XP, XP 64bits, Vista, Vista 64bits.

If you want to get rid of any of any of the OS installed, set the other as active partition, reboot and delete the desired partition (Remember to keep a backup just in case).

[step="" title="Cons:"]
Hard work, since you have to install applications separated.

"Mark partition as Active" every time you have to work on the other OS.

When you lose the Active OS, you have to recover or reinstall immediately if you need to enter the other.

This is a step by step guide on how to do it.

1. Getting Ready

Have 2 partitions on a single or multiple disks, a C:\ and a D:\ for example.

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Expert Comment

by:Ravi Agrawal
I don't see the point of going through all this. You can set the time out in the Boot.ini file of Vista to 0 (Zero) to bypass the Dual boot Menu if you want to boot to Vista.

If you want to use XP, modify the Boot.ini to use XP as the default.

Sorry pcfreaker, I appreciate your effort in going through in writing all this but if you could clarify my above two approaches, won't it be good for someone to keep a Dual Boot System rather than trying your approach.

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Expert Comment

by:Ravi Agrawal
Sorry I hit the Submit Button too fast. Regarding your reinstall on corruption of Windows boot Files you have EasyBCD which will repair a corrupt Vista Bootloader.

Its free.


Windows Vista





Windows Vista is an operating system created by Microsoft as the successor to Windows XP. It was intended for PCs, workstations and laptops, and shares the same code base as its successor, Windows 7. New features included an updated graphical user interface (GUI) and visual style dubbed Aero, a new search component called Windows Search, redesigned networking, audio, print and display subsystems, and new multimedia tools. Vista aimed to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista included version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional Windows APIs.

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Windows Vista