Windows Vista

22K

Solutions

23K

Contributors

Windows Vista is an operating system created by Microsoft as the successor to Windows XP. It was intended for PCs, workstations and laptops, and shares the same code base as its successor, Windows 7. New features included an updated graphical user interface (GUI) and visual style dubbed Aero, a new search component called Windows Search, redesigned networking, audio, print and display subsystems, and new multimedia tools. Vista aimed to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista included version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional Windows APIs.

Share tech news, updates, or what's on your mind.

Sign up to Post

When you try to extract and to view the contents of a Microsoft Update Standalone Package (MSU) for Windows Vista, you cannot extract the files from the MSU. Here we are going to explain how to extract those hotfix details without using any third party tools
0
Three Reasons Why Backup is Strategic
LVL 4
Three Reasons Why Backup is Strategic

Backup is strategic to your business because your data is strategic to your business. Without backup, your business will fail. This white paper explains why it is vital for you to design and immediately execute a backup strategy to protect 100 percent of your data.

I'm a big fan of Windows' offline folder caching and have used it on my laptops for over a decade.  One thing I don't like about it, however, is how difficult Microsoft has made it for the cache to be moved out of the Windows folder.  Here's how to do it.
2
 
LVL 66

Expert Comment

by:Jim Horn
Comment Utility
Very well written, for the complexity of the subject matter it was pretty easy to follow along.  Voting Yes.
0
AutoHotkey logo
AutoHotkey is an excellent, free, open source programming/scripting language for Windows. It started out as a keyboard/mouse macros product, but has expanded into a robust language. This article provides an introduction to it, with links to additional resources for EE members who want to learn more.
19
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:Andrew Leniart
Comment Utility
Great article Joe. Very helpful.
Sidebar: If you're wondering how I captured the UAC dialog box, see my EE article, How to disable the secure desktop when User Account Control (UAC) prompts for elevation.
I cheat and do it by capturing the entire action in an Oracle Virtual Machine installation from the Host side. The other benefit to that method is that I need not concern myself about ever accidentally showing sensitive files and/or folders when zooming around in Internet explorer while creating video tutorials :-)

Cheers..
0
 
LVL 54

Author Comment

by:Joe Winograd, EE MVE 2015&2016
Comment Utility
Hi Andrew,
Thanks for the compliment — I appreciate it! Your idea sounds like a good one for folks who run virtual machines — thanks for the feedback. Regards, Joe
0
There are many reasons a PC runs slower than when it was new, ranging from malicious software intended to mess things up to simple general Windows use.  Your PC performance may slowly degrade over time without you noticing but when you buy a PC from new it’s only a matter of time before you have to think about maintenance.  There are PC optimization tools that will do most of the work for you, e.g. System Mechanic and some are free to try, but more thoroughly you can check each aspect of performance.

Here are the problems, causes and solutions to most PC performance issues:


1. Viruses, Malware, Adware, Spyware


Problem:
Your PC may be infected with software designed to either mess things up, spam you or just to gather information about you without you knowing.  All this is unwanted software which adversely affects the performance of your computer.

Cause:
You may have installed software containing any of the above, you may have been directly hacked or they may have got onto your PC simply by browsing the web.

Solution:
1)  Firstly – don’t download or install anything you don’t trust.  You should get a feel for this based on where you downloaded software or the website you are browsing.  If your naughty and download things using peer to peer software, remember this comes from other peoples machines and could contain anything someone has decided to include.

Your browser may ask to download ActiveX controls which are supposedly required…
6
 
LVL 7

Author Comment

by:Alex_W
Comment Utility
Hi younghv, have updated.

Rgds,
Alex.
0
 

Expert Comment

by:sameerb5
Comment Utility
thanxs for sharing...nice article... gud 4 beginners who hav no knowledge.
0
So who is this article for?

If you are like most of the computer users out there, you probably only realize the meaning of 'System maintenance' after something goes wrong. This article is for you if you care about keeping your system working optimally and, of course, if you don't want to spend a single buck doing it!

Great. So what exactly is this 'maintenance' you speak of?

When I talk about system maintenance, I'm mainly talking about keeping your PC working well on 4 aspects:

a) Ensuring the disk is defragmented
b) Making sure the system registry is 'clean'
c) Keeping only files you need
d) Keeping only the programs you need

That's a lot of things. Are you sure I can get this done for free?

Absolutely!

So what's new about disk defragmentation? Doesn't windows have it's own application to do that?

Yes, Windows does have it's own application to do that. However, since Vista, the Windows Defragmentation application actually organizes the data on your hard disk to suit it's own needs and not necessarily to free up space. It can on occasions actually result in lesser free space after completion. That was quite a shock when I made the switch from XP.

So what do I use for Disk Defragmentation?

Auslogix Disk Defragmenter is a great free tool to use for all your disk defragmentation needs. Apart from being free, it comes packed with some great features. Besides being able to defrag your drives, you can also choose …
10
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:Chelcone
Comment Utility
There is also a program that does a lot of the above in one package and also helps you change the startup programs on your PC if the boot is slow. Its free and is called CCleaner. It cleans out all of the junk files that are held in your computer (i.e. Temp internet files, memory dumps, clipbord...etc) i have seen this program clean 3GB out of an XPS gaming rig running vista. As a support tech i have found this to be a great tool when you have computers that get slow due to lack of end user knowladge and really helps keep PC running as best they can. When its all in one package and free...you cant go wrong!
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:Khalid Mehmood Awan
Comment Utility
Good !
0
Hi All

Just a quick one for everybody.

I was recently looking into setting the default User Account Picture for all my vista clients within the network but on closer inspection the group policy setting only allows you to set the default picture as the local default. As there is no way to specify a single central network location for the picture you could use the following instead.

So in order to enforce a default company picture do the following;

1. Load up the group policy management console.

2. Either create a new group policy object or edit an existing one that is in the same OU as the vista computers.

3. Navigate to: Computer Configuration>Policies>Administrative Templates>Control Panel>User Accounts>Apply the default user logon picture to all users. And set to enabled and keep the GPMC opened.

4. Edit the attached script and change the CompanyPictureLocation = "\\UNC\Path\Of\Picture" to the network location of the picture and of course save as *.vbs be sure that the new picture is a bitmap and is named User.bmp

5. Navigate to: Computer Configuration>Policies>Windows Settings>Scripts>Startup>Add>(Copy the folder path from the open file dialog & then open it up in windows explorer and finally copy the attached script there.)

Reboot and the new picture will be copied to all vista clients in the OU the gpo is contained within.

Regards
Steve
Dim FSO
Const OverWriteExisting = True
Set FSO = Createobject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Open in new window

2
 

Expert Comment

by:seanmoles
Comment Utility
Your the man dude!!!
0
The Service applet starts in Extended Mode by Default, with a taskpad on the left of the services pane. This view mode was introduced in XP. As I find it not very usefull, I like to use the Standard view as default, and without the Console tree.

Before & After Images:
Services applet - DefaultServices applet - Changed
XP
With XP, setting up was easy:
Start mmc /a services.msc
Make all changes on the view, like switching to Standard view, switchting off Console tree, aso.
Save.
Whenever you call services.msc, or the Services applet using Control Panel, the "classic" view is shown, allowing for a better overview and more description readable.

Vista and Windows 7 (and above)
With Vista and Windows 7, protection mechanisms and Internationalization make it more difficult.

First, all system files, including the *.msc, are protected. You can't overwrite them by default. Instead of using System File Protection like XP, Vista is relying on correct file access permissions. Hence the system files are owned by TrustedInstaller, and all other users including Administrators do have Read and Execute permission. We need to change this (later).

Second, many system files are located in a language dependant subfolder. Usually, there are only MUI files to replace text, but .msc files are "mirrored" as a whole. The file in system32 is just a placeholder (I suppose for compatibility reasons).

Taken together, this means we have to unprotect and change a file in a system32
2
 
LVL 55

Expert Comment

by:McKnife
Comment Utility
Nice idea!

Just in case someone might wonder:
icacls services.msc /setowner TrustedInstaller
does not work. You have to use the account "NT SERVICE\TrustedInstaller" enclosed in quotation marks.
0
The main issue when installing Vista and XP in dual boot is when you have to reinstall any of the two when something fails, let's say a hard disk failure, a lost partition, virus, etc. What commonly happens is that you lose all your hard work configuring and setting your programs the way you like them.

One may spend a whole day or maybe more two configuring, installing and customizing the two operating systems being a gamer, designer, musician, office, internet or just entertainment user.

[step="" title="Pros"]
Do not have to reinstall both OS when one of them fails or if you wish to reinstall any of them (XP or Vista).

Being able to backup each system state separated.

Keep your applications on the other OS when reinstalling any of the two.

Can install any other OS on any other partition you have, for instance: XP, XP 64bits, Vista, Vista 64bits.

If you want to get rid of any of any of the OS installed, set the other as active partition, reboot and delete the desired partition (Remember to keep a backup just in case).
[]/step]

[step="" title="Cons:"]
Hard work, since you have to install applications separated.

"Mark partition as Active" every time you have to work on the other OS.

When you lose the Active OS, you have to recover or reinstall immediately if you need to enter the other.
[]/step]

This is a step by step guide on how to do it.

1. Getting Ready


Have 2 partitions on a single or multiple disks, a C:\ and a D:\ for example.
 

3
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:Ravi Agrawal
Comment Utility
I don't see the point of going through all this. You can set the time out in the Boot.ini file of Vista to 0 (Zero) to bypass the Dual boot Menu if you want to boot to Vista.

If you want to use XP, modify the Boot.ini to use XP as the default.

Sorry pcfreaker, I appreciate your effort in going through in writing all this but if you could clarify my above two approaches, won't it be good for someone to keep a Dual Boot System rather than trying your approach.

Ravi.
0
 
LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:Ravi Agrawal
Comment Utility
Sorry I hit the Submit Button too fast. Regarding your reinstall on corruption of Windows boot Files you have EasyBCD which will repair a corrupt Vista Bootloader.

http://neosmart.net/dl.php?id=1

Its free.

Ravi.
0

Windows Vista

22K

Solutions

23K

Contributors

Windows Vista is an operating system created by Microsoft as the successor to Windows XP. It was intended for PCs, workstations and laptops, and shares the same code base as its successor, Windows 7. New features included an updated graphical user interface (GUI) and visual style dubbed Aero, a new search component called Windows Search, redesigned networking, audio, print and display subsystems, and new multimedia tools. Vista aimed to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista included version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional Windows APIs.

Top Experts In
Windows Vista