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Windows Installer Service Problems?

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I have never ceased to be amazed how many problems you can encounter on a fresh install of a Windows operating system.  This is certainly case in point&

Unable to complete ANY MSI installation.  This means Windows Updates are failing and I can't manually complete installations that I have downloaded locally.

For example:

1. I start an MSI installation
2. I wait an unusually long time&&.
3. Then, this error appears:  
      a. The Windows Installer Service could not be accessed.  This can occur if you are running Windows in safe mode, or if the Windows Installer is not installed properly
4. Application Event Log displays the following Warning:
      a. Event ID:  1015     Failed to connect to server.  Error:  0x80080005
      
      
So&how do you resolve this problem?

1. Open a CMD prompt
2. Msiexec /unregister
3. Msiexec /regserver

That's it!  Retry the installation.

Here is the Microsoft KB concerning this crazy issue:  
http://support.microsoft.com/defaul...kb;en-us;319624

      
If the above solution doesn't work&go to that KB article.   The article lists four other ways to resolve the problem.
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Expert Comment

by:Vivek Reddy
Hi,

try this

Method 1: Unregister and re-register the Windows Installer

   1. Click Start, click Run, type MSIEXEC /UNREGISTER, and then click OK. Even if you do this correctly, it may look like nothing occurs.
   2. Click Start, click Run, type MSIEXEC /REGSERVER, and then click OK. Even if you do this correctly, it may look like nothing occurs, or you may briefly see an hourglass. After you run this command, the operation is complete.
   3. Try your Windows Installer-based application again.


Method 2: Verify the DCOM permissions
This method involves changing the DCOM default impersonation level to Identify, removing the Msisip.dll file, and then reinstalling SP 3 for Windows 2000.

To do this, follow these steps:

   1. Click Start, click Run, type dcomcnfg, and then click OK.
   2. On the Default Properties tab:
         1. In the Default Authentication Level list, click Connect.
         2. In the Default Impersonation Level list, click Identify, and then click OK.
   3. Click Start, click Run, type explorer /select, %windir%\system32\msisip.dll, and then click OK.
   4. Rename the Msisip.dll file as Msisip.old.
   5. Reinstall Windows 2000 Service Pack 3.


Method 3: Give Full Control permission to the SYSTEM account

   1. Start Windows Explorer, right-click the computer's root hard drive, and then click Properties.
   2. Click the Security tab, and then click Add.
   3. In the Select Users, Computers, or Groups dialog box, click the SYSTEM account, click Add, and then click OK.
   4. Under Allow, click to select the Full Control check box, and then click OK.
   5. Click the TEMP folder and then verify that the SYSTEM account has full control.


Method 4: Verify the registry permissions

   1. Click Start, click Run, then type Regedt32.
   2. For each of the registry hives, follow these steps:
         1. Select the hive.
         2. For Windows XP, on the Edit menu, click Permissions.

            For Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4, on the Security menu, click Permissions.
   3. Verify that the SYSTEM account has been added and that it has Full control. If it does not, add the SYSTEM account with Full control.


Method 5: Fix the broken security key for the MsiServer service

   1. Start the computer by using Windows 2000.
   2. Click Start, click Run, type regedit.exe, and then rename the following key to Old_Security:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\MSIServer\Security
   3. Restart the computer (you must do this).
   4. Run Instmsiw.exe for installer 2.0 again; this corrects the broken security key for the MSI service.

For more information about an error message that you may receive when you add or remove a program, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
315346  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315346/ ) Error message when you try to add or remove a program on a computer that is running Windows XP or Windows Server 2003: "The Windows Installer service could not be accessed

If problem not solved try this link


http://support.microsoft.com/smarterror/default.aspx?spid=global&query=scid%20fh%20EN%20US%20KBHOWTO&errurl=%2fdefault.aspx%3fscid%3dfh%3bEN-US%3bKBHOWTO
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